The social history of medicine over the last fifteen years has redrawn the boundaries of medical history. Specialised papers and monographs have contributed to our knowledge of how medicine has affected society and how society has shaped medicine. This book synthesises, through a series of essays, some of the most significant findings of this 'new social history' of medicine. The period covered ranges from ancient Greece to the present time. While coverage is not exhaustive, the reader is able to trace how medicine in the West developed from an unlicensed open market place, with many different types of practitioners in the classical period, to the nineteenth- and twentieth-century professionalised medicine of State influence, of hospitals, public health medicine, and scientific medicine. The book also covers innovatory topics such as patient-doctor relationships, the history of the asylum, and the demographic background to the history of medicine.
The great British reformer Jeremy Bentham wrote that 'the art of legislation is but the art of healing practised upon a large scale'. He added that 'It is the common endeavour of both to relieve men from the miseries of life. But the physician relieves them one by one: the legislator by millions at a time'. Bentham raised the question of the interplay of medicine with politics. It forms an important topic with powerful contemporary overtones. This volume, containing eleven essays plus a lengthy introduction, seeks to explore it historically. It takes a long perspective, covering the last two centuries and also an international viewpoint, examining Britain in detail but also containing contributions dealing with the United States, Germany, Russia and France.
Portraiture, the most popular genre of painting, occupies a central position in the history of Western art. Despite this, its status within academic art theory is uncertain. This volume provides an introduction to major issues in its history.
Galen, as gladiator doctor in Pergamum, friend of several members of the Roman upper class, and family physician of the emperors in Rome, was well acquainted with the living conditions of all strata of Roman society of the second century A.D. For the first time, in this book all of Galen's writings are analyzed as a contribution to the social history of the Roman Empire. The author considers the special perspective offered by Galen's background, career, and motives for writing. The material is presented first following Galen's biography; the study then branches out to chapters on slavery and other overarching aspects of the world Galen knew.
Am Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts wurde Europa von einer neuen Krankheit heimgesucht. �Franzosen�, �Blattern� oder �Morbus Gallicus� wurde sie von den deutschsprachigen Zeitgenossen genannt. Die Medizingeschichte identifizierte dieses Leiden, das eine Flut von Publikationen in lateinischer und deutscher Sprache ausl�ste, ueberwiegend mit der venerischen Syphilis. Die vorliegende Studie bricht mit dieser Tradition und rekonstruiert statt dessen das fruehneuzeitliche Verst�ndnis jener Krankheit im Rahmen der damaligen Konzeption des menschlichen K�rpers. Darueber hinaus untersucht die Autorin, inwieweit diese zeitgen�ssischen Vorstellungen die Therapie in den drei Franzosenhospit�lern der Reichsstadt Augsburg gestalteten. Die Untersuchung des Hospitalalltags macht zudem deutlich, welch gro�en Einflu� diese karitativen Einrichtungen auf die Entwicklung des modernen Krankenhauswesens ausuebten. "Claudia Stein hat eine rundum beeindruckende Arbeit vorgelegt, die bei ebenso umfangreichem wie intensivem Studium der Quellen und der internationalen Forschungsliteratur nie den Blick fuer die zahlreichen weitgehenden Perspektiven ihrer Forschung verliert und daher zahlreichen Diskussionsstoff bietet. Ungew�hnlich quellennah und detailliert in der Darstellung greift sie beherzt Hypothesen an, die vermittels der Abstinenz kritischer Detailforschung zuweilen gar als Tatsachenbehauptungen durchgegangen waren." Vierteljahrschrift fuer Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte "Steins's work deserves attention not only for its rigorousness, but also for its historiographical approach, one that takes into account the social and institutional context of the period, as well as the medical and non-medical ideas related to the body, health and sickness. This fine book admirably avoids a common a common pitfall: measuring Renaissance treatments against the standards of current medicine�" History and Philosophy of the Life sciences "�ein wichtiger Diskussionsbeitrag zur juengsten Debatte um die vielf�ltigen Funktionen fruehneuzeitlicher Hospit�ler, weshalb ihre Bedeutung auch weit ueber die Grenzen von Augsburg hinausgeht." Bayerisches Jahrbuch fuer Volkskunde.
Over the course of a career spanning most of the twentieth century, distinguished historian Owsei Temkin has argued passionately for the necessity of chronicling and analyzing the history of medicine. The essays presented in this book span Dr. Temkin's career, bringing together new pieces and many previously unavailable outside the journals in which they were originally published. Here the reader will find new thoughts and ideas that deviate from Dr. Temkin's earlier beliefs and reflect a lifetime of research into the historical and ethical foundations of modern medicine.
Honoring and extending the work of historian Roy Porter, this volume offers lively, accessible and often topical chapters presenting orginal research on the social history of medicine, madness and the Enlightenment.
Literature and Healing in Seventeenth-century England
Author: Raymond A. Anselment
Publisher: University of Delaware Press
Category: Literary Criticism
"In The Realms of Apollo, literary scholar Raymond A. Anselment examines how seventeenth-century English authors confronted the physical and psychological realities of death." "Focusing on the dangers of childbirth and the terrors of bubonic plague, venereal disease, and smallpox, the book reveals in the discourse of literary and medical texts the meanings of sickness and death in both the daily life and culture of seventeenth-century England. These perspectives show each realm anew as the domain of Apollo, the deity widely celebrated in myth as the god of poetry and the god of medicine. Authors of both formal elegies and simple broadsides saw themselves as healers who tried to find in language the solace physicians could not find in medicine. Within the context of the suffering so unmistakable in the medical treatises and in the personal diaries, memoirs, and letters, the poets' struggles illuminate a new cultural consciousness of sickness and death."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture
Author: Jonathan Sawday
An outstanding piece of scholarship and a fascinating read, The Body Emblazoned is a compelling study of the culture of dissection the English Renaissance, which informed intellectual enquiry in Europe for nearly two hundred years. In this outstanding work, Jonathan Sawday explores the dark, morbid eroticism of the Renaissance anatomy theatre, and relates it to not only the great monuments of Renaissance art, but to the very foundation of the modern idea of knowledge. Though the dazzling displays of the exterior of the body in Renaissance literature and art have long been a subject of enquiry, The Body Emblazoned considers the interior of the body, and what it meant to men and women in early modern culture. A richly interdisciplinary work, The Body Emblazoned re-assesses modern understanding of the literature and culture of the Renaissance and its conceptualization of the body within the domains of the medical and moral, the cultural and political.
Sports medicine and the scientific study of exercise, sports, and physical education are enjoying a steady rise in popularity. This volume reveals that a number of current debates concerning the body, physical health, types and degrees of exercise, athletic contest, the use and abuse of aids to performance, and much more, have their roots in the nineteenth century and earlier.
We all have a body, but how does it impact upon our day to day life? This book sets out to explore how ordinary women, men and children talk about their bodies, through four central themes:- * physical and emotional bodies * illness and disability * gender * ageing. A coherent collection of such empirical research, The Body in Everyday Life provides an accessible introduction to the sociology of the body, a field previously dominated by theoretical or philosophical accounts.
The scholarly collection of Medicine and the Law in the Middle Ages examines connections between doctors, lawyers, laws, regulations, professionalization, administration, literature, hagiography and health from an international perspective.