Latin American Democracy

Emerging Reality or Endangered Species?

Author: Richard L. Millett,Jennifer S. Holmes,Orlando J. Pérez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317908422

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 9806

More than thirty years have passed since Latin America began the arduous task of transitioning from military-led rule to democracy. In this time, more countries have moved toward the institutional bases of democracy than at any time in the region’s history. Nearly all countries have held free, competitive elections and most have had peaceful alternations in power between opposing political forces. Despite these advances, however, Latin American countries continue to face serious domestic and international challenges to the consolidation of stable democratic governance. The challenges range from weak political institutions, corruption, legacies of militarism, transnational crime, and globalization among others. In the second edition of Latin American Democracy contributors – both academics and practitioners, North Americans, Latin Americans, and Spaniards—explore and assess the state of democratic consolidation in Latin America by focusing on the specific issues and challenges confronting democratic governance in the region. This thoroughly updated revision provides new chapters on: the environment, decentralization, the economy, indigenous groups, and the role of China in the region.

The Rule of Law In Central America

Citizens' Reactions to Crime and Punishment

Author: Mary Fran T. Malone

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441104119

Category: Law

Page: 209

View: 9058

An analysis of how respect of the rule of law varies across countries that share a common historical heritage and similar socio-economic challenges. >

Human Security, Changing States and Global Responses

Institutions and Practices

Author: Sangmin Bae,Makoto Maruyama

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317620941

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 373

This book critically assesses the human security challenges faced by states, focusing on how and to what extent the state is influenced by global structures and operations. Having grown rapidly since the 1990s, the field of human security has spawned a wide variety of academic research. This research has helped to reconceptualize the notion of security, both broadening and deepening it, and it has created a space where unconventional and multidimensional forms of security inform international policy practices. However, while various issues and cases of human security have received growing academic attention and policy interest, many of the existing books on human security focus primarily on non-state actors. This leaves a key question unanswered: why do sovereign states take on leadership roles in promoting human security? To answer the question of why and how national governments influence international human security policy, this volume examines the domestic political factors and structures that mediate the range of policy choices. Important domestic variables include the ‘cultural match’ (e.g., ‘Does the country often favor multilateralism and promote a rule-bound international society?’), the nature of the political interests and realities that are present (e.g., ‘Does the country see the promotion of human security as a strategic choice?’), and the occurrence of important historical events such as wars, revolutions, or natural disasters (e.g., ‘Does the country, during the crisis, help to foster a new way of managing enduring security threats?’). Using this line of analysis, the book illuminates the role of the state in handling critical human security issues and its rationale for doing so. This book will be of much interest to students of human security, peace studies, global governance, development studies and IR in general.

Latin American Political Culture

Public Opinion and Democracy

Author: John A. Booth,Patricia Bayer Richard

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483322475

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 5022

Latin American Political Culture: Public Opinion and Democracy presents a genuinely pan-Latin American examination of the region’s contemporary political culture. This is the only book to extensively investigate the attitudes and behaviors of Latin Americans based on the Latin American Public Opinion Project’s (LAPOP) AmericasBarometer surveys. The findings reveal a complex Latin America with distinct political culture. Authors John Booth and Patricia Bayer Richard join rigorous analysis with clear graphic presentation and extensive examples, and readers learn about public opinion research, engage with further questions for analysis, and have access to data, an expansive bibliography, and links to appendices.

Latin American Responses to Globalization in the 21st Century

Author: M. Nilsson,J. Gustafsson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113700312X

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 5220

Written by a diverse group of scholars and practitioners from Latin America, the US and Europe and taking into consideration the recent global financial crisis,the book offers a multifaceted insight into the expectations as well as the possible threats related to Latin America's incorporation into the sphere of global interconnectedness.

Democratic Latin America

Author: Craig D. Arceneaux

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 0205956211

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 2296

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Debuting in its first edition, Democratic Latin America focuses on analyzing political institutions as a way to assess broader trends in the region’s politics, including the rise of democracy. Drawing on new approaches in comparative politics, this text looks at the major institutions–executive, legislature, judiciary, military, and more—in 18 democratic countries to not only provide an expansive view of politics in Latin America but to also facilitate cross-national comparison.

Latin American Politics and Development

Author: Howard J. Wiarda,Harvey F. Kline

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 0813349052

Category: Political Science

Page: 656

View: 1617

For over thirty years, Latin American Politics and Development has kept instructors and students abreast of current affairs and changes in Latin America. Now in its ninth edition, this definitive text has been updated throughout and features contributions from experts in the field, including twenty new and revised chapters on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America. The fully updated foundational section includes new chapters on political economy and U.S.-Latin American relations and covers the changing context of Latin American politics, the pattern of historical development, political culture, interest groups and political parties, government machinery, the role of the state and public policy, and the struggle for democracy. In addition to detailed country-by-country chapters, Latin American Politics and Development provides a comprehensive regional overview.

Populism and the Mirror of Democracy

Author: Francisco Panizza

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859844892

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 3508

A definitive collection, edited by one of the world s pre-eminent authorities on populism.

Fujimori's Coup and the Breakdown of Democracy in Latin America

Author: Charles Dennison Kenney

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 379

View: 808

This text explores why and how democracy broke down in Peru in 1992. The author's argument is that institutional factors - especially the absence of a legislative majority - were crucial to the collapse of democracy in Peru during and before this period and throughout Latin America since the 1960s.

Political Culture in Panama

Democracy after Invasion

Author: O. Pérez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230116353

Category: Political Science

Page: 203

View: 1870

The most comprehensive and empirically grounded analysis of the institutional and attitudinal factors that have shaped Panamanian politics since the 1989 U.S. invasion. Panama offers a unique opportunity to understand the long-term effects of United States policy and the challenges of building democracy after a military invasion.

Violence Against Women in Couples

Latin America and the Caribbean : a Proposal for Measuring Its Incidence and Trends

Author: Diane Alméras,United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Women and Development Unit

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211215243

Category: Social Science

Page: 52

View: 3930

The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes

Author: Scott Mainwaring

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804767910

Category: Political Science

Page: 377

View: 9815

The essays in this book analyze and explain the crisis of democratic representation in five Andean countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. In this region, disaffection with democracy, political parties, and legislatures has spread to an alarming degree. Many presidents have been forced from office, and many traditional parties have fallen by the wayside. These five countries have the potential to be negative examples in a region that has historically had strong demonstration and diffusion effects in terms of regime changes. "The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes" addresses an important question for Latin America as well as other parts of the world: Why does representation sometimes fail to work?

The Accidental President of Brazil

A Memoir

Author: Fernando Henrique Cardoso

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1586485962

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8367

Fernando Henrique Cardoso received a phone call in the middle of the night asking him to be the new Finance Minister of Brazil. As he put the phone down and stared into the darkness of his hotel room, he feared he'd been handed a political death sentence. The year was 1993, and he would be responsible for an economy that had had seven different currencies in the previous eight years to cope with inflation that had run at 3000 percent a year. Brazil had a habit of chewing up finance ministers with the ferocity of an Amazon piranha. This was just one of the turns in a largely unscripted and sometimes unwanted political career. In exile during the harshest period of the junta that ruled Brazil for twenty years, Cardoso started his political life with a tentative run for the Federal Senate in 1978. Within fifteen years, and despite himself, this former sociologist was running the country. And what a country! Brazil, it is often said, is on the edge of modernity, striding with one foot in mid-air towards the future, the other still rooted deep in a traditional past. It is a land of sophisticated music and brutal gold-digging, of the next global superpower and the last old-time coffee plantations. It is gloriously ungovernable, irrepressibly attractive, and home to the family, friends and extraordinary life of Fernando Henrique Cardoso. This is his story and his love song to his country.

The Unraveling of Representative Democracy in Venezuela

Author: Jennifer L. McCoy,David J. Myers

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801884283

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4743

For four decades, Venezuela prided itself for having one of the most stable representative democracies in Latin America. Then, in 1992, Hugo Chávez Frías attempted an unsuccessful military coup. Six years later, he was elected president. Once in power, Chávez redrafted the 1961 constitution, dissolved the Congress, dismissed judges, and marginalized rival political parties. In a bid to create direct democracy, other Latin American democracies watched with mixed reactions: if representative democracy could break down so quickly in Venezuela, it could easily happen in countries with less-established traditions. On the other hand, would Chávez create a new form of democracy to redress the plight of the marginalized poor? In this volume of essays, leading scholars from Venezuela and the United States ask why representative democracy in Venezuela unraveled so swiftly and whether it can be restored. Its thirteen chapters examine the crisis in three periods: the unraveling of Punto Fijo democracy; Chávez's Bolivarian Revolution; and the course of "participatory democracy" under Chávez. The contributors analyze such factors as the vulnerability of Venezuelan democracy before Chávez; the role of political parties, organized labor, the urban poor, the military, and businessmen; and the impact of public and economic policy. This timely volume offers important lessons for comparative regime change within hybrid democracies. Contributors: Damarys Canache, Florida State University; Rafael de la Cruz, Inter-American Development Bank; José Antonio Gil, Yepes Datanalisis; Richard S. Hillman, St. John Fisher College; Janet Kelly, Graduate Institute of Business, Caracas; José E. Molina, University of Zulia; Mosés Naím, Foreign Policy; Nelson Ortiz, Caracas Stock Exchange; Pedro A. Palma, Graduate Institute of Business, Caracas; Carlos A. Romero and Luis Salamanca, Central University of Venezuela; Harold Trinkunas, Naval Postgraduate School.

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 9087

Bureaucracy and Representative Government

Author: Jr. Niskanen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351530410

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 2161

This is the first book to develop a formal theory of supply by bureaus. Niskanen develops an original and comprehensive theory of the behavior of bureaus with the institutions of representative government. He challenges the traditional view that monopoly bureaus are the best way to organize the public sector, and he suggests ways to use competitive bureaus and private firms to perform operations such as delivering mail, fighting wars, or running schools more efficiently than the present government agencies.The theory concludes that most bureaus are too large, grow too fast, use too much capital, and exploit their sponsor. His theory explains the relation of the output and budget of a bureau to demand and cost decisions. It compares bureaus with other forms of organization facing like conditions and delineates the production and investment behavior of a bureau, the behavior of nonprofit firms with no sponsor, the behavior of mixed bureaus with financing from a sponsor and from the sale of services, the effects of competition between a bureau and a competitive industry.The book also develops a simple theory of the market for public services financed through a representative government; the final section suggests a set of changes to improve the performance of our bureaucratic and political institutions, based both on theory and Niskanen's professional experience. It is essential reading for professionals and students in the social sciences and could prove instrumental in reforming some of our government institutions.

Deepening Democracy

Institutional Innovations in Empowered Participatory Governance

Author: Archon Fung,Erik Olin Wright

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859846889

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 4219

Volume IV of the Real Utopias Project. Contributions by Rebecca Abers, Gianpaolo Baiocchi, Joshua Cohen, Patrick Heller, T.M. Thomas Isaac, Bradley Karkkainen, Rebecca Krantz, Jane Mansbridge, Joel Rogers, Craig W. Thomas.

The Dragon in the Room

China and the Future of Latin American Industrialization

Author: Kevin Gallagher,Roberto Porzecanski

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804771871

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 4029

This book shows that China's rise may jeopardize the future of Latin American industrialization.

Handbook of Happiness Research in Latin America

Author: Mariano Rojas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401772037

Category: Social Science

Page: 637

View: 3228

This book presents original happiness research from and about a region that shows unexpectedly high levels of happiness. Even when Latin American countries cannot be classified as high-income countries their population do enjoy, on average, high happiness levels. The book draws attention to some important factors that contribute to the happiness of people, such as: relational values, human relations, solidarity networks, the role of the family, and the availability and gratifying using of leisure time. In a world where happiness is acquiring greater relevance as a final social and personal aim both the academic community and the social-actors and policy-makers community would benefit from Happiness Research in Latin America.

Joint Force Quarterly

JFQ.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Unified operations (Military science)

Page: N.A

View: 5261