The interpretation of geophysical data in exploration geophysics, well logging, engineering, mining and environmental geophysics requires knowledge of the physical properties of rocks and their correlations. Physical properties are a "key" for combined interpretation techniques. The study of rock physics provides an interdisciplinary treatment of physical properties, whether related to geophysical, geotechnical, hydrological or geological methodology. Physical Properties of Rocks, 2nd Edition, describes the physical fundamentals of rock properties, based on typical experimental results and relevant theories and models. It provides readers with all relevant rock properties and their interrelationships in one concise volume. Furthermore, it guides the reader through experimental and theoretical knowledge in order to handle models and theories in practice. Throughout the book the author focuses on the problems of applied geophysics with respect to exploration and the expanding field of applications in engineering and mining geophysics, geotechnics, hydrology and environmental problems, and the properties under the conditions of the upper Earth crust. Physical Properties of Rocks, Second Edition, guides readers through a systematic presentation of all relevant physical properties and their interrelationships in parallel with experimental and theoretical basic knowledge and a guide for handling core models and theories
Author: Klaus Knödel,Gerhard Lange,Hans-Jürgen Voigt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This illustrated handbook describes a broad spectrum of methods in the fields of remote sensing, geophysics, geology, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and microbiology designed to investigate landfill, mining and industrial sites. The descriptions provide information about the principle of the methods, applications and fundamentals. This handbook also deals with the stepwise procedure for investigating sites and common problems faced in efficient implementation of field operations.
The Identification, Description and Characterization of Hydrocarbon Reservoirs in Carbonate Rocks
Author: Wayne M. Ahr
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An accessible resource, covering the fundamentals of carbonatereservoir engineering Includes discussions on how, where and why carbonate areformed, plus reviews of basic sedimentological and stratigraphicprinciples to explain carbonate platform characteristics andstratigraphic relationships Offers a new, genetic classification of carbonate porosity thatis especially useful in predicting spatial distribution of porenetworks. Includes a solution manual
Die Petrographie pflegt allein die festen Mineralien zu betrachten, aus denen die Gesteine zusammengesetzt sind, und nur gelegentlich die Flüssigkeiten und Gase zu erwähnen, die sich in ihnen finden. Diese Beschränkung ist für die meta morphen und die meisten magmatischen Gesteine berechtigt, die fast ausschlie߭ lich aus festen Mineralien bestehen, so daß die geringen Mengen eingeschlossener beweglicher Phasen - wenn man von einigen Ausnahmen wie blasenreichen Laven absieht - weder für ihren Stoffbestand noch für ihre innere Struktur von wesentlicher Bedeutung sind. Ganz anders verhält es sich aber mit den Sediment gesteinen. Sie entstehen in der Mehrzahl so, daß sich einzelne feste Mineralteilchen aneinanderlagern, was niemals lückenlos erfolgen kann und daher zu Strukturen mit oft sehr erheblichem Porenraum führt. Auch alle Sedimente, die durch Kristallisation und Ausfällung entstehen, bilden Anlagerungsgefüge, die nicht notwendig porenfrei sind, zumal diese Vorgänge bei geringem Druck an der Erdo herfläche stattfinden. Die Sedimente bestehen daher im Augenblick ihrer Bildung zu einem wesent lichen Teil aus Porenraum, der zunächst mit dem Medium ihres Bildungsortes - Wasser oder Luft- angefüllt ist. Bei den Tonen als den porösesten Sedimenten kann der Porenraum 80 und mehr Prozent des Gesamtvolumens betragen, doch besteht auch bei den weniger porösen Sanden immer noch etwa 40% des Sediment volumens aus Hohlräumen. Der Volumanteil des Porenraums, seine Geometrie im einzelnen und die Zusammensetzung der Flüssigkeiten und Gase in ihm sind daher für die meisten Fragen der Sedimentpetrographie von großer Bedeutung.
This book is one in a series of three books by the authors on various aspects of well logging, with the final book to be on reservoir evaluation. The book departs from traditional log analysis books in that it has a very strong emphasis on geologic principles with an extensive review of the processes that influence hydrocarbon accumulations. The chapters are written in a stand-alone format. This book is beautifully illustrated with colored plots, charts, and block diagrams on virtually every page.
This Handbook provides solutions to the fundamental issues associated with wells and reservoirs experiencing sanding problems, especially in deepwater environments. Sand Management is a massive challenge for the petroleum industry as it extends its exploration activities to new frontiers. Challenging ultra deepwater, High Pressure-High Temperature (HP-HT) and Arctic environments require engineers to drill more complex wells and manage more complex reservoirs, the majority of which are prone to massive sand production. Covering such fundamentals as how to maximize individual wells and field development performance, as well as how to minimize operational cost, non-productive time and guarantee flow assurance across the entire composite production system from reservoirs through the wellbore to the topside and flow lines, this handbook explains that the biggest challenge facing operators is the shortage of sand management personnel and helps companies realize the value of their assets. Reference for knowledge transfer and skills development in sand management for effective flow assurance Emphasis on HP-HT and deepwater environments Meets the needs of new and practising engineers alike as well as non-technical personnel supporting the offshore industry
Bradford District Pennsylvania Oil Producers Association
Water is one of the world's threatened resources: it is also a substance of importance in Geology. For some years I have felt the need for a book that sets out the fundamentals of fluid mechanics, written for geologists rather than engineers. The efforts to repair my own deficiencies in this respect led me along various unfamiliar paths, few of which were unrewarding. This book is the result of my journeys through the literature and as a geologist in several parts of the world. It has been written for students of geology of all ages, in the simplest terms possible, and it has one objective: to provide a basis for an understanding of the mechanical role of water in geology. It has not been written for experts in ground water hydrology, or specialists in the fluid aspects of structural geology: it has been written for geologists like me who are not very good mathematicians, so that we can take water better into account in our normal geological work, whatever it might be. The fundamentals apply equally to mineralization, geochemistry, and vulcanology although they have not been specifically mentioned. It has also been written for the university student of geology so that he or she may start a career with some appreciation of the importance of water, and understanding of its movement.