A broad treatment of important partial differential equations, particularly emphasizing the analytical techniques. In each chapter the author raises various questions concerning the particular equations discussed, treats different methods for tackling these equations, gives applications and examples, and concludes with a list of proposed problems and a relevant bibliography. This new edition has been substantially updated to take account of the new techniques available, making it valuable for students and researchers in mathematics, physics and engineering.
This new edition features the latest tools for modeling, characterizing, and solving partial differential equations The Third Edition of this classic text offers a comprehensive guide to modeling, characterizing, and solving partial differential equations (PDEs). The author provides all the theory and tools necessary to solve problems via exact, approximate, and numerical methods. The Third Edition retains all the hallmarks of its previous editions, including an emphasis on practical applications, clear writing style and logical organization, and extensive use of real-world examples. Among the new and revised material, the book features: * A new section at the end of each original chapter, exhibiting the use of specially constructed Maple procedures that solve PDEs via many of the methods presented in the chapters. The results can be evaluated numerically or displayed graphically. * Two new chapters that present finite difference and finite element methods for the solution of PDEs. Newly constructed Maple procedures are provided and used to carry out each of these methods. All the numerical results can be displayed graphically. * A related FTP site that includes all the Maple code used in the text. * New exercises in each chapter, and answers to many of the exercises are provided via the FTP site. A supplementary Instructor's Solutions Manual is available. The book begins with a demonstration of how the three basic types of equations-parabolic, hyperbolic, and elliptic-can be derived from random walk models. It then covers an exceptionally broad range of topics, including questions of stability, analysis of singularities, transform methods, Green's functions, and perturbation and asymptotic treatments. Approximation methods for simplifying complicated problems and solutions are described, and linear and nonlinear problems not easily solved by standard methods are examined in depth. Examples from the fields of engineering and physical sciences are used liberally throughout the text to help illustrate how theory and techniques are applied to actual problems. With its extensive use of examples and exercises, this text is recommended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in engineering, science, and applied mathematics, as well as professionals in any of these fields. It is possible to use the text, as in the past, without use of the new Maple material.
Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.
Used in undergraduate classrooms across the USA, this is a clearly written, rigorous introduction to differential equations and their applications. Fully understandable to students who have had one year of calculus, this book distinguishes itself from other differential equations texts through its engaging application of the subject matter to interesting scenarios. This fourth edition incorporates earlier introductory material on bifurcation theory and adds a new chapter on Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems. Computer programs in C, Pascal, and Fortran are presented throughout the text to show readers how to apply differential equations towards quantitative problems.
Numerical analysis presents different faces to the world. For mathematicians it is a bona fide mathematical theory with an applicable flavour. For scientists and engineers it is a practical, applied subject, part of the standard repertoire of modelling techniques. For computer scientists it is a theory on the interplay of computer architecture and algorithms for real-number calculations. The tension between these standpoints is the driving force of this book, which presents a rigorous account of the fundamentals of numerical analysis of both ordinary and partial differential equations. The point of departure is mathematical but the exposition strives to maintain a balance between theoretical, algorithmic and applied aspects of the subject. In detail, topics covered include numerical solution of ordinary differential equations by multistep and Runge-Kutta methods; finite difference and finite elements techniques for the Poisson equation; a variety of algorithms to solve large, sparse algebraic systems; methods for parabolic and hyperbolic differential equations and techniques of their analysis. The book is accompanied by an appendix that presents brief back-up in a number of mathematical topics. Dr Iserles concentrates on fundamentals: deriving methods from first principles, analysing them with a variety of mathematical techniques and occasionally discussing questions of implementation and applications. By doing so, he is able to lead the reader to theoretical understanding of the subject without neglecting its practical aspects. The outcome is a textbook that is mathematically honest and rigorous and provides its target audience with a wide range of skills in both ordinary and partial differential equations.
The main theme is the integration of the theory of linear PDE and the theory of finite difference and finite element methods. For each type of PDE, elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic, the text contains one chapter on the mathematical theory of the differential equation, followed by one chapter on finite difference methods and one on finite element methods. The chapters on elliptic equations are preceded by a chapter on the two-point boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations. Similarly, the chapters on time-dependent problems are preceded by a chapter on the initial-value problem for ordinary differential equations. There is also one chapter on the elliptic eigenvalue problem and eigenfunction expansion. The presentation does not presume a deep knowledge of mathematical and functional analysis. The required background on linear functional analysis and Sobolev spaces is reviewed in an appendix. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of applied mathematics and engineering.
Finite element methods for approximating partial differential equations have reached a high degree of maturity, and are an indispensible tool in science and technology. This textbook aims at providing a thorough introduction to the construction, analysis, and implementation of finite element methods for model problems arising in continuum mechanics. The first part of the book discusses elementary properties of linear partial differential equations along with their basic numerical approximation, the functional-analytical framework for rigorously establishing existence of solutions, and the construction and analysis of basic finite element methods. The second part is devoted to the optimal adaptive approximation of singularities and the fast iterative solution of linear systems of equations arising from finite element discretizations. In the third part, the mathematical framework for analyzing and discretizing saddle-point problems is formulated, corresponding finte element methods are analyzed, and particular applications including incompressible elasticity, thin elastic objects, electromagnetism, and fluid mechanics are addressed. The book includes theoretical problems and practical projects for all chapters, and an introduction to the implementation of finite element methods.
lead the reader to a theoretical understanding of the subject without neglecting its practical aspects. The outcome is a textbook that is mathematically honest and rigorous and provides its target audience with a wide range of skills in both ordinary and partial differential equations." --Book Jacket.
Combining both the classical theory and numerical techniques for partial differential equations, this thoroughly modern approach shows the significance of computations in PDEs and illustrates the strong interaction between mathematical theory and the development of numerical methods. Great care has been taken throughout the book to seek a sound balance between these techniques. The authors present the material at an easy pace and exercises ranging from the straightforward to the challenging have been included. In addition there are some "projects" suggested, either to refresh the students memory of results needed in this course, or to extend the theories developed in the text. Suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics and engineering.
This book is a revised and updated version, including a substantial portion of new material, of J. D. Cole's text Perturbation Methods in Applied Mathe matics, Ginn-Blaisdell, 1968. We present the material at a level which assumes some familiarity with the basics of ordinary and partial differential equations. Some of the more advanced ideas are reviewed as needed; therefore this book can serve as a text in either an advanced undergraduate course or a graduate level course on the subject. The applied mathematician, attempting to understand or solve a physical problem, very often uses a perturbation procedure. In doing this, he usually draws on a backlog of experience gained from the solution of similar examples rather than on some general theory of perturbations. The aim of this book is to survey these perturbation methods, especially in connection with differ ential equations, in order to illustrate certain general features common to many examples. The basic ideas, however, are also applicable to integral equations, integrodifferential equations, and even to_difference equations. In essence, a perturbation procedure consists of constructing the solution for a problem involving a small parameter B, either in the differential equation or the boundary conditions or both, when the solution for the limiting case B = 0 is known. The main mathematical tool used is asymptotic expansion with respect to a suitable asymptotic sequence of functions of B.
This gives comprehensive coverage of the essential differential equations students they are likely to encounter in solving engineering and mechanics problems across the field -- alongside a more advance volume on applications. This first volume covers a very broad range of theories related to solving differential equations, mathematical preliminaries, ODE (n-th order and system of 1st order ODE in matrix form), PDE (1st order, 2nd, and higher order including wave, diffusion, potential, biharmonic equations and more). Plus more advanced topics such as Green’s function method, integral and integro-differential equations, asymptotic expansion and perturbation, calculus of variations, variational and related methods, finite difference and numerical methods. All readers who are concerned with and interested in engineering mechanics problems, climate change, and nanotechnology will find topics covered in these books providing valuable information and mathematics background for their multi-disciplinary research and education.
Author: Kendall Atkinson,Weimin Han,David E. Stewart
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A concise introduction to numerical methodsand the mathematicalframework neededto understand their performance Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equationspresents a complete and easy-to-follow introduction to classicaltopics in the numerical solution of ordinary differentialequations. The book's approach not only explains the presentedmathematics, but also helps readers understand how these numericalmethods are used to solve real-world problems. Unifying perspectives are provided throughout the text, bringingtogether and categorizing different types of problems in order tohelp readers comprehend the applications of ordinary differentialequations. In addition, the authors' collective academic experienceensures a coherent and accessible discussion of key topics,including: Euler's method Taylor and Runge-Kutta methods General error analysis for multi-step methods Stiff differential equations Differential algebraic equations Two-point boundary value problems Volterra integral equations Each chapter features problem sets that enable readers to testand build their knowledge of the presented methods, and a relatedWeb site features MATLAB® programs that facilitate theexploration of numerical methods in greater depth. Detailedreferences outline additional literature on both analytical andnumerical aspects of ordinary differential equations for furtherexploration of individual topics. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations isan excellent textbook for courses on the numerical solution ofdifferential equations at the upper-undergraduate and beginninggraduate levels. It also serves as a valuable reference forresearchers in the fields of mathematics and engineering.
Modelling, State Space Analysis, Stability and Robustness
Author: Diederich Hinrichsen,Anthony J. Pritchard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book presents the mathematical foundations of systems theory in a self-contained, comprehensive, detailed and mathematically rigorous way. It is devoted to the analysis of dynamical systems and combines features of a detailed introductory textbook with that of a reference source. The book contains many examples and figures illustrating the text which help to bring out the intuitive ideas behind the mathematical constructions.
This introductory graduate text is based on a graduate course the author has taught repeatedly over the last ten years to students in applied mathematics, engineering sciences, and physics. Each chapter begins with an introductory development involving ordinary differential equations, and goes on to cover such traditional topics as boundary layers and multiple scales. However, it also contains material arising from current research interest, including homogenisation, slender body theory, symbolic computing, and discrete equations. Many of the excellent exercises are derived from problems of up-to-date research and are drawn from a wide range of application areas.
"Partial Differential Equations and Solitary Waves Theory" is a self-contained book divided into two parts: Part I is a coherent survey bringing together newly developed methods for solving PDEs. While some traditional techniques are presented, this part does not require thorough understanding of abstract theories or compact concepts. Well-selected worked examples and exercises shall guide the reader through the text. Part II provides an extensive exposition of the solitary waves theory. This part handles nonlinear evolution equations by methods such as Hirota’s bilinear method or the tanh-coth method. A self-contained treatment is presented to discuss complete integrability of a wide class of nonlinear equations. This part presents in an accessible manner a systematic presentation of solitons, multi-soliton solutions, kinks, peakons, cuspons, and compactons. While the whole book can be used as a text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in applied mathematics, physics and engineering, Part II will be most useful for graduate students and researchers in mathematics, engineering, and other related fields. Dr. Abdul-Majid Wazwaz is a Professor of Mathematics at Saint Xavier University, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Drei Themengebiete in jeweils neun kurzen Kapiteln
Author: Sören Bartels
Dieses Buch bietet eine Einführung in Methoden zur praktischen Lösung mathematischer Probleme, wie der Bestimmung von Eigenwerten, der Approximation und Integration von Funktionen und der näherungsweisen Lösung gewöhnlicher Differenzialgleichungen. Vorausgesetzt werden nur Grundkenntnisse aus der linearen Algebra und Analysis sowie elementare Programmiererfahrungen. Lernziele, Tests zur Selbstüberprüfung und Anwendungsaufgaben am Ende jedes Kapitels vertiefen das Verständnis. Im Anhang des Buchs finden sich unter anderem eine umfangreiche Aufgabensammlung, detaillierte Beschreibungen für Programmierprojekte, Einführungen in die Programmiersprachen Matlab und C und einige Beispielprogramme.