Provides current statistical data on fuel assemblies irradiated at commercial nuclear reactors operating in the U.S. Provides data on the current inventories and storage capacities at these reactors. Detailed statistics on these data are presented in 4 chapters that highlight 1993 spent fuel discharges, storage capacities and inventories, canister and nonfuel component data, and assembly characteristics. Contains 5 appendices, a glossary, and a bibliography. Numerous tables and figures.
Anton Cartwright,Susan Parnell,Gregg Oelofse,Sarah Ward
Author: Anton Cartwright,Susan Parnell,Gregg Oelofse,Sarah Ward
Climate change impacts are scale and context specific, and cities are likely to bear some of the greatest costs. In recent years cities have begun to craft their own climate change responses against the backdrop of the reluctance displayed by nation-states in committing to emissions reductions and managing the consequences of climate change. Climate Change at the City Scale presents a fresh contribution to climate change literature, which has largely neglected the role of cities in spite of their increasingly important role in the global economy. The book focuses on the impacts of climate change in the rapidly evolving city of Cape Town, and captures the experiences of the Cape Town Climate Change Think Tank, a hybrid knowledge partnership which has produced research on a range of urban governance, impacts, mitigation and adaptation challenges by the City. Cape Town has long been acknowledged as an innovator in the area of urban environmental management, notwithstanding its limited resources to manage the demand for a more resilient and equitable future. By documenting the work and experiences of the City’s efforts to define its own climate future, the book provides a provocative case study of the way in which the science-policy interface can be managed to inform urban transformation.
A provocative and authoritative guide to understanding the questions surrounding technology disasters that occur, with a blueprint for the prevention of future disasters, this book looks at over three dozen case studies and the lessons learned from them.
This new edition of the best-selling handbook gives a complete and concise description of the latest knowledge on nuclear and radiochemistry as well as their applications in the various fields of science. It is based on over 40 years experience in teaching courses and research. The book is aimed at all researchers seeking sound knowledge about the properties of matter, whether chemists, physicists, medical doctors, mineralogists or biologists. All of them will find this a valuable source of information. Research in radiochemistry includes: Study of radioactive matter in nature, investigation of radioactive transmutations, chemistry of radioelements etc. Applications include: Radionuclides in geo- and cosmochemistry, dating by nuclear methods, radioanalysis, Mossbauer spectroscopy and related methods, behavior of natural and man-made radionuclides in the environment, dosimetry and radiation protection. All the subjects are presented clearly and comprehensibly, and in a logical sequence, avoiding detailed derivations of equations. The relevant information is compiled in tables and the recent edition of the multi-colored Karlsruhe 'Chart of the Nuclides' has also been included. Clearly a standard work by an author with extensive experience in research and teaching.
The Origins and Causes of the British Energy Crisis of 2002
Author: Simon Taylor
Category: Business & Economics
A timely contribution and incisive analysis, this is the story of the British experiment in privatizing the nuclear power industry and its subsequent financial collapse. It tells how the UK's pioneering role in nuclear power led to bad technology choices, a badly flawed restructuring of the electricity industry and the end of government support for nuclear power. In this volume Simon Taylor has combined interviews with former executives, regulators and analysts with his own unique insight into the nuclear industry to provide an analysis of the origins of the crisis and the financial and corporate strategies used by British Energy plc. Arguing that the stock market was a major factor in the company's collapse by misunderstanding its finances, over-valuing the shares and giving wrong signals to management and that the government policy of trying to put all responsibility for nuclear liabilities in the hands of the private sector was neither credible nor realistic. The book concludes that failure was not inevitable but resulted from a mixture of internal and external causes that casts doubt on the policy of combining a wholly nuclear generator with liberalized power markets. This book will be of great interest to students engaged with the history of nuclear power in the UK, privatization, regulation and financial and corporate strategy, as well as experts, policy makers and strategists in the field.
Takehiko Saito,Junichi Yamashita,Yuki Ishiwatari,Yoshiaki Oka
Author: Takehiko Saito,Junichi Yamashita,Yuki Ishiwatari,Yoshiaki Oka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies focuses on the design and analysis of advanced nuclear power reactors. This volume provides readers with thorough descriptions of the general characteristics of various advanced light water reactors currently being developed worldwide. Safety, design, development and maintenance of these reactors is the main focus, with key technologies like full MOX core design, next-generation digital I&C systems and seismic design and evaluation described at length. This book is ideal for researchers and engineers working in nuclear power that are interested in learning the fundamentals of advanced light water plants.
Once dismissed as ineffectual, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has in the past twenty years emerged as a powerful international organization. Member states allow the IAEA to render judgment on matters vital to peace and security while nations around the globe comply with its rules and commands on proliferation, safety, and a range of other issues. Robert L. Brown details the IAEA’s role in facilitating both control of nuclear weapons and the safe exploitation of nuclear power. As he shows, the IAEA has acquired a surprising amount of power as states, for political and technological reasons, turn to it to supply policy cooperation and to act as an agent for their security and safety. The agency’s success in gaining and holding authority rests in part on its ability to apply politically neutral expertise that produces beneficial policy outcomes. But Brown also delves into the puzzle of how an agency created by states to aid cooperation has acquired power over them.
Performance Appraisals (PA) is a tool which is associated with employee performance evaluation. Researchers tend to disagree on the effectiveness of these systems. Academics claim that PAs improve employees’ performance through commitment, motivation and output increases, whilst providing an optimal basis for a reward system and training needs. Conversely, it is argued that PAs are flawed from inception since they are subjective, biased and unfair. The study critically assesses research on PAs and their effectiveness towards company goals, whilst identifying a set of criteria to test the extent of their effectiveness. The findings reject the notion that PAs are totally flawed and ineffective. The investigation discloses that HR Practitioners experience difficulties in assessing PAs fairness. The author recommends a number of initiatives to improve appraisees’ productivity as a direct result of PAs outcome, thus ensuring their effectiveness. Although the study reaffirms the scholars’ claim that PAs effectiveness is a very debatable subject, HR Practitioners still consider PAs as vital to manage employee performance throughout the foreseeable future.
With the 2005 Review Conference of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty in the background, this book provides a fully detailed but accessible and accurate introduction to the technical aspects of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons for the specialist and non-specialist alike. It considers nuclear weapons from varying perspectives, including the technology perspective, which views them as spillovers from nuclear energy programmes; and the theoretical perspective, which looks at the collision between national and international security - the security dilemma - involved in nuclear proliferation. It aims to demonstrate that international security is unlikely to benefit from encouraging the spread of nuclear weapons except in situations where the security complex is already largely nuclearised. The political constraints on nuclear spread as solutions to the security dilemma are also examined in three linked categories, including an unusually full discussion of the phenomenon of nuclear-free zones, with particular emphasis on the zone covering Latin America. The remarkably consistent anti-proliferation policies of the USA from Baruch to Bush are debated and the nuclear non-proliferation treaty itself, with special attention paid to the international atomic energy's safeguards system is frankly appraised.
Viktor Mikhaĭlovich Galit︠s︡kiĭ,Victor Galitski,Boris Karnakov,Vladimir Ilʹich Kogan,Vladimir Kogan
A Collection of 700+ Solved Problems for Students, Lecturers, and Researchers
Author: Viktor Mikhaĭlovich Galit︠s︡kiĭ,Victor Galitski,Boris Karnakov,Vladimir Ilʹich Kogan,Vladimir Kogan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
It is notoriously difficult to come up with a new quantum-mechanical problem that would be solvable with a pencil and paper within a finite amount of time and that would provide a useful insight into the fascinating world of quantum physics. Any person who has taught quantum mechanics is certainly aware that there is a lack of such solvable problems in quantum mechanics. In fact, it is exactly this deficit of illuminating examples and practical exercises that make learning and teaching quantum physics so complicated. It is very difficult to understand fundamentally new concepts without real-life examples. Despite this difficulty, this book remarkably presents some 700+ problems in quantum mechanics together with solutions. They are largely new to the English-speaking audience. The problems have been collected over about 60 years, first by the lead author, the late Prof. Victor Galitski, Sr. Over the years, new problems were added and the material polished by Prof. Karnakov.Finally, the translator Prof. Victor Galitski, Jr, has edited the material for the modern English-speaking audience and extended it with new problems particularly relevant to modern science.
Author: V. M. Gorbachev,Y. S. Zamyatnin,A. A. Lbov
Nuclear Reactions in Heavy Elements: A Data Handbook focuses on the physical constants of the elements, the properties of isotopes, and data on radioactive decay. This book examines the methods for obtaining heavy elements. Organized into two parts encompassing nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of data on neutron cross-sections. This text then provides salient information on cross-sections of photo-reactions and of interactions of charged particles with nuclei. Other chapters consider some general characteristics of the fission process as well as the basic characteristics of spontaneous fission of heavy metals. This book discusses as well the basic characteristics of binary fission of heavy nuclei, including the energies and yields of fission elements, their distribution with regard to mass, and the range of fragments. The final chapter deals with data on various kinds of radiation accompanying the fission process. This book is a valuable resource for physicists and research workers.
The Standard Model has been the model of choice for nuclear structure since the late 1960s. However, 40 years later, scientists are still struggling to validate it. Nuclear Alternative offers an alternative explanation for the structure of matter that uses particles and forces observed and characterized since the 1930s. By redesigning the models of the proton, neutron, and electron, and developing a nuclear binding mechanism similar to covalent bonds in atoms, the book systematically develops models for more than 250 stable nuclei. It then uses the models to explain alpha and beta decay, and nuclear fission and fusion.
J. Fitschen,F. Helus,K. Jordan,D. Junker,G.-J. Meyer,O. Schober,G. Stöcklin
Clinical Nuclear Cardiology—now in its fourth edition—covers the tremendous clinical growth in this field, focusing on new instrumentation and techniques. Drs. Barry L. Zaret and George A Beller address the latest developments in technology, radiopharmaceuticals, molecular imaging, and perfusion imaging. Thoroughly revised to include 20 new chapters—Digital/Fast SPECT, Imaging in Revascularized Patients, and more—this new edition provides state-of-the-art guidance on key areas and hot topics with stunning visuals. Online access to the fully searchable text at expertconsult.com includes highly illustrated case studies that let you see the problem using a variety of imaging modalities. In other words, this is an invaluable resource no clinician or researcher in nuclear cardiology should be without. Features an editorial and contributing team of worldwide leaders in nuclear cardiology to provide you with current and authoritative guidance. Includes a section focusing on acute coronary syndromes to provide you with practical management tools for these conditions. Presents a full-color design that allows color images to be integrated throughout the text. Includes access to the fully searchable contents of the book online at expertconsult.com, along with highly illustrated case studies that let you see the problem using a variety of imaging modalities. Features 20 new chapters including Cellular Mechanisms of Tracer Uptake and Clearance; Attenuation/Scatter Corrections: Clinical Aspects; Hybrid Imaging; Digital/Fast SPECT; Imaging in Revascularized Patients; and more. Focuses on perfusion imaging in a section dedicated to this hot topic so you get all the information you need to stay current.
Attila Vértes,Sándor Nagy,Zoltán Klencsár,Rezso György Lovas,Frank Rösch
Vol. 1: Basics of Nuclear Science; Vol. 2: Elements and Isotopes: Formation, Transformation, Distribution; Vol. 3: Chemical Applications of Nuclear Reactions and Radiation; Vol. 4: Radiochemistry and Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry in Life Sciences; Vol. 5: Instrumentation, Separation Techniques, Environmental Issues; Vol. 6: Nuclear Energy Production and Safety Issues.
Author: Attila Vértes,Sándor Nagy,Zoltán Klencsár,Rezso György Lovas,Frank Rösch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This revised and extended 6 volume handbook set is the most comprehensive and voluminous reference work of its kind in the field of nuclear chemistry. The Handbook set covers all of the chemical aspects of nuclear science starting from the physical basics and including such diverse areas as the chemistry of transactinides and exotic atoms as well as radioactive waste management and radiopharmaceutical chemistry relevant to nuclear medicine. The nuclear methods of the investigation of chemical structure also receive ample space and attention. The international team of authors consists of scores of world-renowned experts - nuclear chemists, radiopharmaceutical chemists and physicists - from Europe, USA, and Asia. The Handbook set is an invaluable reference for nuclear scientists, biologists, chemists, physicists, physicians practicing nuclear medicine, graduate students and teachers - virtually all who are involved in the chemical and radiopharmaceutical aspects of nuclear science. The Handbook set also provides further reading via the rich selection of references.