Natural Hazards

Explanation and Integration

Author: Graham A. Tobin

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572300620

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 6923

Adopting an integrated approach to natural hazards that incorporates facets of both the physical and social sciences, this text examines how different societies have responded to such extremes of nature. The authors bring together the behavioural, political, psychological and economic approaches, leading to increased comprehension of a range of natural hazards, rather than a detailed analysis of particular events or hazard categories.

Natural Hazards

Author: David M. Chapman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195508093

Category: Emergency management

Page: 172

View: 5318

Bushfires, floods, hurricanes and earthquakes are natural phenomena, inspiring both fear and dread when human life or property is affected. While a blizzard in Alaska may hardly be noticed, that same blizzard in Sydney, Australia, would create hovoc, bringing with it a sudden engery crisis as people attempted to keep warm in a city totally unused to such weather.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards

Author: Jonathan Rougier,Steve Sparks,Lisa J. Hill,Robert Stephen John Sparks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107006198

Category: Science

Page: 574

View: 3836

A state-of-the-art overview of natural hazard risk assessment, for researchers and professionals in natural-hazard science, risk management and environmental science.

Natural Hazards and Disasters

Author: Donald Hyndman,David Hyndman

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305581695

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 4048

NATURAL HAZARDS AND DISASTERS, 5e provides easy-to-understand coverage of the geological processes that underlie disasters, explores the impact these processes have on humans and vice versa, and analyzes strategies for mitigating these hazards’ physical and financial harm. From timely information on recent natural disasters in the United States and around the world to insights on earthquakes associated with fracking, this fascinating book provides the up-to-date information you need to analyze potential hazards and take the steps necessary to survive a natural disaster. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Natural Hazards in El Salvador

Author: William Ingersoll Rose

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 9780813723754

Category: Reference

Page: 502

View: 6257

Coping with Natural Hazards

Indian Context

Author: Khadg Singh Valdiya

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788125027355

Category: Cyclones

Page: 277

View: 4137

This book is a collection of twenty one papers presented during the symposium on Coping with Natural Hazards at University of Pune on 5 and 6 October 2001. This very successful symposium, organised by the National Academy of Sciences, outlined the strategies our country should adopt to be prepared to face hazards like earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, cyclones, droughts and desertification. It contains papers by pre-eminent scientists and leading lights like Professors M G K Menon, P K Das, D R Sikka and R K Bhandari and many others. Each paper has been critically reviewed by atleast two experts in their respective fields.

At Risk

Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters

Author: Piers Blaikie,Terry Cannon,Ian Davis,Ben Wisner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134528612

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 4599

The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods. However, the phrase 'natural disaster' suggests an uncritical acceptance of a deeply engrained ideological and cultural myth. At Risk questions this myth and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed. The updated new edition confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters and discusses disaster not as an aberration, but as a signal failure of mainstream 'development'. Two analytical models are provided as tools for understanding vulnerability. One links remote and distant 'root causes' to 'unsafe conditions' in a 'progression of vulnerability'. The other uses the concepts of 'access' and 'livelihood' to understand why some households are more vulnerable than others. Examining key natural events and incorporating strategies to create a safer world, this revised edition is an important resource for those involved in the fields of environment and development studies.

Geotechnique and natural hazards

Author: Vancouver Geotechnical Society (Vancouver, B.C.),Canadian Geotechnical Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 412

View: 8761

Fractal Analysis for Natural Hazards

Author: Giuseppe Cello,Bruce D. Malamud

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862392014

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 429

In the Earth Sciences, the concept of fractals and scale invariance is well-recognized in many natural objects. However, the use of fractals for spatial and temporal analyses of natural hazards has been less used (and accepted) in the Earth Sciences. This book brings together twelve contributions that emphasize the role of fractal analyses in natural hazard research, including landslides, wildfires, floods, catastrophic rock fractures and earthquakes. A wide variety of spatial and temporal fractal-related approaches and techniques are applied to 'natural' data, experimental data, and computer simulations. These approaches include probabilistic hazard analysis, cellular-automata models, spatial analyses, temporal variability, prediction, and self-organizing behaviour. The main aims of this volume are to present current research on fractal analyses as applied to natural hazards, and to stimulate the curiosity of advanced Earth Science students and researchers in the use of fractals analyses for the better understanding of natural hazards.

Disaster, planning and development

managing natural hazards to reduce loss

Author: Organization of American States. Dept. of Regional Development and Environment,Organization of American States. Natural Hazards Project,United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance

Publisher: Organization of American States

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 80

View: 8829

Cultures of Disaster

Society and Natural Hazards in the Philippines

Author: Greg Bankoff

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780700717613

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 2239

Explores the relationship between environment and culture in the contemporary Philippines. The book will be of interest to those engaged in relief policy and administration in developing countries.

Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters

The Economics of Effective Prevention

Author: World Bank,United Nations

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821381415

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 6652

This book examines how to ensure that the preventive measures are worthwhile and effective, and how people can make decisions individually and collectively at different levels of government.

Mitigation of Natural Hazards and Disasters

International Perspectives

Author: C. Emdad Haque

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140204514X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 4338

Practitioners in natural hazards reduction and policy makers in climatic change and natural hazards management

Natural Hazards

State-of-the-Art at the End of the Second Millennium

Author: Gerassimos A. Papadopoulos,Tad S. Murty,Srinivasan Venkatesh,R. Blong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401723869

Category: Nature

Page: 297

View: 5450

This special volume contains a selection of papers that were presented as part of the Seventh International Symposium on Natural and Man-Made Hazards (HAZARDS-98), held in Chania, Crete Island, Greece, during May 1998. The Symposium attracted broad international interest because many cases of natural disaster events, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, storm surges, forest fires, etc., that occurred in several parts of the world during the 1990s were presented not only for their physics but also from the point of view of their impact on society and their environmental consequences. Among these cases are the 1997 Red River Valley flood in Canada and the large earthquake of 18 November 1997, in Zakynthos, Greece. In addition, the volume contains contributions that apply advanced statistical methods and artificial intelligence techniques, such as GIS, and systems analysis to approach the description of physical processes, the discrimination of experimental data and the assessment and management of risk. Audience: This volume forms an excellent reference for scientists, students, engineers, the insurance industry, authorities specializing in public safety and natural hazards preparedness and mitigation plans.

Disasters by Design

A Reassessment of Natural Hazards in the United States

Author: Dennis Mileti

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 0309518490

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1644

Disasters by Design provides an alternative and sustainable way to view, study, and manage hazards in the United States that would result in disaster-resilient communities, higher environmental quality, inter- and intragenerational equity, economic sustainability, and improved quality of life. This volume provides an overview of what is known about natural hazards, disasters, recovery, and mitigation, how research findings have been translated into policies and programs; and a sustainable hazard mitigation research agenda. Also provided is an examination of past disaster losses and hazards management over the past 20 years, including factors--demographic, climate, social--that influence loss. This volume summarizes and sets the stage for the more detailed books in the series.

Hazard-Wise

Classroom Resources for Teachers on Natural Hazards & Disasters

Author: Chris Dolan

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788127314

Category:

Page: 112

View: 7370

Provides the teachers with a ready-to-use classroom resource which covers many aspects of major national hazards and disasters. Through a series of exercises, students are stimulated to investigate the causes and effects of hazards and the way in which people can respond effectively to them. Well-know Australian case studies are used to illustrate the impact of natural disasters. Each section also contains activities designed to arouse greater interest in the topic such as crossword puzzles, research activities, and role-play exercises.

Natural Hazards and Public Choice

The State and Local Politics of Hazard Mitigation

Author: James D Wright,Eleanor Weber-Burdin,Peter H. Rossi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148326551X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 7972

Natural Hazards and Public Choice: The State and Local Politics of Hazard Mitigation presents a research project that emerged from a concern for estimating the balance of support versus opposition to prospective social policies that aim to reduce the risks of damage or injuries from major natural hazard events via the regulation of land use and establishment of building and occupancy standards in high-risk areas. The volume begins with an overview of the research project and the main findings. Separate chapters describe the study design; assess the views of politically influential people regarding the seriousness of natural hazards; measure the support for federal disaster policies; and consider public opinion on hazards-mitigation issues in California. Subsequent chapters cover the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP); patterns of activity, influence, and power among key positions and groups in local communities with respect to issues involving disasters; and hazard mitigation activities at the state level.

Natural Hazards, Second Edition

Explanation and Integration

Author: Burrell E. Montz,Graham A. Tobin,Ronald R. Hagelman

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462529208

Category: Social Science

Page: 445

View: 6181

What can we learn from the spatial patterns of disasters? What human and structural factors need to be addressed to explain hazard vulnerability? As populations grow and the climate warms, how can natural hazards be mitigated? Thoroughly revised and updated, and now with a more global perspective, the second edition of this accessible text provides an integrated framework for understanding and managing natural hazards. Numerous case studies from around the world illustrate the complexities of extreme geophysical events and highlight their physical, social, political, and economic dimensions. The text identifies essential principles for tackling the fundamental causes of differential vulnerabilities that perpetuate human distress, and for promoting recovery and resilience. New to This Edition *New frameworks for understanding human resilience and adaptive capacity in recovery, dynamics of risk and uncertainty, and more. *Chapter on spatial and temporal aspects of hazards. *Discussions of cutting-edge topics, such as chronic disasters, controversies in international aid, and how hazards affect regions differentially. *Many new case studies, including Hurricanes Katrina and Charley, Superstorm Sandy, the 2011 Japan tsunami, Ecuador's chronic volcanic hazard, and others. *Reflects 20 years of research advances across the physical and social sciences, development trends, new technologies, and ongoing global climate change.

Tree Rings and Natural Hazards

A State-of-Art

Author: Markus Stoffel,Michelle Bollschweiler,David R. Butler,Brian H. Luckman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048187362

Category: Nature

Page: 505

View: 8780

Dendrogeomorphology Beginnings and Futures: A Personal Reminiscence My early forays into dendrogeomorphology occurred long before I even knew what that word meant. I was working as a young geoscientist in the 1960s and early 1970s on a problem with slope movements and deformed vegetation. At the same time, unknown to me, Jouko Alestalo in Finland was doing something similar. Both of us had seen that trees which produced annual growth rings were reacting to g- morphic processes resulting in changes in their internal and external growth p- terns. Dendroclimatology was an already well established field, but the reactions of trees to other environmental processes were far less well understood in the 1960s. It was Alestalo (1971) who first used the term, dendrogeomorphology. In the early 1970s, I could see that active slope-movement processes were affecting the growth of trees in diverse ways at certain localities. I wanted to learn more about those processes and try to extract a long-term chronology of movement from the highly diverse ring patterns.

Natural Hazards Analysis

Reducing the Impact of Disasters

Author: John Pine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070408

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 6416

Emphasizes Resilient Policies, Rather Than Rigid Philosophy Economic and environmental consequences of natural and man-made disasters have grown exponentially during the past few decades. Whether from hurricanes, chemical spills, terrorist incidents, or other catastrophes, the negative impacts can often be felt on a global scale. Natural Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impacts of Disasters evaluates critical preparedness issues that emergency managers must face before, during, and after disasters of any kind. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of GIS tools, spatial analysis, and remote sensing to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and to foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Provides Framework for Understanding Hazard Consequences in Variety of Environments This handbook-style volume stresses the key roles problem solving, decision making, and risk communication serve as means of ensuring all hazard elements are accurately identified and appropriately addressed. It is filled with proven techniques for effective community planning and hazard mitigation and for ongoing restorative efforts in disaster-ridden areas. In one comprehensive source, this book contains all the information needed to analyze risks and establish successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster event. This resource provides ready-to-implement tools that will benefit for a wide audience, including: National, federal, and local emergency management teams Environmental planning professionals in the public and private sectors Recovery response entities including the Red Cross and Salvation Army Students enrolled in university emergency management programs