On the Existence of Digital Objects

Author: Yuk Hui

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452949921

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8553

Digital objects, in their simplest form, are data. They are also a new kind of industrial object that pervades every aspect of our life today—as online videos, images, text files, e-mails, blog posts, Facebook events.Yet, despite their ubiquity, the nature of digital objects remains unclear. On the Existence of Digital Objects conducts a philosophical examination of digital objects and their organizing schema by creating a dialogue between Martin Heidegger and Gilbert Simondon, which Yuk Hui contextualizes within the history of computing. How can digital objects be understood according to individualization and individuation? Hui pursues this question through the history of ontology and the study of markup languages and Web ontologies; he investigates the existential structure of digital objects within their systems and milieux. With this relational approach toward digital objects and technical systems, the book addresses alienation, described by Simondon as the consequence of mistakenly viewing technics in opposition to culture. Interdisciplinary in philosophical and technical insights, with close readings of Husserl, Heidegger, and Simondon as well as the history of computing and the Web, Hui’s work develops an original, productive way of thinking about the data and metadata that increasingly define our world.

Die Existenzweise technischer Objekte

Author: Gilbert Simondon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037341957

Category: Technology

Page: 269

View: 6373

In dieser wirkmächtigen philosophisch-technologischen Untersuchung stellt sich Gilbert Simondon dem ressentimentgeladenen Ausschluss der technischen Objekte aus der menschlichen Kultur ebenso entgegen wie technokratischen Machbarkeitsvisionen der Herrschaft durch Automaten. Stattdessen plädiert er für die Anerkennung und Reflexion der Existenz eines Kollektivs aus Mensch, offenen technischen Maschinen und Natur. Sein Ansatz vereint die detaillierte Analyse der Funktionsweisen von Motoren, Elektronenröhren oder frühen Computern mit weitreichenden philosophischen Erwägungen. In Auseinandersetzung mit der traditionellen Auffassung von Form und Stoff, dem Evolutionsdenken, Gestalttheorie, Kybernetik, Informationstheorie und Fragen der Gouvernementalität charakterisiert er technisches Denken und technische Existenzweise als Etappe im Werdensprozess von Leben und Denken.

The Participatory Condition in the Digital Age

Author: Darin Barney,Gabriella Coleman,Christine Ross,Jonathan Sterne,Tamar Tembeck

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452952043

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 1014

Just what is the “participatory condition”? It is the situation in which taking part in something with others has become both environmental and normative. The fact that we have always participated does not mean we have always lived under the participatory condition. What is distinctive about the present is the extent to which the everyday social, economic, cultural, and political activities that comprise simply being in the world have been thematized and organized around the priority of participation. Structured along four axes investigating the relations between participation and politics, surveillance, openness, and aesthetics, The Participatory Condition in the Digital Age comprises fifteen essays that explore the promises, possibilities, and failures of contemporary participatory media practices as related to power, Occupy Wall Street, the Arab Spring uprisings, worker-owned cooperatives for the post-Internet age; paradoxes of participation, media activism, open source projects; participatory civic life; commercial surveillance; contemporary art and design; and education. This book represents the most comprehensive and transdisciplinary endeavor to date to examine the nature, place, and value of participation in the digital age. Just as in 1979, when Jean-François Lyotard proposed that “the postmodern condition” was characterized by the questioning of historical grand narratives, The Participatory Condition in the Digital Age investigates how participation has become a central preoccupation of our time. Contributors: Mark Andrejevic, Pomona College; Bart Cammaerts, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE); Nico Carpentier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB – Free University of Brussels) and Charles University in Prague; Julie E. Cohen, Georgetown University; Kate Crawford, MIT; Alessandro Delfanti, University of Toronto; Christina Dunbar-Hester, University of Southern California; Rudolf Frieling, California College of Arts and the San Francisco Art Institute; Salvatore Iaconesi, La Sapienza University of Rome and ISIA Design Florence; Jason Edward Lewis, Concordia University; Rafael Lozano-Hemmer; Graham Pullin, University of Dundee; Trebor Scholz, The New School in New York City; Cayley Sorochan, McGill University; Bernard Stiegler, Institute for Research and Innovation in Paris; Krzysztof Wodiczko, Harvard Graduate School of Design; Jillian C. York.

Die technologische Bedingung

Beiträge zur Beschreibung der technischen Welt

Author: Erich Hörl

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768107

Category: Philosophy

Page: 414

View: 1270

Unsere Operations-, Wissens- und Existenzräume, unsere Selbst- und Weltwahrnehmung werden heute unhintergehbar von technologischen Objektkulturen geprägt. Insbesondere die allgemeine Kybernetisierung seit Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts, die in der umfassenden und allgegenwärtigen Computerisierung ihren vorläufigen Höhepunkt erreicht hat, macht die Technizität unserer sinnkulturellen Verfassung deutlich. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes, den die deutsche Erstübertragung eines brisanten Stücks aus dem Nachlaß des französischen Mechanologen Gilbert Simondon eröffnet, liefern die dringend nötige Neubeschreibung unserer zeitgenössisch-technischen Welt. Außerdem schreiben: Dirk Baecker, Massimo de Carolis, Alexander Galloway, Mark Hansen, Katherine Hayles, Nicole Karafyllis, Scott Lash, Jean-Luc Nancy, Frédéric Neyrat, Peter Risthaus, Bernard Stiegler und Eugene Thacker.

Program Earth

Environmental Sensing Technology and the Making of a Computational Planet

Author: Jennifer Gabrys

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452950172

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 6595

Sensors are everywhere. Small, flexible, economical, and computationally powerful, they operate ubiquitously in environments. They compile massive amounts of data, including information about air, water, and climate. Never before has such a volume of environmental data been so broadly collected or so widely available. Grappling with the consequences of wiring our world, Program Earth examines how sensor technologies are programming our environments. As Jennifer Gabrys points out, sensors do not merely record information about an environment. Rather, they generate new environments and environmental relations. At the same time, they give a voice to the entities they monitor: to animals, plants, people, and inanimate objects. This book looks at the ways in which sensors converge with environments to map ecological processes, to track the migration of animals, to check pollutants, to facilitate citizen participation, and to program infrastructure. Through discussing particular instances where sensors are deployed for environmental study and citizen engagement across three areas of environmental sensing, from wild sensing to pollution sensing and urban sensing, Program Earth asks how sensor technologies specifically contribute to new environmental conditions. What are the implications for wiring up environments? How do sensor applications not only program environments, but also program the sorts of citizens and collectives we might become? Program Earth suggests that the sensor-based monitoring of Earth offers the prospect of making new environments not simply as an extension of the human but rather as new “technogeographies” that connect technology, nature, and people.

Philosophie des Ortes

Reflexionen zum Spatial Turn in den Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften

Author: Annika Schlitte,Thomas Hünefeldt,Daniel Romic,Joost van Loon

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839426448

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 6222

Die vertiefte Auseinandersetzung mit raumbezogenen Forschungsthemen, die seit etwa 20 Jahren unter dem Stichwort »Spatial Turn« in den Kulturwissenschaften stattfindet, bleibt bezüglich ihrer begrifflichen und philosophischen Grundlagen defizitär. Obwohl von der Philosophie für die Herausbildung dieser Forschungsrichtung wichtige Impulse ausgegangen sind, hat sie selbst bislang keine führende Rolle übernommen. Ziel des Bandes ist es daher, durch eine deutlichere Profilierung grundlegender Unterscheidungen und Begriffe zur aktuellen Raumforschung beizutragen. Der »Ort« wird dabei - auch gegenüber dem Raum - als philosophischer Gegenstand gefasst und erscheint als grundlegendes Prinzip der Kulturwissenschaften - und nicht (nur) als deren Thema.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6558

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Deleuze and Design

Author: Betti Marenko

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748691553

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 5708

Drawing on a range of contributors, case studies and examples, this book examines how we can think about design through Deleuze, and how Deleuze's thought can be re-designed to produce new concepts. It taps into the emerging networks between philosophy as an act of inventing concepts and design as the process of inventing the world.

Photography

A Critical Introduction

Author: Liz Wells

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415307031

Category: Photography

Page: 382

View: 8093

This seminal text for photography students identifies key debates in photographic theory, stimulates discussion and evaluation of the critical use of photographic images and ways of seeing. This new edition retains the thematic structure and text features of its predecessors but also expands coverage on photojournalism, digital imaging techniques, race and colonialism. The content is updated with additional international and contemporary examples and images throughout and the inclusion of colour photos. Features of this new edition include: *Key concepts and short biographies of major thinkers *Updated international and contemporary case studies and examples *A full glossary of terms, a comprehensive bibliography *Resource information, including guides to public archives and useful websites

New Media

A Critical Introduction

Author: Martin Lister,Jon Dovey,Seth Giddings,Iain Grant,Kieran Kelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134083823

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 9745

New Media: A Critical Introduction is a comprehensive introduction to the culture, history, technologies and theories of new media. Written especially for students, the book considers the ways in which 'new media' really are new, assesses the claims that a media and technological revolution has taken place and formulates new ways for media studies to respond to new technologies. The authors introduce a wide variety of topics including: how to define the characteristics of new media; social and political uses of new media and new communications; new media technologies, politics and globalization; everyday life and new media; theories of interactivity, simulation, the new media economy; cybernetics, cyberculture, the history of automata and artificial life. Substantially updated from the first edition to cover recent theoretical developments, approaches and significant technological developments, this is the best and by far the most comprehensive textbook available on this exciting and expanding subject. At www.newmediaintro.com you will find: additional international case studies with online references specially created You Tube videos on machines and digital photography a new ‘Virtual Camera’ case study, with links to short film examples useful links to related websites, resources and research sites further online reading links to specific arguments or discussion topics in the book links to key scholars in the field of new media.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 4698

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Protocol

How Control Exists After Decentralization

Author: Alexander R. Galloway

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262072472

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 7828

A critical analysis of the protocols that control theInternet and the resistance to them.

CYCLONOPEDIA

Komplizenschaft mit anonymen Materialien

Author: Reza Negarestani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783883963389

Category:

Page: 280

View: 7049

Becoming Beside Ourselves

The Alphabet, Ghosts, and Distributed Human Being

Author: Brian Rotman

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822342007

Category: Computers

Page: 176

View: 2662

DIVTheoretical study of the relationship between technoscience and the human body that examines the ways in which bodies and machines "speak" not just through language but also through gesture, numbers, and other non-alphabetic systems of expressio/div

At a Distance

Precursors to Art and Activism on the Internet

Author: Annmarie Chandler

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262033282

Category: Art

Page: 486

View: 5405

The theory and practice of networked art and activism, including mail art, sound art, telematic art, fax art, Fluxus, and assemblings. Networked collaborations of artists did not begin on the Internet. In this multidisciplinary look at the practice of art that takes place across a distance--geographical, temporal, or emotional--theorists and practitioners examine the ways that art, activism, and media fundamentally reconfigured each other in experimental networked projects of the 1970s and 1980s. By providing a context for this work--showing that it was shaped by varying mixes of social relations, cultural strategies, and political and aesthetic concerns-- At a Distance effectively refutes the widely accepted idea that networked art is technologically determined. Doing so, it provides the historical grounding needed for a more complete understanding of today's practices of Internet art and activism and suggests the possibilities inherent in networked practice. At a Distance traces the history and theory of such experimental art projects as Mail Art, sound and radio art, telematic art, assemblings, and Fluxus. Although the projects differed, a conceptual questioning of the "art object," combined with a political undermining of dominant art institutional practices, animated most distance art. After a section that sets this work in historical and critical perspective, the book presents artists and others involved in this art "re-viewing" their work--including experiments in "mini-FM," telerobotics, networked psychoanalysis, and interactive book construction. Finally, the book recasts the history of networks from the perspectives of politics, aesthetics, economics, and cross-cultural analysis.

Annual Review of Anthropology

Author: William H. Durham,Jane Hill,Jean Comaroff

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780824319335

Category: Social Science

Page: 678

View: 8482

After the Digital Divide?

German Aesthetic Theory in the Age of New Media

Author: Lutz Peter Koepnick

Publisher: Camden House

ISBN: 1571133992

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 215

View: 6522

New essays providing innovative ways of understanding the altered position of media in Germany and beyond.

Community Networking

Author: N.A

Publisher: IEEE

ISBN: 9780780320765

Category: Computer networks

Page: 264

View: 5543

Media Power and The Transformation of War

Author: Chiara de Franco

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137009756

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 9097

Do the news media have any role in the transformation of war and warfare? Focusing on television, this book argues that the news media alters the cognitive and strategic environment of the actors of war and politics and therefore changes the way these interact with one another.