Marine Mammal Conservation and the Law of the Sea

Author: Cameron S. G. Jefferies,John Norton Moore

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190493143

Category: Law of the sea

Page: 424

View: 6416

Based on author's thesis (doctoral - University of Virginia, 2014).

International Law and the Protection of People at Sea

Author: Irini Papanicolopulu

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192506463

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 3152

Media interest in the fates of people at sea has heightened across the last decade. The attacks and the hostage taking of victims by Somali pirates, and the treatment of migrants and asylum seekers in the Mediterranean, ask pressing questions, as does the sinking of the Costa Concordia off the Italian island of Giglio which, one hundred years after the Titanic capsized, reminded the world that, despite modern navigation systems and technology, shipping is still fallible. Do pirates have human rights? Can migrants at sea be turned back to the State from which they have sailed? How can the crews of vessels be protected against inhuman and degrading working and living conditions? And are States liable under international human rights treaties for arresting drug traffickers on the high seas? The first text to comprehensively compare the legal rights of different people at sea, Irini Papanicolopulu's timely text argues that there is an overarching duty of the state to protect people at sea and adopt all necessary acts with a view towards ensuring enjoyment of their rights. Rather than being in doubt, she reveals that the emerging law in this area is watertight.

The Law of the Sea and the Polar Regions

Interactions between Global and Regional Regimes

Author: Erik J. Molenaar,Alex G. Oude Elferink,Donald R. Rothwell

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004255214

Category: Law

Page: 466

View: 5172

The Law of the Sea and the Polar Regions: Interactions between Global and Regional Regimes examines regional regimes for the Arctic and Antarctic on among others science, maritime security, marine-protected areas, fisheries & shipping, by means of common research questions; thus enabling overall synthesis and identification of differences, similarities, and trends.

Marine Policy

An Introduction to Governance and International Law of the Oceans

Author: Mark Zacharias

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136212469

Category: Nature

Page: 336

View: 6268

This textbook provides the reader with a foundation in policy development and analysis and describes how policy, including legal mechanisms, is applied to marine environments around the world. It offers a systematic treatment of all aspects of marine policy, including environmental protection, fisheries, transportation, energy, mining and climate change. It starts with a biophysical overview of the structure and function of the marine environment with a particular emphasis on the challenges and opportunities of managing the marine environment. An overview of the creation and function of international law is then provided with a focus on international marine law. It explores the geographic and jurisdictional dimensions of marine policy, as well the current and anticipated challenges facing marine systems, including climate change-related impacts and resource over-exploitation. The book should appeal to senior undergraduate and graduate students and form a core part of the curriculum for marine affairs, science and policy courses. It will also provide supplementary reading for students taking a course in the law of the oceans, but is not aimed at legal specialists.

Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

Author: William F. Perrin,Bernd Würsig,J.G.M. Thewissen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919935

Category: Science

Page: 1352

View: 6650

This thorough revision of the classic Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals brings this authoritative book right up-to-date. Articles describe every species in detail, based on the very latest taxonomy, and a host of biological, ecological and sociological aspects relating to marine mammals. The latest information on the biology, ecology, anatomy, behavior and interactions with man is provided by a cast of expert authors – all presented in such detail and clarity to support both marine mammal specialists and the serious naturalist. Fully referenced throughout and with a fresh selection of the best color photographs available, the long-awaited second edition remains at the forefront as the go-to reference on marine mammals. More than 20% NEW MATERIAL includes articles on Climate Change, Pacific White-sided Dolphins, Sociobiology, Habitat Use, Feeding Morphology and more Over 260 articles on the individual species with topics ranging from anatomy and behavior, to conservation, exploitation and the impact of global climate change on marine mammals New color illustrations show every species and document topical articles FROM THE FIRST EDITION “This book is so good...a bargain, full of riches...packed with fascinating up to date information. I recommend it unreservedly it to individuals, students, and researchers, as well as libraries." --Richard M. Laws, MARINE MAMMALS SCIENCE "...establishes a solid and satisfying foundation for current study and future exploration" --Ronald J. Shusterman, SCIENCE

Marine Pollution and the Law of the Sea

Author: John Warren Kindt

Publisher: William s Hein & Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Marine pollution

Page: 2407

View: 3808

The New International Law of Fisheries

Unclos 1982 and Beyond

Author: William T. Burke

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic zones (Law of the sea)

Page: 382

View: 5735

The call by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development for New Negotiation to improve conservation of high seas fishing stocks again challenges the capacity of international law to cope with emerging problems. Examining past and current experience, The New International Law of Fisheries considers the revolutionary changes in the international law of the sea that reached their final stages in the 1970s and discusses their impact on state protection and customary law. It focuses upon the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea, particularly the provisions on the exclusive economic zone where the bulk of world fishing occurs, as well as the major international decisions on high seas fishing, including driftnets, the harvesting of particular species, including salmon, tuna, and marine mammals, and the states that occupy coastal areas of national jurisdiction and high seas. This new study should be of particular interest to international lawyers interested in environmental law and the law of the sea and to states where fishing plays a vital economic role.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982

A Commentary. volume I

Author: Myron H. Nordquist

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789024731459

Category: Law

Page: 467

View: 6617

These commentaries are based almost entirely on the formal and informal documentation of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III, 1973-1982), coupled, where necessary, with the personal knowledge of editors, contributors, or reviewers, many of whom were principal negotiators or UN personnel who participated in the Conference.

Conservation on the High Seas

Harmonizing International Regimes for the Sustainable Use of Living Resources

Author: Simone Borg

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 085793564X

Category: Nature

Page: 313

View: 8150

ïThis book from Simone Borg is a much needed and highly recommended study on conservation on the high seas and harmonizing international regimes for the sustainable use of living resources. This publication is very topical considering the continuous over-exploitation of the living resources. It is a very exhaustive study of many international instruments, the most importantly the 1982 The United Nations Law of the Sea Convention. The author in an admirable manner linked the issue of the conservation of living resources on the high seas to the fundamental principles underlying modern environmental law such as the precautionary principle. The unique feature which sets this book apart from the other similar publications is that it is firmly entrenched in general international law, i.e. deals in a very erudite manner with the issues of fragmentation and harmonisation of international law in the context of conservation. This book will appeal not only to the experts on the law of the sea, but also to general international lawyers.Í _ Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Queen Mary, University of London, UK ïThis is an excellent book, which has taken apart a very complicated part of international law, and reassembled it in a manner which is up-to-date, accessible, insightful and coherent. In doing so, this work plugs a gap in the scholarship in this area, for which the author is to be truly commended. It is an essential addition for all practitioners, scholars and students who work or study, in one of the foremost environmental challenges of the 21st century: conservation on the high seas.Í _ Alexander Gillepsie, University of Waikato, New Zealand ïThe conservation of living marine resources with diverse characteristics and life styles has become an international concern. BorgÍs book provides an examination of the regulatory and legal implications of marine conservation. The analysis takes account of UNCLOS Treaties and the UNCED (1992) that aid a more holistic response by States towards conservation, the marine environment and socio-economic needs. Despite shortcomings and failures there have been success stories that highlight the potential of effective interaction between fisheries law and environmental law. The book addresses the legal aspects of international regimes aimed at setting conservation obligations, compliance and enforcement. This is a path breaking work that shows how international law can diversify itself into different legal streams to ensure flexibility and a degree of adaptation to the different interests of the States involved.Í _ John McEldowney, University of Warwick, UK This timely book discusses various international norms that qualify the right, which all states have to access and exploit living resources in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction, in order to promote the conservation of such species. An intricate body of norms has accumulated over the last few decades, consisting of prior and subsequent rules addressing the same issues, as well as a number of specialized rules that supplement more general ones. However, this process has also exposed the fragmentation of the relevant international regimes, with evolving and diverse interpretations of the same legal terms fine-tuning or qualifying earlier treaties. Uncertainty prevails as to how these norms interrelate with each other. The book assesses to what extent the harmonization of these international regimes is possible. It highlights current trends and developments which aim at better coherence, and discusses legal techniques that could serve to harmonize both the objectives of these international norms and their scope of applicability. The author also demonstrates that in some cases, gaps and conflicts in the existing legal framework cannot be simply ïinterpreted awayÍ but require the further development of international law in order to be resolved properly. This unique book will appeal to academics and students in international law, especially those researching marine conservation and the applicable legal framework. It will be equally useful to organizations both public and private with an interest in marine conservation beyond national jurisdiction. Environmental groups and policy-makers in maritime affairs, environmental issues and fisheries management will also find much to interest them in this insightful book.

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology

Impacts of Multiple Stressors on Population Health

Author: Maria Cristina Fossi,Cristina Panti

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128122501

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1942

Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology: Impacts of Multiple Stressors on Population Health provides tactics on how to develop a comprehensive methodology for the study of existing threats to marine mammals. By presenting a conservation-biology approach and new and emerging technologies, this work helps provide crucial knowledge on the status of marine mammal populations that not only helps readers understand the ecosystem’s health, but also instigate mitigation measures. This volume provides information that helps investigators unravel the relationships between exposure to environmental stressors (e.g., climate change, pollutants, marine litter, pathogens and biotoxins) and a range of endpoints in marine mammal species. The application of robust examination procedures and biochemical, immunological, and molecular techniques, combined with pathological examination and feeding ecology, has led to the development of health assessment methods at the individual and population levels in wild marine mammals. Provides a comprehensive, worldwide update and state of knowledge on current research and topics on marine mammal ecotoxicology Includes coverage of both new and emerging technologies Features a multidisciplinary approach that gives readers a broad, updated overview of the threats facing marine mammals and related conservation measures

Mediterranean Marine Mammal Ecology and Conservation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128052961

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 2080

Mediterranean Marine Mammal Ecology and Conservation, the latest edition of the Advances in Marine Biology series providing in-depth and up-to-date reviews on all aspects of marine biology since 1963, presents the latest information on Mediterranean marine mammal ecology and conservation. The series is well known for its excellent reviews and editing, and is now edited by Barbara E. Curry (University of Central Florida, USA), along with an internationally renowned Editorial Board. This serial will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, and biological oceanography. Volumes cover all areas of marine science, both applied and basic, a wide range of topical areas from all areas of marine ecology, oceanography, fisheries management, molecular biology, and the full range of geographic areas from polar seas to tropical coral reefs. Reviews articles on the latest advances in marine biology Contains contributions from many leading figures in their fields of study Presents material that is widely used by managers, students, and academic professionals in the marine sciences

The Changing International Law of High Seas Fisheries

Author: Francisco Orrego Vicuña

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521641937

Category: Law

Page: 338

View: 9792

This book examines the international law of high seas fisheries in the light of the negotiations of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, the State and international practice that followed and its influence on the 1995 Straddling Stocks Agreement. This Agreement and related developments are discussed in detail, particularly in terms of the interactions with the Exclusive Economic Zone and the introduction of environmental perspectives that have led to major conceptual changes in the legal approach to fisheries and practical solutions in the field.

Saving the Oceans Through Law

The International Legal Framework for the Protection of the Marine Environment

Author: James Harrison

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198707320

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 3986

The oceans cover more than seventy per cent of the surface of the planet and they provide many vital ecosystem services. However, the health of the world's oceans has been deteriorating over the past decades and the protection of the marine environment has emerged as one of the most pressing legal and political challenges for the international community. An effective solution depends upon the cooperation of all states towards achieving agreed objectives. This book provides a critical assessment of the role that international law plays in this process, by explaining and evaluating the various legal instruments that have been negotiated in this area, as well as key trends in global ocean governance. Starting with a detailed analysis of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the book considers the main treaties and other legal texts that seeks to prevent, reduce, and control damage to the marine environment caused by navigation, seabed exploitation, fishing, dumping, and land-based activities, as well as emerging pressures such as ocean noise and climate change. The book demonstrates how international institutions have expanded their mandates to address a broader range of marine environmental issues, beyond basic problems of pollution control to include the conservation of marine biological diversity and an ecosystems approach to regulation. It also discusses the development of diverse regulatory tools to address anthropogenic impacts on the marine environment and the extent to which states have adopted a precautionary approach in different maritime sectors. Whilst many advances have been made in these matters, this book highlights the need for greater coordination between international institutions, as well as the desirability of developing stronger enforcement mechanisms for international environmental rules.

The European Community and Marine Environmental Protection in the International Law of the Sea

Implementing Global Obligations at the Regional Level

Author: Veronica Frank

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 900415695X

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 6672

This books offers a comprehensive and innovative picture of the Community's implementation of its international obligations in the field of the marine environment, looking at the participation of the EC and its member states in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and other relevant agreements.

Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation

Applying the Past to Manage for the Future

Author: John N. Kittinger,Loren McClenachan,Keryn B. Gedan,Louise K. Blight

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520959604

Category: Nature

Page: 312

View: 3156

This pioneering volume provides a blueprint for managing the challenges of ocean conservation using marine historical ecology—an interdisciplinary area of study that is helping society to gain a more in-depth understanding of past human-environmental interactions in coastal and marine ecosystems and of the ecological and social outcomes associated with these interactions. Developed by groundbreaking practitioners in the field, Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation highlights the innovative ways that historical ecology can be applied to improve conservation and management efforts in the oceans. The book focuses on four key challenges that confront marine conservation: (1) recovering endangered species, (2) conserving fisheries, (3) restoring ecosystems, and (4) engaging the public. Chapters emphasize real-world conservation scenarios appropriate for students, faculty, researchers, and practitioners in marine science, conservation biology, natural resource management, paleoecology, and marine and coastal archaeology. By focusing on success stories and applied solutions, this volume delivers the required up-to-date science and tools needed for restoration and protection of ocean and coastal ecosystems.

Global Environmental Change and Innovation in International Law

Author: Neil Craik,Cameron S. G. Jefferies,Sara L. Seck,Tim Stephens

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108423442

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 1121

Explores normative and institutional innovation in international law as a response to the challenges to global order posed by rapid environmental change.

Freedom for the Seas in the 21st Century

Ocean Governance and Environmental Harmony

Author: Jon M. Van Dyke,Durwood Zaelke,Grant Hewison

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559632423

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 5245

Freedom for the Seas in the 21st Century brings together leading international experts on marine policy to address current threats to the health of the seas and to offer new approaches to the challenge of protecting our marine environment. The paradigm presented is one of ocean governance rather than of law or policy; it challenges the prevailing concept of "freedom of the seas" and calls instead for a governing notion of "freedom for the seas" where the primary goal is the protection of ecological vitality.Topics covered include: strategies for controlling ocean pollution regulation of high-seas fishing defects in current deep seabed mining regulatory provisions threats to the marine environment posed by military activities

Marine Conservation

Science, Policy, and Management

Author: G. Carleton Ray,Jerry McCormick-Ray

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111871444X

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3418

Providing a guide for marine conservation practice, Marine Conservation takes a whole-systems approach, covering major advances in marine ecosystem understanding. Its premise is that conservation must be informed by the natural histories of organisms together with the hierarchy of scale-related linkages and ecosystem processes. The authors introduce a broad range of overlapping issues and the conservation mechanisms that have been devised to achieve marine conservation goals. The book provides students and conservation practitioners with a framework for thoughtful, critical thinking in order to incite innovation in the 21st century. "Marine Conservation presents a scholarly but eminently readable case for the necessity of a systems approach to conserving the oceans, combining superb introductions to the science, law and policy frameworks with carefully chosen case studies. This superb volume is a must for anyone interested in marine conservation, from students and practitioners to lay readers and policy-makers." —Simon Levin, George M. Moffett Professor of Biology, Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University

Marine Mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues

Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues

Author: Nicholas Gales,Mark Hindell,Roger Kirkwood

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643099263

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 6547

Marine Mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues brings together contributions from 68 leading scientists from 12 countries to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date review on the way we manage our interactions with whales, dolphins, seals and dugongs. The book examines how we have fared conserving the world’s marine mammal populations, with a focus on the key issues of fisheries and tourism. From a unique southern hemisphere perspective, the authors consider how science informs the culling debate, how wild fisheries and aquaculture interact with marine mammal populations and how we might manage the effects of whale, dolphin and seal watching industries. The authors also address other issues such as the way in which ethics, genetics, acoustics, ecosystem models and pollution influence the management and conservation of marine mammals. Marine Mammals is an invaluable and accessible resource for all those involved with marine mammals, including scientists, managers, policy makers, industry representatives and students. Winner of a 2004 Whitley Award.