This first scholarly edition in English of the philosophical writings of Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenberg), the German Romantic poet, philosopher, and mining engineer, includes two collections of fragments published in 1798, Miscellaneous Observations and Faith and Love, the controversial essay Christendom or Europe, and substantial selections from his unpublished notebooks.
This book reads major philosophers from the Western philosophical canon and beyond for the spirituality implicit in their metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and logic. Ernest Rubinstein revives for the modern reader the spiritual import of philosophy as an area of inquiry and study.
Prophetism, Messianism and the Development of the Spirit
Author: Jayne Svenungsson
Publisher: Berghahn Books
For millennia, messianic visions of redemption have inspired men and women to turn against unjust and oppressive orders. Yet these very same traditions are regularly decried as antecedents to the violent and authoritarian ideologies of modernity. Informed in equal parts by theology and historical theory, this book offers a provocative exploration of this double-edged legacy. Author Jayne Svenungsson rigorously pursues a middle path between utopian arrogance and an enervated postmodernism, assessing the impact of Jewish and Christian theologies of history on subsequent thinkers, and in the process identifying a web of spiritual and intellectual motifs extending from ancient Jewish prophets to contemporary radicals such as Giorgio Agamben and Slavoj Zizek.
Being and Knowing in Early German Romantic Philosophy, 1795-1804
Author: Dalia Nassar
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
The absolute was one of the most significant philosophical concepts in the early nineteenth century, particularly for the German romantics. Its exact meaning and its role within philosophical romanticism remain, however, a highly contested topic among contemporary scholars. In The Romantic Absolute, Dalia Nassar offers an illuminating new assessment of the romantics and their understanding of the absolute. In doing so, she fills an important gap in the history of philosophy, especially with respect to the crucial period between Kant and Hegel. Scholars today interpret philosophical romanticism along two competing lines: one emphasizes the romantics’ concern with epistemology, the other their concern with metaphysics. Through careful textual analysis and systematic reconstruction of the work of three major romantics—Novalis, Friedrich Schlegel, and Friedrich Schelling—Nassar shows that neither interpretation is fully satisfying. Rather, she argues, one needs to approach the absolute from both perspectives. Rescuing these philosophers from frequent misunderstanding, and even dismissal, she articulates not only a new angle on the philosophical foundations of romanticism but on the meaning and significance of the notion of the absolute itself.
»Blüthenstaub«, the title of the famous collection of fragments by Novalis, stands here for the entire oeuvre of the Romantic German poet Friedrich von Hardenberg (1772-1801). The volume documents the second congress of the International Novalis Society, which was devoted to the reception and impact of Novalis' work not only on literary posterity but also on the other arts. The main focus is on the reception accorded to Novalis in German Romanticism, in other countries (Britain, USA, Italy, Poland, Russia), and in modern literature, supplemented by studies of musical settings of his work and his reception in Catholicism, anthroposophic thinking, etc. The 200-year history of his impact, traced here in its full implications for the first time, shows that to an impressive and hitherto unknown extent, Novalis' works have been the object of a wide range of productive acquisition and critical engagement both within German-speaking countries and abroad. The >literary seeds
Philosophical Romanticism is one of the first books to address the relationship between philosophy and romanticism, an area which is currently undergoing a major revival. This collection of specially-written articles by world-class philosophers explores the contribution of romantic thought to topics such as freedom, autonomy, and subjectivity; memory and imagination; pluralism and practical reasoning; modernism, scepticism and irony; art and ethics; and cosmology, time and technology. While the roots of romanticism are to be found in early German idealism, Philosophical Romanticism shows that it is not a purely European phenomenon: the development of romanticism can be traced through to North American philosophy in the era of Emerson and Dewey, and up to the current work of Stanley Cavell and Richard Rorty. The articles in this collection suggest that philosophical romanticism offers a compelling alternative to both the reductionist tendencies of the naturalism in 'analytic' philosophy, and deconstruction and other forms of scepticism found in 'continental' philosophy. This outstanding collection will be of interest to those studying philosophy, literature and nineteenth and twentieth century thought.
Building on recent investigations into affinities between early German Romanticism and French post-structuralism, this study brings together the work of Jacques Derrida with the writings of one of early Romanticisms most important theorists, Friedrich von Hardenberg (1772-1801), better known as Novalis. In contrast to recent criticism, which traces the historical path from Romanticism to modern theory in broad strokes, this book undertakes comparative readings of Novaliss and Derridas texts on literature and philosophy. The book focuses on the significance both writers accord to paradox and argues that readings which are attuned to paradox can better appreciate the proximity of Romanticism and post- structuralism. As well as their affirmation of paradox, the texts of Novalis and Derrida testify to a profound respect for the Other, and the close readings of selected texts reveal remarkable similarities in their thinking on literature, philosophy and representation, and on the intricate interrelation between language, identity and desire.
Sexuality, Disease, and Death in German Idealism and Romanticism
Author: David Farrell Krell
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Krell writes here with a brilliance of style that few other philosophers can match." --John Sallis Although the Romantic Age is usually thought of as idealizing nature as the source of birth, life, and creativity, David Farrell Krell focuses on the preoccupation of three key German Romantic thinkers--Novalis, Schelling, and Hegel--with nature's destructive powers--contagion, disease, and death.
Author: Ian L. Donnachie,Ian Donnachie,Carmen Lavin
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Designed to accompany the OU course "From Enlightenment to Romanticism," this anthology provides primary and secondary sources on changing landscapes, new forms of knowledge, conceptions of art and the artist and the exotic and Oriential. Introductory sections explain the context of the sources.
Winner: 2012 The American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence in Theology and Religious Studies, PROSE Award. In this thought-provoking new work, the world renowned theologian Gary Dorrien reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology. Presents a radical rethinking of the roots of modern theology Reveals how Kantian and post-Kantian idealism were instrumental in the foundation and development of modern Christian theology Shows how it took Kant's writings on ethics and religion to launch a fully modern departure in religious thought Dissects Kant's three critiques of reason and his moral conception of religion Analyzes alternative arguments offered by Schleiermacher, Schelling, Hegel, and others - moving historically and chronologically through key figures in European philosophy and theology Presents notoriously difficult and intellectual arguments in a lucid and accessible manner
Despite their conceptual allergy to vegetal life, philosophers have used germination, growth, blossoming, fruition, reproduction, and decay as illustrations of abstract concepts; mentioned plants in passing as the natural backdrops for dialogues, letters, and other compositions; spun elaborate allegories out of flowers, trees, and even grass; and recommended appropriate medicinal, dietary, and aesthetic approaches to select species of plants. In this book, Michael Marder illuminates the vegetal centerpieces and hidden kernels that have powered theoretical discourse for centuries. Choosing twelve botanical specimens that correspond to twelve significant philosophers, he recasts the development of philosophy through the evolution of human and plant relations. A philosophical history for the postmetaphysical age, The Philosopher's Plant reclaims the organic heritage of human thought. With the help of vegetal images, examples, and metaphors, the book clears a path through philosophy's tangled roots and dense undergrowth, opening up the discipline to all readers.
This book provides an original account of Emerson's creative debts to the British and European Romantics, including Coleridge and Carlyle, firmly locating them in his New England context. Moreover this book analyses and explains the way that his thought shapes his unique prose style in which idea and word become united in an epistemology of form.
Sprachphilosophie, Logik, Linguistik, Semantik, Hermeneutik, Rhetorik, Ästhetik, Poetik - hinter all diesen Disziplinen verbirgt sich für Tzvetan Todorov eine einheitliche Tradition. Er lädt uns ein, den Spuren dieser Tradition zu folgen, von der Antike bis zur Aufklärung, von der Romantik bis zur Gegenwart. Wegweisend bei diesem Gang durch die Jahrhunderte ist der Begriff des Symbols. Todorov gibt uns einen Überblick über die Deutungen, die der Symbolbegriff bei so verschiedenen Autoren wie Aristoteles, Cicero, Quintilian, Augustin, Condillac, Lessing, Diderot, Goethe, Novalis, Moritz, den Gebrüdern Schlegel, Lévy-Bruhl, Freud, Saussure und Jacobson erfahren hat. Die Dichotomien von Zeichen und Symbol, Klassik und Romantik, Rhetorik und Ästhetik erscheinen aus dieser historischen Perspektive in einem neuen Licht. So ist dieses Buch - in der französischen Originalfassung 1977 bei Edition du Seuil erschienen - nicht in erster Linie als Beitrag zur Symboltheorie zu verstehen, sondern als Dokument einer geistesgeschichtlichen Entwicklung, in der zugleich die Konturen einer Geschichte der Semiotik sichtbar werden. Todorov läßt die behandelten Autoren ausführlich zu Wort kommen. Der Leser erhält dadurch Zugang zu einer Fülle von Dokumenten, von denen einige hier zum erstenmal auf deutsch erscheinen.
In the 1920s, a group of Galician intellectuals known as the Xeracion Nos began, through their literary output and political activities, to articulate and reinterpret Galician cultural identity after several centuries of cultural repression and centralization. This book examines both the nexus of inherited positions of this cultural recovery and its original formulation, through the works of one of the most prominent intellectual of the Xeracion Nos, Ramon Otero Pedrayo.