Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.
Epidemic diseases have always been a test of the ability of human societies to withstand sudden shocks. How are such large mortalities and the illness of large proportions of the population to be explained and dealt with? How have the sources of disease been identified and controls imposed? The chapters in this book, by acknowledged experts in the history of their periods, look at the ways in which the great epidemic diseases of the past--from classical Athens to the present day--have shaped not only our views of medicine and disease, but the ways in which people have defined the "health" of society in general terms.
Being sick is horrible. But it used to be worse. Inside this book, you'll see evidence of the plagues of the pastrotting skin, dissolving lungs, and sinister swelling all over the body. Diseases like the Black Death wiped out whole towns and villages. Tuberculosis consumed young people like a bloodsucking vampire. And Smallpox left its victims scarred for lifeif they survived. At the time, no one knew where these killer diseases came from or how to treat them. But eventually doctors discovered how these diseases and others were spread. Being sick isn't quite as sickening as it was in the past!
The History and Social Consequences of Lethal Epidemic Disease
Author: Arien Mack
Publisher: NYU Press
Plague. The word itself is like a blow, connoting misery, miasma and death. Plague takes many forms: influenza, typhus, cholera, the Black Death, and, recently, AIDS. AIDS has reminded us that epidemic infectious disease is not simply a historical phenomenon—or one limited like famine to remote continents —and is a vivid and painful illustration of how epidemics take place at a number of levels —biological event, social perception, collective response, and, finally, the individual, the existential and the moral. In Time of Plagueexamines the many ways in which catastrophic infectious and contagious diseases are both biologically and socially defined. In the politically charged age of AIDS, In Time of Plague analyzes what past epidemics tell us about this new, deadly virus: How has the definition of disease differed throughout history? How have new technologies and advances in epidemiology changed our perception and response to disease? When has quarantine been appropriate or effective? What norms should govern our thinking about responsibility, culpability, legality, and confidentiality? What does society owe the victims? What, in turn, are the responsibilities of the carrier population? Featuring essays by such distinguished scholars as Lewis Thomas, Joshua Lederberg, Dorothy Nelkin, Sander Gilman, Barbara Guttmann Rosenkrantz, Baruch S. Blumberg, George Kateb, and David A. J. Richards, among others, from a wide range of disciplines, this work seeks to answer some of these pressing questions.
This book is a comprehensive examination of 50 epidemics, from ancient Greece to the present. Each chapter presents basic facts about an epidemic, discussion of its historical significance, contemporary understanding and responses, and effects on demographics, politics, economics, and religion.
Tracing the history of infectious diseases from the Philistine plague of 11th century BCE to recent SARS and avian flu scares, this volume provides descriptions of more than 700 epidemics, listed alphabetically by location of the outbreak.
This monograph represents an expansion and deepening of previous works by Ole J. Benedictow - the author of highly esteemed monographs and articles on the history of plague epidemics and historical demography. In the form of a collection of articles, the author presents an in-depth monographic study on the history of plague epidemics in Scandinavian countries and on controversies of the microbiological and epidemiological fundamentals of plague epidemics.
Originally published in 1986, this book uses Florentine death registers to show the changing character of plague from the first outbreak of the Black Death in 1348 to the mid-fifteenth century. Through an innovative study of this evidence, Professor Carmichael develops two related strands of analysis. First, she discusses the extent to which true plague epidemics may have occurred, by considering what other infectious diseases contributed significantly to outbreaks of 'pestilence'. She finds that there were many differences between the fourteenth- and fifteenth-century epidemics. She then shows how the differences in the plague reshaped the attitudes of Italian city-dwellers toward plague in the fifteenth century. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of the plague, Renaissance Italy and the history of medicine.
Excerpt from Epidemics, Plagues and Fevers: Their Causes and Prevention The present volume is intended as an epitome of existing knowledge concerning the nature and prevention of maladies commonly spoken of as preventable, and now chieﬂy under the legal control of local represent ative bodies. A handbook of this kind may be of service to all who are interested or officially concerned in the promotion of health, as members of local sanitary committees, school-managers, employers of labour, and others on whom the health of large numbers to some extent depends, and to whom it is important to be able to consult high authorities without loss of time, on sub jects which are often difficult of access, or inconveniently scattered, or obscured by technical language. The results of researches gathered in this volume will be found to compose a foundation of principles for a very complete system of practical hygienic science. The author is keenly sensible of the many faults and deficiencies of the book, but hopes that the value of the results collected may render them comparatively. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Summary: "W.G. Sebald, frequently mentioned in the same breath as Franz Kafka and Vladimir Nabokov, is one of the most important European writers of recent decades. He has been lauded by such major cultural commentators as Susan Sontag and Paul Auster, and he has combined wide public appeal with universal critical acclaim. His work is concerned with questions of memory, exile, representation, and, above all else, history. But his approach to history is strikingly different from conventional historiographical writing on the one hand, and from the historical novel on the other. His texts are hybrid in nature, mixing fiction, biography, historiography, travel-writing and memoir, and incorporating numerous photographic images. This volume seeks to respond to the complexities of Sebaldʼs image of history by presenting essays by a team of international scholars, all of whom are acknowledged Sebald experts. It offers a unique and exciting perspective on the dazzling work of one of the major literary figures of our times."--Publisher description.
Discusses the spread of infectious diseases and their impact on human populations, from the Black Death in medieval Europe to such modern diseases as AIDS and West Nile virus, as well as efforts to stop the spread of these diseases.
Hate and Compassion from the Plague of Athens to AIDS
Author: Samuel Kline Cohn, Jr.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In this study, Samuel K. Cohn, Jr. investigates hundreds of descriptions of epidemics reaching back before the fifth-century-BCE Plague of Athens to the 2014 Ebola outbreak to challenge the dominant hypothesis that epidemics invariably provoke hatred, blaming of the 'other', and victimizing bearers of epidemic diseases.
The three greatest killers in human historyhave not been war, famine, or natural disaster. They have been influenza, Black Death and AIDS. In the face of anxiety about an avian flu outbreak, The Essential Handbook of Epidemics, Viruses and Plagues puts it all in context. A concise and compelling insight into 50 of the most virulent and vicious plagues, pandemics and infectious diseases known to medical science, this is your guide book to diseases of the past and present with some warnings about the future.
BJÖRK »Niemand verbindet Herz und Verstand poetischer als SJÓN.« Island 1918: Die Spanische Grippe versehrt das Land, Vulkan Katla verdunkelt den Himmel und Island erhält endlich seine Unabhängigkeit. Zeiten des Aufruhrs und Aufbruchs. Mittendrin Máni Steinn: ohne Eltern, ohne Arbeit und zu allem Übel kann er weder lesen noch schreiben. Schlechte Voraussetzungen für einen jungen Mann in dieser Zeit. Aber Máni liebt das Kino und findet Rettung bei den Stummfilmen – und bei der schönen Sóla. Auf ihrem Motorrad entführt sie ihn aus der Dunkelheit und zeigt ihm, dass sich der Kampf lohnt, wenn man sich treu bleibt. In einer lyrischen, bildgewaltigen Sprache verwebt Sjón Historisches mit Phantastischem. Auch sein neuer Roman ist Weltliteratur.
A noted medical historian places recent outbreaks of deadly diseases in historical perspective, with accounts of other alarming and recurring diseases throughout history and of the ways in which humans have adapted. Reprint. 17,500 first printing.
A review of the original edition of The Burdens of Disease that appeared in ISIS stated, "Hays has written a remarkable book. He too has a message: That epidemics are primarily dependent on poverty and that the West has consistently refused to accept this." This revised edition confirms the book's timely value and provides a sweeping approach to the history of disease. In this updated volume, with revisions and additions to the original content, including the evolution of drug-resistant diseases and expanded coverage of HIV/AIDS, along with recent data on mortality figures and other relevant statistics, J. N. Hays chronicles perceptions and responses to plague and pestilence over two thousand years of western history. Disease is framed as a multidimensional construct, situated at the intersection of history, politics, culture, and medicine, and rooted in mentalities and social relations as much as in biological conditions of pathology. This revised edition of The Burdens of Disease also studies the victims of epidemics, paying close attention to the relationships among poverty, power, and disease.
This book presents the most in-depth study ever undertaken of how plague and other infectious diseases affected populations in Central Europe between 1560 and 1640. Based on quantitative data gleaned from over 800 parish registers, the extended time period covered has allowed for the comparison of seven successive plague cycles. Wide variations between the characteristics of local and regional epidemics were discovered during this extensive research and this publication examines the contributing factors behind these effects, such as settlement patterns, trade routes and extreme changes in weather. It also uncovers evidence of the existence of two separate fields of activity responsible for the distribution of outbreaks and flow of the disease: maritime and regional (inland). Despite such statistical disparities, the author concludes that plague waves, while sensitive to such factors, were resilient and eventually overcame any obstacles in their path. As a well-documented study it will be of immense value to medical historians, epidemiologists and microbiologists, public health and tropical disease researchers, and social historians and demographers.