Paramilitary Imprisonment in Northern Ireland

Resistance, Management, and Release

Author: Kieran McEvoy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198299079

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 5096

'This in an outstanding... contribution to the prisons literature. It serves as an important piece of history, but more important, as a fully sociological and original analysis of strategies of coping, management, control and resistance.' -Alison Leibling, British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 42/3,This book offers an analysis of paramilitary imprisonment in Northern Ireland, in particular the thirty year struggle concerning the prisoners' assertion of their political status. Based upon interviews with former prisoners and staff, this book locates that experience within the broader literature on imprisonment. Four forms of prisoner resistance are examined including dirty protest and hunger strike; violence, destruction, and intimidation; escape; and resorts to the law. In addition three models of prison management are developed including reactive containment, criminalization, and managerialism. Finally the book considers the release of paramilitary prisoners and its relevance to the conflict resolution process in Northern Ireland.

Amnesty, Human Rights and Political Transitions

Bridging the Peace and Justice Divide

Author: Louise Mallinder

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314570

Category: Political Science

Page: 598

View: 8536

Amnesty laws are political tools used since ancient times by states wishing to quell dissent, introduce reforms, or achieve peaceful relationships with their enemies. In recent years, they have become contentious due to a perception that they violate international law, particularly the rights of victims, and contribute to further violence. This view is disputed by political negotiators who often argue that amnesty is a necessary price to pay in order to achieve a stable, peaceful, and equitable system of government. This book aims to investigate whether an amnesty necessarily entails a violation of a state's international obligations, or whether an amnesty, accompanied by alternative justice mechanisms, can in fact contribute positively to both peace and justice. This study began by constructing an extensive Amnesty Law Database that contains information on 506 amnesty processes in 130 countries introduced since the Second World War. The database and chapter structure were designed to correspond with the key aspects of an amnesty: why it was introduced, who benefited from its protection, which crimes it covered, and whether it was conditional. In assessing conditional amnesties, related transitional justice processes such as selective prosecutions, truth commissions, community-based justice mechanisms, lustration, and reparations programmes were considered. Subsequently, the jurisprudence relating to amnesty from national courts, international tribunals, and courts in third states was addressed. The information gathered revealed considerable disparity in state practice relating to amnesties, with some aiming to provide victims with a remedy, and others seeking to create complete impunity for perpetrators. To date, few legal trends relating to amnesty laws are emerging, although it appears that amnesties offering blanket, unconditional immunity for state agents have declined. Overall, amnesties have increased in popularity since the 1990s and consequently, rather than trying to dissuade states from using this tool of transitional justice, this book argues that international actors should instead work to limit the more negative forms of amnesty by encouraging states to make them conditional and to introduce complementary programmes to repair the harm and prevent a repetition of the crimes. David Dyzenhaus "This is one of the best accounts in the truth and reconciliation literature I've read and certainly the best piece of work on amnesty I've seen." Diane Orentlicher "Ms Mallinder's ambitious project provides the kind of empirical treatment that those of us who have worked on the issue of amnesties in international law have long awaited. I have no doubt that her book will be a much-valued and widely-cited resource."

Punishment in Europe

A Critical Anatomy of Penal Systems

Author: Vincenzo Ruggiero,Mick Ryan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137028211

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3815

This collection, from a range of leading international scholars, looks at penal practice in a variety of different European countries. Noting particularities as well as similarities, such as the overuse of imprisonment and the use of harsher sanctions against the poor, this book questions how we justify and deliver punishment in Europe.

Culture and Social Change

Transforming Society through the Power of Ideas

Author: Brady Wagoner,Eric Jensen,Julian A. Oldmeadow

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1617357596

Category: Psychology

Page: 359

View: 6974

This book brings together social sciencists to create an interdisciplinary dialogue on the topic of social change as a cultural process. Culture is as much about novelty as it is about tradition, as much about change as it is about stability. This dynamic tension is analyzed in collective protests, intergroup dynamics, language, mass media, science, community participation, art, and social transitions to capitalism, among others contexts. These diverse cases illustrate a number of key factors that can propel, slowdown and retract social change. An emancipatory and integrative social science is developed in this book, which offers a new explanatory model of human behavior and thought under conditions of institutional and societal change.

Handbook on Prisons

Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Ben Crewe,Jamie Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317754557

Category: Social Science

Page: 756

View: 4934

The second edition of the Handbook on Prisons provides a completely revised and updated collection of essays on a wide range of topics concerning prisons and imprisonment. Bringing together three of the leading prison scholars in the UK as editors, this new volume builds on the success of the first edition and reveals the range and depth of prison scholarship around the world. The Handbook contains chapters written not only by those who have established and developed prison research, but also features contributions from ex-prisoners, prison governors and ex-governors, prison inspectors and others who have worked with prisoners in a wide range of professional capacities. This second edition includes several completely new chapters on topics as diverse as prison design, technology in prisons, the high security estate, therapeutic communities, prisons and desistance, supermax and solitary confinement, plus a brand new section on international perspectives. The Handbook aims to convey the reality of imprisonment, and to reflect the main issues and debates surrounding prisons and prisoners, while also providing novel ways of thinking about familiar penal problems and enhancing our theoretical understanding of imprisonment. The Handbook on Prisons, Second edition is a key text for students taking courses in prisons, penology, criminal justice, criminology and related subjects, and is also an essential reference for academics and practitioners working in the prison service, or in related agencies, who need up-to-date knowledge of thinking on prisons and imprisonment.

International Bibliography of Political Science

Author: British Library of Political and Economic Science

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415326362

Category: Political Science

Page: 660

View: 4404

IBSS is the essential tool for librarians, university departments, research institutions and any public or private institution whose work requires access to up-to-date and comprehensive knowledge of the social sciences.

Transitional Justice from Below

Grassroots Activism and the Struggle for Change

Author: Kieran McEvoy,Lorna McGregor

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314422

Category: Political Science

Page: 233

View: 5853

Although relatively new as a distinct field of study, transitional justice has become rapidly established as a vital field of enquiry. From vaguely exotic origins on the outer edges of political science, the study of 'justice' in times of transition has emerged as a central concern of scholarship and practical policy-making. A process of institutionalisation has confirmed this importance. The ICTY, the ICTR, the ICC, hybrid tribunals in Sierra Leone and East Timor and 'local' processes such as the Iraqi Higher Tribunal (IHT) have energised international law and international criminal justice scholarship. The South African TRC was for a time lauded as the model for dealing with the past and remains one of the most researched institutions in the world. It is one of approximately two dozen such institutions established in different transitional contexts over the past twenty years to assist conflicted societies to come to terms with a violent past. At the national level, international donors contribute huge sums of money to 'Rule of Law' programmes designed to transform national justice systems. This collection seeks to offer something quite different to the mainstream of scholarship in this area, emphasising the need for bespoke solutions to different transitions rather than 'off the shelf' models. The collection is designed to offer a space for diversity, prompted by a series of perspectives "from below" of societies beset by past violent conflict which have sought to effect their transition to justice. In doing so the contributors have also sought to enrich discussion about the role of human rights in transition, the continuing usefulness of perspectives from above, and the still contested meanings of "transition".

Prisons and Their Moral Performance

A Study of Values, Quality, and Prison Life

Author: Alison Liebling

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 549

View: 8093

This book constitutes a critical case study of the modern search for public sector reform. It includes a detailed account of a study aimed at developing a meaningful way of evaluating difficult-to-measure moral dimensions of the quality of prisons. Penal practices, values, and sensibilities have undergone important transformations over the period 1990-2003. Part of this transformation included a serious flirtation with a liberal penal project that went wrong. A significant factor in this unfortunate turn of events was a lack of clarity, by those working in and managing prisons, about important terms such as 'justice', 'liberal', and 'care', and how they might apply to daily penal life. Official measures of the prison seem to lack relevance to many who live and work in prison and to their critics. The author proposes that a truer test of the quality of prison life is what staff and prisoners have to say about those aspects of prison life that 'matter most': relationships, fairness, order, and the quality of their treatment. The book attempts a detailed analysis and measurement of these dimensions in five prisons. It finds significant differences between establishments in these areas of prison life, and some departures from the official vision of the prison supported by the performance framework. The information revolution has generated unprecedented levels of knowledge about individual prisons, as well as providing a management reach into establishments from adistance, and a capacity for 'chronic revision', that was unimaginable fifty years ago. Another major transformation - the modernisation project - brought with it a new, but flawed, 'craft' of performance monitoring and measurement aimed at solving some of the problems of prison management. This book explores the arrival and the impact of this concept of performance and the links apparently forged between managerialism and moral values.

The Oxford handbook of criminology

Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1227

View: 4134

This is the substantially updated and revised third edition of the highly acclaimed Handbook of Criminology. It is the most comprehensible and authoritative single volume guide to the subject; combining masterly reviews of all the key topics with extensive references to aid further research. In addition to the history of the discipline and reviews of different theoretical perspectives, the book provides up-to-date reviews of such diverse topics as crime statistics, the criminal justice process, race and gender and the media and crime. It is essential reading for all teachers and students of criminology and an indispensable source book for professionals.

Die Macht der Psychiatrie

Vorlesungen am Collège de France 1973-1974

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518297520

Category:

Page: 595

View: 2621

In Die Macht der Psychiatrie präsentiert Michel Foucault eine Genealogie der modernen Psychiatrie und der spezifischen Wissensformen, die sie hervorgebracht hat. Man kann, so seine These, den Erkenntnissen der Psychiatrie über den Wahnsinn nur dann Rechnung tragen, wenn man sie ausgehend von den Dispositiven und Wissenstechniken analysiert, die die Behandlung der Kranken bestimmen. Foucaults brillante Untersuchung konzentriert sich vor allem auf die Frühzeit der Psychiatrie von Pinel bis Charcot und schließt mit einer Betrachtung der ”Depsychiatrisierung“ des Wahnsinns in den Neurowissenschaften und der Psychoanalyse, die über die Bewegung der Antipsychiatrie bis in die Gegenwart wirkt.

Die Struktur des Verhaltens

Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110833107

Category: Philosophy

Page: 303

View: 2586

Das Buch der Beweise

Author: John Banville

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462318365

Category: Fiction

Page: 272

View: 1799

Freddy Montgomery ist ein attraktiver Mann in den besten Jahren, der einen Lebensstil des gepflegten Müßiggangs pflegt. Doch damit ist es vorbei, als er sich eine größere Geldsumme leiht, die er nicht zurückzahlen kann. Vergeblich hofft er auf die Hilfe eines Kunsthändlers in seiner irischen Heimat. Als er schließlich versucht, eines von dessen Gemälden zu stehlen, wird er von einem Dienstmädchen überrascht, das er in einem sinnlosen Akt der Gewalt tötet – ein Mord, der eine Kette weiterer Katastrophen auslöst ...

Meine Mitgefangenen

Author: Michail Chodorkowski

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462308092

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 112

View: 1545

Innenansichten eines Unrechtssystems. Der soeben aus der Lagerhaft entlassen Michail Chodorkowski schreibt bewegende Portraits seiner Mitgefangenen – und entlarvt das verrottete System der russischen Justiz. Nach über zehn Jahren Inhaftierung kennt Michail Chodorkowski, einst reichster Mann Russlands, das korrupte System der russischen Justiz von innen. In Meine Mitgefangenen porträtiert er Mithäftlinge, die er in den Straf lagern Sibiriens und Kareliens kennenlernte. Erniedrigte und Beleidigte, von einem korrupten System Weggeworfene und Verratene. Menschen, die aufgaben, und solche, die trotz allem ihre Würde bewahrten.Da ist Nikolai, wegen Drogenbesitz verhaftet, aber durch einen inoffiziellen Deal genötigt, eine zweite Straftat auf sich zu nehmen. Doch sich dazu bekennen, einer alten Frau die Handtasche weggenommen zu haben, will er um keinen Preis: einer Oma das Letzte wegnehmen, das würde er nie tun. Nur durch einen Selbstmordversuch kann er sich dem Schuldbekenntnis entziehen. Da ist Arkadi, ein Spitzel, der Neuankömmlinge in der Haftanstalt aushorcht und dafür kleine Vorteile bekommt. Da ist Sergej, der Sonderstatus genießt, weil er mit der Gefängnisleitung kooperiert, da sind gekaufte Zeugen und solche, die sich im entscheidenden Moment doch zur Wahrheit bekennen. Meine Mitgefangenen ist ein Buch über Menschen in extremen Situationen, über die Ruinen eines Systems, das Recht bringen sollte und ein Instrument der Macht geworden ist und ein Buch über Würde an einem Ort, an dem niemand sie vermutet.

Die Philosophie bei Johnny Cash

Author: John Huss,David Werther

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352750401X

Category:

Page: 280

View: 8825

Musiker, Freigeist, Drogensüchtiger, Stimme der Schwachen und Entrechteten, Christ, Familienmensch, Sänger von Liebe, Gott und Mord. Viel gibt es über Johnny Cash zu sagen, man kann es aber auch auf eine einfache Formel bringen: Er war der "Man in Black". Er sang vor Schwerverbrechern in Saint-Quentin, für Richard Nixon und alle amerikanischen Präsidenten nach ihm. Er verzweifelte an der Liebe zu June Carter und fand später mit ihr seine Erfüllung. Er förderte Musiker wie Bob Dylan und Kris Kristofferson, spiele absichtlich schlechte Schaltplatten ein und wurde in den 1990gern von einer neuen Generation entdeckt. Was steht hinter dieser Karriere, was bewegte diesen Mann, wie sind seine Lieder und sein Weltbild zu verstehen? 21 Philosophen betrachten das Leben und Wirken dieser amerikanischen Ikone und zeigen Ihnen so eine Welt zwischen Kunst, Kommerz und Kant.

Against All Enemies

Der Insiderbericht über Amerikas Krieg gegen den Terror

Author: Richard A. Clarke

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455850790

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 2784

"Fast 500.000 verkaufte Exemplare in drei Tagen - die Enthüllung von Bushs ehemaligem Terrorberater Richard Clarke schlägt alle Rekorde" (SPIEGEL ONLINE) Binnen weniger Tage wurde "Against All Enemies" zu einem hochbrisanten Politikum, über das die Medien weltweit berichteten. Was macht die Schlagkraft dieses Buches aus? "Die Bush-Administration hat die Gelegenheit verpasst, Al Qaida zu zerschlagen", schreibt Richard A. Clarke. Sie habe alle Warnungen vor Al Qaida ignoriert, in einem unnötigen Krieg gegen Irak wertvolle Zeit verloren und dem Terrorismus Gelegenheit gegeben, sich neu zu organisieren. Wie kein anderer ist Clarke berechtigt, ein solches Urteil zu fällen. Zwei Jahrzehnte seines Lebens hat er dem Kampf gegen den Terrorismus gewidmet. Er war unter Clinton und Bush Cheforganisator der amerikanischen Anti-Terror-Politik und leitete in den entscheidenden Stunden nach den Anschlägenvom 11. September den Krisenstab im Weißen Haus. Sein Bericht, der sich auf die Entwicklungen vom ersten Golfkrieg bis zu "Bushs Vietnam" im Irak konzentriert, liest sich wie ein autobiografischer Thriller.

Bilder der Überwachung

Author: Dietmar Kammerer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518125502

Category: Closed-circuit television

Page: 382

View: 8745