Science Communication Between News and Public Relations
Author: Martin W. Bauer,Massimiano Bucchi
Category: Social Science
Analyzing the role of journalists in science communication, this book presents a perspective on how this is going to evolve in the twenty-first century. The book takes three distinct perspectives on this interesting subject. Firstly, science journalists reflect on their ‘operating rules’ (science news values and news making routines). Secondly, a brief history of science journalism puts things into context, characterising the changing output of science writing in newspapers over time. Finally, the book invites several international journalists or communication scholars to comment on these observations thereby opening the global perspective. This unique project will interest a range of readers including science communication students, media studies scholars, professionals working in science communication and journalists.
Issues and Dilemmas - A Reader in Science Communication
Author: John K. Gilbert,Susan M. Stocklmayer
Science communication seeks to engage individuals and groups with evidence-based information about the nature, outcomes, and social consequences of science and technology. This text provides an overview of this burgeoning field ─ the issues with which it deals, important influences that affect it, the challenges that it faces. It introduces readers to the research-based literature about science communication and shows how it relates to actual or potential practice. A "Further Exploration" section provides suggestions for activities that readers might do to explore the issues raised. Organized around five themes, each chapter addresses a different aspect of science communication: • Models of science communication – theory into practice • Challenges in communicating science • Major themes in science communication • Informal learning • Communication of contemporary issues in science and society Relevant for all those interested in and concerned about current issues and developments in science communication, this volume is an ideal text for courses and a must-have resource for faculty, students, and professionals in this field.
Comprehensive yet accessible, this key Handbook provides an up-to-date overview of the fast growing and increasingly important area of ‘public communication of science and technology’, from both research and practical perspectives. As well as introducing the main issues, arenas and professional perspectives involved, it presents the findings of earlier research and the conclusions previously drawn. Unlike most existing books on this topic, this unique volume couples an overview of the practical problems faced by practitioners with a thorough review of relevant literature and research. The practical Handbook format ensures it is a student-friendly resource, but its breadth of scope and impressive contributors means that it is also ideal for practitioners and professionals working in the field. Combining the contributions of different disciplines (media and journalism studies, sociology and history of science), the perspectives of different geographical and cultural contexts, and by selecting key contributions from appropriate and well-respected authors, this original text provides an interdisciplinary as well as a global approach to public communication of science and technology.
Author: Bernard Schiele,Michel Claessens,Shunke Shi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume is aimed at all those who wonder about the mechanisms and effects of the disclosure of knowledge. Whether they have a professional interest in understanding these processes generally, or they wish to conduct targeted investigations in the PCST field, it will be useful to anyone involved in science communication, including researchers, academics, students, journalists, science museum staff, scientists high public profiles, and information officers in scientific institutions.
Nothing seems more far removed from the visceral, bodily experience of emotions than the cold, rational technology of the Internet. But as this collection shows, the internet and emotions intersect in interesting and surprising ways. Internet and Emotions is the fruit of an interdisciplinary collaboration of scholars from the sociology of emotions and communication and media studies. It features theoretical and empirical chapters from international researchers who investigate a wide range of issues concerning the sociology of emotions in the context of new media. The book fills a substantial gap in the social research of digital technology, and examines whether the internet invokes emotional states differently from other media and unmediated situations, how emotions are mobilized and internalized into online practices, and how the social definitions of emotions are changing with the emergence of the internet. It explores a wide range of behaviors and emotions from love to mourning, anger, resentment and sadness. What happens to our emotional life in a mediated, disembodied environment, without the bodily element of physical co-presence to set off emotional exchanges? Are there qualitatively new kinds of emotional exchanges taking place on the internet? These are only some of the questions explored in the chapters of this book, with quite surprising answers.
Digitalization and computerization are now pervasive in science. This has deep consequences for our understanding of scientific knowledge and of the scientific process, and challenges longstanding assumptions and traditional frameworks of thinking of scientific knowledge. Digital media and computational processes challenge our conception of the way in which perception and cognition work in science, of the objectivity of science, and the nature of scientific objects. They bring about new relationships between science, art and other visual media, and new ways of practicing science and organizing scientific work, especially as new visual media are being adopted by science studies scholars in their own practice. This volume reflects on how scientists use images in the computerization age, and how digital technologies are affecting the study of science.
Communicating science and technology is a high priority of many research and policy institutions, a concern of many other private and public bodies, and an established subject of training and education. Over the past few decades, the field has developed and expanded significantly, both in terms of professional practice and in terms of research and reflection. The Routledge Handbook of Public Communication of Science and Technology provides a state-of-the-art review of this fast-growing and increasingly important area, through an examination of the research on the main actors, issues, and arenas involved. In this brand-new revised edition, the book brings the reviews up-to-date and deepens the analysis. As well as substantial reworking of many chapters, it gives more attention to digital media and the global aspects of science communication, with the inclusion of four new chapters. Several new contributors are added to leading mass-communication scholars, sociologists, public-relations practitioners, science writers, and others featured herein. With key questions for further discussion highlighted in each chapter, the handbook is a student-friendly resource and its scope and expert contributors mean it is also ideal for both practitioners and professionals working in the field. Combining the perspectives of different disciplines and of different geographical and cultural contexts, this original text provides an interdisciplinary and global approach to the public communication of science and technology. It is a valuable resource for students, researchers, educators, and professionals in media and journalism, sociology, the history of science, and science and technology.
Communication about ‘the environment’ in and through a broad array of news, advertising, art and entertainment media is one of the major sources of public and political understanding of definitions, issues and problems associated with the environment. Environment, Media and Communication examines the social, cultural and political roles of the media as a public arena for images, representations, definitions and controversy regarding the environment. The book starts by discussing and outlining a framework for analyzing media and communication roles in the emergence of the environment and environmental problems as issues for public and political concern. It proceeds to examine who and what drives the public agenda on environmental issues, addressing questions about how governments, scientists, experts, pressure groups and other stakeholders have sought to use traditional as well as newer media for promoting their definitions of the key issues. The media are not merely an open public arena or stage, but rather themselves a key gate-keeper and influence in the process of communicating about the environment: the role of news values, organizational arrangements and professional practices, are thus examined next. Recognizing the importance of wider popular culture narratives to public understanding and communication about the environment and nature, the book proceeds with a discussion of the messages and moral tales communicated about the environment, science and nature in a range of media, including film and advertising media. It shows how this wider context provides important clues to understanding the successes and failures of selected environmental issues or campaigns. The book finishes with an examination of the key approaches and models used for understanding how the media influence and interact with public opinion and political decision-making on environmental issues. Offering a comprehensive introduction to theoretical approaches and models for the study of media and communication roles regarding the environment, and drawing on empirical research evidence and examples from Europe, America, Australia and Asia, the book will be of interest to students in media/communication studies, geography, environmental studies, political science and sociology as wll as to environmental professionals and activists.
Journalism is in the middle of sweeping changes in its relationships with the communities it serves, and the audiences for news and public affairs it seeks to address. Changes in technology have blurred the lines between professionals and citizens, partisan and objective bystanders, particularly in the emerging public zones of the blogosphere. This volume examines these changes and the new concepts needed to understand them in the days and years ahead. With contributions from up-and-coming scholars, this collection identifies key issues and paves the way for further research on the role of journalism in today's world. It will appeal to scholars, researchers, and advanced students in journalism, communication, and media studies, and will also be of interest to those in public affairs, political science, and government.
Bürgerliche Kultur, naturwissenschaftliche Bildung und die deutsche Öffentlichkeit 1848-1914
Author: Andreas Daum
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Mit diesem Buch werden die vielfältigen Formen, in denen noch heute Wissenschaft popularisiert wird, erstmals auf ihre Ursprünge im 19. Jahrhundert zurückgeführt und zentral in die bürgerliche Kultur dieser Zeit eingelagert. Entgegen langlebigen Vorurteilen kann nachgewiesen werden, dass es eine breite, farbige und kulturell tief verwurzelte Tradition der Populärwissenschaft in Deutschland gibt. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Frage, welche Bedeutung die naturwissenschaftliche Bildung in der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft entfaltete. Die Entwicklung des naturkundlichen Vereinswesens und Schulunterrichts und die Ausbreitung einer von Naturwissenschaftlern organisierten Festkultur werden ebenso als Teile der Geschichte bürgerlicher Öffentlichkeit beschrieben wie die rasante Zunahme von populärwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften und Büchern. Dabei wird zum einen deutlich, wie sich publikumsorientierte Sprach- und Darstellungsformen sowie eigene Gruppen von Wissensvermittlern etablierten. Zum anderen werden die Inhalte und ideologischen Deutungspotentiale, die über populäre Medien vermittelt wurden und zum bürgerlichen Verständnis von Natur beitrugen, besonders betont. Die Geschichte von Öffentlichkeit und Bürgerlichkeit in Deutschland gewinnt auf diese Weise neue Konturen, zumal zahlreiche Interpretationen vorgelegt werden, die über bisherige Forschungsmeinungen hinausweisen. So begreift dieses Buch die Wissenschaftspopularisierung als Teil des Nachwirkens revolutionärer Anliegen von 1848, der Darwinismus wird in seiner ideellen Prägekraft erheblich relativiert, und das Verhältnis von Naturwissenschaften und christlicher Religion findet eine neue Würdigung. Dieses Buch soll eine eklatante Forschungslücke schließen und zugleich die Geschichte der Populärwissenschaft im öffentlichen Bewusstsein der heutigen Mediengesellschaft verankern. Die Darstellung zielt darauf, eine Brücke zu schlagen zwischen der allgemeinen Geschichte, im besonderen der florierenden Bürgertumsforschung, und eher marginalisierten Bereichen wie der Geistes-, Religions- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Der Band hat einen fachwissenschaftlichen Charakter, ist aber in seinem leserfreundlichen Stil und der leicht zugänglichen Gliederung für einen weiten Leserkreis geschrieben. Er wendet sich zum einen an alle HistorikerInnen, die neue Erkenntnisse über die deutsche Kultur im 19. Jahrhundert und das Verhältnis von Wissenschaft, Gesellschaft und Öffentlichkeit gewinnen möchten. Zum anderen sind alle historisch interessierten Leser und die Vertreter von Nachbardisziplinen, darunter Literatur- und Kommunikationswissenschaften ebenso wie Theologie und Naturwissenschaften, angesprochen. Das Buch bietet darüber hinaus eine an keiner anderen Stelle greifbare Sammlung von Kurzbiographien, mehrere Tabellen, zahlreiche Abbildungen und erstmalig eine Bibliographie populärwissenschaftlicher Texte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Damit kann dieser Band auch hervorragend als Nachschlagewerk genutzt und über das umfangreiche Orts-, Personen- und Sachregister leicht erschlossen werden.
""This is an excellent source of ideas on using the media to enrich science teaching and engage pupils. It contains numerous ideas on using newspapers and other sources in science and how to encourage young people to read them carefully and critically." Prof Jerry Wellington, School of Education, University of Sheffield, UK "Throughout the book, all the ideas, content, suggestions and arguments are supported by in-depth research and solid referencing, making this an authoritative, yet eminently readable, reference volume for current and would-be secondary science teachers." School Science Review Science-related news stories have great potential as a resource for teaching and learning about science and its impact on society. By demonstrating the relevance of the subject in everyday life, they can form a valuable bridge between the school classroom and the 'real world'. Worldwide, those advocating science education reform stress the need to promote 'scientific literacy' among young people and typically this includes equipping students to critically engage with science reports in the media. However, very little guidance exists for those who wish to do so. Developing Scientific Literacy addresses this gap, offering a much-needed framework for teachers wishing to explore 'science in the media' in secondary schools or colleges. It suggests how teachers across a number of subject areas can collaborate to promote among young people an aptitude and ability to engage thoughtfully with science in the media. Drawing on research and development work, the authors: Describe key characteristics of science news reporting Discuss its potential as a resource for teaching and learning about science and for developing young people's criticality in respect of such reports Identify appropriate instructional objectives and suggest activities through which these might be achieved This timely book is a source of valuable ideas and insights for all secondary science teachers. It will also be of interest to those with responsibilities for initial teacher training and continuing professional development.
For many years now we have witnessed the developing use of the internet and associated technologies by political actors and organisations. Claims and counter claims have been made as its suitability as a tool to help in the struggle to re-invigorate political participation in democracies across the globe has been contested. This book charts the shifting sands of political activity in the digital age. It interrogates the hybrid nature of modern politics as online and offline actions blur the boundaries of traditional politics between ‘real-life’ co-presence and the booming virtual domain of politics. By so doing, it critically reflects on the latest scholarship on the subject while concurrently advancing stimulating new insights into it. Encapsulating both the range and the diverse velocities of change in different political arenas and geographical locations, this volumes seeks to map out a path if not towards the politics of tomorrow then towards a better comprehension of the politics of today. Featuring a range of international and comparative case studies presenting research on the UK, US, Italy, France, Spain, Romania, Africa and China, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Politics and Media, Political Communication, New Media studies, Public Administration, Sociology, Communication Studies, Computing and Information and Communications Technologies.
Richard Holliman,Elizabeth Whitelegg,Eileen Scanlon,Sam Smidt,Jeff Thomas
Implications for Public Engagement and Popular Media
Author: Richard Holliman,Elizabeth Whitelegg,Eileen Scanlon,Sam Smidt,Jeff Thomas
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Sections include: Engaging with public engagement, Researching public engagement, Studying science in popular media, Mediating science news, Communicating science in popular media and Examining audiences for popular science.
The Handbook of Election Coverage Around the World focuses on the news coverage of national elections in democracies around the globe. It brings together and compares election news coverage within a single framework, offering a systematic consideration of various factors. Considering the prominence and power of the press in the election process, this volume will offer unique breadth in its global consideration of the topic. The volume will appeal to scholars in political communication, political science, mass media and society, and others studying elections and media coverage around the world.
Environmental Risks and the Media explores the ways in which environmental risks, threats and hazards are represented, transformed and contested by the media. At a time when popular conceptions of the environment as a stable, natural world with which humanity interferes are being increasingly contested, the medias methods of encouraging audiences to think about environmental risks - from the BSE or 'mad cow' crisis to global climate change - are becoming more and more controversial. Examining large-scale disasters, as well as 'everyday' hazards, the contributors consider the tensions between entertainment and information in media coverage of the environment. How do the media frame 'expert', 'counter-expert' and 'lay public' definitions of environmental risk? What role do environmental pressure groups like Greenpeace or 'eco-warriors' and 'green guerrillas' play in shaping what gets covered and how? Does the media emphasis on spectacular events at the expense of issue-sensitive reporting exacerbate the public tendency to overestimate sudden and violent risks and underestimate chronic long-term ones?
The world around us is continually being shaped by science, and by society’s relationship to it. In recent years sociologists have been increasingly preoccupied with the latter, and now in this fascinating book, Massimiano Bucchi provides a brief introduction to this topical issue. Bucchi provides clear and unassuming summaries of all the major theoretical positions within the sociology of science, illustrated with many fascinating examples. Theories covered include Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific change, the sociology of scientific knowledge, actor-network theory, and the social construction of technology. The second half of the book looks at recent public controversies over the role of science in the modern world including: * the Sokal affair, otherwise known as the science wars * debates over public understanding of science, such as global warming and genetically modified food * the implications of the human genome project. This much needed introduction to a rapidly growing area brings theory alive and will be essential reading for all students of the sociology of science.
This volume explores the construction of an ethics for news media that is global in reach and impact. Essays by international media ethicists provide leading theoretical perspectives on major issues and applies the ideas to specific countries, contexts and problems, and the result is a rich source of ethical thought and analysis on questions raised by contemporary global media.
Thoroughly revised and updated, this Student Edition of the successful Handbook of New Media has been abridged to showcase the best of the hardback edition. This Handbook sets out boundaries of new media research and scholarship and provides a definitive statement of the current state-of-the-art of the field. Covering major problem areas of research, the Handbook of New Media includes an introductory essay by the editors and a concluding essay by Ron Rice. Each chapter, written by an internationally renowned scholar, provides a review of the most significant social research findings and insights.
That risk communication ranks high on the policymaking agenda is beyond discussion today. The field is a point of intersection of social communication, practical management and policy making. It covers such diverse activities as to inform and educate the public about risk, and risk management in order to influence attitudes and behaviour, to act in situations of emergency or crises, to aid in decision-making and to assist in conflict resolution. Communication has grown into a major concern in current risk governance based on network co-ordinated management of public affairs conducted by authorities and companies and is recognized as a key component in the government of risk. This is especially salient in policy fields relating to environmental planning and resource management, urban planning, chemical and food regulation, or infrastructure planning, development and maintenance. This book explores risk communication research with a focus on new theoretical perspectives, research findings, and applied goals. It reflects on a broad range of innovative theoretical perspectives, methodological approaches and empirical areas. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Risk Research.