New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring

Author: Guido Persoone,Colin Janssen,Wim De Coen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306464065

Category: Medical

Page: 550

View: 7922

These papers are from the International Symposium on New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring - Development - Applications - Cost-effectiveness which was organized in June 1998 in Brno, Czech Republic. It comprises 60 original and peer-reviewed papers selected from over 100 oral and poster presentations given during this meeting by scientists from many countries worldwide. It features: overview of microscale bioassays with special emphasis on their application in various domains of environmental contamination; reviews on toxicity testing with microbiotests in a regulatory framework; description and application of microbiotests with lethal and sublethal test criteria, and of their sensitivity in comparison with conventional bioassays; reports on investigations with small-scale toxicity tests on natural waters, wastes, contaminated air, soils and sediments, specific chemicals and biotoxins; application of new microbiotests for mutagenicity and genotoxicity screening; and critical evaluation of the potential of specific microbiotests as alternatives to conventional toxicity tests.

Rapid Detection Assays for Food and Water

Author: Stuart A. Clark,K. Clive Thompson,Mark S. Smith,C. William Keevil,M. ... Smith

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854047796

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 435

Rapid Diagnostics Assays for Water and Food presents novel techniques used to detect harmful chemicals and microbial pathogens in foods and waters. The areas coverd include water microbiology, water chemistry, food microbology and food chemistry, which have both common and unique difficulties have to be overcome. The techniques employed range from highly efficient concentration and sample preparation methods, through cell culture to end detection. The detection methods covered include microscopy, biosensors, immunoassay, calorimeters, and molecular detection/identification.

Waste Treatment in the Process Industries

Author: Lawrence K. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Howard H. Lo,Constantine Yapijakis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420037153

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 6436

Increasing demand on industrial capacity has, as an unintended consequence, produced an accompanying increase in harmful and hazardous wastes. Derived from the second edition of the popular Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment, Waste Treatment in the Process Industries outlines the fundamentals and latest developments in waste treatment in various process industries, such as pharmaceuticals, textiles, petroleum, soap, detergent, phosphate, paper, pulp, pesticides, rubber, and power. Comprehensive in scope, it provides information that is directly applicable to daily waste management problems throughout the industry. The book contains in-depth discussions of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends for the process industry. It includes extensive bibliographies for each type of industrial process waste treatment or practice, invaluable information to anyone who needs to trace, follow, duplicate, or improve on a specific process waste treatment practice. A quick scan of the chapters and contributors reveals the depth and breadth of the book's coverage. It provides technical and economical information on how to develop the most feasible total environmental control program that can benefit both process industry and local municipalities.

Small-scale Freshwater Toxicity Investigations

Volume 1 - Toxicity Test Methods

Author: Christian Blaise,Jean-François Férard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402031199

Category: Nature

Page: 551

View: 989

Providing information on biological testing, this volume contains 15 chapters on toxicity tests. It is suitable for technology transfer purposes, and to undertake practical toxicity testing.

Biodegradation and Persistence

Author: B. Beek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540680969

Category: Science

Page: 327

View: 5357

Biodegradation is a key phenomen among environmental processes. Low degradation rates lead to the persistence of chemicals in the environment and, as a consequence, to delayed or long-term effects, which may be even unknown by now. In this volume the editor has pulled together the newest results of research in biodegradation and persistence of potential environmentally harmful substances and the complex process involved. The main focus is on the microbial degradation, the evolution and predictability of the respective pathways and their impact on bioremediation. Additional chapters deal with sewage treatment plants, the impact of toxicants on impaired biodegradation, and with the need of a more realistic view on fate and behaviour of chemicals in the environment.

Environmental Challenges

Author: Shimson Belkin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401143692

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 3213

In the summer of 1999, an international group of experts convened in Jerusalem, Israel, in order to define the major environmental challenges facing humanity at the dawn of the new millennium and - where possible - propose ways of addressing them. Almost 50 selected articles are collected in the present book, which constitutes a striking interdisciplinary combination of state-of-the-art science with the latest views on environmental law, education, and international cooperation. Whilst a major fraction of the book is devoted to water-related issues (water quality monitoring, water and wastewater treatment, water-based international cooperation, and more), other sections deal with timely topics relating to air pollution, biodiversity, conservation, and education. The book is intended for environmental scientists, professionals, and students of all disciplines.

Environmental Engineering

Proceedings of the 2nd National Congress on Environmental Engineering, 4-8 September 2005

Author: Lucjan Pawlowski,Marzenna R. Dudzinska,Artur Pawlowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415408189

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 3126

Environmental engineering protects the conditions of a safe environment, its role being crucial in eliminating ecological threats. It has an interdisciplinary character, utilising principles from biology, chemistry, biochemistry and physics to neutralize pollutants in all facets of the environment. Environmental engineering deals with a wide range of technical and technological problems, including the design and maintenance of water supply, sewage disposal, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings. This proceedings aims to assess the state of scientific research in various areas of environmental engineering; to evaluate organizational, technical and technological progress in contributing to ecological security; and to determine the place of environmental engineering in sustainable development, taking into account current political and economic conditions. Environmental Engineering is an invaluable source of information and ideas for the international environment engineering scientific community.

ATLA

Alternatives to Laboratory Animals

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biological models

Page: N.A

View: 4579

Annales

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6835

Management of Intentional and Accidental Water Pollution

Author: Gyula Dura,Veska Kambourova,Fina Simeonova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 355

View: 7444

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Management of Intentional and Accidental Water Pollution, Sofia, Bulgaria, 8-12 May 2005

Waste Management Problems in Agro-industries, 1998

Selected Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Waste Management Problems in Agro-Industries, Held in Istanbul, Turkey, 23-25 September, 1998

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural industries

Page: 391

View: 428

Biodegradation and persistence

Author: Bernd Beek

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540625766

Category: Nature

Page: 327

View: 9743

Biodegradation is a key phenomen among environmental processes. Low degradation rates lead to the persistence of chemicals in the environment and, as a consequence, to delayed or long-term effects, which may be even unknown by now. In this volume the editor has pulled together the newest results of research in biodegradation and persistence of potential environmentally harmful substances and the complex process involved. The main focus is on the microbial degradation, the evolution and predictability of the respective pathways and their impact on bioremediation. Additional chapters deal with sewage treatment plants, the impact of toxicants on impaired biodegradation, and with the need of a more realistic view on fate and behaviour of chemicals in the environment.

The Journal

Water and Environment Journal

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Water-supply

Page: N.A

View: 5494

Contaminated soil 2000

proceedings of the Seventh International FZK/TNO Conference on Contaminated Soil, 18-22 September 2000, Leipzig, Germany

Author: Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe,Nederlandse Centrale Organisatie voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek,Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig-Halle

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727729545

Category: Science

Page: 1494

View: 8053

- Policies, strategies and legislation - Planning and decision making - Site investigations and characterization - Behaviour and fate of contaminants - Risk management and communication - Remediation strategies and technologies - Contaminated sites in urban and regional development - Soil and groundwater protection

Les éléments traces métalliques dans les sols

Approches fonctionnelles et spatiales

Author: Denis Baize,Martine Tercé

Publisher: Editions Quae

ISBN: 9782738009937

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 565

View: 1131

Ce livre expose des travaux scientifiques récents, applications au plan local de méthodes d'intérêt général : possibilités, limites des techniques modernes et précautions à prendre ; études de cas dans lesquels les raisonnements de la pédologie et les caractéristiques des sols permettent l'interprétation des teneurs en éléments traces. En quatre parties - écosystèmes peu anthropisés, sols agricoles modérément contaminés par des pratiques courantes, sols fortement contaminés par des activités industrielles et méthodes de réhabilitation, étude de la mobilité des éléments traces dans les sols et de leur biodisponibilité - un ouvrage destiné à un large public d'ingénieurs de disciplines diverses.