Author: J.A. Smith,Jean E. Rivier
Proceedings of the Twelfth American Peptide Symposium, June 16-21, 1991, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Chemistry and Biology
Author: Norbert Sewald,Hans-Dieter Jakubke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Thoroughly updated, incorporating around 25 % new material, Sewald/Jakubke remains the only modern and scientifically up-to-date advanced textbook on peptide biochemistry, distilling the knowledge of hundreds of publications into a highly readable synopsis of this diverse field. The authors explain the broad fundamentals of peptide synthesis and structure, systematically addressing important families of biologically active peptides, and adopting an interdisciplinary approach that covers application areas in biotechnology, pharmaceutical science, and biomedicine. One major focus is on such "hot" research topics as pseudopeptides, peptidomimetics, and combinatorial synthesis. This new edition also features study questions for each learning unit, for easier self-study and classroom teaching.
Chemistry, Biology and Clinical Studies
Author: A.S. Dutta
Pharmacochemistry Library, Volume 19: Small Peptides: Chemistry, Biology, and Clinical Studies focuses on the processes, reactions, properties, and characteristics of peptides, including analogues and proteases. The publication first takes a look at angiotensin II and bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide. Topics include conformationally restricted analogues of bombesin, non-peptide antagonists of angiotensin II, receptor subtypes of angiotensin II, and bombesin/GRP antagonists and cancer. The text then elaborates on bradykinin, cholecystokinin, and enkephalin analogues. The manuscript examines luteinizing hormone releasing hormone and somatostatin. Topics include enzymic degradation of somatostatin and analogues, clinical applications of somatostatin analogues, and pharmacological and clinical studies with LHRH agonists and antagonists. The formulation of peptides and inhibitors of aspartyl proteases are also mentioned. The book is a valuable source of information for chemists, biologists, and readers interested in small peptides.
Chemistry, Structure, and Biology : Proceedings of the Thirteenth American Peptide Symposium June 20-25, 1993, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Author: Robert S. Hodges,John A. Smith
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub
This unique reference book contains 372 articles selected from 762 plenary lectures, workshops and poster presentations made during the Thirteenth American Peptide Symposium held in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The book opens with Nobel Laureate Dr. Bruce Merrifield's `Remarks on Peptide Chemistry' which focus on past scientists and their contributions of peptide chemistry in all aspects of biology, and Dr. Victor Hruby's Pierce Award Lecture on designing peptides, pseudopeptides and peptidomimetics to understand the relationship between structure and biology activity. The contributions are grouped into 14 sections: Synthetic and Analytical Methods Peptide Mimetics Glycopeptides/Lipopeptides Peptide Hormones/Neuropeptides Peptide Inhibitors/Peptide-Receptor Interactions Peptide Vaccines and Immunology Conformational Analysis Peptide Pharmaceuticals/Diagnostics and Peptide Delivery Computational Biochemistry Peptide Macromolecular Interactions Peptide Libraries De novo Design of Peptides and Proteins; and three Workshops: Approaches and Advances in Peptide Synthesis, Purification and Analysis An Introduction to NMR Spectroscopy of Peptides An Introduction to Energy Minimization, Molecular Dynamics, Molecular Modelling and Conformational Analysis of Peptides. This 1200 page compendium of current research from both academic and industrial laboratories demonstrates the exponential growth of the use of peptides in the diverse fields of medical science.
Author: G. C. Barrett,D. T. Elmore
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This text is intended for undergraduate and beginning graduate students in chemistry and biochemistry studying amino acids and peptides. The authors concentrate on amino acids and peptides without detailed discussions of proteins, while giving all the essential background chemistry, including sequence determination, synthesis and spectroscopic methods. The approach is intended to encourage the reader to cross classical boundaries while gaining an understanding of protein behavior on a molecular level. The book includes chapters on the biological roles of amino acids, as well as a section on enzyme-catalyzed synthesis of peptides, with suitable examples, an area often neglected in texts describing peptide synthesis. This modern text will be of value in the amino acid, peptide and protein field, to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and research workers.
A Concise Encyclopedia
Author: Hans-Dieter Jakubke,Norbert Sewald
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This mini-encyclopedia contains more than 1,500 alphabetical entries from the entire field of peptide science in one handy volume, as well as the technical terms, acronyms and concepts used in peptide chemistry. It also features the complete sequence of more than 800 peptides, numerous illustrations and numerous cross-references. Areas covered include: - biological peptides and small proteins - peptide hormones - pharmaceutical peptides - peptide antibiotics - peptide inhibitors - peptide reagents - peptide tags - structural classes - synthesis and purification - analytical methods - proteomics and peptidomics. Condensed yet accessible, only essential information is displayed, extensively linked via references to the recent scientific literature for further study.
The Peptides: Analysis, Synthesis, Biology
Author: Sidney Udenfriend,Johannes Meienhofer
The Peptides: Analysis, Synthesis, Biology, Volume 6: Opioid Peptides: Biology, Chemistry, and Genetics presents a biological topic of peptide research. This book is divided into nine chapters. Chapter 1 reviews the opioid peptide precursors and their genes. The proenkephalin and products of its processing are discussed in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3, the role of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) as a protein at the interface of the endocrine and nervous systems is examined. Chapter 4 provides a comprehensive account of the biology and chemistry of the dynorphin peptides. The opioid receptors are described in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 evaluates the structure-activity relationships of ?-endorphin, while Chapter 7 considers the conformational analysis of enkephalins and conformation-activity relationships. The structure-activity relationships among enkephalin peptides are elaborated in Chapter 8. The last chapter is devoted to the clinical significance of opioid peptides in humans. This publication is a good reference for biologists, specialists, and researchers concerned with peptides and proteins.
Synthesis, Structures, and Applications
Author: Bernd Gutte
In recent years, research has shown the importance of peptides in neuroscience, immunology, and cell biology. Active research programs worldwide are now engaged in developing peptide-based drugs and vaccines using modification of natural peptides and proteins, design of artificial peptides and peptide mimetics, and screening of peptide and phage libraries. In this comprehensive book, the authors discuss peptide synthesis and application within the context of their increasing importance to the pharmaceutical industry. Peptides: Synthesis, Structures, and Applications explores the broad growth of information in modern peptide synthetic methods and the structure-activity relationships of synthetic polypeptides. The history of peptide chemistry Amide formation, deprotection, and disulfide formation in peptide synthesis Solid-phase peptide synthesis a-helix formation by peptides in water Stability and dynamics of peptide conformation An overview of structure-function studies of peptide hormones Neuropeptides:peptide and nonpeptide analogs Reversible inhibitors of serine proteinases Design of polypeptides Current capabilities and future possibilities of soluble chemical combinatorial libraries Epitope mapping with peptides Synthesis and applications of branched peptides in immunological methods and vaccines
From Bioorganic Synthesis to Applications
Author: Jesko Koehnke,James Naismith,Wilfred A van der Donk
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Cyclic peptides are increasingly employed as chemical tools in biology and drug discovery. They have gained a lot of interest as alternative sources of new drugs to traditional small molecules. This book introduces cyclic peptides and provides a thorough overview of biosynthetic and fully synthetic approaches to their preparation. Following an introduction to cyclic peptides, biosynthetic and traditional chemical routes to cyclic peptides are reviewed. Due to their size, their synthesis is not trivial. Recent advances in the incorporation of novel structural units are presented in addition to how synthesis and biological methods can be combined. The chemical analysis of this molecular class is also discussed. Furthermore, chapters detail the progression of cyclic peptides as tools in biology and as potential drugs, providing a future vision of their importance. In total, this book provides the reader with a comprehensive view of the state-of-the-art of cyclic peptides, from construction to possible clinical utility. This book will be an essential resource for students, researchers and scientists within industry in medicinal, bioorganic, natural product and analytical chemistry fields.
Author: Chris Van Der Walle
Publisher: Academic Press
The growing area of peptide and protein therapeutics research is of paramount importance to medical application and advancement. A needed reference for entry level researchers and researchers working in interdisciplinary / collaborative projects, Peptide and Protein Delivery addresses the current and emerging routes for delivery of therapeutics. Covering cerebral delivery, pulmonary delivery, transdermal delivery, intestinal delivery, ocular delivery, parenteral delivery, and nasal delivery, this resource offers an overview of the main routes in therapeutics. Researchers across biochemistry, pharmaceutical, molecular biology, cell biology, immunology, chemistry and biotechnology fields will find this publication invaluable for peptide and protein laboratory research. Discusses the most recent data, ideas and concepts Presents case studies and an industrial perspective Details information from the molecular level to bioprocessing Thought provoking, for the novice to the specialist Timely, for today's biopharmaceuticals market
Publisher: Academic Press
Therapeutic Proteins and Peptides, Volume 112 in an ongoing series promotes further research in the discovery of new therapeutic targets that can be affected by therapeutic proteins and peptides to cure or manage symptoms of human diseases, with this release focusing on the Rational Design of Stable Liquid Formulations of Biopharmaceuticals, Formulation strategies for peptides, proteins and antibodies using nanotechnology, the Solution structural dynamics of therapeutic peptides and their adsorption on plasmonic nanoparticles, Enzymatic approaches of protein-polymer conjugation, Chimeric small antibody fragments as a strategy to deliver therapeutic payloads, Smart cell-penetrating peptide-based techniques for cytoplasmic delivery of therapeutic macromolecules, and more. Describes advances in the discovery and application of therapeutic proteins/peptides which allow better targeting to the site of treatment and cause fewer adverse effects when compared to chemical compounds used for disease treatment Targeted to a very wide audience of specialists, researchers and students Written by well-renown authorities in their field Includes a number of high quality illustrations, figures and tables
Challenges and New Therapeutics
Author: Ved Srivastava
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
With potentially high specificity and low toxicity, biologicals offer promising alternatives to small-molecule drugs. Peptide therapeutics have again become the focus of innovative drug development efforts backed up by a resurgence of venture funds and small biotechnology companies. What does it take to develop a peptide-based medicine? What are the key challenges and how are they overcome? What are emerging therapeutics for peptide modalities? This book answers these questions with a holistic story from molecules to medicine, combining the themes of design, synthesis and clinical applications of peptide-based therapeutics and biomarkers. Chapters are written and edited by leaders in the field from industry and academia and they cover the pharmacokinetics of peptide therapeutics, attributes necessary for commercially successful metabolic peptides, medicinal chemistry strategies for the design of peptidase-resistant peptide analogues, disease classes for which peptide therapeutic are most relevant, and regulatory issues and guidelines. The critical themes covered provide essential background information on what it takes to develop peptide-based medicine from a chemistry perspective and views on the future of peptide drugs. This book will be a valuable resource not only as a reference book for the researcher engaged in academic and pharmaceutical setting, from basic research to manufacturing and from organic chemistry to biotechnology, but also a valuable resource to graduate students to understand discovery and development process for peptide-based medicine.
Author: Ulo Langel,Benjamin F. Cravatt,Astrid Graslund,N.G.H. von Heijne,Matjaz Zorko,Tiit Land,Sherry Niessen
Publisher: CRC Press
Human cells produce at least 30,000 different proteins. Each has a specific function characterized by a unique sequence and native conformation that allows it to perform that function. While research in this post-genomic era has created a deluge of invaluable information, the field has lacked for an authoritative introductory text needed to inform researchers and students in all of those fields now concerned with protein research. Introduction to Peptides and Proteins brings together some of the most respected researchers in protein science to present a remarkably coherent introduction to modern peptide and protein chemistry. The first sections of the book delve into – Basic peptide and protein science from assembly through degradation Traditional and emerging research methods including those used in bioinformatics and proteomics New computational approaches and algorithms used to find patterns in the vast data collected by sequencing projects After providing a foundation in tools and methods, the authors closely examine six protein families, including representative classes such as enzymes, cell-surface receptors, antibodies, fibrous proteins, and bioactive peptide classes. They concentrate on biochemical mechanisms and where possible indicate therapeutic or biotechnical possibilities. Then focusing on clinical aspects, the authors investigate misfolding as found in prion diseases, miscleavage as found in Alzheimer’s, and mis-sequencing as found with some cancers. Drawing from some of their own research, the authors summarize recent achievements and emerging applications. They discuss the use of proteins and peptides as drugs and the solid-phase synthesis required for drug production. They also look at the use of peptides as functional biomolecules and research tools. No longer just the domain of biologists, many key advances in protein research started in physics labs and have involved contributions from a host of fields including statistics, drug development, genetics, and chemical spectroscopy. Introduction to Peptides and Proteins provides researchers across these fields with the thorough foundation needed to explore all the potential that protein research offers.
Author: Shawn Doonan
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Encompassing all aspects of the structures of peptides and proteins, this book adopts a uniquely problem-oriented approach to the topic. Starting with a look at the structures and properties of the twenty amino acids that occur in proteins, and moving on to the synthesis of polypeptides and the isolation of proteins, Peptides and Proteins then addresses the methods of analysis of protein characteristics, including the modern methods of sequence analysis by mass spectrometry. Further chapters examine the three-dimensional nature of protein structure, and introduce the student to the use of computer applications (molecular graphics, databases, bioinformatics) in protein chemistry. Original research data is used in many of the problems, and throughout sufficient background biology is included, thus putting the subject into context for chemists. Aimed at first and second-year chemistry students, this title will also be of interest to students of biochemistry. Ideal for the needs of undergraduate chemistry students, Tutorial Chemistry Texts is a major new series consisting of short, single topic or modular texts concentrating on the fundamental areas of chemistry taught in undergraduate science courses. Each book provides a concise account of the basic principles underlying a given subject, embodying an independent-learning philosophy and including worked examples.
Author: G.R. Marshall
The Tenth American Peptide Symposium was held on the campus of Wash ington University in St. Louis, Missouri, on May 23-28, 1987. More than 750 participants from around the world met to renew acquaintances, make new friends, and feast at the scientific explosion occurring in the field of peptide research. From over 85 oral presentations and 295 poster presentations, the manuscripts which make up this proceedings have been selected in order to present a synopsis of current research. In many ways, this meeting represented a culmination of forces clearly perceptible in the proceedings of previous meetings in which synthetic chemistry, spectroscopy, molecular biology, molecular modeling, and protein chemistry all are blended as needed to focus on interesting scientific problems. As peptides assume an ever increasingly important role in biological phenomena, our domain as peptide chemists has obviously expanded, and we are the richer for it. The session on conformation was highlighted by both predictions ofthree-dimensional structures of proteins (i. e. , interleukin and human growth hormone) as well as determination of solution structures by 2D NMR. A growing interest in peptide mimetics stimulated much interest in reverse turn mimics, nonpeptide antagonists of peptide hormones, and amide bond isosteres. Increased use of unusual amino acids created strong interest in approaches to asymmetric syntheses of amino acids and methodological improvements in peptide synthesis as well as recent advances in purification and characterization methods.
Author: Paul Lloyd-Williams,Fernando Albericio,Ernest Giralt
Publisher: CRC Press
Organic chemists working on the synthesis of natural products have long found a special challenge in the preparation of peptides and proteins. However, more reliable, more efficient synthetic preparation methods have been developed in recent years. This reference evaluates the most important synthesis methods available today, and also considers methods that show promise for future applications. This text describes the state of the art in efficient synthetic methods for the synthesis of both natural and artificial large peptide and protein molecules. Subjects include an introduction to basic topics, linear solid-phase synthesis of peptides, peptide synthesis in solution, convergent solid-phase synthesis, methods for the synthesis of branched peptides, formation of disulfide bridges, and more. The book emphasizes strategies and tactics that must be considered for the successful synthesis of peptides.