**Author**: Yu Qing Chen,Yeol Je Cho

**Publisher:** Nova Publishers

**ISBN:** 9781594540677

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 180

**View:** 732

This book primarily deals with non-linear operator theory in topological vector spaces and applications. Recently, non-linear functional analysis has become a main field of mathematics, which has played an important role in physics, mechanics and engineering, operations research and economics and many others for the past few decades. The book presents a survey of some main ideas, concepts, methods and applications in non-linear functional analysis.

Polynomial operators are a natural generalization of linear operators. Equations in such operators are the linear space analog of ordinary polynomials in one or several variables over the fields of real or complex numbers. Such equations encompass a broad spectrum of applied problems including all linear equations. Often the polynomial nature of many nonlinear problems goes unrecognized by researchers. This is more likely due to the fact that polynomial operators - unlike polynomials in a single variable - have received little attention. Consequently, this comprehensive presentation is needed, benefiting those working in the field as well as those seeking information about specific results or techniques. Polynomial Operator Equations in Abstract Spaces and Applications - an outgrowth of fifteen years of the author's research work - presents new and traditional results about polynomial equations as well as analyzes current iterative methods for their numerical solution in various general space settings. Topics include: Special cases of nonlinear operator equations Solution of polynomial operator equations of positive integer degree n Results on global existence theorems not related with contractions Galois theory Polynomial integral and polynomial differential equations appearing in radiative transfer, heat transfer, neutron transport, electromechanical networks, elasticity, and other areas Results on the various Chandrasekhar equations Weierstrass theorem Matrix representations Lagrange and Hermite interpolation Bounds of polynomial equations in Banach space, Banach algebra, and Hilbert space The materials discussed can be used for the following studies Advanced numerical analysis Numerical functional analysis Functional analysis Approximation theory Integral and differential equations Tables include Numerical solutions for Chandrasekhar's equation I to VI Error bounds comparison Accelerations schemes I and II for Newton's method Newton's method Secant method The self-contained text thoroughly details results, adds exercises for each chapter, and includes several applications for the solution of integral and differential equations throughout every chapter.

This work is based upon a Special Session on the Theory and Applications of Nonlinear Operators of Accretive and Monotone Type held during the recent meeting of the American Mathematical Society in San Francisco. It examines current developments in non-linear analysis, emphasizing accretive and monotone operator theory. The book presents a major survey/research article on partial functional differential equations with delay and an important survey/research article on approximation solvability.

This volume contains a collection of recent original research papers in operator theory in Krein spaces, on generalized Nevanlinna functions, which are closely connected with this theory, and on nonlinear eigenvalue problems. Key topics include: spectral theory for normal operators; perturbation theory for self-adjoint operators in Krein spaces; and, models for generalized Nevanlinna functions.

The purpose of this book is to give a comprehensive introduction to the study of non-linear operator theory in probabilistic metric spaces. This book is introduced as a survey of the latest and new results on the following topics: Basic theory of probabilistic metric spaces; Fixed point theorems for single-valued and multi-valued mappings in probabilistic metric spaces; Ekeland's variational principle and Caristi's fixed point theorem in probabilistic metric spaces; Coincidence point theorems, minimisation and fixed degree theorems in probabilistic metric spaces; Probabilistic contractors, accretive mappings and topological degree in probabilistic normed spaces; Nonlinear semigroups and differential equations in probabilistic metric spaces; KKM theorems, minimax theorems and variational inequalities.

Many problems in partial differential equations which arise from physical models can be considered as ordinary differential equations in appropriate infinite dimensional spaces, for which elegant theories and powerful techniques have recently been developed. This book gives a detailed account of the current state of the theory of nonlinear differential equations in a Banach space, and discusses existence theory for differential equations with continuous and discontinuous right-hand sides. Of special importance is the first systematic presentation of the very important and complex theory of multivalued discontinuous differential equations

This book presents results on the geometric/topological structure of the solution set S of an initial-value problem x(t) = f(t, x(t)), x(0) =xo, when f is a continuous function with values in an infinite-dimensional space. A comprehensive survey of existence results and the properties of S, e.g. when S is a connected set, a retract, an acyclic set, is presented. The authors also survey results onthe properties of S for initial-value problems involving differential inclusions, and for boundary-value problems. This book will be of particular interest to researchers in ordinary and partial differential equations and some workers in control theory.

This reference - based on the Conference on Differential Equations, held in Bologna - provides information on current research in parabolic and hyperbolic differential equations. Presenting methods and results in semigroup theory and their applications to evolution equations, this book focuses on topics including: abstract parabolic and hyperbolic linear differential equations; nonlinear abstract parabolic equations; holomorphic semigroups; and Volterra operator integral equations.;With contributions from international experts, Differential Equations in Banach Spaces is intended for research mathematicians in functional analysis, partial differential equations, operator theory and control theory; and students in these disciplines.

This volume contains a selection of papers presented at an international conference on operator theory and its applications held in Winnipeg. The papers chosen for this volume are intended to illustrate that operator theory is the language of modern analysis and its applications. Together with the papers on the abstract operator theory are many papers on the theory of differential operators, boundary value problems, inverse scattering and other inverse problems, and on applications to biology, chemistry, wave propagation, and many other areas. The volume is dedicated to the late A. V. Strauss, whose principal areas of research were spectral theory of linear operators in Hilbert spaces, extension theory for symmetric linear operators, theory of the characteristic functions and functional models of linear operators, and boundary value problems with boundary conditions depending on spectral parameter. The bibliography of publications by A. V. Strauss combined with the papers from the conference provide both historical perspective and contemporary research on the field of operator theory and its applications.

Many problems arising in the physical sciences, engineering, biology and ap plied mathematics lead to mathematical models described by nonlinear integral equations in abstract spaces. The theory of nonlinear integral equations in ab stract spaces is a fast growing field with important applications to a number of areas of analysis as well as other branches of science. This book is devoted to a comprehensive treatment of nonlinear integral equations in abstract spaces. It is the first book that is dedicated to a systematic development of this subject, and it includes the developments during recent years. Chapter 1 introduces some basic results in analysis, which will be used in later chapters. Chapter 2, which is a main portion of this book, deals with nonlin ear integral equations in Banach spaces, including equations of Fredholm type, of Volterra type and equations of Hammerstein type. Some applica equations tions to nonlinear differential equations in Banach spaces are given. We also discuss an integral equation modelling infectious disease as a typical applica tion. In Chapter 3, we investigate the first order and second order nonlinear integro-differential equations in Banach spaces including equations of Volterra type and equations of mixed type. Chapter 4 is devoted to nonlinear impulsive integral equations in Banach spaces and their applications to nonlinear impul sive differential equations in Banach spaces.

This volume brings readers up to date on different aspects of operator theory and its applications, including mathematical physics, hydrodynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, quantum mechanics, astrophysics as well as the theory of networks and systems. Of practical use to a wide readership in pure and applied mathematics, physics and engineering sciences.

Many problems in partial differential equations which arise from physical models can be considered as ordinary differential equations in appropriate infinite dimensional spaces, for which elegant theories and powerful techniques have recently been developed. This book gives a detailed account of the current state of the theory of nonlinear differential equations in a Banach space, and discusses existence theory for differential equations with continuous and discontinuous right-hand sides. Of special importance is the first systematic presentation of the very important and complex theory of multivalued discontinuous differential equations.

Extremality results proved in this Monograph for an abstract operator equation provide the theoretical framework for developing new methods that allow the treatment of a variety of discontinuous initial and boundary value problems for both ordinary and partial differential equations, in explicit and implicit forms. By means of these extremality results, the authors prove the existence of extremal solutions between appropriate upper and lower solutions of first and second order discontinuous implicit and explicit ordinary and functional differential equations. They then study the dependence of these extremal solutions on the data. The authors begin by developing an existence theory for an abstract operator equation in ordered spaces and offer new tools for dealing with different kinds of discontinuous implicit and explicit differential equation problems. They present a unified approach to the existence of extremal solutions of quasilinear elliptic and parabolic problems and extend the upper and lower solution method to elliptic and parabolic inclusion of hemivariation type using variational and nonvariational methods. Nonlinear Differential Equations in Ordered Spaces includes research that appears for the first time in book form and is designed as a source book for pure and applied mathematicians. Its self-contained presentation along with numerous worked examples and complete, detailed proofs also make it accessible to researchers in engineering as well as advanced students in these fields.

A self-contained account of integro-differential equations of the Barbashin type and partial integral operators. It presents the basic theory of Barbashin equations in spaces of continuous or measurable functions, including existence, uniqueness, stability and perturbation results. The theory and applications of partial integral operators and linear and nonlinear equations is discussed. Topics range from abstract functional-analytic approaches to specific uses in continuum mechanics and engineering.

These Proceedings comprise the bulk of the papers presented at the Inter national Conference on Semigroups of Opemtors: Theory and Contro~ held 14-18 December 1998, Newport Beach, California, U.S.A. The intent of the Conference was to highlight recent advances in the the ory of Semigroups of Operators which provides the abstract framework for the time-domain solutions of time-invariant boundary-value/initial-value problems of partial differential equations. There is of course a firewall between the ab stract theory and the applications and one of the Conference aims was to bring together both in the hope that it may be of value to both communities. In these days when all scientific activity is judged by its value on "dot com" it is not surprising that mathematical analysis that holds no promise of an immediate commercial product-line, or even a software tool-box, is not high in research priority. We are particularly pleased therefore that the National Science Foundation provided generous financial support without which this Conference would have been impossible to organize. Our special thanks to Dr. Kishan Baheti, Program Manager.

This Research Note addresses several pivotal problems in spectral theory and nonlinear functional analysis in connection with the analysis of the structure of the set of zeroes of a general class of nonlinear operators. It features the construction of an optimal algebraic/analytic invariant for calculating the Leray-Schauder degree, new methods for solving nonlinear equations in Banach spaces, and general properties of components of solutions sets presented with minimal use of topological tools. The author also gives several applications of the abstract theory to reaction diffusion equations and systems. The results presented cover a thirty-year period and include recent, unpublished findings of the author and his coworkers. Appealing to a broad audience, Spectral Theory and Nonlinear Functional Analysis contains many important contributions to linear algebra, linear and nonlinear functional analysis, and topology and opens the door for further advances.