The polygon-mesh approach to 3D modeling was a huge advance, but today its limitations are clear. Longer render times for increasingly complex images effectively cap image complexity, or else stretch budgets and schedules to the breaking point. Comprised of contributions from leaders in the development and application of this technology, Point-Based Graphics examines it from all angles, beginning with the way in which the latest photographic and scanning devices have enabled modeling based on true geometry, rather than appearance. From there, it’s on to the methods themselves. Even though point-based graphics is in its infancy, practitioners have already established many effective, economical techniques for achieving all the major effects associated with traditional 3D Modeling and rendering. You’ll learn to apply these techniques, and you’ll also learn how to create your own. The final chapter demonstrates how to do this using Pointshop3D, an open-source tool for developing new point-based algorithms. The first book on a major development in computer graphics by the pioneers in the field Shows how 3D images can be manipulated as easily as 2D images are with Photoshop
Mario Botsch,Baoquan Chen,Mark Pauly,Matthias Zwicker
Author: Mario Botsch,Baoquan Chen,Mark Pauly,Matthias Zwicker
Publisher: A K Peters/CRC Press
This book contains the papers presented at the Symposium on Point-Based Graphics, organized by the Eurographics Association and the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Visualization and Graphics in co-operation with ACM SIGGRAPH, which took place from June 21 - 22, 2005 in Stony Brook, USA. This is the second year of PBG, and we are thrilled to see the variety of approaches that demonstrate the quality, flexibility, and efficiency of point-based primitives. The Symposium brings together researchers from a variety of backgrounds for focused discussion and presentation of new results, and the papers in these proceedings cover a range of topics from acquisition to geometry and rendering.
Baoquan Chen,Matthias Zwicker,European Association for Computer Graphics,IEEE Computer Society. Technical Committee on Visualization and Graphics
International Conference, Iccvg 2004, Warsaw, Poland, September 2004, Proceedings
Author: K. Wojciechowski,B. Smolka,H. Palus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume, and the accompanying CD-ROM, contain 163 contributions from ICCVG04, which is one of the main international conferences in computer vision and computer graphics in Central Europe. This biennial conference was organised in 2004 jointly by the Association for Image Processing, the Polish-Japanese Institute of Information Technology, and the Silesian University of Technology. The conference covers a wide scope, including Computer Vision, Computational Geometry, Geometrical Models of Objects and Sciences, Motion Analysis, Visual Navigation and Active Vision, Image and Video Coding, Color and Multispectral Image Processing, Image Filtering and Enhancement, Virtual Reality and Multimedia Applications, Biomedical Applications, Image and Video Databases, Pattern Recognition, Modelling of Human Visual Perception, Computer Animation, Visualization and Data Presentation. These proceedings document cutting edge research in computer vision and graphics, and will be an essential reference for all researchers working in the area.
5th Indian Conference, ICVGIP 2006, Madurai, India, December 13-16, 2006, Proceedings
Author: Prem Kalra,Shmuel Peleg
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing, ICVGIP 2006, held in Madurai, India, December 2006. Coverage in this volume includes image restoration and super-resolution, image filtering, visualization, tracking and surveillance, face-, gesture-, and object-recognition, compression, content based image retrieval, stereo/camera calibration, and biometrics.
Yong Shi,Geert Dick van Albada,Jack Dongarra,Peter M.A. Sloot
7th International Conference, Beijing China, May 27-30, 2007, Proceedings
Author: Yong Shi,Geert Dick van Albada,Jack Dongarra,Peter M.A. Sloot
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Part of a four-volume set, this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2007, held in Beijing, China in May 2007. The papers cover a large volume of topics in computational science and related areas, from multiscale physics to wireless networks, and from graph theory to tools for program development.
GCC 2004 International Workshops, IGKG, SGT, GISS, AAC-GEVO, and VVS, Wuhan, China, October 21-24, 2004
Author: Hai Jin,Yi Pan,Nong Xiao,Jianhua Sun
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Grid ad Cooperative Computing, GCC 2004, held in Wuhan, China in October 2004. The 96 revised full papers and 62 revised short papers presented together with abstracts of 7 invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 427 papers submitted for the GCC 2004 main conference. The papers are organized in topical sections on grid services and Web services, grid middleware and toolkits, advanced resource reservation and scheduling, grid security, information grid and knowledge grid, p2p computing and automatic computing, and innovative grid applications
Rick Parent,David S. Ebert,David Gould,Markus Gross,Chris Kazmier,Charles John Lumsden,Richard Keiser,Alberto Menache,Matthias Müller,F. Kenton Musgrave,Mark V. Pauly,Darwyn Peachey,Ken Perlin,Hanspeter Pfister,Jason Sharpe,Mark R. Wilkins,Martin Wicke,Nicholas Woolridge,Steve Worley
All-in-One: Learn Motion Capture, Characteristic, Point-Based, and Maya Winning Techniques
Author: Rick Parent,David S. Ebert,David Gould,Markus Gross,Chris Kazmier,Charles John Lumsden,Richard Keiser,Alberto Menache,Matthias Müller,F. Kenton Musgrave,Mark V. Pauly,Darwyn Peachey,Ken Perlin,Hanspeter Pfister,Jason Sharpe,Mark R. Wilkins,Martin Wicke,Nicholas Woolridge,Steve Worley
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
A compilation of key chapters from the top MK computer animation books available today - in the areas of motion capture, facial features, solid spaces, fluids, gases, biology, point-based graphics, and Maya. The chapters provide CG Animators with an excellent sampling of essential techniques that every 3D artist needs to create stunning and versatile images. Animators will be able to master myriad modeling, rendering, and texturing procedures with advice from MK's best and brightest authors. Divided into five parts (Introduction to Computer Animation and Technical Background, Motion Capture Techniques, Animating Substances, Alternate Methods, and Animating with MEL for MAYA), each one focusing on specific substances, tools, topics, and languages, this is a MUST-HAVE book for artists interested in proficiency with the top technology available today! Whether you're a programmer developing new animation functionality or an animator trying to get the most out of your current animation software, Computer Animation Complete: will help you work more efficiently and achieve better results. For programmers, this book provides a solid theoretical orientation and extensive practical instruction information you can put to work in any development or customization project. For animators, it provides crystal-clear guidance on determining which of your concepts can be realized using commercially available products, which demand custom programming, and what development strategies are likely to bring you the greatest success. Expert instruction from a variety of pace-setting computer graphics researchers. Provides in-depth coverage of established and emerging animation algorithms. For readers who lack a strong scientific background, introduces the necessary concepts from mathematics, biology, and physics. A variety of individual languages and substances are addressed, but addressed separately - enhancing your grasp of the field as a whole while providing you with the ability to identify and implement solutions by category.
The human haptic system, among all senses, provides unique and bidirectional communication between humans and their physical environment. Yet, to date, most human-computer interactive systems have focused primarily on the graphical rendering of visual information and, to a lesser extent, on the display of auditory information. Extending the frontier of visual computing, haptic interfaces, or force feedback devices, have the potential to increase the quality of human-computer interaction by accommodating the sense of touch. They provide an attractive augmentation to visual display and enhance the level of understanding of complex data sets. They have been effectively used for a number of applications including molecular docking, manipulation of nano-materials, surgical training, virtual prototyping, and digital sculpting. Compared with visual and auditory display, haptic rendering has extremely demanding computational requirements. In order to maintain a stable system while displaying smooth and realistic forces and torques, high haptic update rates in the range of 500-1000 Hz or more are typically used. Haptics present many new challenges to researchers and developers in computer graphics and interactive techniques. Some of the critical issues include the development of novel data structures to encode shape and material properties, as well as new techniques for geometry processing, data analysis, physical modeling, and haptic visualization. This synthesis examines some of the latest developments on haptic rendering, while looking forward to exciting future research in this area. It presents novel haptic rendering algorithms that take advantage of the human haptic sensory modality. Specifically it discusses different rendering techniques for various geometric representations (e.g. point-based, polygonal, multiresolution, distance fields, etc), as well as textured surfaces. It also shows how psychophysics of touch can provide the foundational design guidelines for developing perceptually driven force models and concludes with possible applications and issues to consider in future algorithmic design, validating rendering techniques, and evaluating haptic interfaces.
The new edition is significantly updated and expanded. This unique collection of review articles, ranging from fundamental concepts up to latest applications, contains individual contributions written by renowned experts in the relevant fields. Much attention is paid to ensuring fast access to the information, with each carefully reviewed article featuring cross-referencing, references to the most relevant publications in the field, and suggestions for further reading, both introductory as well as more specialized. While the chapters on group theory, integral transforms, Monte Carlo methods, numerical analysis, perturbation theory, and special functions are thoroughly rewritten, completely new content includes sections on commutative algebra, computational algebraic topology, differential geometry, dynamical systems, functional analysis, graph and network theory, PDEs of mathematical physics, probability theory, stochastic differential equations, and variational methods.
The book written by Dr. Radu B. Rusu presents a detailed description of 3D Semantic Mapping in the context of mobile robot manipulation. As autonomous robotic platforms get more sophisticated manipulation capabilities, they also need more expressive and comprehensive environment models that include the objects present in the world, together with their position, form, and other semantic aspects, as well as interpretations of these objects with respect to the robot tasks. The book proposes novel 3D feature representations called Point Feature Histograms (PFH), as well as a frameworks for the acquisition and processing of Semantic 3D Object Maps with contributions to robust registration, fast segmentation into regions, and reliable object detection, categorization, and reconstruction. These contributions have been fully implemented and empirically evaluated on different robotic systems, and have been the original kernel to the widely successful open-source project the Point Cloud Library (PCL) -- see http://pointclouds.org.
Author: Heung-Yeung Shum,Shing-Chow Chan,Sing Bing Kang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Focusing exclusively on Image-Based Rendering (IBR) this book examines the theory, practice, and applications associated with image-based rendering and modeling. Topics covered vary from IBR basic concepts and representations on the theory side to signal processing and data compression on the practical side. One of the only titles devoted exclusively to IBR this book is intended for researchers, professionals, and general readers interested in the topics of computer graphics, computer vision, image process, and video processing. With this book advanced-level students in EECS studying related disciplines will be able to seriously expand their knowledge about image-based rendering.
The realistic generation of virtual doubles of real-world actors has been the focus of computer graphics research for many years. However, some problems still remain unsolved: it is still time-consuming to generate character animations using the traditional skeleton-based pipeline, passive performance capture of human actors wearing arbitrary everyday apparel is still challenging, and until now, there is only a limited amount of techniques for processing and modifying mesh animations, in contrast to the huge amount of skeleton-based techniques. In this thesis, we propose algorithmic solutions to each of these problems. First, two efficient mesh-based alternatives to simplify the overall character animation process are proposed. Although abandoning the concept of a kinematic skeleton, both techniques can be directly integrated in the traditional pipeline, generating animations with realistic body deformations. Thereafter, three passive performance capture methods are presented which employ a deformable model as underlying scene representation. The techniques are able to jointly reconstruct spatio-temporally coherent time-varying geometry, motion, and textural surface appearance of subjects wearing loose and everyday apparel. Moreover, the acquired high-quality reconstructions enable us to render realistic 3D Videos. At the end, two novel algorithms for processing mesh animations are described. The first one enables the fully-automatic conversion of a mesh animation into a skeletonbased animation and the second one automatically converts a mesh animation into an animation collage, a new artistic style for rendering animations. The methods described in the thesis can be regarded as solutions to specific problems or important building blocks for a larger application. As a whole, they form a powerful system to accurately capture, manipulate and realistically render realworld human performances, exceeding the capabilities of many related capture techniques. By this means, we are able to correctly capture the motion, the timevarying details and the texture information of a real human performing, and transform it into a fully-rigged character animation, that can be directly used by an animator, or use it to realistically display the actor from arbitrary viewpoints.
This volume, with contributions by top graphics researchers and professionals, is devoted to computer graphics, interactive systems, and human-computer interaction. Graphics Interface (GI) 2007 is the oldest regularly-scheduled computer graphics and human-computer interaction conference and consistently attracts high-quality papers.Selected topics of interest include • Shading and rendering • Graphics in simulation • Image synthesis and realism • Medical and scientific visualization • Computer animation • Real-time rendering • Non-photorealistic rendering • Scientific and information visualization • Human interface devices • Virtual reality • Augmented reality • Data and information visualization • Mobile computing • Haptic and tangible interfaces • Perception
24th Computer Graphics International Conference, CGI 2006, Hangzhou, China, June 26-28, 2006, Proceedings
Author: Tomoyuki Nishita,Qunsheng Peng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
th The 24 Computer Graphics International Conference (CGI 2006) was held during June 26–28, 2006, in Hangzhou, China. This volume contains 39 full papers and 39 short papers accepted by CGI 2006. CGI conference was initially founded by the Computer Graphics Society in 1983 and has now become a widely recognized, high-quality academic conference in the field of computer graphics. Recent CGI conferences were held in New York (2005), Crete (2004), Tokyo (2003), Bradford (2002), Hong Kong (2001) and Geneva (2000). The CGI 2006 Program Committee received an overwhelming 387 submissions from many countries worldwide. China and Korea contributed many enthusiastic submissions. Based on the strict review comments of international experts, we selected 38 full papers and 37 short papers for presentations. The main topics covered by the papers in this volume include: • Digital geometry processing and meshes • Physically based animation • Figure modeling and animation • Geometric computing and processing • Non-photorealistic rendering • Image-based techniques • Visualization We are grateful to all the authors who submitted their papers to CGI 2006, to the international Program Committee members and external reviewers for their valuable time and effort spent in the review process, and members of the Organizing Committee for their hard work which made this conference successful. Finally, we would like to thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China and K. C. Wong Education Foundation, Hong Kong, for their financial support.