*III: Variational Methods and Optimization*

**Author**: E. Zeidler

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 146125020X

**Category:** Science

**Page:** 662

**View:** 4615

As long as a branch of knowledge offers an abundance of problems, it is full of vitality. David Hilbert Over the last 15 years I have given lectures on a variety of problems in nonlinear functional analysis and its applications. In doing this, I have recommended to my students a number of excellent monographs devoted to specialized topics, but there was no complete survey-type exposition of nonlinear functional analysis making available a quick survey to the wide range of readers including mathematicians, natural scientists, and engineers who have only an elementary knowledge of linear functional analysis. I have tried to close this gap with my five-part lecture notes, the first three parts of which have been published in the Teubner-Texte series by Teubner-Verlag, Leipzig, 1976, 1977, and 1978. The present English edition was translated from a completely rewritten manuscript which is significantly longer than the original version in the Teubner-Texte series. The material is organized in the following way: Part I: Fixed Point Theorems. Part II: Monotone Operators. Part III: Variational Methods and Optimization. Parts IV jV: Applications to Mathematical Physics. The exposition is guided by the following considerations: (a) What are the supporting basic ideas and what intrinsic interrelations exist between them? (/3) In what relation do the basic ideas stand to the known propositions of classical analysis and linear functional analysis? ( y) What typical applications are there? Vll Preface viii Special emphasis is placed on motivation.

A NATO Advanced Study Institute on Nonlinear Functional Analysis and Its Applications was held in Hotel Villa del Mare, Maratea, It.a1y during April 22 - May 3, 1985. This volume consists of the Proceedings of the Institute. These Proceedings include the invited lectures and contributed papers given during the Institute. The papers have been refereed. The aim of these lectures was to bring together recent and up-to-date development of the subject, and to give directions for future research. The main topics covered include: degree and generalized degree theory, results related to Hamiltonian Systems, Fixed Point theory, linear and nonlinear Differential and Partial Differential Equations, Theory of Nielsen Numbers, and applications to Dynamical Systems, Bifurcation Theory, Hamiltonian Systems, Minimax Theory, Heat Equations, Pendulum Equation, Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems, and Dirichlet and Neumann problems for elliptic equations and the periodic Dirichlet problem for semilinear beam equations. I express my sincere thanks to Professors F. E. Browder, R. Conti, A. Do1d, D. E. Edmunds and J. Mawhin members of the Advisory Committee.

*Proceedings of the Summer Research Institute : the Result of the Thirty-first Summer Research Institute of the American Mathematical Society; Berkeley - Calif., July 11-29, 1983*

**Author**: Felix E. Browder

**Publisher:** American Mathematical Soc.

**ISBN:** 0821814710

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 540

**View:** 2841

Nonlinear Functional Analysis and Applications provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of nonlinear functional analysis and its application. This book provides an introduction to the basic concepts and techniques of this field. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the possibilities for applying ideas from functional analysis to problems in analysis. This text then provides a systematic exposition of several aspects of differential calculus in norms and topological linear spaces. Other chapters consider the various settings in nonlinear functional analysis in which differentials play a significant role. This book discusses as well the generalized inverse for a bounded linear operator, whose range is not necessarily closed. The final chapter deals with the equations of hydrodynamics, which are usually highly nonlinear and difficult to solve. This book is a valuable resource for mathematicians. Readers who are interested in nonlinear functional analysis will also find this book useful.

Since its first appearance as a set of lecture notes published by the Courant Institute in 1974, this book served as an introduction to various subjects in nonlinear functional analysis. The current edition is a reprint of these notes, with added bibliographic references. Topological and analytic methods are developed for treating nonlinear ordinary and partial differential equations. The first two chapters of the book introduce the notion of topological degree and develop its basic properties. These properties are used in later chapters in the discussion of bifurcation theory (the possible branching of solutions as parameters vary), including the proof of Rabinowitz's global bifurcation theorem. Stability of the branches is also studied.The book concludes with a presentation of some generalized implicit function theorems of Nash-Moser type with applications to Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theory and to conjugacy problems. After more than 20 years, this book continues to be an excellent graduate level textbook and a useful supplementary course text.

As long as a branch of knowledge offers an abundance of problems, it is full of vitality. David Hilbert Over the last 15 years I have given lectures on a variety of problems in nonlinear functional analysis and its applications. In doing this, I have recommended to my students a number of excellent monographs devoted to specialized topics, but there was no complete survey-type exposition of nonlinear functional analysis making available a quick survey to the wide range of readers including mathematicians, natural scientists, and engineers who have only an elementary knowledge of linear functional analysis. I have tried to close this gap with my five-part lecture notes, the first three parts of which have been published in the Teubner-Texte series by Teubner-Verlag, Leipzig, 1976, 1977, and 1978. The present English edition was translated from a completely rewritten manuscript which is significantly longer than the original version in the Teubner-Texte series. The material is organized in the following way: Part I: Fixed Point Theorems. Part II: Monotone Operators. Part III: Variational Methods and Optimization. Parts IV jV: Applications to Mathematical Physics. The exposition is guided by the following considerations: (a) What are the supporting basic ideas and what intrinsic interrelations exist between them? (/3) In what relation do the basic ideas stand to the known propositions of classical analysis and linear functional analysis? ( y) What typical applications are there? Vll Preface viii Special emphasis is placed on motivation.

This is the second of a five-volume exposition of the main principles of nonlinear functional analysis and its applications to the natural sciences, economics, and numerical analysis. The presentation is self -contained and accessible to the nonspecialist. Part II concerns the theory of monotone operators. It is divided into two subvolumes, II/A and II/B, which form a unit. The present Part II/A is devoted to linear monotone operators. It serves as an elementary introduction to the modern functional analytic treatment of variational problems, integral equations, and partial differential equations of elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic type. This book also represents an introduction to numerical functional analysis with applications to the Ritz method along with the method of finite elements, the Galerkin methods, and the difference method. Many exercises complement the text. The theory of monotone operators is closely related to Hilbert's rigorous justification of the Dirichlet principle, and to the 19th and 20th problems of Hilbert which he formulated in his famous Paris lecture in 1900, and which strongly influenced the development of analysis in the twentieth century.

As long as a branch of knowledge offers an abundance of problems, it is full of vitality. David Hilbert Over the last 15 years I have given lectures on a variety of problems in nonlinear functional analysis and its applications. In doing this, I have recommended to my students a number of excellent monographs devoted to specialized topics, but there was no complete survey-type exposition of nonlinear functional analysis making available a quick survey to the wide range of readers including mathematicians, natural scientists, and engineers who have only an elementary knowledge of linear functional analysis. I have tried to close this gap with my five-part lecture notes, the first three parts of which have been published in the Teubner-Texte series by Teubner-Verlag, Leipzig, 1976, 1977, and 1978. The present English edition was translated from a completely rewritten manuscript which is significantly longer than the original version in the Teubner-Texte series. The material is organized in the following way: Part I: Fixed Point Theorems. Part II: Monotone Operators. Part III: Variational Methods and Optimization. Parts IV jV: Applications to Mathematical Physics. The exposition is guided by the following considerations: (a) What are the supporting basic ideas and what intrinsic interrelations exist between them? (/3) In what relation do the basic ideas stand to the known propositions of classical analysis and linear functional analysis? ( y) What typical applications are there? Vll Preface viii Special emphasis is placed on motivation.

Die mathematische Theorie der optimalen Steuerung hat sich im Zusammenhang mit Berechnungen für die Luft- und Raumfahrt schnell zu einem wichtigen und eigenständigen Gebiet der angewandten Mathematik entwickelt. Die optimale Steuerung durch partielle Differentialgleichungen modellierter Prozesse wird eine numerische Herausforderung der Zukunft sein. Sie erfordert die Analysis nichtlinearer partieller Differentialgleichungen, Optimierung im Funktionenraum, nichtlineare Funktionalanalysis sowie Optimierungsverfahren für extrem große Aufgaben. Im Buch werden entsprechende Grundlagen mit langsam steigendem Schwierigkeitsgrad entwickelt. Grundkenntnisse zu partiellen Differentialgleichungen und der Funktionalanalysis werden jeweils dort gebracht, wo sie konkret nötig sind. Das Buch enthält viele Beispiele und eignet sich als Grundlage für Vorlesungen und Seminare.

Die lineare Funktionalanalysis ist ein Teilgebiet der Mathematik, das Algebra mit Topologie und Analysis verbindet. Das Buch führt in das Fachgebiet ein, dabei bezieht es sich auf Anwendungen in Mathematik und Physik. Neben den vollständigen Beweisen aller mathematischen Sätze enthält der Band zahlreiche Aufgaben, meist mit Lösungen. Für die Neuauflage wurden die Inhalte komplett überarbeitet. Das Standardwerk auf dem Gebiet der Funktionalanalysis richtet sich insbesondere an Leser mit Interesse an Anwendungen auf Differentialgleichungen.

History of Functional Analysis presents functional analysis as a rather complex blend of algebra and topology, with its evolution influenced by the development of these two branches of mathematics. The book adopts a narrower definition—one that is assumed to satisfy various algebraic and topological conditions. A moment of reflections shows that this already covers a large part of modern analysis, in particular, the theory of partial differential equations. This volume comprises nine chapters, the first of which focuses on linear differential equations and the Sturm-Liouville problem. The succeeding chapters go on to discuss the ""crypto-integral"" equations, including the Dirichlet principle and the Beer-Neumann method; the equation of vibrating membranes, including the contributions of Poincare and H.A. Schwarz's 1885 paper; and the idea of infinite dimension. Other chapters cover the crucial years and the definition of Hilbert space, including Fredholm's discovery and the contributions of Hilbert; duality and the definition of normed spaces, including the Hahn-Banach theorem and the method of the gliding hump and Baire category; spectral theory after 1900, including the theories and works of F. Riesz, Hilbert, von Neumann, Weyl, and Carleman; locally convex spaces and the theory of distributions; and applications of functional analysis to differential and partial differential equations. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of mathematics and statistics.

Nonlinearity and Functional Analysis is a collection of lectures that aim to present a systematic description of fundamental nonlinear results and their applicability to a variety of concrete problems taken from various fields of mathematical analysis. For decades, great mathematical interest has focused on problems associated with linear operators and the extension of the well-known results of linear algebra to an infinite-dimensional context. This interest has been crowned with deep insights, and the substantial theory that has been developed has had a profound influence throughout the mathematical sciences. This volume comprises six chapters and begins by presenting some background material, such as differential-geometric sources, sources in mathematical physics, and sources from the calculus of variations, before delving into the subject of nonlinear operators. The following chapters then discuss local analysis of a single mapping and parameter dependent perturbation phenomena before going into analysis in the large. The final chapters conclude the collection with a discussion of global theories for general nonlinear operators and critical point theory for gradient mappings. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of mathematics and physics, and to those with interest in conventional linear functional analysis and ordinary and partial differential equations.

of the galley proof, correcting errors and improving the presentation. To all of them, the author expresses his warmest gratitude. Thanks are also due to Professor F. K. SCHMIDT of Heidelberg Uni Yersity and to Professor T. KATO of the University of California at Berkeley who constantly encouraged the author to write up the present book. Finally, the author wishes to express his appreciation to Springer Verlag for their most efficient handling of the publication of this book. Tokyo, September 1964 I{oSAKu YOSIDA Preface to the Second Edition In the preparation of this edition, the author is indebted to Mr. FLORET of Heidelberg who kindly did the task of enlarging the Index to make the book more useful. The errors in the second printing are cor rected thanks to the remarks of many friends. In order to make the book more up-to-date, Section 4 of Chapter XIV has been rewritten entirely for this new edition. Tokyo, September 1967 KOSAKU YOSIDA Preface to the Third Edition A new Section (9. Abstract Potential Operators and Semi-groups) pertaining to G. HUNT'S theory of potentials is inserted in Chapter XIII of this edition. The errors in the second edition are corrected thanks to kind remarks of many friends, especially of Mr. KLAUS-DIETER BIER STEDT.