Why a Green Future Needs Nuclear Power
Author: Mark Lynas
Category: Business & Economics
By making use of the latest in world energy statistics, author Mark Lynas shows that with wind and solar still at only about one percent of global primary energy, looking to renewable energy as a solution to deliver all the world’s power is a dangerously delusional concept. Moreover, with no possibility reducing the world’s energy usage—when the developing world is fast extricating itself from poverty and adding the equivalent of a new Brazil to the global electricity consumption each year—additional solutions are needed. This book then details how the antinuclear movement of the 1970s and 1980s succeeded only in making the world more dependent on fossil fuels. Instead of making the same mistake again, this book shows how all those who want to see a low-carbon future need to join forces by backing an ambitious proposal for a combined investment in wind, solar, and nuclear power.
Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Provides current statistical data on fuel assemblies irradiated at commercial nuclear reactors operating in the U.S. Provides data on the current inventories and storage capacities at these reactors. Detailed statistics on these data are presented in 4 chapters that highlight 1993 spent fuel discharges, storage capacities and inventories, canister and nonfuel component data, and assembly characteristics. Contains 5 appendices, a glossary, and a bibliography. Numerous tables and figures.
Author: Christophe Lavelle,Jean-Marc Victor
Publisher: Academic Press
Nuclear Architecture and Dynamics provides a definitive resource for (bio)physicists and molecular and cellular biologists whose research involves an understanding of the organization of the genome and the mechanisms of its proper reading, maintenance, and replication by the cell. This book brings together the biochemical and physical characteristics of genome organization, providing a relevant framework in which to interpret the control of gene expression and cell differentiation. It includes work from a group of international experts, including biologists, physicists, mathematicians, and bioinformaticians who have come together for a comprehensive presentation of the current developments in the nuclear dynamics and architecture field. The book provides the uninitiated with an entry point to a highly dynamic, but complex issue, and the expert with an opportunity to have a fresh look at the viewpoints advocated by researchers from different disciplines. Highlights the link between the (bio)chemistry and the (bio)physics of chromatin Deciphers the complex interplay between numerous biochemical factors at task in the nucleus and the physical state of chromatin Provides a collective view of the field by a large, diverse group of authors with both physics and biology backgrounds
Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation in Cape Town
Author: Anton Cartwright,Susan Parnell,Gregg Oelofse,Sarah Ward
Climate change impacts are scale and context specific, and cities are likely to bear some of the greatest costs. In recent years cities have begun to craft their own climate change responses against the backdrop of the reluctance displayed by nation-states in committing to emissions reductions and managing the consequences of climate change. Climate Change at the City Scale presents a fresh contribution to climate change literature, which has largely neglected the role of cities in spite of their increasingly important role in the global economy. The book focuses on the impacts of climate change in the rapidly evolving city of Cape Town, and captures the experiences of the Cape Town Climate Change Think Tank, a hybrid knowledge partnership which has produced research on a range of urban governance, impacts, mitigation and adaptation challenges by the City. Cape Town has long been acknowledged as an innovator in the area of urban environmental management, notwithstanding its limited resources to manage the demand for a more resilient and equitable future. By documenting the work and experiences of the City’s efforts to define its own climate future, the book provides a provocative case study of the way in which the science-policy interface can be managed to inform urban transformation.
International and Comparative Perspectives
Author: Isaiah "Ike" Wilson III,James J.F. Forrest
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Political Science
Issues of defence politics and policy have long been at the forefront of political agendas and defining of international affairs. However, the dramatic changes to the global system that have taken place since the end of the Cold War and parrticularly since the terror attacks on the USA on 11 September 2001 have amplified the world's attention toward political and policy issues of national, regional and global security. The focus of this volume is on examining the fundamental causes of, and defence policy responses to this new 'post-9/11' security environment. Edited by Isaiah (Ike) Wilson III and James J. F. Forest of the US Military Academy, West Point, USA, this volume is international in scope, with pieces written by experts in the field, offering a collection of up-to-date and balanced insights on key contemporary issues of concern to defence policymakers. The book will be an invaluable reference tool for academics and students, researchers in international relations, policymakers, media professionals and government officials.
Author: Jozsef Konya,Noemi M. Nagy
Nuclear and Radiochemistry, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and thorough reference that features the latest developments in the field, especially in radionuclide production, nuclear medicine and the application of natural radiotracers. Drawing on 40 years of experience in teaching and research, this revised edition explains the basic principles and applications of the primary areas of nuclear and radiochemistry. This new edition features completely revised chapters, in addition to 40 new illustrations plus case studies woven throughout the text. It will be helpful to students and researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering, environmental sciences and specialists working in all fields of radiochemistry. The field of nuclear and radiochemistry is wide-reaching, with results having functions and use across a variety of disciplines. Separate chapters cover each main area of recent radiochemistry. This includes nuclear medicine and chemical aspects of nuclear power plants, namely the problems of nuclear wastes and nuclear analysis (both bulk and surface analysis), with the analytical methods based on the interactions of radiation with matter. Furthermore, special attention is paid to thermodynamics of radio-isotope tracer methods, the very diluted system (carrier-free radioactive isotopes) and the principles of chemical processes with unsealed radioactive sources. Introduces fundamental concepts and practical applications, providing a thorough view of radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry Presents laboratory methods with unsealed radio-chemicals that can be applied in research and the lab Includes case studies sprinkled throughout the book to bring real-world applications to life Features 40 new illustrations to underscore key concepts
Preventing Technological Disasters
Author: William M. Evan,Mark Manion
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional
Category: Technology & Engineering
A provocative and authoritative guide to understanding the questions surrounding technology disasters that occur, with a blueprint for the prevention of future disasters, this book looks at over three dozen case studies and the lessons learned from them.
Author: Gregory Choppin,Jan-Olov Liljenzin,Jan Rydberg,Christian Ekberg
Publisher: Academic Press
Radiochemistry or nuclear chemistry is the study of radiation from an atomic and molecular perspective, including elemental transformation and reaction effects, as well as physical, health and medical properties. This revised edition of one of the earliest and best-known books on the subject has been updated to bring into teaching the latest developments in research and the current hot topics in the field. To further enhance the functionality of this text, the authors have added numerous teaching aids, examples in MathCAD with variable quantities and options, hotlinks to relevant text sections from the book, and online self-grading tests. New edition of a well-known, respected text in the specialized field of nuclear/radiochemistry Includes an interactive website with testing and evaluation modules based on exercises in the book Suitable for both radiochemistry and nuclear chemistry courses
World Nuclear University Press
Author: Ian Hore-Lacy
Category: Technology & Engineering
The onset of the 21st century has coincided with mounting scientific evidence of the severe environmental impact of global energy consumption. In response, governments and environmentalists on every continent have begun to re-evaluate the benefits of nuclear power as a clean, non-emitting energy resource. Today nuclear power plants operate in some 30 countries, and nuclear energy has become a safe and reliable source of one-sixth of the world’s electricity. This base has the potential to be expanded widely as part of a worldwide clean-energy revolution. Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century is an authoritative resource for educators, students, policy-makers and interested lay-people. This balanced and accessible text provides: * An inroad into nuclear science for the non-specialist * A valuable account of many aspects of nuclear technology, including industry applications * Answers to public concerns about safety, proliferation, and waste management * Up-to-date data and references This edition comes with a Foreword by Dr. Patrick Moore, co-founder of Greenpeace, which attests to today’s worldwide re-evaluation of nuclear power. The World Nuclear University (WNU) is a global partnership of industry, inter-governmental, and academic institutions committed to enhancing education in nuclear science and technology. WNU partners include the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the OECD, and the World Nuclear Association (WNA). With a secretariat staffed by government-sponsored secondees, the London-based WNU Coordinating Centre fosters a diversity of collaborative projects to strengthen nuclear education and rebuild future leadership in nuclear science and technology. · Global in perspective and rich in data · Draws on the intellectual resources of the World Nuclear Association · Includes Physics of uranium; uranium enrichment; waste management · Provides technical perspective with an understanding of environmental issues
The Origins and Causes of the British Energy Crisis of 2002
Author: Simon Taylor
Category: Business & Economics
A timely contribution and incisive analysis, this is the story of the British experiment in privatizing the nuclear power industry and its subsequent financial collapse. It tells how the UK's pioneering role in nuclear power led to bad technology choices, a badly flawed restructuring of the electricity industry and the end of government support for nuclear power. In this volume Simon Taylor has combined interviews with former executives, regulators and analysts with his own unique insight into the nuclear industry to provide an analysis of the origins of the crisis and the financial and corporate strategies used by British Energy plc. Arguing that the stock market was a major factor in the company's collapse by misunderstanding its finances, over-valuing the shares and giving wrong signals to management and that the government policy of trying to put all responsibility for nuclear liabilities in the hands of the private sector was neither credible nor realistic. The book concludes that failure was not inevitable but resulted from a mixture of internal and external causes that casts doubt on the policy of combining a wholly nuclear generator with liberalized power markets. This book will be of great interest to students engaged with the history of nuclear power in the UK, privatization, regulation and financial and corporate strategy, as well as experts, policy makers and strategists in the field.
Fundamentals and Applications
Author: Karl Heinrich Lieser
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This new edition of the best-selling handbook gives a complete and concise description of the latest knowledge on nuclear and radiochemistry as well as their applications in the various fields of science. It is based on over 40 years experience in teaching courses and research. The book is aimed at all researchers seeking sound knowledge about the properties of matter, whether chemists, physicists, medical doctors, mineralogists or biologists. All of them will find this a valuable source of information. Research in radiochemistry includes: Study of radioactive matter in nature, investigation of radioactive transmutations, chemistry of radioelements etc. Applications include: Radionuclides in geo- and cosmochemistry, dating by nuclear methods, radioanalysis, Mossbauer spectroscopy and related methods, behavior of natural and man-made radionuclides in the environment, dosimetry and radiation protection. All the subjects are presented clearly and comprehensibly, and in a logical sequence, avoiding detailed derivations of equations. The relevant information is compiled in tables and the recent edition of the multi-colored Karlsruhe 'Chart of the Nuclides' has also been included. Clearly a standard work by an author with extensive experience in research and teaching.
Author: D. N. Poenaru,Walter Greiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The need for this handbook is a direct consequence of a very large accumulation of new theoretical and experimental data on nucleur properties. The first five chapters are devoted to the presentation of experimental and theoretical aspects of the following topics: atomic masses of stable and radioactive nuclides; an intuitive way to understand the empirical trends of masses, based on a microscopic theory; Penning traps used as a modern mass spectrometer of high resolving power, accuracy and sensitivity; basic theoretical concepts and experimental techniques used to measure the nucleur shape parameters; new decay modes by hadron and cluster emission; the proton (p), and the beta-delayed particle emissions: neutron (n), 2n, 3n, 4n, p, 2p, 3p, d, t, etc. A series of tables are given in the second part of the handbook: fundamental constants and energy conversion factors; the decay modes of Gauge and Higgs bosons, leptons, quarks, mesons, baryons, and searches for free quarks, monoples, supersymmetries, compositeness, etc; selected alpha particle emitters; recommended data on y-ray and X-ray standards used for detector calibrations; a comprehensive table of all known nuclides (spin, parity, mass excess, half-life, or abundance for stable nuclei, and the main decay modes with the corresponding branching ratios).
A Data Handbook
Author: V. M. Gorbachev,Y. S. Zamyatnin,A. A. Lbov
Nuclear Reactions in Heavy Elements: A Data Handbook focuses on the physical constants of the elements, the properties of isotopes, and data on radioactive decay. This book examines the methods for obtaining heavy elements. Organized into two parts encompassing nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of data on neutron cross-sections. This text then provides salient information on cross-sections of photo-reactions and of interactions of charged particles with nuclei. Other chapters consider some general characteristics of the fission process as well as the basic characteristics of spontaneous fission of heavy metals. This book discusses as well the basic characteristics of binary fission of heavy nuclei, including the energies and yields of fission elements, their distribution with regard to mass, and the range of fragments. The final chapter deals with data on various kinds of radiation accompanying the fission process. This book is a valuable resource for physicists and research workers.
Author: Grace Debrincat
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
Category: Business & Economics
Performance Appraisals (PA) is a tool which is associated with employee performance evaluation. Researchers tend to disagree on the effectiveness of these systems. Academics claim that PAs improve employees’ performance through commitment, motivation and output increases, whilst providing an optimal basis for a reward system and training needs. Conversely, it is argued that PAs are flawed from inception since they are subjective, biased and unfair. The study critically assesses research on PAs and their effectiveness towards company goals, whilst identifying a set of criteria to test the extent of their effectiveness. The findings reject the notion that PAs are totally flawed and ineffective. The investigation discloses that HR Practitioners experience difficulties in assessing PAs fairness. The author recommends a number of initiatives to improve appraisees’ productivity as a direct result of PAs outcome, thus ensuring their effectiveness. Although the study reaffirms the scholars’ claim that PAs effectiveness is a very debatable subject, HR Practitioners still consider PAs as vital to manage employee performance throughout the foreseeable future.
Author: Pascal Yvon
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Category: Technology & Engineering
Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area
The IAEA and the Absolute Weapon
Author: Robert L. Brown
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Category: Political Science
Once dismissed as ineffectual, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has in the past twenty years emerged as a powerful international organization. Member states allow the IAEA to render judgment on matters vital to peace and security while nations around the globe comply with its rules and commands on proliferation, safety, and a range of other issues. Robert L. Brown details the IAEA’s role in facilitating both control of nuclear weapons and the safe exploitation of nuclear power. As he shows, the IAEA has acquired a surprising amount of power as states, for political and technological reasons, turn to it to supply policy cooperation and to act as an agent for their security and safety. The agency’s success in gaining and holding authority rests in part on its ability to apply politically neutral expertise that produces beneficial policy outcomes. But Brown also delves into the puzzle of how an agency created by states to aid cooperation has acquired power over them.