*An Introduction*

**Author**: Alain Grigis

**Publisher:** Cambridge University Press

**ISBN:**

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 151

**View:** 508

This book corresponds to a graduate course given many times by the authors, and should prove to be useful to mathematicians and theoretical physicists.

This volume includes expanded versions of the lectures delivered in the Graduate Minicourse portion of the 2013 Park City Mathematics Institute session on Geometric Analysis. The papers give excellent high-level introductions, suitable for graduate students wishing to enter the field and experienced researchers alike, to a range of the most important areas of geometric analysis. These include: the general issue of geometric evolution, with more detailed lectures on Ricci flow and Kähler-Ricci flow, new progress on the analytic aspects of the Willmore equation as well as an introduction to the recent proof of the Willmore conjecture and new directions in min-max theory for geometric variational problems, the current state of the art regarding minimal surfaces in R3, the role of critical metrics in Riemannian geometry, and the modern perspective on the study of eigenfunctions and eigenvalues for Laplace–Beltrami operators.

This book is devoted to the study of pseudo-di?erential operators, with special emphasis on non-selfadjoint operators, a priori estimates and localization in the phase space. We have tried here to expose the most recent developments of the theory with its applications to local solvability and semi-classical estimates for non-selfadjoint operators. The?rstchapter,Basic Notions of Phase Space Analysis,isintroductoryand gives a presentation of very classical classes of pseudo-di?erential operators, along with some basic properties. As an illustration of the power of these methods, we give a proof of propagation of singularities for real-principal type operators (using aprioriestimates,andnotFourierintegraloperators),andweintroducethereader to local solvability problems. That chapter should be useful for a reader, say at the graduate level in analysis, eager to learn some basics on pseudo-di?erential operators. The second chapter, Metrics on the Phase Space begins with a review of symplectic algebra, Wigner functions, quantization formulas, metaplectic group and is intended to set the basic study of the phase space. We move forward to the more general setting of metrics on the phase space, following essentially the basic assumptions of L. H ̈ ormander (Chapter 18 in the book [73]) on this topic.

Focusing on the interface between mathematics and physics, this book offers an introduction to the physics, the mathematics, and the numerical simulation of nonlinear systems in optics and atomic physics. The text covers a wide spectrum of current research on the subject, which is an extremely active field in physics and mathematical physics, with a very broad range of implications, both for fundamental science and technological applications: light propagation in microstructured optical fibers, Bose-Einstein condensates, disordered systems, and the newly emerging field of nonlinear quantum mechanics. Accessible to PhD students, this book will also be of interest to post-doctoral researchers and seasoned academics.

Eigenfunctions of the Laplacian of a Riemannian manifold can be described in terms of vibrating membranes as well as quantum energy eigenstates. This book is an introduction to both the local and global analysis of eigenfunctions. The local analysis of eigenfunctions pertains to the behavior of the eigenfunctions on wavelength scale balls. After re-scaling to a unit ball, the eigenfunctions resemble almost-harmonic functions. Global analysis refers to the use of wave equation methods to relate properties of eigenfunctions to properties of the geodesic flow. The emphasis is on the global methods and the use of Fourier integral operator methods to analyze norms and nodal sets of eigenfunctions. A somewhat unusual topic is the analytic continuation of eigenfunctions to Grauert tubes in the real analytic case, and the study of nodal sets in the complex domain. The book, which grew out of lectures given by the author at a CBMS conference in 2011, provides complete proofs of some model results, but more often it gives informal and intuitive explanations of proofs of fairly recent results. It conveys inter-related themes and results and offers an up-to-date comprehensive treatment of this important active area of research.

The present volume contains invited talks of 11th biennial conference on “Emerging Mathematical Methods, Models and Algorithms for Science and Technology”. The main message of the book is that mathematics has a great potential to analyse and understand the challenging problems of nanotechnology, biotechnology, medical science, oil industry and financial technology. The book highlights all the features and main theme discussed in the conference. All contributing authors are eminent academicians, scientists, researchers and scholars in their respective fields, hailing from around the world.