New Developments in Archaeology Research

Author: Martin Adalslteinn

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781628082036

Category: Political Science

Page: 83

View: 7110

In this book, the authors present new developments in archaeology research. Topics include the adequacy of small-scale samplings from ancient pottery for instrumental analysis; the problem of phosphorous pollution in ceramic archaeological materials buried in the ground and polluted Neolithic pottery; and the huge potential in applying archaeological stratigraphic excavation to all kinds of objects, such as paintings, sculptures and even archaeological artifacts themselves.

The Cultural Dynamics of Shell-Matrix Sites

Author: Mirjana Roksandic,Sheila Mendonça de Souza,Sabine Eggers,Meghan Burchell,Daniela Klokler

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826354572

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 8140

The excavation of shell middens and mounds is an important source of information regarding past human diet, settlement, technology, and paleoenvironments. The contributors to this book introduce new ways to study shell-matrix sites, ranging from the geochemical analysis of shellfish to the interpretation of human remains buried within. Drawing upon examples from around the world, this is one of the only books to offer a global perspective on the archaeology of shell-matrix sites. “A substantial contribution to the literature on the subject and . . . essential reading for archaeologists and others who work on this type of site.”—Barbara Voorhies, University of California, Santa Barbara, author of Coastal Collectors in the Holocene: The Chantuto People of Southwest Mexico

Anthropology and Climate Change

From Encounters to Actions

Author: Susan A Crate,Mark Nuttall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315434768

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 9438

The first book to comprehensively assess anthropology’s engagement with climate change, this pioneering volume both maps out exciting trajectories for research and issues a call to action. Chapters in part one are systematic research reviews, covering the relationship between culture and climate from prehistoric times to the present; changing anthropological discourse on climate and environment; the diversity of environmental and sociocultural changes currently occurring around the globe; and the unique methodological and epistemological tools anthropologists bring to bear on climate research. Part two includes a series of case studies that highlights leading-edge research—including some unexpected and provocative findings. Part three challenges scholars to be proactive on the front lines of climate change, providing instruction on how to work in with research communities, with innovative forms of communication, in higher education, in policy environments, as individuals, and in other critical arenas. Linking sophisticated knowledge to effective actions, Anthropology and Climate Change is essential for students and scholars in anthropology and environmental studies.

Nature Across Cultures

Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701490

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 1924

Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.

Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology

Author: Clifford Wilcox

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739117774

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 235

View: 4081

Relying upon close readings of virtually all of his published and unpublished writings as well as extensive interviews with former colleagues and students, Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology traces the development of Robert Redfield's ideas regarding social change and the role of social science in American society. Reconsideration of these debates will enrich contemporary thinking regarding the history of American anthropology and international development.

Anthropology Explored, Second Edition

The Best of Smithsonian AnthroNotes

Author: Ruth Selig,Marilyn R. London,P. Ann Kaupp

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588343383

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 1951

This new edition offers a variety of clearly written and readily accessible articles from the Smithsonian’s highly acclaimed, award-winning publication AnthroNotes. Some of the world's leading anthropologists explore fundamental questions humans ask about themselves as individuals, as societies, and as a species. The articles reveal the richness and breadth of anthropology, covering not only the fundamental subjects but also the changing perspectives of anthropologists over the 150-year history of their field. Illustrated with original cartoons by anthropoligst Robert L. Humphrey, Anthropology Explored opens up to lay readers, teachers, and students a discipline as varied and fascinating as the cultures it observes.

Archaeological Hammers and Theories

Author: James A. Moore,Arthur S. Keene

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483277631

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 2919

Studies in Archaeology: Archaeological Hammers and Theories provides information pertinent to the archeological method, with emphasis on the interaction of data and technique with theory and problems. This book describes the nature of archeological data, the range of archeological theories, and the scope of archeological problems. Organized into three parts encompassing 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the products of the archeological record. This text then examines survey sampling, site formation studies, and lithic and ceramic analysis. Other chapters consider the behavioral concepts that are implicit in the notions of special behavior, optimization, decision making, and population dynamics. This book discusses as well the analysis of pottery, which plays a leading part in the reconstruction of culture histories in archeology. The final chapter suggests an alternative set of philosophical issues that might serve to focus a philosophy or archeology. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists.

From Acorns to Warehouses

Historical Political Economy of Southern California's Inland Empire

Author: Thomas C Patterson

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1629580414

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7830

Thomas C. Patterson’s large-scale history of the Inland Empire of Southern California traces the social, political and economic changes in this region from the first Native American settlement 12,000 years ago to the present. Framing his discussion of this region in the general growth trajectory of California’s socio-economic history, he is able to connect landscape, resources, wealth, labor, and inequality using a Marxian framework for many key periods of the region’s history. In moving between large scale historical changes, regional adaptations and resistance to those changes, and a framework that places those responses in theoretical context, Patterson’s work allows the reader to see how inland Southern California developed into the warehouse empire of the 21st century and its prospects for the future.

Global Orders and Civilizations

Perspectives from History, Philosophy and International Relations

Author: Sadik Ünay,Muzaffer Şenel

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781606923757

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 367

View: 9073

The explosion of new themes and working areas in social sciences in the aftermath of the Cold-War stimulated the 'cultural turn' of the previous decades and strengthened the position of the notion of 'civilisation' as a unit of analysis and locus of academic debate in the fields of history, philosophy, sociology, political science, and international relations. Given the fabricated and standardised nature of recent literature on political, economic and socio-cultural aspects of globalisation, it is crystal clear that historically and philosophically enlightened works written from the perspective of civilisational transformation will provide the much needed sophistication to conventional social science analyses trying to elucidate the organising principles of the global order. This novel collection represents a path-breaking work in the field of global/civilisational studies by constituting an interdisciplinary and theoretically-informed platform on which complex debates on the political, economic, socio-cultural, philosophical and ecological aspects of the global order could be conducted. The editors, Sadýk Ünay and Muzaffer þenel, managed to gather a truly original collection of articles from some of the leading authorities and promising academics on the theme of global orders with special reference to a civilisation transformation covering a wide spectrum in time and space from Antique Greece to the Islamic World, from Europe to the US and from East Asian history to current globalisations. Contributions rooted in the disciplines of history, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, political science and global political economy are craftsmanly combined to give the reader a holistic vision towards the possibility of multiple civilisational experiments and global orders. This book which boldly endeavours to transcend narrow boundaries of conventional academic approaches and Western-centric prejudices in various branches of social sciences will be a must-read for students of globalisation, cultural studies and macro-history.

UC Santa Cruz

Author: University of California, Santa Cruz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1988

Community-based Heritage in Africa

Unveiling Local Research and Development Initiatives

Author: Peter R. Schmidt

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351980920

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 7156

This volume provides a powerful alternative to the Western paradigms that have governed archaeological inquiry and heritage studies in Africa. Community-based Heritage Research in Africa boldly shifts focus away from top-down community engagements, usually instigated by elite academic and heritage institutions, to examine locally initiated projects. Schmidt explores how and why local research initiatives, which are often motivated by rapid culture change caused by globalization, arose among the Haya people of western Tanzania. In particular, the trauma of HIV/AIDS resulted in the loss of elders who had performed oral traditions and rituals at sacred places, the two most recognized forms of heritage among the Haya as well as distinct alternatives to the authorized heritage discourse favored around the globe. Examining three local initiatives, Schmidt draws on his experience as an anthropologist invited to collaborate and co-produce with the Haya to provide a poignant rendering of the successes, conflicts, and failures that punctuated their participatory community research efforts. This frank appraisal privileges local voices and focuses attention on the unique and important contributions that such projects can make to the preservation of regional history. Through this blend of personalized narrative and analytical examination, the book provides fresh insights into African archaeology and heritage studies.

Myths of the Archaic State

Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilizations

Author: Norman Yoffee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521521567

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 277

View: 8929

Classical archaeology promotes the view that a state's evolution reflects general, universal forces. Norman Yoffee challenges the model in this book by presenting more complex and multi-linear models for the evolution of civilizations. Yoffee questions the definition of the prehistoric state, particularly that which heralds "the chiefdom" as the forerunner of the ancient state and explores case studies on the role of women in ancient societies.

Exchange Systems in Prehistory

Author: T. Earle,J. Ericson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329496X

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 5279

Exchange Systems in Prehistory

Fetishes and Monuments

Afro-Brazillian Art and Culture in the 20th Century

Author: Roger Sansi

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845453633

Category: Art

Page: 213

View: 7934

One hundred years ago in Brazil the rituals of Candombl� were feared as sorcery and persecuted as crime. Its cult objects were fearsome fetishes. Nowadays, they are Afro-Brazilian cultural works of art, objects of museum display and public monuments. Focusing on the particular histories of objects, images, spaces and persons who embodied it, this book portrays the historical journey from weapons of sorcery looted by the police, to hidden living stones, to public works of art attacked by religious fanatics that see them as images of the Devil, former sorcerers who have become artists, writers, and philosophers. Addressing this history as a journey of objectification and appropriation, the author offers a fresh, unconventional, and illuminating look at questions of syncretism, hybridity and cultural resistance in Brazil and in the Black Atlantic in general.

The Archaeology of Africa

Food, Metals and Towns

Author: Thurstan Shaw

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415115858

Category: Social Science

Page: 857

View: 5949

Africa has a vibrant past. It emerges from this book as the proud possessor of a vast and highly complicated interweaving of peoples and cultures, practising an enormous diversity of economic and social strategies in an Extraordinary range of environmental situations. At long last the archaeology of Africa has revealed enough of Africa's unwritten past to confound preconceptions about this continent and to upset the picture inferred from historic written records. Without an understanding of its past complexities, it is impossible to grasp Africa's present, let alone its future.

Connections and Complexity

New Approaches to the Archaeology of South Asia

Author: Shinu Anna Abraham,Praveena Gullapalli,Teresa P Raczek,Uzma Z Rizvi

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598746863

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 2089

The set of case studies presented in this volume emphasize the significance of new research in South Asia within the broader universe of archaeological scholarship.

A Companion to Chinese Archaeology

Author: Anne P. Underhill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118325788

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 4625

A Companion to Chinese Archaeology is an unprecedented, new resource on the current state of archaeological research in one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It presents a collection of readings from leading archaeologists in China and elsewhere that provide diverse interpretations about social and economic organization during the Neolithic period and early Bronze Age. An unprecedented collection of original contributions from international scholars and collaborative archaeological teams conducting research on the Chinese mainland and Taiwan Makes available for the first time in English the work of leading archaeologists in China Provides a comprehensive view of research in key geographic regions of China Offers diverse methodological and theoretical approaches to understanding China’s past, beginning with the era of established agricultural villages from c. 7000 B.C. through to the end of the Shang dynastic period in c. 1045 B.C.

Order, Legitimacy, and Wealth in Ancient States

Author: Janet Richards,Mary Van Buren

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521776714

Category: History

Page: 163

View: 1374

In a very influential paper published in 1994, John Baines, an Egyptologist, and Norman Yoffee, a Near Eastern archaeologist, produced the first analysis to examine the impact of wealth and high culture on the development of states. The contributors to this book apply their model to a range of ancient states around the world, providing evidence on the production and uses of 'high culture', literature and monumental architecture. There are chapters on Mesoamerica, the Andes, the Indus Valley, China, and Greece, while others expand on the original Egypt-Mesopotamia comparison.

Catalog of the University of Iowa

Author: University of Iowa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Universities and colleges

Page: N.A

View: 6548