Nonparametric Methods in Statistics with SAS Applications

Author: Olga Korosteleva

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466580631

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

View: 4768

Designed for a graduate course in applied statistics, Nonparametric Methods in Statistics with SAS Applications teaches students how to apply nonparametric techniques to statistical data. It starts with the tests of hypotheses and moves on to regression modeling, time-to-event analysis, density estimation, and resampling methods. The text begins with classical nonparametric hypotheses testing, including the sign, Wilcoxon sign-rank and rank-sum, Ansari-Bradley, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Friedman rank, Kruskal-Wallis H, Spearman rank correlation coefficient, and Fisher exact tests. It then discusses smoothing techniques (loess and thin-plate splines) for classical nonparametric regression as well as binary logistic and Poisson models. The author also describes time-to-event nonparametric estimation methods, such as the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox proportional hazards model, and presents histogram and kernel density estimation methods. The book concludes with the basics of jackknife and bootstrap interval estimation. Drawing on data sets from the author’s many consulting projects, this classroom-tested book includes various examples from psychology, education, clinical trials, and other areas. It also presents a set of exercises at the end of each chapter. All examples and exercises require the use of SAS 9.3 software. Complete SAS codes for all examples are given in the text. Large data sets for the exercises are available on the author’s website.

Extending the Linear Model with R

Generalized Linear, Mixed Effects and Nonparametric Regression Models, Second Edition

Author: Julian J. Faraway

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498720986

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 1967

Start Analyzing a Wide Range of Problems Since the publication of the bestselling, highly recommended first edition, R has considerably expanded both in popularity and in the number of packages available. Extending the Linear Model with R: Generalized Linear, Mixed Effects and Nonparametric Regression Models, Second Edition takes advantage of the greater functionality now available in R and substantially revises and adds several topics. New to the Second Edition Expanded coverage of binary and binomial responses, including proportion responses, quasibinomial and beta regression, and applied considerations regarding these models New sections on Poisson models with dispersion, zero inflated count models, linear discriminant analysis, and sandwich and robust estimation for generalized linear models (GLMs) Revised chapters on random effects and repeated measures that reflect changes in the lme4 package and show how to perform hypothesis testing for the models using other methods New chapter on the Bayesian analysis of mixed effect models that illustrates the use of STAN and presents the approximation method of INLA Revised chapter on generalized linear mixed models to reflect the much richer choice of fitting software now available Updated coverage of splines and confidence bands in the chapter on nonparametric regression New material on random forests for regression and classification Revamped R code throughout, particularly the many plots using the ggplot2 package Revised and expanded exercises with solutions now included Demonstrates the Interplay of Theory and Practice This textbook continues to cover a range of techniques that grow from the linear regression model. It presents three extensions to the linear framework: GLMs, mixed effect models, and nonparametric regression models. The book explains data analysis using real examples and includes all the R commands necessary to reproduce the analyses.

Stochastic Modeling and Mathematical Statistics

A Text for Statisticians and Quantitative Scientists

Author: Francisco J. Samaniego

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466560479

Category: Mathematics

Page: 622

View: 7440

Provides a Solid Foundation for Statistical Modeling and Inference and Demonstrates Its Breadth of Applicability Stochastic Modeling and Mathematical Statistics: A Text for Statisticians and Quantitative Scientists addresses core issues in post-calculus probability and statistics in a way that is useful for statistics and mathematics majors as well as students in the quantitative sciences. The book’s conversational tone, which provides the mathematical justification behind widely used statistical methods in a reader-friendly manner, and the book’s many examples, tutorials, exercises and problems for solution, together constitute an effective resource that students can read and learn from and instructors can count on as a worthy complement to their lectures. Using classroom-tested approaches that engage students in active learning, the text offers instructors the flexibility to control the mathematical level of their course. It contains the mathematical detail that is expected in a course for "majors" but is written in a way that emphasizes the intuitive content in statistical theory and the way theoretical results are used in practice. More than 1000 exercises and problems at varying levels of difficulty and with a broad range of topical focus give instructors many options in assigning homework and provide students with many problems on which to practice and from which to learn.

Nonparametric Statistics for Health Care Research

Statistics for Small Samples and Unusual Distributions

Author: Marjorie A. Pett

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483324524

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 8989

What do you do when you realize that the data set from the study that you have just completed violates the sample size or other requirements needed to apply parametric statistics? Nonparametric Statistics for Health Care Research by Marjorie A. Pett was developed for such scenarios—research undertaken with limited funds, often using a small sample size, with the primary objective of improving client care and obtaining better client outcomes. Covering the most commonly used nonparametric statistical techniques available in statistical packages and on open-resource statistical websites, this well-organized and accessible Second Edition helps readers, including those beyond the health sciences field, to understand when to use a particular nonparametric statistic, how to generate and interpret the resulting computer printouts, and how to present the results in table and text format.

Practical Statistical Methods

A SAS Programming Approach

Author: Lakshmi Padgett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439812543

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 5163

Practical Statistical Methods: A SAS Programming Approach presents a broad spectrum of statistical methods useful for researchers without an extensive statistical background. In addition to nonparametric methods, it covers methods for discrete and continuous data. Omitting mathematical details and complicated formulae, the text provides SAS programs to carry out the necessary analyses and draw appropriate inferences for common statistical problems. After introducing fundamental statistical concepts, the author describes methods used for quantitative data and continuous data following normal and nonnormal distributions. She then focuses on regression methodology, highlighting simple linear regression, logistic regression, and the proportional hazards model. The final chapter briefly discusses such miscellaneous topics as propensity scores, misclassification errors, interim analysis, conditional power, bootstrap, and jackknife. With SAS code and output integrated throughout, this book shows how to interpret data using SAS and illustrates the many statistical methods available for tackling problems in a range of fields, including the pharmaceutical industry and the social sciences.

Large Sample Methods in Statistics

An Introduction with Applications

Author: Pranab K. Sen,Julio M. Singer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412042218

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 5648

This text bridges the gap between sound theoretcial developments and practical, fruitful methodology by providing solid justification for standard symptotic statistical methods. It contains a unified survey of standard large sample theory and provides access to more complex statistical models that arise in diverse practical applications.

Statistics with Applications in Biology and Geology

Author: Preben Blaesild,Jorgen Granfeldt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482285886

Category: Mathematics

Page: 568

View: 2239

The use of statistics is fundamental to many endeavors in biology and geology. For students and professionals in these fields, there is no better way to build a statistical background than to present the concepts and techniques in a context relevant to their interests. Statistics with Applications in Biology and Geology provides a practical introduction to using fundamental parametric statistical models frequently applied to data analysis in biology and geology. Based on material developed for an introductory statistics course and classroom tested for nearly 10 years, this treatment establishes a firm basis in models, the likelihood method, and numeracy. The models addressed include one sample, two samples, one- and two-way analysis of variance, and linear regression for normal data and similar models for binomial, multinomial, and Poisson data. Building on the familiarity developed with those models, the generalized linear models are introduced, making it possible for readers to handle fairly complicated models for both continuous and discrete data. Models for directional data are treated as well. The emphasis is on parametric models, but the book also includes a chapter on the most important nonparametric tests. This presentation incorporates the use of the SAS statistical software package, which authors use to illustrate all of the statistical tools described. However, to reinforce understanding of the basic concepts, calculations for the simplest models are also worked through by hand. SAS programs and the data used in the examples and exercises are available on the Internet.

Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fifth Edition

Author: Jean Dickinson Gibbons,Subhabrata Chakraborti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439896127

Category: Mathematics

Page: 650

View: 1183

Proven Material for a Course on the Introduction to the Theory and/or on the Applications of Classical Nonparametric Methods Since its first publication in 1971, Nonparametric Statistical Inference has been widely regarded as the source for learning about nonparametric statistics. The fifth edition carries on this tradition while thoroughly revising at least 50 percent of the material. New to the Fifth Edition Updated and revised contents based on recent journal articles in the literature A new section in the chapter on goodness-of-fit tests A new chapter that offers practical guidance on how to choose among the various nonparametric procedures covered Additional problems and examples Improved computer figures This classic, best-selling statistics book continues to cover the most commonly used nonparametric procedures. The authors carefully state the assumptions, develop the theory behind the procedures, and illustrate the techniques using realistic research examples from the social, behavioral, and life sciences. For most procedures, they present the tests of hypotheses, confidence interval estimation, sample size determination, power, and comparisons of other relevant procedures. The text also gives examples of computer applications based on Minitab, SAS, and StatXact and compares these examples with corresponding hand calculations. The appendix includes a collection of tables required for solving the data-oriented problems. Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fifth Edition provides in-depth yet accessible coverage of the theory and methods of nonparametric statistical inference procedures. It takes a practical approach that draws on scores of examples and problems and minimizes the theorem-proof format. Jean Dickinson Gibbons was recently interviewed regarding her generous pledge to Virginia Tech.

Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fourth Edition

Revised and Expanded

Author: Jean Dickinson Gibbons,Subhabrata Chakraborti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203911563

Category: Mathematics

Page: 680

View: 6570

Thoroughly revised and reorganized, the fourth edition presents in-depth coverage of the theory and methods of the most widely used nonparametric procedures in statistical analysis and offers example applications appropriate for all areas of the social, behavioral, and life sciences. The book presents new material on the quantiles, the calculation of exact and simulated power, multiple comparisons, additional goodness-of-fit tests, methods of analysis of count data, and modern computer applications using MINITAB, SAS, and STATXACT. It includes tabular guides for simplified applications of tests and finding P values and confidence interval estimates.

SAS Statistics by Example

Author: Ron Cody, EdD

Publisher: SAS Institute

ISBN: 1612900127

Category: Computers

Page: 274

View: 1024

In SAS Statistics by Example, Ron Cody offers up a cookbook approach for doing statistics with SAS. Structured specifically around the most commonly used statistical tasks or techniques--for example, comparing two means, ANOVA, and regression--this book provides an easy-to-follow, how-to approach to statistical analysis not found in other books. For each statistical task, Cody includes heavily annotated examples using ODS Statistical Graphics procedures such as SGPLOT, SGSCATTER, and SGPANEL that show how SAS can produce the required statistics. Also, you will learn how to test the assumptions for all relevant statistical tests. Major topics featured include descriptive statistics, one- and two-sample tests, ANOVA, correlation, linear and multiple regression, analysis of categorical data, logistic regression, nonparametric techniques, and power and sample size. This is not a book that teaches statistics. Rather, SAS Statistics by Example is perfect for intermediate to advanced statistical programmers who know their statistics and want to use SAS to do their analyses. This book is part of the SAS Press program.

Pharmaceutical Statistics Using SAS

A Practical Guide

Author: Alex Dmitrienko,Christy Chuang-Stein,Ralph B. D'Agostino

Publisher: SAS Institute

ISBN: 1599943573

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 3535

Introduces a range of data analysis problems encountered in drug development and illustrates them using case studies from actual pre-clinical experiments and clinical studies. Includes a discussion of methodological issues, practical advice from subject matter experts, and review of relevant regulatory guidelines.

Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 2

Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods

Author: N. Balakrishnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118595963

Category: Medical

Page: 960

View: 3852

Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials,Volume 2: Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods includesupdates of established literature from the Wiley Encyclopedia ofClinical Trials as well as original material based on the latestdevelopments in clinical trials. Prepared by a leading expert, thesecond volume includes numerous contributions from currentprominent experts in the field of medical research. In addition,the volume features: • Multiple new articles exploring emerging topics, such asevaluation methods with threshold, empirical likelihood methods,nonparametric ROC analysis, over- and under-dispersed models, andmulti-armed bandit problems • Up-to-date research on the Cox proportional hazardmodel, frailty models, trial reports, intrarater reliability,conditional power, and the kappa index • Key qualitative issues including cost-effectivenessanalysis, publication bias, and regulatory issues, which arecrucial to the planning and data management of clinical trials

Nonparametric analysis of longitudinal data in factorial experiments

Author: Edgar Brunner,Sebastian Domhof,Frank Langer

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 2590

The authoritative reference on nonparametric methods for evaluating longitudinal data in factorial designs Broadening the range of techniques that can be used to evaluate longitudinal data, Nonparametric Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Factorial Experiments presents nonparametric methods of evaluation that supplement the generalized linear models approach. Emphasizing the practical application of these methods in statistical procedures, this book provides a unified approach for the analysis of factorial designs involving longitudinal data that is appropriate for metric data, count data, ordered categorical data, and dichotomous data. Topics covered include nonparametric models, effects and hypotheses in experimental design, estimators for relative effects, experiments for one and several groups of subjects, multifactorial experiments, dependent replications, and experiments with numerous time points. The basic mathematical principles for the methods introduced here are described in theory, consistent with the book's minimal math requirements. Simple approximations for small data sets are provided, as well as ample chapter exercises to test skills, an appendix that includes original data for the examples used throughout the book, and downloadable SAS-IML macros for implementing the more extensive calculations. All applications are designed to be useful in many fields. Generously supplemented with more than 110 graphs and tables, Nonparametric Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Factorial Experiments is an essential reference for statisticians and biometricians, researchers in clinical trials, psychological studies, and in the fields of forestry, agriculture, sociology, ecology, and biology, as well as graduate students in statistics and biostatistics.

Nonparametric Statistical Tests

A Computational Approach

Author: Markus Neuhauser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439867046

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 3297

Nonparametric Statistical Tests: A Computational Approach describes classical nonparametric tests, as well as novel and little-known methods such as the Baumgartner-Weiss-Schindler and the Cucconi tests. The book presents SAS and R programs, allowing readers to carry out the different statistical methods, such as permutation and bootstrap tests. The author considers example data sets in each chapter to illustrate methods. Numerous real-life data from various areas, including the bible, and their analyses provide for greatly diversified reading. The book covers: Nonparametric two-sample tests for the location-shift model, specifically the Fisher-Pitman permutation test, the Wilcoxon rank sum test, and the Baumgartner-Weiss-Schindler test Permutation tests, location-scale tests, tests for the nonparametric Behrens-Fisher problem, and tests for a difference in variability Tests for the general alternative, including the (Kolmogorov-)Smirnov test, ordered categorical, and discrete numerical data Well-known one-sample tests such as the sign test and Wilcoxon’s signed rank test, a modification suggested by Pratt (1959), a permutation test with original observations, and a one-sample bootstrap test are presented. Tests for more than two groups, the following tests are described in detail: the Kruskal-Wallis test, the permutation F test, the Jonckheere-Terpstra trend test, tests for umbrella alternatives, and the Friedman and Page tests for multiple dependent groups The concepts of independence and correlation, and stratified tests such as the van Elteren test and combination tests The applicability of computer-intensive methods such as bootstrap and permutation tests for non-standard situations and complex designs Although the major development of nonparametric methods came to a certain end in the 1970s, their importance undoubtedly persists. What is still needed is a computer assisted evaluation of their main properties. This book closes that gap.

Statistical Methods in Food and Consumer Research

Author: Maximo C. Gacula, Jr.,Jagbir Singh,Jian Bi,Stan Altan

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080920337

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 888

View: 7532

Statistical Methods in Food and Consumer Research, Second Edition, continues to be the only book to focus solely on the statistical techniques used in sensory testing of foods, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and other consumer products. This new edition includes the most recent applications of statistical methods, and features significant updates as well as two new chapters. Covering the application of techniques including R-index, the Bayesian approach for sensory differences tests, and preference mapping in addition to several other methodologies, this is the comprehensive reference needed by those studying sensory evaluation and applied statistics in agriculture and biological sciences. Research professionals working with food, beverages, healthcare, cosmetics, and other related areas will find the book a valuable guide to the variety of statistical methods available. Provides comprehensive coverage of statistical techniques in sensory testing Includes data compiled from real-world experiments Covers the latest in data interpretation and analysis Addresses key methods such as R-index, Thursonian Discriminal Distances, group sequential tests, beta-binomial tests, sensory difference and similarity tests, just-about-right data, signal-to-noise ratio, analysis of cosmetic data, Descriptive Analysis, claims substantiation and preference mapping

Statistical Bioinformatics with R

Author: Sunil K. Mathur

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123751058

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 2256

Statistical Bioinformatics provides a balanced treatment of statistical theory in the context of bioinformatics applications. Designed for a one or two semester senior undergraduate or graduate bioinformatics course, the text takes a broad view of the subject – not just gene expression and sequence analysis, but a careful balance of statistical theory in the context of bioinformatics applications. The inclusion of R & SAS code as well as the development of advanced methodology such as Bayesian and Markov models provides students with the important foundation needed to conduct bioinformatics. Integrates biological, statistical and computational concepts Inclusion of R & SAS code Provides coverage of complex statistical methods in context with applications in bioinformatics Exercises and examples aid teaching and learning presented at the right level Bayesian methods and the modern multiple testing principles in one convenient book

Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fifth Edition

Author: Jean Dickinson Gibbons,Subhabrata Chakraborti

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: 9781420077612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 650

View: 6951

Proven Material for a Course on the Introduction to the Theory and/or on the Applications of Classical Nonparametric Methods Since its first publication in 1971, Nonparametric Statistical Inference has been widely regarded as the source for learning about nonparametric statistics. The fifth edition carries on this tradition while thoroughly revising at least 50 percent of the material. New to the Fifth Edition Updated and revised contents based on recent journal articles in the literature A new section in the chapter on goodness-of-fit tests A new chapter that offers practical guidance on how to choose among the various nonparametric procedures covered Additional problems and examples Improved computer figures This classic, best-selling statistics book continues to cover the most commonly used nonparametric procedures. The authors carefully state the assumptions, develop the theory behind the procedures, and illustrate the techniques using realistic research examples from the social, behavioral, and life sciences. For most procedures, they present the tests of hypotheses, confidence interval estimation, sample size determination, power, and comparisons of other relevant procedures. The text also gives examples of computer applications based on Minitab, SAS, and StatXact and compares these examples with corresponding hand calculations. The appendix includes a collection of tables required for solving the data-oriented problems. Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fifth Edition provides in-depth yet accessible coverage of the theory and methods of nonparametric statistical inference procedures. It takes a practical approach that draws on scores of examples and problems and minimizes the theorem-proof format. Jean Dickinson Gibbons was recently interviewed regarding her generous pledge to Virginia Tech.

Mathematical Statistics with Applications in R

Author: Kandethody M. Ramachandran,Chris P. Tsokos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012417132X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 826

View: 1068

Mathematical Statistics with Applications in R, Second Edition, offers a modern calculus-based theoretical introduction to mathematical statistics and applications. The book covers many modern statistical computational and simulation concepts that are not covered in other texts, such as the Jackknife, bootstrap methods, the EM algorithms, and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods such as the Metropolis algorithm, Metropolis-Hastings algorithm and the Gibbs sampler. By combining the discussion on the theory of statistics with a wealth of real-world applications, the book helps students to approach statistical problem solving in a logical manner. This book provides a step-by-step procedure to solve real problems, making the topic more accessible. It includes goodness of fit methods to identify the probability distribution that characterizes the probabilistic behavior or a given set of data. Exercises as well as practical, real-world chapter projects are included, and each chapter has an optional section on using Minitab, SPSS and SAS commands. The text also boasts a wide array of coverage of ANOVA, nonparametric, MCMC, Bayesian and empirical methods; solutions to selected problems; data sets; and an image bank for students. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking a one or two semester mathematical statistics course will find this book extremely useful in their studies. Step-by-step procedure to solve real problems, making the topic more accessible Exercises blend theory and modern applications Practical, real-world chapter projects Provides an optional section in each chapter on using Minitab, SPSS and SAS commands Wide array of coverage of ANOVA, Nonparametric, MCMC, Bayesian and empirical methods

Applied Linear Models with SAS

Author: Daniel Zelterman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489003

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 7381

This textbook for a second course in basic statistics for undergraduates or first-year graduate students introduces linear regression models and describes other linear models including Poisson regression, logistic regression, proportional hazards regression, and nonparametric regression. Numerous examples drawn from the news and current events with an emphasis on health issues illustrate these concepts. Assuming only a pre-calculus background, the author keeps equations to a minimum and demonstrates all computations using SAS. Most of the programs and output are displayed in a self-contained way, with an emphasis on the interpretation of the output in terms of how it relates to the motivating example. Plenty of exercises conclude every chapter. All of the datasets and SAS programs are available from the book's website, along with other ancillary material.

Decision Support Using Nonparametric Statistics

Author: Warren Beatty

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319682644

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 115

View: 665

This concise volume covers nonparametric statistics topics that most are most likely to be seen and used from a practical decision support perspective. While many degree programs require a course in parametric statistics, these methods are often inadequate for real-world decision making in business environments. Much of the data collected today by business executives (for example, customer satisfaction opinions) requires nonparametric statistics for valid analysis, and this book provides the reader with a set of tools that can be used to validly analyze all data, regardless of type. Through numerous examples and exercises, this book explains why nonparametric statistics will lead to better decisions and how they are used to reach a decision, with a wide array of business applications. Online resources include exercise data, spreadsheets, and solutions.