A Business of Some Heat

The United Nations Force in Cyprus Before and During the 1974 Turkish Invasion

Author: Francis Henn

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 184415081X

Category: History

Page: 550

View: 4459

Cyprus, long troubled by inter-communal strife, exploded onto the world stage with the Athens-inspired coup and the subsequent Turkish invasion. This led to partition on the island, a situation complicated by the Yom Kippur War. This book examines the role of the UN as it attempts to maintain peace in Cyprus.

Peace Operations Between War and Peace

Author: Erwin A. Schmidl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113530002X

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 8919

Peace operations entail a special form of co-operation between nation-states and international organization, but tend to be most difficult for the soldiers, police and civilian officials on the ground. This volume highlights the latter role with case studies of Srebrenica and Somalia.

The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper

Civil-Military Relations and the United Nations

Author: Arturo C. Sotomayor

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421412136

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 7750

The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper reevaluates how United Nations peacekeeping missions reform (or fail to reform) their participating members. It investigates how such missions affect military organizations and civil-military relations as countries transition to a more democratic system. Two-thirds of the UN’s peacekeepers come from developing nations, many of which are transitioning to democracy as well. The assumption is that these "blue helmet" peacekeepers learn not only to appreciate democratic principles through their mission work but also to develop an international outlook and new ideas about conflict prevention. Arturo C. Sotomayor debunks this myth, arguing that democratic practices don’t just "rub off" on UN peacekeepers. So what, if any, benefit accrues to these troops from emerging democracies? In this richly detailed study of a decade’s worth of research (2001–2010) on Argentine, Brazilian, and Uruguayan peacekeeping participation, Sotomayor draws upon international socialization theory and civil-military relations to understand how peacekeeping efforts impact participating armed forces. He asks three questions: Does peacekeeping reform military organizations? Can peacekeeping socialize soldiers to become more liberalized and civilianized? Does peacekeeping improve defense and foreign policy integration? His evaluation of the three countries’ involvement in the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti reinforces his final analysis—that successful democratic transitions must include a military organization open to change and a civilian leadership that exercises its oversight responsibilities. The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper contributes to international relations theory and to substantive issues in civil-military relations and comparative politics. It provides a novel argument about how peacekeeping works and further insight into how international factors affect domestic politics as well as how international institutions affect democratizing efforts.

Social Sciences and the Military

An Interdisciplinary Overview

Author: Giuseppe Caforio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134223625

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8423

This innovative book presents the reader with a clear international view of interdisciplinary and intradisciplinary approaches to military and conflict-resolution studies. In this first title on its subject, leading expert Giuseppe Caforio offers a thorough analysis of the new aspects and trends of the social sciences in studying the military. Since the end of the Cold War, military operations other than war, crisis-response operations, the fight against terrorism, and hi-tech warfare have posed for the militaries of all countries a new set of human and social challenges and problems of an intensity that had never been seen in peacetime. Sociology, social psychology, anthropology and the science of conflict are grappling with these issues, common to all armed forces, with a new fervour. This new book offers an update on the state-of-the-art on this theme and defines the latest study and research trends in the field. Social Sciences and the Military contains essays by some of the most highly regarded scholars on the subject and will be essential reading for all students of civil-military relations, conflict resolution and military studies in general.

United Nations Peacekeeping

An ACUNS Teaching Text

Author: Thomas George Weiss,Jarat Chopra

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Arbitration (International law)

Page: 69

View: 3025

National contingents in United Nations peace-keeping forces

Author: Robert C. R. Siekmann,T.M.C. Asser Instituut

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 229

View: 7097

Are member states obliged to provide troops for United Nations peace-keeping operations? What criteria apply for the composition of UN forces? Does the host state have any say in this respect? And may national contingents be withdrawn at any time? Who pays the cost of participation? How are criminal trials of military personnel organized and what is their status? What influence do troop-contributing states have in the operational phase with regard to their own contingent and their members? This book sets out to answer these and many other relevant questions, examining operational practice in detail and assessing the results according to international law criteria. With the growing role of UN peace-keeping forces, Siekmann has produced an essential handbook for diplomats, legal advisers and the military.

Warriors for peace

a sociological study on the Austrian experience of UN peacekeeping

Author: Franz Kernic,Harald Haas

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 131

View: 9101

This study deals with sociological and sociopsychological aspects of UN Peacekeeping missions focusing on the Austrian experience. The study is broad and descriptive covering a spectrum that ranges from the soldier's motivation to join UN-troops to the social and psychological problems encountered during service. The main purpose is to give a broad overview of work-related experiences during the tour of duty. The emphasis is on the Austrian soldier's life and his experiences as a peacekeeper. The study focuses primarily on an Austrian battalion (AUSBATT/UNDOF) deployed to the Golan Heights. Their mission can be considered a traditional UN Peacekeeping operation. In addition, some data on the Austrian IFOR contingent to Bosnia is included.

Military Sociology

Global Perspectives

Author: Leena Parmar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 5078

S + F

Vierteljahresschrift für Sicherheit und Frieden

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Peace

Page: N.A

View: 3231

Gandhi's Peace Army

The Shanti Sena and Unarmed Peacekeeping

Author: Thomas Weber

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815626848

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 8388

With an increase in United Nations peacekeeping operations around the world and with the problems faced by the UN forces in Somalia and Bosnia, there is growing debate about their future and the possible alternatives to resolving international and intercommunal conflicts. Thomas Weber examines the viability of unarmed peacekeeping through a detailed investigation of Gandhi's peace army, which has inspired many of the attempted campaigns of unarmed peacekeeping. The Shanti Sena, which is based largely on Mahatma Gandhi's ideas, was established in 1958, ten years after his death. Sena members, found only in India, are involved in conflict resolution on a grass-roots level, using peace-building techniques that have inspired international groups such as the World Peace Brigade, the Cyprus Resettlement Project, and Peace Brigades International. Relying on interviews with key participants and analysts of the peace army and archival documents, the book contributes greatly to the study of unarmed peacekeeping. It marks the first time anyone has chronicled in such detail the activities and history of the Shanti Sena during its most active years of 1957 to 1975.

Friedensengel im Kampfanzug?

Zu Theorie und Praxis militärischer UN-Einsätze

Author: Georg-Maria Meyer

Publisher: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2627

Angesichts vielfältiger Krisen, Katastrophen und kriegerischer Auseinandersetzungen richten sich die Hoffnungen auf Eindämmung und Lösung zunehmend auf die "Weltgemeinschaft". Häufiger als je zuvor reagiert die UNO mit der Entsendung von Soldaten - z.B. in Kambodscha, Somalia und Ex-Jugoslawien. Nicht zuletzt deshalb ist es notwendig, sich auf empirischer Grundlage mit der Praxis militärischer Peacekeeping-Missionen zu beschäftigen.Die in diesem Band versammelten Beiträge internationaler Autoren setzen sich kritisch mit Theorie und Wirklichkeit militärischer UN-Einsätze auseinander. Gezeigt wird, daß Militär weniger der tatsächlichen Problemlösung dient, sondern oft als "Politik-Ersatz" herhalten muß - häufig mit innenpolitischer Zielrichtung. Darüber hinaus wird auf die Lage der Soldaten eingegangen, die ihren Dienst im Auftrag der Vereinten Nationen versehen: Sie sind keine Friedensengel im Kampfanzug, sondern Soldaten, die mit kaum lösbaren Aufgaben betraut werden - und dabei auch Fehler machen.

Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution

Sociological Perspectives

Author: Guiseppe Caforio,Gerhard Kummel,Bandara Purkayastha

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1848551223

Category: Political Science

Page: 556

View: 4871

Covers the various aspects of war in the twenty-first century where asymmetric warfare has changed many rules of the game, imposing a profound transformation on the military, not only tactical, but also structural, preparatory, mental and ideological. This book also covers the delicate relations between the armed forces and societies.

Tribe

Das verlorene Wissen um Gemeinschaft und Menschlichkeit

Author: Sebastian Junger

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641203619

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 9868

Unser Trauma: eine Gesellschaft ohne Gemeinschaft. »Entbehrungen machen dem Menschen nichts aus, er ist sogar auf sie angewiesen; worunter er jedoch leidet, ist das Gefühl, nicht gebraucht zu werden. Die moderne Gesellschaft hat die Kunst perfektioniert, Menschen das Gefühl der Nutzlosigkeit zu geben. Es ist an der Zeit, dem ein Ende zu setzen.« Sebastian Junger Warum beschließen Soldaten nach ihrer Rückkehr aus dem Krieg und in die Heimat, sich zu neuen Einsätzen zu melden? Warum sind Belastungsstörungen und Depressionen in unserer modernen Gesellschaft so virulent? Warum erinnern sich Menschen oft sehnsüchtiger an Katastrophenerfahrungen als an Hochzeiten oder Karibikurlaube? Mit Tribe hat Sebastian Junger eines der meistdiskutierten Werke des Jahres vorgelegt. Er erklärt, was wir von Stammeskulturen über Loyalität, Gemeinschaftsgefühl und die ewige Suche des Menschen nach Sinn lernen können.

Keeping the Peace in the Post-cold War Era

Strengthening Multilateral Peacekeeping : a Report to the Trilateral Commission

Author: John Roper

Publisher: Brookings Inst Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 101

View: 2223

This essential book addresses particular aspects and challenges of multilateral peacekeeping facing not only the United Nations', but also that of the Trilateral countries.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 4824

Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.