Experimental Techniques in High-Energy Nuclear and Particle Physics is a compilation of outstanding technical papers and reviews of the ingenious methods developed for experimentation in modern nuclear and particle physics. This book, a second edition, provides a balanced view of the major tools and technical concepts currently in use, and elucidates the basic principles that underly the detection devices. Several of the articles in this volume have never been published, or have appeared in relatively inaccessible journals. Although the emphasis is on charged-particle tracking and calorimetry, general reviews of ionization detectors and Monte Carlo techniques are also included. This book serves as a compact source of reference for graduate students and experimenters in the fields of nuclear and particle physics, seeking information on some of the major ideas and techniques developed for modern experiments in these fields. Contents:Particle Detectors (K Kleinknecht)Principles of Operation of Multiwire Proportional and Drift Chambers (F Sauli)High-Resolution Electronic Particle Detectors (G Charpak & F Sauli)Calorimetry in High-Energy Physics (C Fabjan)Fluctuations in Calorimetry Measurements (U Amaldi)The Physics of Charged Particle Identification dE/dx, Cerenkov and Transition Radiation (W W M Allison and P R S Wright)A Two-Dimensional, Single-Photoelectron Drift Detector for Cherenkov Ring Imaging (E Barrelet et al.)Development of Proportional Counters Using Photosensitive Gases and Liquids (D F Anderson)Liquid-Argon Ionization Chambers as Total Absorption Detectors (W J Willis & V Radeka)Fundamental Properties of Liquid Argon, Krypton and Xenon as Radiation Detector Media (T Doke)Signal, Noise and Resolution in Position-Sensitive Detectors (V Radeka)Monte Carlo Theory and Practice (F James)High Resolution Hadron Calorimetry (R Wigmans) Readership: Nuclear and particle physicists. keywords: “… this book is well suited for active experimenters in the field who will appreciate very much the exhaustive reference … the book may well serve as a basis for graduate students courses, particularly in view of the reasonable price of the volume.” J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys.
This thoroughly revised book, now in its third edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to this increasingly important area of nuclear and particle physics. It combines coverage of basic concepts, principles and applications, along with the latest developments. Beginning with the historical developments of the subject, properties and constituents of the nucleus, quantitative facts about nucleus, etc., the book moves on to give insights into nuclear models, phenomenon of radioactivity and its applications in various fields, nuclear reactions including reactions in sun and stars, photoelectric and Compton effects, pair production, particle accelerators and types of radiation detectors. The text also presents an extensive discussion on elementary particles and their fundamental reactions, fundamental forces, conservation laws and the quark model. Besides updating and revising the existing text, the new edition amplifies several sections across the book for easy understanding of the topics discussed. The text is designed for the students of B.Sc. (Physics), though it can also serve as introductory review material for M.Sc. (Physics) students. Key Features • Contains actual experimental data. • Includes a large number of solved problems to help students comprehend the concepts with ease. • Provides answers to unsolved problems. • Gives review questions to test the student’s comprehension of the subject.
This thoroughly revised book, now in its Fourth Edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to this increasingly important area of nuclear and particle physics. It combines coverage of basic concepts, principles and applications, along with the latest developments. Beginning with the historical developments of the subject, properties and constituents of the nucleus, quantitative facts about nucleus, etc., the book moves on to give insights into nuclear models, phenomenon of radioactivity and its applications in various fields, nuclear reactions including reactions in the Sun and stars, photoelectric and Compton effects, pair creation, different particle accelerators and radiation detectors. UNIQUE FEATURES • Contains actual experimental data • Large number of solved problems to help students comprehend the concepts with ease • Provides unsolved problems with answers and review questions to test the students' comprehension of the subject NEW TO THE FOURTH EDITION • Some sections have been revised and enlarged to enhance their comprehension, such as the neutron activation analysis, scintillation and HPGe detectors • Includes a list of accelerators • Provides several new solved and unsolved problems TARGET AUDIENCE • B.Sc./M.Sc. (Physics)
An accessible introduction to nuclear and particle physics with equal coverage of both topics, this text covers all the standard topics in particle and nuclear physics thoroughly and provides a few extras, including chapters on experimental methods; applications of nuclear physics including fission, fusion and biomedical applications; and unsolved problems for the future. It includes basic concepts and theory combined with current and future applications. An excellent resource for physics and astronomy undergraduates in higher-level courses, this text also serves well as a general reference for graduate studies.
Pulsars, generally accepted to be rotating neutron stars, are dense, neutron-packed remnants of massive stars that blew apart in supernova explosions. They are typically about 10 kilometers across and spin rapidly, often making several hundred rotations per second. Depending on star mass, gravity compresses the matter in the cores of pulsars up to more than ten times the density of ordinary atomic nuclei, thus providing a high-pressure environment in which numerous particle processes, from hyperon population to quark deconfinement to the formation of Boson condensates, may compete with each other. There are theoretical suggestions of even more ""exotic"" processes inside pulsars, such as the formation of absolutely stable strange quark matter, a configuration of matter even more stable than the most stable atomic nucleus, ^T56Fe. In the latter event, pulsars would be largely composed of pure quark matter, eventually enveloped in nuclear crust matter. These features combined with the tremendous recent progress in observational radio and x-ray astronomy make pulsars nearly ideal probes for a wide range of physical studies, complementing the quest of the behavior of superdense matter in terrestrial collider experiments. Written by an eminent author, Pulsars as Astrophysical Laboratories for Nuclear and Particle Physics gives a reliable account of the present status of such research, which naturally is to be performed at the interface between nuclear physics, particle physics, and Einstein's theory of relativity.
The book presents high-quality papers presented at a national conference on ‘Advanced Detectors for Nuclear, High Energy and Astroparticle Physics’. The conference was organized to commemorate 100 years of Bose Institute. The book is based on the theme of the conference and provides a clear picture of basics and advancement of detectors for nuclear physics, high-energy physics and astroparticle physics together. The topics covered in the book include detectors for accelerator-based high energy physics; detectors for non-accelerator particle physics; nuclear physics detectors; detection techniques in astroparticle physics and dark matter; and applications and simulations. The book will be a good reference for researchers and industrial personnel working in the area of nuclear and astroparticle physics.
This revised and extended second edition treats the experimental techniques and instrumentation most often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experiments. It provides useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details in a very practical, hands-on style.
Proceedings of the Monte Carlo 2000 Conference, Lisbon, 23–26 October 2000
Author: Andreas Kling,Fernando J.C. Barao,Masayuki Nakagawa,Luis Tavora,Pedro Vaz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book focuses on the state of the art of Monte Carlo methods in radiation physics and particle transport simulation and applications. Special attention is paid to algorithm development for modeling, and the analysis of experiments and measurements in a variety of fields.
A timely presentation of new results, challenges, and opportunities in the quickly developing field of nuclear cluster physics, presented by an international group of eminent theoretical and experimental scientists active in the field. Their work reveals how correlations of nucleons can appear spontaneously, propagate, and survive in nuclear matter at both low and high densities. Characteristic nuclear substructures, beyond those predicted by mean-field or collective scenarios, appear on microscopic and cosmic length scales. They can influence the dynamics of fusion of light nuclei and the decay of heavy, fissioning nuclei or of systems produced transiently in heavy-ion reactions. A must-read for young scientists entering the field and a valuable resource for more seasoned nuclear researchers!
Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about High Energy Physics. The editors have built Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about High Energy Physics in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Effective models of strong and electroweak interactions are extensively applied in particle physics phenomenology, and in many instances can compete with large-scale numerical simulations of Standard Model physics. These contexts include but are not limited to providing indications for phase transitions and the nature of elementary excitations of strong and electroweak matter. A precondition for obtaining high-precision predictions is the application of some advanced functional techniques to the effective models, where the sensitivity of the results to the accurate choice of the input parameters is under control and the insensitivity to the actual choice of ultraviolet regulators is ensured. The credibility of such attempts ultimately requires a clean renormalization procedure and an error estimation due to a necessary truncation in the resummation procedure. In this concise primer we discuss systematically and in sufficient technical depth the features of a number of approximate methods, as applied to various effective models of chiral symmetry breaking in strong interactions and the BEH-mechanism of symmetry breaking in the electroweak theory. After introducing the basics of the functional integral formulation of quantum field theories and the derivation of different variants of the equations which determine the n-point functions, the text elaborates on the formulation of the optimized perturbation theory and the large-N expansion, as applied to the solution of these underlying equations in vacuum. The optimisation aspects of the 2PI approximation is discussed. Each of them is presented as a specific reorganisation of the weak coupling perturbation theory. The dimensional reduction of high temperature field theories is discussed from the same viewpoint. The renormalization program is described for each approach in detail and particular attention is paid to the appropriate interpretation of the notion of renormalization in the presence of the Landau singularity. Finally, results which emerge from the application of these techniques to the thermodynamics of strong and electroweak interactions are reviewed in detail.
Other CUPS Projects Astrophysics Simulations Classical Mechanics Simulations Electricity and Magnetism Simulations Modern Physics Simulations Nuclear and Particle Physics Simulations Quantum Mechanics Simulations Solid State Physics Simulations Thermal and Statistical Physics Simulations Waves and Optics Simulations is one volume in a series of nine book/software packages developed by the Consortium for Upper-Level Physics Software. CUPS is an international group of 27 physicists, all with extensive backgrounds in the research, teaching, and development of instructional software. The simulations included in this volume cover: Interference and Diffraction, Applications of Interference & Diffraction, Ray Tracing in Geometrical Optics, Fourier Analysis & Fourier Transforms, One Dimensional Chain, Wave Equation, Wave Equation and Other PDE's, and Electromagnetic Waves. These simulations include complex, often realistic, calculations of models of various physical systems. If desired, the user may also vary many parameters of the system, and interact with it in other ways, so as to study its behavior in real time. Source code has been provided for users who wish to modify programs. All of the programs are written in Borland/Turbo Pascal for MS-DOS. Minimum hardware requirement is an IBM-compatible 386-level machine with mouse and VGA color monitor. The disk(s) included in this package are 3.5???.
The field of nuclear medicine is expanding rapidly, with the development of exciting new diagnostic methods and treatments. This growth is closely associated with significant advances in radiation physics. In this book, acknowledged experts explain the basic principles of radiation physics in relation to nuclear medicine and examine important novel approaches in the field. The first section is devoted to what might be termed the "building blocks" of nuclear medicine, including the mechanisms of interaction between radiation and matter and Monte Carlo codes. In subsequent sections, radiation sources for medical applications, radiopharmaceutical development and production, and radiation detectors are discussed in detail. New frontiers are then explored, including improved algorithms for image reconstruction, biokinetic models, and voxel phantoms for internal dosimetry. Both trainees and experienced practitioners and researchers will find this book to be an invaluable source of up-to-date information.
Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics. The editors have built Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Nuclear, High Energy, Plasma, Particle, and Condensed Matter Physics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Viktor Begun,László L. Jenkovszky,Aleksander Polanski
Author: Viktor Begun,László L. Jenkovszky,Aleksander Polanski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
On September 27 – October 3, 2008 the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on progress in high-energy physics and nuclear safety was held in Yalta, Crimea (see: http://crimea.bitp.kiev.ua and http://arw.bitp.kiev.ua). Nearly 50 leading experts in high-energy and nuclear physics from Eastern and Western Europe as well as from North America participated at the Workshop. The topics of the ARW covered recent results of theoretical and experimental studies in high-energy physics, accelerator, detection and nuclear technologies, as well as problems of nuclear safety in high-energy experimentation and in nuclear - dustry. The forthcoming experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and cosmic-ray experiments were among the topics of the ARW. An important aspect of the Workshop was the scienti?c collaboration between nuclear physicists from East and West, especially in the ?eld of nuclear safety. The present book contains a selection of invited talks presented at the ARW. The papers are grouped in two parts.
Douglas Brandt,John R. Hiller,Michael J. Moloney,Consortium for Upper Level Physics Software
Author: Douglas Brandt,John R. Hiller,Michael J. Moloney,Consortium for Upper Level Physics Software
The Consortium for Upper Level Physics Software (CUPS) has developed a comprehensive series of Nine Book/Software packages that Wiley will publish in FY `95 and `96. CUPS is an international group of 27 physicists, all with extensive backgrounds in the research, teaching, and development of instructional software. The project is being supported by the National Science Foundation (PHY-9014548), and it has received other support from the IBM Corp., Apple Computer Corp., and George Mason University. The Simulations being developed are: Astrophysics, Classical Mechanics, Electricity & Magnetism, Modern Physics, Nuclear and Particle Physics, Quantum Mechanics, Solid State, Thermal and Statistical, and Wave and Optics.