Molecular Population Genetics

Author: Matthew William Hahn

Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878939657

Category:

Page: 352

View: 4296

Molecular Population Genetics is a general text covering one of the most active and exciting areas in biology. Combining advances in molecular biology and genomics with mathematical and empirical findings from population genetics, work in molecular population genetics has uncovered the extraordinary history of natural selection and demographic shifts in many organisms, including humans. While basic descriptions of the methods and tools of this field can be found in disparate places, no previous book has brought them together in a single volume. Rather than cobble together pieces from books, reviews, and primary research articles, Molecular Population Genetics presents a coherent user's guide to the field. Intended as a text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, the book will also be useful as a detailed reference for active professionals.

Der Experimentator Molekularbiologie / Genomics

Author: Cornel Mülhardt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642346367

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 9274

Dieses Buch enthält das Grundlagenwissen sowie Tipps und Tricks für den Umgang mit Nucleinsäuren. Der Autor kennt Lust und Frust der täglichen Laborroutine ganz genau. Präparieren, Fällen, Konzentrieren und Reinigen von Nucleinsäuren Restriktionsenzyme, Gele, Blotten Polymerase-Kettenreaktion RNA-Isolierung, -Transkription Klonierung von DNA-Fragmenten Markierung von Sonden, Hybridisierung, Screening, Sequenzierung Mutagenese, In-vitro-Translation, transgene Mäuse, Transgenexpression, Gentherapie, Genomik Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle Experimentatoren, die molekularbiologische Versuche durchführen wollen und gern nachvollziehen möchten, was sich in ihrem Reaktionsgefäß abspielt. Das ganze Spektrum der üblichen molekularbiologischen Methoden wird vorgestellt, kommentiert und Alternativen aufgezeigt. Der lockere Ton wendet sich gleichermaßen an Studenten wie an BTAs und Laboranten, aber auch der alte Hase wird hier und dort noch etwas Neues entdecken. Die 7. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und aktualisiert.

Der Experimentator Molekularbiologie / Genomics

Author: Cornel Mülhardt

Publisher: Springer Spektrum

ISBN: 9783642346354

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 2437

Dieses Buch enthält das Grundlagenwissen sowie Tipps und Tricks für den Umgang mit Nucleinsäuren. Der Autor kennt Lust und Frust der täglichen Laborroutine ganz genau. Präparieren, Fällen, Konzentrieren und Reinigen von Nucleinsäuren Restriktionsenzyme, Gele, Blotten Polymerase-Kettenreaktion RNA-Isolierung, -Transkription Klonierung von DNA-Fragmenten Markierung von Sonden, Hybridisierung, Screening, Sequenzierung Mutagenese, In-vitro-Translation, transgene Mäuse, Transgenexpression, Gentherapie, Genomik Dieses Buch richtet sich an alle Experimentatoren, die molekularbiologische Versuche durchführen wollen und gern nachvollziehen möchten, was sich in ihrem Reaktionsgefäß abspielt. Das ganze Spektrum der üblichen molekularbiologischen Methoden wird vorgestellt, kommentiert und Alternativen aufgezeigt. Der lockere Ton wendet sich gleichermaßen an Studenten wie an BTAs und Laboranten, aber auch der alte Hase wird hier und dort noch etwas Neues entdecken. Die 7. Auflage wurde überarbeitet und aktualisiert.

Molecular Population Genetics, Evolutionary Biology, and Biological Conservation of Neotropical Carnivores

Author: Manuel Ruiz-Garcia,Joseph Mark Shostell

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781624170713

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 7375

The neotropical ecoregion consisting of South America, Central America, Southern Mexico, the Caribbean Islands, and Southern Florida, has long been considered an area rich in mammalian diversity and one that contains some of the worlds iconic carnivores such as the Jaguar and Puma. These, and other carnivores represent the highest trophic levels within neotropical areas and as keystone species, can markedly alter omnivore and herbivore mammalian communities and indirectly, plant communities. Unfortunately, due to human population pressures, many neotropical areas and the mammals within them are increasingly at risk. This problem is compounded by the lack of current genetics, evolutionary biology and conservation data of these critical carnivores available to conservation biologists at the forefront of trying to preserve and protect these imperiled geographical areas. This book helps to meet these shortcomings by providing contributions from 60 of the worlds leading scientists in the area of neotropical carnivores. The first section of the book covers molecular population genetics and phylogeography of diverse neotropical carnivores such as otters, coatis and other Mustelidae and Procyonidae, wild cats (jaguar, puma, ocelot, jaguarondi, Pampas cat, and Andean cat) and the Andean bear. Significant sections of the book are also devoted to the topics of reproduction, geometric morphometrics of wild canids and a complete paleontological view of the evolution of all neotropical carnivore groups. Furthermore, the book contains several chapters on the conservation details and varying cultural perspectives regarding the two larger and more mythical neotropical carnivores, the jaguar and the Andean bear, which together, are the paradigm for the conservation programs in Central and South America.

Population Genetics, Molecular Evolution, and the Neutral Theory

Selected Papers

Author: Motoo Kimura

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226435626

Category: Science

Page: 686

View: 2409

One of this century's leading evolutionary biologists, Motoo Kimura revolutionized the field with his random drift theory of molecular evolution—the neutral theory—and his groundbreaking theoretical work in population genetics. This volume collects 57 of Kimura's most important papers and covers forty years of his diverse and original contributions to our understanding of how genetic variation affects evolutionary change. Kimura's neutral theory, first presented in 1968, challenged the notion that natural selection was the sole directive force in evolution. Arguing that mutations and random drift account for variations at the level of DNA and amino acids, Kimura advanced a theory of evolutionary change that was strongly challenged at first and that eventually earned the respect and interest of evolutionary biologists throughout the world. This volume includes the seminal papers on the neutral theory, as well as many others that cover such topics as population structure, variable selection intensity, the genetics of quantitative characters, inbreeding systems, and reversibility of changes by random drift. Background essays by Naoyuki Takahata examine Kimura's work in relation to its effects and recent developments in each area.

Phylogeny, Molecular Population Genetics, Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of the Neotropical Primates

Author: Manuel Ruiz-Garcia,Joseph Mark Shostell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781634851657

Category: Primates

Page: 690

View: 9684

The Neotropics contains the greatest abundance and diversity of primate species of any bio-region in the world. They make up an impressive and varied assemblage of species, from the small pigmy marmoset weighing one hundred grams, to the woolly spider monkey tipping the scale at 10-14 kg. Some in the group, such as the bearded capuchin, show signs of high intelligence evidenced by their use of primitive tools to open nuts and fruit, and many of these species are flagships whose very presence is crucial for the dispersal of seeds and maintenance of primary forests. Unfortunately, a large percentage of Neotropical primate species are threatened or endangered due to various anthropogenic activities including deforestation, illegal hunting, illegal wildlife trade, mining, and road construction. Moreover, there is a general paucity of data of this group because their habitats can be difficult to access and the sheer expansiveness of the Neotropical area. In this book, the authors present new research findings from sixty of the worlds leading Neotropical primate scientists in order to bridge this information gap. Specifically, the authors provide up-to-date biological, molecular, conservation, and phylogenic information on many of these poorly understood, yet amazing creatures. It is the authors intention that this new information will be used as a resource by the novice and professional alike in order to improve societys understanding of Neotropical primates and to help protect them long into the future.

Mathematical Population Genetics 1

Theoretical Introduction

Author: Warren J. Ewens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038721822X

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 2008

This is the first of a planned two-volume work discussing the mathematical aspects of population genetics with an emphasis on evolutionary theory. This volume draws heavily from the author’s 1979 classic, but it has been revised and expanded to include recent topics which follow naturally from the treatment in the earlier edition, such as the theory of molecular population genetics.

Molecular Evolution and Population Genetics for Marine Biologists

Author: Yuri Kartavtsev

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498701612

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 1718

Research in modern experimental and theoretical population genetics has been strengthened by advances in molecular techniques for the analysis of genetic variability. The evolutionary relationships of organisms may be investigated by comparing DNA sequences. This book covers chapters on population genetics, DNA polymorphism, genetic homeostasis, and biochemical genetics, plus a chapter on phylogenetic tree construction. In addition, each chapter contains training materials with numerical examples.

A primer of population genetics

Author: Daniel L. Hartl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 191

View: 5014

The use of molecular methods to study genetic polymorphisms has made a familiarity with population genetics essential for any biologist whose work is at the population level. A Primer of Population Genetics, Third Edition provides a concise but comprehensive introduction to population genetics. The four chapters of the book address genetic variation, the causes of evolution, molecular population genetics, and the genetic architecture of complex traits. Chapter-end problems reinforce ideas and, while there are some equations, the emphasis is on explanation rather than derivation.

Genetics of Populations

Author: Philip W. Hedrick

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449666477

Category: Science

Page: 675

View: 5988

The Fourth Edition of Genetics of Populations is the most current, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the field for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in genetics, evolution, conservation, and related fields. In the past several years, interest in the application of population genetics principles to new molecular data has increased greatly, and Dr. Hedrick's new edition exemplifies his commitment to keeping pace with this dynamic area of study. Reorganized to allow students to focus more sharply on key material, the Fourth Edition integrates coverage of theoretical issues with a clear presentation of experimental population genetics and empirical data. Drawing examples from both recent and classic studies, and using a variety of organisms to illustrate the vast developments of population genetics, this text provides students and researchers with the most comprehensive resource in the field.

Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Applications

Author: B. Schierwater,B. Streit,G.P. Wagner,R. DeSalle

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034875274

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 8856

The past 25 years have witnessed a revolution in the way ecologists and evolutionary biologists approach their disciplines. Modern molecular techniques are now reshaping the spectrum of questions that can be addressed while studying the mechanisms and consequences of the ecology and evolution of living organisms. "Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Applications" describes, from a molecular perspective, several methodological and technical approaches used in the fields of ecology, evolution, population biology, molecular systematics, conservation genetics, and development. Modern techniques are introduced, and older, more classic ones refined. The advantages, limitations, and potentials of each are discussed in detail, and thereby illustrate the widening range of cross-field research and applications which this modern technology is stimulating. This book will serve as an important textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, and as a key reference work for researchers.