This textbook provides beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates with an accessible introduction to the rich subject of partial differential equations (PDEs). It presents a rigorous and clear explanation of the more elementary theoretical aspects of PDEs, while also drawing connections to deeper analysis and applications. The book serves as a needed bridge between basic undergraduate texts and more advanced books that require a significant background in functional analysis. Topics include first order equations and the method of characteristics, second order linear equations, wave and heat equations, Laplace and Poisson equations, and separation of variables. The book also covers fundamental solutions, Green's functions and distributions, beginning functional analysis applied to elliptic PDEs, traveling wave solutions of selected parabolic PDEs, and scalar conservation laws and systems of hyperbolic PDEs. Provides an accessible yet rigorous introduction to partial differential equations Draws connections to advanced topics in analysis Covers applications to continuum mechanics An electronic solutions manual is available only to professors An online illustration package is available to professors
Dieses Buch ist eine umfassende Einführung in die klassischen Lösungsmethoden partieller Differentialgleichungen. Es wendet sich an Leser mit Kenntnissen aus einem viersemestrigen Grundstudium der Mathematik (und Physik) und legt seinen Schwerpunkt auf die explizite Darstellung der Lösungen. Es ist deshalb besonders auch für Anwender (Physiker, Ingenieure) sowie für Nichtspezialisten, die die Methoden der mathematischen Physik kennenlernen wollen, interessant. Durch die große Anzahl von Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben eignet es sich gut zum Gebrauch neben Vorlesungen sowie zum Selbststudium.
An Introduction to Partial Differential Equations with MATLAB®, Second Edition illustrates the usefulness of PDEs through numerous applications and helps students appreciate the beauty of the underlying mathematics. Updated throughout, this second edition of a bestseller shows students how PDEs can model diverse problems, including the flow of heat, the propagation of sound waves, the spread of algae along the ocean’s surface, the fluctuation in the price of a stock option, and the quantum mechanical behavior of a hydrogen atom. Suitable for a two-semester introduction to PDEs and Fourier series for mathematics, physics, and engineering students, the text teaches the equations based on method of solution. It provides both physical and mathematical motivation as much as possible. The author treats problems in one spatial dimension before dealing with those in higher dimensions. He covers PDEs on bounded domains and then on unbounded domains, introducing students to Fourier series early on in the text. Each chapter’s prelude explains what and why material is to be covered and considers the material in a historical setting. The text also contains many exercises, including standard ones and graphical problems using MATLAB. While the book can be used without MATLAB, instructors and students are encouraged to take advantage of MATLAB’s excellent graphics capabilities. The MATLAB code used to generate the tables and figures is available in an appendix and on the author’s website.
An Introduction with Applications to Partial Differential Equations
Author: Hansjörg Kielhöfer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In the past three decades, bifurcation theory has matured into a well-established and vibrant branch of mathematics. This book gives a unified presentation in an abstract setting of the main theorems in bifurcation theory, as well as more recent and lesser known results. It covers both the local and global theory of one-parameter bifurcations for operators acting in infinite-dimensional Banach spaces, and shows how to apply the theory to problems involving partial differential equations. In addition to existence, qualitative properties such as stability and nodal structure of bifurcating solutions are treated in depth. This volume will serve as an important reference for mathematicians, physicists, and theoretically-inclined engineers working in bifurcation theory and its applications to partial differential equations. The second edition is substantially and formally revised and new material is added. Among this is bifurcation with a two-dimensional kernel with applications, the buckling of the Euler rod, the appearance of Taylor vortices, the singular limit process of the Cahn-Hilliard model, and an application of this method to more complicated nonconvex variational problems.
This text explores the essentials of partial differential equations as applied to engineering and the physical sciences. Discusses ordinary differential equations, integral curves and surfaces of vector fields, the Cauchy-Kovalevsky theory, more. Problems and answers.
Uses an analytical and techniques-oriented approach to present a concise introduction to the subject focusing on time-evolution problems. Emphasizes hyperbolic and parabolic problems and includes a range of applications--chemistry, porous media, biological problems, traffic flow, reactors, heat transfer and detonation. Packed with exercises, examples and illustrations.
Used in undergraduate classrooms across the USA, this is a clearly written, rigorous introduction to differential equations and their applications. Fully understandable to students who have had one year of calculus, this book distinguishes itself from other differential equations texts through its engaging application of the subject matter to interesting scenarios. This fourth edition incorporates earlier introductory material on bifurcation theory and adds a new chapter on Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems. Computer programs in C, Pascal, and Fortran are presented throughout the text to show readers how to apply differential equations towards quantitative problems.
An Introduction to Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations is a textbook on nonlinear partial differential equations. It is technique oriented with an emphasis on applications and is designed to build a foundation for studying advanced treatises in the field. The Second Edition features an updated bibliography as well as an increase in the number of exercises. All software references have been updated with the latest version of [email protected], the corresponding graphics have also been updated using [email protected] An increased focus on hydrogeology...
This book is a product of the experience of the authors in teaching partial differential equations to students of mathematics, physics, and engineering over a period of 20 years. Our goal in writing it has been to introduce the subject with precise and rigorous analysis on the one hand, and interesting and significant applications on the other. The starting level of the book is at the first-year graduate level in a U.S. university. Previous experience with partial differential equations is not required, but the use of classical analysis to find solutions of specific problems is not emphasized. From that perspective our treatment is decidedly theoretical. We have avoided abstraction and full generality in many situations, however. Our plan has been to introduce fundamental ideas in relatively simple situations and to show their impact on relevant applications. The student is then, we feel, well prepared to fight through more specialized treatises. There are parts of the exposition that require Lebesgue integration, distributions and Fourier transforms, and Sobolev spaces. We have included a long appendix, Chapter 8, giving precise statements of all results used. This may be thought of as an introduction to these topics. The reader who is not familiar with these subjects may refer to parts of Chapter 8 as needed or become somewhat familiar with them as prerequisite and treat Chapter 8 as Chapter O.
These notes provide a concise introduction to stochastic differential equations and their application to the study of financial markets and as a basis for modeling diverse physical phenomena. They are accessible to non-specialists and make a valuable addition to the collection of texts on the topic. --Srinivasa Varadhan, New York University This is a handy and very useful text for studying stochastic differential equations. There is enough mathematical detail so that the reader can benefit from this introduction with only a basic background in mathematical analysis and probability. --George Papanicolaou, Stanford University This book covers the most important elementary facts regarding stochastic differential equations; it also describes some of the applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping, and options pricing. The book's style is intuitive rather than formal, and emphasis is made on clarity. This book will be very helpful to starting graduate students and strong undergraduates as well as to others who want to gain knowledge of stochastic differential equations. I recommend this book enthusiastically. --Alexander Lipton, Mathematical Finance Executive, Bank of America Merrill Lynch This short book provides a quick, but very readable introduction to stochastic differential equations, that is, to differential equations subject to additive ``white noise'' and related random disturbances. The exposition is concise and strongly focused upon the interplay between probabilistic intuition and mathematical rigor. Topics include a quick survey of measure theoretic probability theory, followed by an introduction to Brownian motion and the Ito stochastic calculus, and finally the theory of stochastic differential equations. The text also includes applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping problems and options pricing. This book can be used as a text for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students in mathematics, applied mathematics, physics, financial mathematics, etc., who want to learn the basics of stochastic differential equations. The reader is assumed to be fairly familiar with measure theoretic mathematical analysis, but is not assumed to have any particular knowledge of probability theory (which is rapidly developed in Chapter 2 of the book).
This book offers an exposition of the main applications of Nonlinear Analysis, beginning with a chapter on Nonlinear Operators and Fixed Points, a connecting point and bridge from Nonlinear Analysis theory to its applications. The topics covered include applications to ordinary and partial differential equations, optimization, optimal control, calculus of variations and mathematical economics. The presentation is supplemented with the inclusion of many exercises and their solutions.
This book is a comprehensive treatment of engineering undergraduate differential equations as well as linear vibrations and feedback control. While this material has traditionally been separated into different courses in undergraduate engineering curricula. This text provides a streamlined and efficient treatment of material normally covered in three courses. Ultimately, engineering students study mathematics in order to be able to solve problems within the engineering realm. Engineering Differential Equations: Theory and Applications guides students to approach the mathematical theory with much greater interest and enthusiasm by teaching the theory together with applications. Additionally, it includes an abundance of detailed examples. Appendices include numerous C and FORTRAN example programs. This book is intended for engineering undergraduate students, particularly aerospace and mechanical engineers and students in other disciplines concerned with mechanical systems analysis and control. Prerequisites include basic and advanced calculus with an introduction to linear algebra.
The importance of partial differential equations (PDEs) in modeling phenomena in engineering as well as in the physical, natural, and social sciences is well known by students and practitioners in these fields. Striking a balance between theory and applications, Fourier Series and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations presents an introduction to the analytical and numerical methods that are essential for working with partial differential equations. Combining methodologies from calculus, introductory linear algebra, and ordinary differential equations (ODEs), the book strengthens and extends readers' knowledge of the power of linear spaces and linear transformations for purposes of understanding and solving a wide range of PDEs. The book begins with an introduction to the general terminology and topics related to PDEs, including the notion of initial and boundary value problems and also various solution techniques. Subsequent chapters explore: The solution process for Sturm-Liouville boundary value ODE problems and a Fourier series representation of the solution of initial boundary value problems in PDEs The concept of completeness, which introduces readers to Hilbert spaces The application of Laplace transforms and Duhamel's theorem to solve time-dependent boundary conditions The finite element method, using finite dimensional subspaces The finite analytic method with applications of the Fourier series methodology to linear version of non-linear PDEs Throughout the book, the author incorporates his own class-tested material, ensuring an accessible and easy-to-follow presentation that helps readers connect presented objectives with relevant applications to their own work. Maple is used throughout to solve many exercises, and a related Web site features Maple worksheets for readers to use when working with the book's one- and multi-dimensional problems. Fourier Series and Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations is an ideal book for courses on applied mathematics and partial differential equations at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a reliable resource for researchers and practitioners in the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering who work with mathematical modeling of physical phenomena, including diffusion and wave aspects.
Linear and nonlinear waves are a central part of the theory of PDEs. This book begins with a description of one-dimensional waves and their visualization through computer-aided techniques. Next, traveling waves are covered, such as solitary waves for the Klein-Gordon and KdV equations. Finally, the author gives a lucid discussion of waves arising from conservation laws, including shock and rarefaction waves. As an application, interesting models of traffic flow are used to illustrate conservation laws and wave phenomena. This book is based on a course given by the author at the IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute. It is suitable for independent study by undergraduate students in mathematics, engineering, and science programs.
An Introduction to Fractional Derivatives, Fractional Differential Equations, to Methods of Their Solution and Some of Their Applications
Author: Igor Podlubny
This book is a landmark title in the continuous move from integer to non-integer in mathematics: from integer numbers to real numbers, from factorials to the gamma function, from integer-order models to models of an arbitrary order. For historical reasons, the word 'fractional' is used instead of the word 'arbitrary'. This book is written for readers who are new to the fields of fractional derivatives and fractional-order mathematical models, and feel that they need them for developing more adequate mathematical models. In this book, not only applied scientists, but also pure mathematicians will find fresh motivation for developing new methods and approaches in their fields of research. A reader will find in this book everything necessary for the initial study and immediate application of fractional derivatives fractional differential equations, including several necessary special functions, basic theory of fractional differentiation, uniqueness and existence theorems, analytical numerical methods of solution of fractional differential equations, and many inspiring examples of applications. A unique survey of many applications of fractional calculus Presents basic theory Includes a unified presentation of selected classical results, which are important for applications Provides many examples Contains a separate chapter of fractional order control systems, which opens new perspectives in control theory The first systematic consideration of Caputo's fractional derivative in comparison with other selected approaches Includes tables of fractional derivatives, which can be used for evaluation of all considered types of fractional derivatives
Difference Equations, Second Edition, presents a practical introduction to this important field of solutions for engineering and the physical sciences. Topic coverage includes numerical analysis, numerical methods, differential equations, combinatorics and discrete modeling. A hallmark of this revision is the diverse application to many subfields of mathematics. * Phase plane analysis for systems of two linear equations * Use of equations of variation to approximate solutions * Fundamental matrices and Floquet theory for periodic systems * LaSalle invariance theorem * Additional applications: secant line method, Bison problem, juvenile-adult population model, probability theory * Appendix on the use of Mathematica for analyzing difference equaitons * Exponential generating functions * Many new examples and exercises
The aim of this text is to aquaint the student with the fundamental classical results of partial differential equations and to guide them into some of the modern theory, enabling them to read more advanced works on the subject
An Introduction to a General Theory of Linear Boundary Value Problems
Author: Aleksei A. Dezin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Let me begin by explaining the meaning of the title of this book. In essence, the book studies boundary value problems for linear partial differ ential equations in a finite domain in n-dimensional Euclidean space. The problem that is investigated is the question of the dependence of the nature of the solvability of a given equation on the way in which the boundary conditions are chosen, i.e. on the supplementary requirements which the solution is to satisfy on specified parts of the boundary. The branch of mathematical analysis dealing with the study of boundary value problems for partial differential equations is often called mathematical physics. Classical courses in this subject usually consider quite restricted classes of equations, for which the problems have an immediate physical context, or generalizations of such problems. With the expanding domain of application of mathematical methods at the present time, there often arise problems connected with the study of partial differential equations that do not belong to any of the classical types. The elucidation of the correct formulation of these problems and the study of the specific properties of the solutions of similar equations are closely related to the study of questions of a general nature.
This text offers students in mathematics, engineering, and the applied sciences a solid foundation for advanced studies in mathematics. Features coverage of integral equations and basic scattering theory. Includes exercises, many with answers. 1988 edition.