Medicine in Society

Historical Essays

Author: Andrew Wear

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521336390

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 3441

The social history of medicine over the last fifteen years has redrawn the boundaries of medical history. Specialised papers and monographs have contributed to our knowledge of how medicine has affected society and how society has shaped medicine. This book synthesises, through a series of essays, some of the most significant findings of this 'new social history' of medicine. The period covered ranges from ancient Greece to the present time. While coverage is not exhaustive, the reader is able to trace how medicine in the West developed from an unlicensed open market place, with many different types of practitioners in the classical period, to the nineteenth- and twentieth-century professionalised medicine of State influence, of hospitals, public health medicine, and scientific medicine. The book also covers innovatory topics such as patient-doctor relationships, the history of the asylum, and the demographic background to the history of medicine.

Portraiture

Facing the Subject

Author: Joanna Woodall

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719046148

Category: Art

Page: 282

View: 315

Portraiture, the most popular genre of painting, occupies a central position in the history of Western art. Despite this, its status within academic art theory is uncertain. This volume provides an introduction to major issues in its history.

Die römische Gesellschaft bei Galen

Biographie und Sozialgeschichte

Author: Heinrich Schlange-Schöningen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110894017

Category: History

Page: 393

View: 9747

Galen, as gladiator doctor in Pergamum, friend of several members of the Roman upper class, and family physician of the emperors in Rome, was well acquainted with the living conditions of all strata of Roman society of the second century A.D. For the first time, in this book all of Galen's writings are analyzed as a contribution to the social history of the Roman Empire. The author considers the special perspective offered by Galen's background, career, and motives for writing. The material is presented first following Galen's biography; the study then branches out to chapters on slavery and other overarching aspects of the world Galen knew.

Medicine and Society in Early Modern Europe

Author: Mary Lindemann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521425921

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 6187

Concise and accessible introduction to health and healing in Europe from 1500 to 1800.

Doctors, Politics and Society

Historical Essays

Author: Dorothy Porter,Roy Porter

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789051835106

Category: Medical

Page: 311

View: 7165

The great British reformer Jeremy Bentham wrote that 'the art of legislation is but the art of healing practised upon a large scale'. He added that 'It is the common endeavour of both to relieve men from the miseries of life. But the physician relieves them one by one: the legislator by millions at a time'. Bentham raised the question of the interplay of medicine with politics. It forms an important topic with powerful contemporary overtones. This volume, containing eleven essays plus a lengthy introduction, seeks to explore it historically. It takes a long perspective, covering the last two centuries and also an international viewpoint, examining Britain in detail but also containing contributions dealing with the United States, Germany, Russia and France.

The Realms of Apollo

Literature and Healing in Seventeenth-century England

Author: Raymond A. Anselment

Publisher: University of Delaware Press

ISBN: 9780874135534

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 316

View: 9578

"In The Realms of Apollo, literary scholar Raymond A. Anselment examines how seventeenth-century English authors confronted the physical and psychological realities of death." "Focusing on the dangers of childbirth and the terrors of bubonic plague, venereal disease, and smallpox, the book reveals in the discourse of literary and medical texts the meanings of sickness and death in both the daily life and culture of seventeenth-century England. These perspectives show each realm anew as the domain of Apollo, the deity widely celebrated in myth as the god of poetry and the god of medicine. Authors of both formal elegies and simple broadsides saw themselves as healers who tried to find in language the solace physicians could not find in medicine. Within the context of the suffering so unmistakable in the medical treatises and in the personal diaries, memoirs, and letters, the poets' struggles illuminate a new cultural consciousness of sickness and death."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Body Emblazoned

Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture

Author: Jonathan Sawday

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134526423

Category: Art

Page: 372

View: 2438

An outstanding piece of scholarship and a fascinating read, The Body Emblazoned is a compelling study of the culture of dissection the English Renaissance, which informed intellectual enquiry in Europe for nearly two hundred years. In this outstanding work, Jonathan Sawday explores the dark, morbid eroticism of the Renaissance anatomy theatre, and relates it to not only the great monuments of Renaissance art, but to the very foundation of the modern idea of knowledge. Though the dazzling displays of the exterior of the body in Renaissance literature and art have long been a subject of enquiry, The Body Emblazoned considers the interior of the body, and what it meant to men and women in early modern culture. A richly interdisciplinary work, The Body Emblazoned re-assesses modern understanding of the literature and culture of the Renaissance and its conceptualization of the body within the domains of the medical and moral, the cultural and political.

Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine

Author: W. F. Bynum,Roy Porter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136110364

Category: History

Page: 1816

View: 5529

This is a comprehensive reference work which surveys all aspects of the history of medicine, both clinical and social, and reflects the complementary approaches to the discipline. The editors have assembled an international team of scholars to provide detailed and informative factual surveys with contemporary interpretations and historiographical debate. Special Features * Comprehensive: 72 substantial and original essays from internationally respected scholars * Unique: no other publication provides so much information in two volumes * Broad-ranging: includes coverage of non-Western as well as Western medicine * Up-to-date: incorporates the very latest in historical research and interpretation * User-friendly: clearly laid out and readable, with a full index of Topics and People * Indispensable: essential information for study and research, including bibliographic notes and cross-referencing between articles.

The Body in Everyday Life

Author: Sarah Nettleton,Jonathan Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134717539

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 792

We all have a body, but how does it impact upon our day to day life? This book sets out to explore how ordinary women, men and children talk about their bodies, through four central themes:- * physical and emotional bodies * illness and disability * gender * ageing. A coherent collection of such empirical research, The Body in Everyday Life provides an accessible introduction to the sociology of the body, a field previously dominated by theoretical or philosophical accounts.

The Wages of Sin

Sex and Disease, Past and Present

Author: Peter L. Allen

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226014606

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 202

View: 9015

Discusses diseases and ailments that have been connected to sex throughout history, and the reactions to them that have been shaped by religion or morality.

Medicine and the Law in the Middle Ages

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004269118

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 7065

The scholarly collection of Medicine and the Law in the Middle Ages examines connections between doctors, lawyers, laws, regulations, professionalization, administration, literature, hagiography and health from an international perspective.

Society, Medicine and Politics in Colonial India

Author: Biswamoy Pati,Mark Harrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351262181

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 6832

The history of medicine and disease in colonial India remains a dynamic and innovative field of research, covering many facets of health, from government policy to local therapeutics. This volume presents a selection of essays examining varied aspects of health and medicine as they relate to the political upheavals of the colonial era. These range from the micro-politics of medicine in princely states and institutions such as asylums through to the wider canvas of sanitary diplomacy as well as the meaning of modernity and modernization in the context of British rule. The volume reflects the diversity of the field and showcases exciting new scholarship from early-career researchers as well as more established scholars by bringing to light many locations and dimensions of medicine and modernity. The essays have several common themes and together offer important insights into South Asia’s experience of modernity in the years before independence. Cutting across modernity and colonialism, some of the key themes explored here include issues of race, gender, sexuality, law, mental health, famine, disease, religion, missionary medicine, medical research, tensions between and within different medical traditions and practices and India’s place in an international context. This book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of modern South Asian history, sociology, politics and anthropology as well as specialists in the history of medicine.

Sport and Exercise Science

Essays in the History of Sports Medicine

Author: Jack W. Berryman

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252062421

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 372

View: 1394

Sports medicine and the scientific study of exercise, sports, and physical education are enjoying a steady rise in popularity. This volume reveals that a number of current debates concerning the body, physical health, types and degrees of exercise, athletic contest, the use and abuse of aids to performance, and much more, have their roots in the nineteenth century and earlier.

Framing Disease

Studies in Cultural History

Author: Charles E. Rosenberg,Janet Lynne Golden

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813517575

Category: Medical

Page: 326

View: 9751

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Sterblich sein

Was am Ende wirklich zählt. Über Würde, Autonomie und eine angemessene medizinische Versorgung

Author: Atul Gawande

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035849

Category: Self-Help

Page: 336

View: 2323

Ein Buch über das Sterben, das das Leben lehrt Die Medizin scheint über Krankheit und Tod zu triumphieren, doch sterben wir so trostlos wie nie zuvor. Der Bestsellerautor und renommierte Arzt Atul Gawande schreibt in seinem beeindruckenden Buch über das, was am Ende unseres Lebens wirklich zählt. Ungewöhnlich offen spricht er darüber, was es bedeutet, alt zu werden, wie man mit Gebrechen und Krankheiten umgehen kann und was wir an unserem System ändern müssen, um unser Leben würdevoll zu Ende zu bringen. Ein mutiges und weises Buch eines großartigen Autors, voller Geschichten und eigener Erfahrungen, das uns hilft, die Geschichte unseres Lebens gut zu Ende zu erzählen. »Dieses Buch ist nicht nur weise und sehr bewegend, sondern gerade in unserer Zeit unbedingt notwendig und sehr aufschlussreich.« Oliver Sacks »Die medizinische Betreuung ist mehr auf Heilung ausgelegt als auf das Sterben. Dies ist Atuls Gawandes stärkstes und bewegendstes Buch.« Malcolm Gladwell