Osteoarchaeology

A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of Human Skeletal Remains

Author: Efthymia Nikita

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128040971

Category: Law

Page: 462

View: 2860

Osteoarchaeology: A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of Human Skeletal Remains covers the identification of bones and teeth, taphonomy, sex, ancestry assessment, age estimation, the analysis of biodistances, growth patterns and activity markers, and paleopathology. The book aims to familiarize the reader with the main applications of osteoarchaeology and provide the necessary knowledge required for the implementation of a broad range of osteological methods. It is ideal as a complement to existing textbooks used in upper level undergraduate and graduate courses on osteoarchaeology, human osteology, and, to some extent, forensic anthropology. Pedagogical features include ample illustrations, case study material, revision exercises, and a glossary. Additional features comprise macros that facilitate data processing and analysis, as well as an extensive chapter on applied statistics. Contains coverage of nearly every aspect of human osteological macroscopic analysis Presents detailed descriptions of the application of different methods Includes a variety of online resources, including macros designed by the author for the calculation of the number of individuals in commingled assemblages, processing cranial landmarks and nonmetric traits, and more

Human Osteology

In Archaeology and Forensic Science

Author: Margaret Cox,Simon Mays

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521691468

Category: Medical

Page: 548

View: 4204

This advanced textbook provides the reader with an up-to-date account of recent developments and future potential in the study of human skeletons from both an archaeological and forensic context. It is well-illustrated, comprehensive in its coverage and is divided into six sections for ease of reference, encompassing such areas as palaeodemography, juvenile health and growth, disease and trauma, normal skeletal variation, biochemical and microscopic analyses and facial reconstruction. Each chapter is written by a recognised specialist in the field, and includes in-depth discussion of the reliability of methods, with appropriate references, and current and future research directions. It is essential reading for all students undertaking osteology as part of their studies and will also prove a valuable reference for forensic scientists, both in the field and the laboratory.

Current and Recent Research in Osteoarchaeology 2

Proceedings of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Meetings of the Osteoarchaeological Research Group Held in York on 27th April 1996, Cardiff on 16th November 1996, and Durham on 7th June 1997

Author: Sue Anderson

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781900188975

Category: Social Science

Page: 61

View: 955

A collection of short papers and abstracts from the 4th, 5th and 6th proceedings of the Osteological Research Group, held in April and November 1996 and June 1997. The papers cover a wide range of subjects including technical information, evidence derived from bone assemblages and specific individual examples. Studies are presented on archaeozoology, domesticated animal bone assemblages, evidence of violence and stress indicators, measurement and statistical analysis and current research in the field of osteoarchaeology.

Environmental Archaeology: Meaning and Purpose

Author: Umberto Albarella

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401596522

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 1195

Despite the fact that the human life of the past cannot be understood without taking into account its ecological relationships, environmental studies are often marginalized in archaeology. This is the first book that, by discussing the meaning and purpose we give to the expression `environmental archaeology', investigates the reasons for such a problem. The book is written in an accessible manner and is of interest to all students who want to understand the essence of archaeology beyond the boundary of the individual subdisciplines.

The Body as Material Culture

A Theoretical Osteoarchaeology

Author: Joanna R. Sofaer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521521468

Category: Science

Page: 188

View: 2523

Examines the two distinct approaches taken when examining archaeological remains, one based on science, the other on social theory.

The Global History of Paleopathology

Pioneers and Prospects

Author: Jane E. Buikstra,Charlotte Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195389808

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 798

View: 7645

The first comprehensive global history of the discipline of paleopathology

Proceedings of the fifth annual conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Author: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Conference,Sonia R. Zakrzewski

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 133

View: 1286

15 papers from the Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology held in Southampton, England in 2003: (1) The reciprocal effects of taphonomy, funerary practices and anatomical features on the state of preservation of human remains (Silvia Bello); (2) Peri- and post mortem surface features on archaeological human bone: why they should not be ignored and a protocol for their identification and interpretation. (Louise Loe and Margaret Cox); (3) New perspectives on preservation of the dead: a review of the underlying physico-chemical principles involved OR Preservation of the dead - a thwarted bacterium's view (William J White); (4) Selective Burial in Irish Megalithic Tombs; Burial Practice, Age, Sex, and Representation in the Neolithic (Jessica F. Beckett); (5) Disturbing the dead: the displacement and destruction of skeletal remains in early medieval Wessex, c.600-1100AD. (Annia Kristina Cherryson); (6) Tallow Hill Cemetery, Worcester: The importance of detailed study of post-mediaeval graveyards (Alan R. Ogden, Anthea Boylston and Tom Vaughan); (7) Heads, Shoulders, Knees and Toes: Human Skeletal Remains from Raven Sear Cave in the Yorkshire Dales (Stephany Leach); (8) A Study of Paget's Disease at Norton Priory, Cheshire. A Medieval Religious House (Anthea Boylston and Alan Ogden); (9) The Bog Bodies of Northwestern Europe: Current Research (Heather Gill-Robinson); (10) Beyond 'Man the Hunter': The Evidence from Windover (Florida, USA)(Christine Hamlin); (11) Changing Views about the Local Evolution of Human Populations in the Southeastern Pampas of Argentina during the Holocene (Gustavo (Barrientos, S. Perez, V. Bernal, P. Gonzalez, M. Beguelin and M. Del Papa); (12) Measuring variation in the Neolithic human bones from the Orkney Islands (John Bernal, Sonia R. Zakrzewski and Andrew Jones); (13) Fluctuating Asymmetry: A Potential Osteological Application (Rebecca A. Storm and Christopher J. Knusel); (14) The Adult Human Occipital Bone: Measurement Variance and Observer Error (Rene Gapert and Jason Last); (15) Estimating Age at Death from the Pubic Symphysis: Past, Present and Future (Rebecca Gowland and Andrew T. Chamberlain).

Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963711

Category: Science

Page: 2846

View: 4900

Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Computing and Statistics in Osteoarchaeology

Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the Osteoarchaeological Research Group Held in London on 8th April 1995

Author: Osteoarchaeological Research Group. Meeting

Publisher: David Brown Book Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 53

View: 403

This text contains the proceedings of the 1995 meeting of the Osteoarchaeological Research Group.

Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Author: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Conference,Sonia R. Zakrzewski

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 2836

Papers from the seventh annual conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO), held at the Museum of London in 2005. Contents: 1) An overview of human osteology at the Museum of London (William White); 2) Cracking the Code: biography and (reconstructed) stratigraphy at St Pancras burial ground (Phillip Emery); 3) Recent investigations in the aeSouthern CemeteryAe of Roman Southwark (Melissa Melikian and Kathelen Sayer); 4) The funerary behaviour and the social value of children in a proto-industrial urban population during the 18th and 19th centuries (SM Bello and LT Humphrey); 5) The aeFrench DiseaseAe: Syphilis and the burial ground of St Pancras (Natasha Powers and Phillip Emery); 6) Industrial accident or deliberate amputation? Three case studies from a Victorian population in Wolverhampton, West Midlands (Paula Ponce, Iraia Arabaolaza and Anthea Boylston); 7) Unusual Neck Pathology in a Nevisian prehistoric individual (Sonia R Zakrzewski and Elaine L Morris); 8) The Search for Rosa Pike: Congenital Syphilis in 1880Aes London (Roshni Patel and Piers D Mitchell); 9) Burial Rites, Death and Disease in the Late Gallinazo/Moche Period (Richard NR Mikulski); 10) Overweight and the Human Skeleton Philippa Patrick; 11) A New Method for Recording Tooth Wear (Anna Clement); 12) Intra-Community Variation in Uptake of a New Stable Crop in the Eastern Woodlands of North America (Fionnuala Rose); 13) The Stressful Revolution: A rise in fluctuating Asymmetry from Medieval England to Victorian England (Rebecca A Storm); 14) Radiography in Palaeopathology: Where next? (Jo Buckberry and Sonia OAeConnor).

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 4215

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 8029

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Proceedings of the Eight Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Author: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology Conference,Megan Brickley,Martin Smith,British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781407301853

Category: Medical

Page: 120

View: 1713

13 papers presented at the Eighth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, held at the University of Birmingham in September 2006. Contents: 1) The geographical epicentre of the 1918 influenza pandemic (D. Ann Herring and Janet Padiak); 2) Combining palaeopathological and historical evidence for health in the Crusades (Piers D. Mitchell); 3) When hard work is disease: the interpretation of enthesopathies (Charlotte Henderson); 4) Determination of useful incision mark characteristics for microscopic forensic analysis (Catherine Tennick, Jennie Robinson and Micheal Wysocki); 5) oAll the outward tinsel which distinguishes man from man will have then vanishedao an assessment of the value of post-medieval human remains to migration studies (Natasha Powers); 6) Periapical voids in human jaw bones (Alan R. Ogden); 7) Great Chesterford: a catalogue of burials (Sarah Inskip); 8) Rickets in Victorian London: why treatment was ineffective for so long (Lisa Brent and Piers D. Mitchell); 9) A morphometric approach to body mass estimation (Lisa Cashmore); 10) Lacunae to fill: combining palaeopathological and documentary research in investigations of individuals from a post-medieval Swedish cemetery (Caroline Arcini); 11) Tuberculosis of the shoulder in a Victorian girl: how the invention of radiographs overturned a diagnosis of hysteria (Amna Suliman and Piers D. Mitchell); 12) External auditory exostosis oat the end of the worldo: the southernmost evidence according to the latitudinal hypothesis (Paola Ponce, Gabriela Ghidini, Rolando Gonzalez-Jose); 13) West Butts Street cemetery, Poole: a small 18th century Baptist community (Jacqueline I. McKinley).

Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Department of Archaeology, University of Reading 2007

Author: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Conference,Mary Lewis,Margaret Clegg,British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 9781407304014

Category: Social Science

Page: 135

View: 1341

The Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO) held at the University of Reading in 2007. Contents: 1) A life course perspective of growing up in medieval London: evidence of sub-adult health from St Mary Spital (London) (Rebecca Redfern and Don Walker); 2) Preservation of non-adult long bones from an almshouse cemetery in the United States dating to the late nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries (Colleen Milligan, Jessica Zotcavage and Norman Sullivan); 3) Childhood oral health: dental palaeopathology of Kellis 2, Dakhleh, Egypt. A preliminary investigation (Stephanie Shukrum and JE Molto); 4) Skeletal manifestation of non-adult scurvy from early medieval Northumbria: the Black Gate cemetery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (Diana Mahoney-Swales and Pia Nystrom); 5) Infantile cortical hyperostosis: cases, causes and contradictions (Mary Lewis and Rebecca Gowland); 6) Biological Anthropology Tuberculosis of the hip in the Victorian Britain (Benjamin Clarke and Piers Mitchell); 7) The re-analysis of Iron Age human skeletal material from Winnall Down (Justine Tracey); 8) Can we estimate post-mortem interval from an individual body part? A field study using sus scrofa (Branka Franicevec and Robert Pastor); 9) The expression of asymmetry in hand bones from the medieval cemetery at Ecija, Spain (Lisa Cashmore and Sonia Zakrezewski); 10) Returning remains: a curator's view (Quinton Carroll); 11) Authority and decision making over British human remains: issues and challenges (Piotr Bienkowski and Malcolm Chapman); 12) Ethical dimensions of reburial, retention and repatriation of archaeological human remains: a British perspective (Simon Mays and Martin Smith); 13) The problem of provenace: inaccuracies, changes and misconceptions (Margaret Clegg); 14) Native American human remains in UK collections: implications of NAGPRA to consultation, repatriation, and policy development (Myra J Giesen); 15) Repatriation - a view from the receiving end: New Zealand (Nancy Tayles).