Optimization in Operations Research

Author: Ronald L. Rardin

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134224884

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 920

View: 5116

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Developing skills and intuitions through accessible optimization models and analysis. Rardin’s Optimization in Operations Research, Second Edition builds on the critically acclaimed first edition published nearly two decades ago and named Book of the Year in 1999 by the Institute of Industrial Engineers. The goal of the Second Edition is to make the tools of optimization modeling and analysis even more widely accessible to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, as well as to researchers and working practitioners who use it as a reference for self-study. The emphasis lies in developing skills and intuitions that students can apply in real settings or later coursework. LIke the first, the Second Edition covers the full scope of optimization (mathematical programming), spanning linear, integer, nonlinear, network, and dynamic programming models and algorithms, in both single and multiobjective contexts. New material adds large-scale, stochastic and complexity topics, while broadly deepening mathematical rigor without sacrificing the original’s intuitive style. This edition also continues the author’s belief that making optimization materials accessible and exciting to readers of diverse backgrounds requires a continuing discourse on optimization modeling. Every algorithm and analytic principle is developed in the context of a brief story, and computational exercises often begin with a formulation step.

Optimization in Operations Research

Author: Ronald L. Rardin

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780132858113

Category: Mathematical optimization

Page: 936

View: 8595

For first courses in operations research, operations management Optimization in Operations Research, Second Edition covers a broad range of optimization techniques, including linear programming, network flows, integer/combinational optimization, and nonlinear programming. This dynamic text emphasizes the importance of modeling and problem formulation andhow to apply algorithms to real-world problems to arrive at optimal solutions. Use a program that presents a better teaching and learning experience-for you and your students. Prepare students for real-world problems: Students learn how to apply algorithms to problems that get them ready for their field. Use strong pedagogy tools to teach: Key concepts are easy to follow with the text's clear and continually reinforced learning path. Enjoy the text's flexibility: The text features varying amounts of coverage, so that instructors can choose how in-depth they want to go into different topics.

Optimization Methods in Operations Research and Systems Analysis

Author: K V Mital

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122408737

Category: Linear programming

Page: 385

View: 5566

The Mathematical Aspects Of Operations Research And Systems Analysis Concerned With Optimization Of Objectives Form The Subject Of This Book. In Its Revised, Updated And Enlarged Third Edition, Discussion On Linear Programming Has Been Expanded And Recast With Greater Emphasis On Duality Theory, Sensitivity Analysis, Parametric Programming, Multiobjective And Goal Programming And Formulation And Solution Of Practical Problems. Chapters On Nonlinear Programming Include Integer Programming, Kuhn-Tucker Theory, Separable And Quadratic Programming, Dynamic Programming, Geometric Programming And Direct Search And Gradient Methods. A Chapter On Theory Of Games Is Also Included. A Short Note On Karmarkars Projective Algorithm Is Given In The Appendix.The Book Keeps In View The Needs Of The Student Taking A Regular Course In Operations Research Or Mathematical Programming, And Also Of Research Scholars In Other Disciplines Who Have A Limited Objective Of Learning The Practical Aspects Of Various Optimization Methods To Solve Their Special Problems. For The Former, Illustrative Solved Examples And Unsolved Examples At The End Of Each Chapter, Small Enough To Be Solved By Hand, Would Be Of Greater Interest, While For He Latter, Summaries Of Computational Algorithms For Various Methods Which Would Help Him To Write Computer Programmes To Solve Larger Problems Would Be More Helpful. A Few Computer Programmes In Fortran Iv Have Also Been Given In The Appendix.

Optimization Techniques In Operation Research

Author: Gupta C.B.

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8190656686


Page: 320

View: 6103

Special features of the book 1. A very comprehensive and accessible approach in the presentation of the material. 2. A variety of solved examples to illustrate the theoretical results. 3. A large number of unsolved exercises for the students are given for practice at the end of each section. 4. Solution to each unsolved examples are given at the end of each exercise.

Deterministic Operations Research

Models and Methods in Linear Optimization

Author: David J. Rader

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118627350

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 7182

Uniquely blends mathematical theory and algorithm design for understanding and modeling real-world problems Optimization modeling and algorithms are key components to problem-solving across various fields of research, from operations research and mathematics to computer science and engineering. Addressing the importance of the algorithm design process. Deterministic Operations Research focuses on the design of solution methods for both continuous and discrete linear optimization problems. The result is a clear-cut resource for understanding three cornerstones of deterministic operations research: modeling real-world problems as linear optimization problem; designing the necessary algorithms to solve these problems; and using mathematical theory to justify algorithmic development. Treating real-world examples as mathematical problems, the author begins with an introduction to operations research and optimization modeling that includes applications form sports scheduling an the airline industry. Subsequent chapters discuss algorithm design for continuous linear optimization problems, covering topics such as convexity. Farkas’ Lemma, and the study of polyhedral before culminating in a discussion of the Simplex Method. The book also addresses linear programming duality theory and its use in algorithm design as well as the Dual Simplex Method. Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition, and a primal-dual interior point algorithm. The final chapters present network optimization and integer programming problems, highlighting various specialized topics including label-correcting algorithms for the shortest path problem, preprocessing and probing in integer programming, lifting of valid inequalities, and branch and cut algorithms. Concepts and approaches are introduced by outlining examples that demonstrate and motivate theoretical concepts. The accessible presentation of advanced ideas makes core aspects easy to understand and encourages readers to understand how to think about the problem, not just what to think. Relevant historical summaries can be found throughout the book, and each chapter is designed as the continuation of the “story” of how to both model and solve optimization problems by using the specific problems-linear and integer programs-as guides. The book’s various examples are accompanied by the appropriate models and calculations, and a related Web site features these models along with Maple™ and MATLAB® content for the discussed calculations. Thoroughly class-tested to ensure a straightforward, hands-on approach, Deterministic Operations Research is an excellent book for operations research of linear optimization courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as an insightful reference for individuals working in the fields of mathematics, engineering, computer science, and operations research who use and design algorithms to solve problem in their everyday work.

Integrated Methods for Optimization

Author: John N. Hooker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146141900X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 642

View: 8003

The first edition of Integrated Methods for Optimization was published in January 2007. Because the book covers a rapidly developing field, the time is right for a second edition. The book provides a unified treatment of optimization methods. It brings ideas from mathematical programming (MP), constraint programming (CP), and global optimization (GO)into a single volume. There is no reason these must be learned as separate fields, as they normally are, and there are three reasons they should be studied together. (1) There is much in common among them intellectually, and to a large degree they can be understood as special cases of a single underlying solution technology. (2) A growing literature reports how they can be profitably integrated to formulate and solve a wide range of problems. (3) Several software packages now incorporate techniques from two or more of these fields. The book provides a unique resource for graduate students and practitioners who want a well-rounded background in optimization methods within a single course of study. Engineering students are a particularly large potential audience, because engineering optimization problems often benefit from a combined approach—particularly where design, scheduling, or logistics are involved. The text is also of value to those studying operations research, because their educational programs rarely cover CP, and to those studying computer science and artificial intelligence (AI), because their curric ula typically omit MP and GO. The text is also useful for practitioners in any of these areas who want to learn about another, because it provides a more concise and accessible treatment than other texts. The book can cover so wide a range of material because it focuses on ideas that arerelevant to the methods used in general-purpose optimization and constraint solvers. The book focuses on ideas behind the methods that have proved useful in general-purpose optimization and constraint solvers, as well as integrated solvers of the present and foreseeable future. The second edition updates results in this area and includes several major new topics: Background material in linear, nonlinear, and dynamic programming. Network flow theory, due to its importance in filtering algorithms. A chapter on generalized duality theory that more explicitly develops a unifying primal-dual algorithmic structure for optimization methods. An extensive survey of search methods from both MP and AI, using the primal-dual framework as an organizing principle. Coverage of several additional global constraints used in CP solvers. The book continues to focus on exact as opposed to heuristic methods. It is possible to bring heuristic methods into the unifying scheme described in the book, and the new edition will retain the brief discussion of how this might be done.

Numerical Optimization

Author: Jorge Nocedal,Stephen Wright

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387227423

Category: Mathematics

Page: 636

View: 9439

The new edition of this book presents a comprehensive and up-to-date description of the most effective methods in continuous optimization. It responds to the growing interest in optimization in engineering, science, and business by focusing on methods best suited to practical problems. This edition has been thoroughly updated throughout. There are new chapters on nonlinear interior methods and derivative-free methods for optimization, both of which are widely used in practice and are the focus of much current research. Because of the emphasis on practical methods, as well as the extensive illustrations and exercises, the book is accessible to a wide audience.

Optimization and Optimal Control

Theory and Applications

Author: Altannar Chinchuluun,Panos M. Pardalos,Rentsen Enkhbat,Ider Tseveendorj

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387894950

Category: Mathematics

Page: 510

View: 8424

Optimization and optimal control are the main tools in decision making. Because of their numerous applications in various disciplines, research in these areas is accelerating at a rapid pace. “Optimization and Optimal Control: Theory and Applications” brings together the latest developments in these areas of research as well as presents applications of these results to a wide range of real-world problems. This volume can serve as a useful resource for researchers, practitioners, and advanced graduate students of mathematics and engineering working in research areas where results in optimization and optimal control can be applied.

Operations Research in Transportation Systems

Ideas and Schemes of Optimization Methods for Strategic Planning and Operations Management

Author: A.S. Belenky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475760752

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 9181

The scientific monograph of a survey kind presented to the reader's attention deals with fundamental ideas and basic schemes of optimization methods that can be effectively used for solving strategic planning and operations manage ment problems related, in particular, to transportation. This monograph is an English translation of a considerable part of the author's book with a similar title that was published in Russian in 1992. The material of the monograph embraces methods of linear and nonlinear programming; nonsmooth and nonconvex optimization; integer programming, solving problems on graphs, and solving problems with mixed variables; rout ing, scheduling, solving network flow problems, and solving the transportation problem; stochastic programming, multicriteria optimization, game theory, and optimization on fuzzy sets and under fuzzy goals; optimal control of systems described by ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, gen eralized differential equations (differential inclusions), and functional equations with a variable that can assume only discrete values; and some other methods that are based on or adjoin to the listed ones.

Perturbation Analysis of Optimization Problems

Author: J.Frederic Bonnans,Alexander Shapiro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461213940

Category: Mathematics

Page: 601

View: 2517

A presentation of general results for discussing local optimality and computation of the expansion of value function and approximate solution of optimization problems, followed by their application to various fields, from physics to economics. The book is thus an opportunity for popularizing these techniques among researchers involved in other sciences, including users of optimization in a wide sense, in mechanics, physics, statistics, finance and economics. Of use to research professionals, including graduate students at an advanced level.

Handbooks in Operations Research and Management Science

Discrete Optimization

Author: K. Aardal,George L. Nemhauser,R. Weismantel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080459219

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 620

View: 1220

The chapters of this Handbook volume cover nine main topics that are representative of recent theoretical and algorithmic developments in the field. In addition to the nine papers that present the state of the art, there is an article on the early history of the field. The handbook will be a useful reference to experts in the field as well as students and others who want to learn about discrete optimization.

Handbook of Optimization in the Railway Industry

Author: Ralf Borndörfer,Torsten Klug,Leonardo Lamorgese,Carlo Mannino,Markus Reuther,Thomas Schlechte

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319721534

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 321

View: 7806

This book promotes the use of mathematical optimization and operations research methods in rail transportation. The editors assembled thirteen contributions from leading scholars to present a unified voice, standardize terminology, and assess the state-of-the-art. There are three main clusters of articles, corresponding to the classical stages of the planning process: strategic, tactical, and operational. These three clusters are further subdivided into five parts which correspond to the main phases of the railway network planning process: network assessment, capacity planning, timetabling, resource planning, and operational planning. Individual chapters cover: Simulation Capacity Assessment Network Design Train Routing Robust Timetabling Event Scheduling Track Allocation Blocking Shunting Rolling Stock Crew Scheduling Dispatching Delay Propagation

Foundations of Optimization

Author: Osman Güler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387684079

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 2139

This book covers the fundamental principles of optimization in finite dimensions. It develops the necessary material in multivariable calculus both with coordinates and coordinate-free, so recent developments such as semidefinite programming can be dealt with.

Nonlinear Multiobjective Optimization

Author: Kaisa Miettinen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461555639

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 7455

Problems with multiple objectives and criteria are generally known as multiple criteria optimization or multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems. So far, these types of problems have typically been modelled and solved by means of linear programming. However, many real-life phenomena are of a nonlinear nature, which is why we need tools for nonlinear programming capable of handling several conflicting or incommensurable objectives. In this case, methods of traditional single objective optimization and linear programming are not enough; we need new ways of thinking, new concepts, and new methods - nonlinear multiobjective optimization. Nonlinear Multiobjective Optimization provides an extensive, up-to-date, self-contained and consistent survey, review of the literature and of the state of the art on nonlinear (deterministic) multiobjective optimization, its methods, its theory and its background. The amount of literature on multiobjective optimization is immense. The treatment in this book is based on approximately 1500 publications in English printed mainly after the year 1980. Problems related to real-life applications often contain irregularities and nonsmoothnesses. The treatment of nondifferentiable multiobjective optimization in the literature is rather rare. For this reason, this book contains material about the possibilities, background, theory and methods of nondifferentiable multiobjective optimization as well. This book is intended for both researchers and students in the areas of (applied) mathematics, engineering, economics, operations research and management science; it is meant for both professionals and practitioners in many different fields of application. The intention has been to provide a consistent summary that may help in selecting an appropriate method for the problem to be solved. It is hoped the extensive bibliography will be of value to researchers.

Introduction to Linear Optimization and Extensions with MATLAB®

Author: Roy H. Kwon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482204347

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 1496

Filling the need for an introductory book on linear programming that discusses the important ways to mitigate parameter uncertainty, Introduction to Linear Optimization and Extensions with MATLAB® provides a concrete and intuitive yet rigorous introduction to modern linear optimization. In addition to fundamental topics, the book discusses current linear optimization technologies such as predictor-path following interior point methods for both linear and quadratic optimization as well as the inclusion of linear optimization of uncertainty i.e. stochastic programming with recourse and robust optimization. The author introduces both stochastic programming and robust optimization as frameworks to deal with parameter uncertainty. The author’s unusual approach—developing these topics in an introductory book—highlights their importance. Since most applications require decisions to be made in the face of uncertainty, the early introduction of these topics facilitates decision making in real world environments. The author also includes applications and case studies from finance and supply chain management that involve the use of MATLAB. Even though there are several LP texts in the marketplace, most do not cover data uncertainty using stochastic programming and robust optimization techniques. Most emphasize the use of MS Excel, while this book uses MATLAB which is the primary tool of many engineers, including financial engineers. The book focuses on state-of-the-art methods for dealing with parameter uncertainty in linear programming, rigorously developing theory and methods. But more importantly, the author’s meticulous attention to developing intuition before presenting theory makes the material come alive.

Handbook on Modelling for Discrete Optimization

Author: Gautam M. Appa,Leonidas S. Pitsoulis,H. Paul Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387329420

Category: Mathematics

Page: 434

View: 5258

This book aims to demonstrate and detail the pervasive nature of Discrete Optimization. The handbook couples the difficult, critical-thinking aspects of mathematical modeling with the hot area of discrete optimization. It is done with an academic treatment outlining the state-of-the-art for researchers across the domains of the Computer Science, Math Programming, Applied Mathematics, Engineering, and Operations Research. The book utilizes the tools of mathematical modeling, optimization, and integer programming to solve a broad range of modern problems.

Optimization for Decision Making

Linear and Quadratic Models

Author: Katta G. Murty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441912916

Category: Mathematics

Page: 482

View: 7192

Linear programming (LP), modeling, and optimization are very much the fundamentals of OR, and no academic program is complete without them. No matter how highly developed one’s LP skills are, however, if a fine appreciation for modeling isn’t developed to make the best use of those skills, then the truly ‘best solutions’ are often not realized, and efforts go wasted. Katta Murty studied LP with George Dantzig, the father of linear programming, and has written the graduate-level solution to that problem. While maintaining the rigorous LP instruction required, Murty's new book is unique in his focus on developing modeling skills to support valid decision making for complex real world problems. He describes the approach as 'intelligent modeling and decision making' to emphasize the importance of employing the best expression of actual problems and then applying the most computationally effective and efficient solution technique for that model.

Interfaces in Computer Science and Operations Research

Advances in Metaheuristics, Optimization, and Stochastic Modeling Technologies

Author: R. S. Barr,R.V. Helgason,Jeffrey L. Kennington

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461541026

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 7300

The disciplines of computer science and operations research (OR) have been linked since their origins, each contributing to the dramatic advances of the other. This work explores the connections between these key technologies: how high-performance computing methods have led to advances in OR de ployment, and how OR has contributed to the design and development of ad vanced systems. The collected writings-from researchers and practitioners in Computer Science, Operations Research, Management Science, and Artificial Intelligence-were among those delivered at the Fifth INFORMS Computer Science Technical Section Conference in Dallas, Texas, January 8-10, 1996. The articles advance both theory and practice. Presented are new approaches to complex problems based on: metaheuristics (neural networks, genetic al gorithms, and Tabu Search), optimization and mathematical programming, stochastic methods, constraint programming, and logical analysis. These ad vanced methodologies are applied to new applications in such areas as: telecom munications network design, financial engineering, manufacturing, project man agement, and forecasting, airline and machine scheduling, vehicle routing, mod eling and decision support systems. Featured is a remarkable paper by keynote speaker Fred Glover, creator of the Tabu Search family of metaheuristics. In it he develops the principles of memory-based heuristic methods, contrasts them with the popular genetic algorithms and simulated annealing, provides a sweeping survey of application vignettes, and points to promising avenues for future research.