This book deals with the foundations for methods of teaching agriculture, applications of learning, the special needs of unique populations, and the procedures for evaluating teaching and learning. It is the only comprehensive exploration of the teacher preparation curriculum in agricultural education. This comprehensive survey provides clear explanations and examples of learning applications to provide an in-depth study of planning for successful teaching. Topics include decisions about teaching, planning, group teaching techniques, managing student behavior, teaching special populations, and evaluating learning. This book about professional development is a useful reference tool for university professors, teacher educators, and inservice program educators.
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Contents: Introduction, History, Evolution and Development, People in Villages, Life in Rural Belts, The Infrastructure, Rural Economy, Agricultural Economy, Agricultural Projects, Farm Sector, Role of Education, Teaching Methods, Teaching Approaches, Teaching Techniques, Pace of Progress, New of Progress, New Trends, Social Revolution.
Volume 11 of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture examines the economic culture of the South by pairing two categories that account for the ways many southerners have made their living. In the antebellum period, the wealth of southern whites came largely from agriculture that relied on the forced labor of enslaved blacks. After Reconstruction, the South became attractive to new industries lured by the region's ongoing commitment to low-wage labor and management-friendly economic policies. Throughout the volume, articles reflect the breadth and variety of southern life, paying particular attention to the region's profound economic transformation in recent decades. The agricultural section consists of 25 thematic entries that explore issues such as Native American agricultural practices, plantations, and sustainable agriculture. Thirty-eight shorter pieces cover key crops of the region--from tobacco to Christmas trees--as well as issues of historic and emerging interest--from insects and insecticides to migrant labor. The section on industry and commerce contains 13 thematic entries in which contributors address topics such as the economic impact of military bases, resistance to industrialization, and black business. Thirty-six topical entries explore particular industries, such as textiles, timber, automobiles, and banking, as well as individuals--including Henry W. Grady and Sam M. Walton--whose ideas and enterprises have helped shape the modern South.
Offering a broad, up-to-date reference to the long history and cultural legacy of education in the American South, this timely volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture surveys educational developments, practices, institutions, and politics from the colonial era to the present. With over 130 articles, this book covers key topics in education, including academic freedom; the effects of urbanization on segregation, desegregation, and resegregation; African American and women's education; and illiteracy. These entries, as well as articles on prominent educators, such as Booker T. Washington and C. Vann Woodward, and major southern universities, colleges, and trade schools, provide an essential context for understanding the debates and battles that remain deeply imbedded in southern education. Framed by Clarence Mohr's historically rich introductory overview, the essays in this volume comprise a greatly expanded and thoroughly updated survey of the shifting southern education landscape and its development over the span of four centuries.
Communication in extension plays an important role in technology transfer, whereas many field extension workers are poorly trained in this particular area as well as in the development of educational materials. This publication was prepared as a teaching and learning guide to be used in the pre-service and in-service education of extension staff, community development workers and all those who work and serve in rural communities. It can be considered as an ''extension methodology tool-box'' to train extension field staff in their work at the village level.
World Bank Discussion Paper 236. Agricultural support services play an important role in increasing agricultural productivity. Given the importance of agriculture to developing countries, governments have taken the lead in providing such services.
Agriculture is at the forefront of the development objectives of the republics of Central Asia (CA). Since independence in 1991, these countries have undergone transitions from being centrally planned economies to market-oriented systems, which did not include the creation of agricultural extension systems. This paper provides information on the current status of the agricultural extension systems in CA with special reference to Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. We reviewed the existing extension strategies, donor- and state-driven initiatives to revitalize the agricultural extension systems, informal linkages that nongovernmental organizations play in helping a limited number of farmers, and provided recommendations on ways to further improve the agricultural extension services in CA. The information related to each country was analyzed separately. This is because, after independence, each republic in CA had initiated their agricultural reforms with specific objectives and has now established their unique agricultural systems that differ contextually. However, due to having the same history and agricultural system that existed during the Soviet times, we tried to give a historical perspective to the unified agricultural extension system that existed before independence.
This updated 2nd edition will benefit all those interested in improving health care and health education. It seeks to respond to the challenge of the changing health care situation and clearly sets out a range of different methods that will enhance successful teaching and learning. Each teaching method is described in its own chapter and each chapter includes practical suggestions for implementation, as well as outlining advantages and disadvantages, questions and answers and a self-test feature. The text has been thoroughly revised to meet the requirements of outcomes-based education, and includes new chapters on narrative as a teaching method, values clarification and evaluation and assessment. Importantly, this edition strives to meet the HIV/AIDS health education needs. Almost every chapter provides a specific method for teaching and learning about particular aspects of this condition. This culturally-sensitive book assumes that English is being used as an additional language and that the reader may have no background in teaching and learning theory. It is rich in case studies and applications. incorporates traditionally held beliefs and is exceptionally practical in nature. This book will be a valuable resource for students, practitioners, and teachers alike. The teaching methods discussed in the text will be extremely useful for community health workers, health care assistants, nurses, social workers, medical doctors, teachers and agricultural extension officers.
Contents: Introduction, Fundamental Aspects, Major Problems, Growth of Children, Health Services, Role of Climate, Population Education, Population Problems, Problems of Adults, Hygiene for Adults, Child Care, The Exercise, Balance of Body, Sunlight and Air, The Diet, The Skeletons, Muscular System, Teeth and their Diseases, The Vision, The Audition, Nervous System, The Respiration, The Digestion, Excretory Organs, System of Circulation, The Secretion, The Reproduction, Health of the Mind, Mentally Retarded Children, The Infections, Medical Facilities, First Aid, School Building, Clean Environment, Village Sanitation, Refuse, Cattle Care, Exhibitions and Fairs, Construction of House.