Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Communications - Journalism, Journalism Professions, grade: 5,0/1,0, University of Helsinki (Communications), course: Nordic Media and Communication, language: English, comment: Das Finnische Notensystem geht von 5-1, wobei 5 die beste Note ist und 1 noch genugend ist dh eine 5 enspricht einer Schweizerischen 6 bzw. einder Deutschen 1., abstract: Finland belongs to a list of countries that Hallin and Mancini place in the group of the 'Democratic Cororatist' model. (quoted after Hovden 2009, p.149; Hujanen 2009, p. 2) The central elements of this group are high newspaper circulation, strong professionalism and state intervention. They rose from a history of "early democratization, consensus-based governments, a history of democratic corporatism and a strong welfare state." (quoted after Hovden 2009, p.149) These elements show clearly when taking a look at the Finnish history. Newspapers were born as political organs around 1900. 1917 Finland declared its independence and the welfare state has been built up until today. The era of newspapers as political organs ended only at the end of the 1990s and was followed by a non-political news policy. In combination to this change, in the 1950s the development of commercial media markets began and continues until today. One of the consequences of this was that the newspapers owned by media chains have to fulfil profit expectations. (Hujanen 2009, p.2) Finland has had different media eras, but the question is which cycle we are experiencing now? The media landscapes everywhere are moving, being discussed and worried about- therefore it might be the 'era of change and challenges'. Like Ann Axelsson says, "the only certainty in our industry [the newspaper industry, A/N] is the incertitude." (Das Magazin 2009)
Communication Ethics Today includes chapters by leading professionals and academics on: .Ethical issues in alternative journalism .Ethical work practices, communication and organisational commitment .Between trust and anxiety: on the moods of Information Society .Communication and the machine of government .Secrecy, communications strategy and democratic values Professor Clifford Christians, of the University of Illinois-Urbana, says: "These chapters en masse promote truth-telling as the over-arching ethical framework for understanding the media's mission and practice."
What does it mean when images of refugees’ plight are shared on social media? Or when we respond to emotive NGO fundraising campaigns, or are heartened by do-good reality TV shows? Do these narratives offer incentives for genuine social change or only momentary feelings of individual satisfaction? Drawing on social theory, political economy and cultural studies, Media Solidarities explores the way in which media can both enable and obstruct meaningful bonds of solidarity and positive social change. Written in a highly approachable style, it ties theory to contemporary world events and media discourses through a series of examples and case studies. The book offers an analytical toolkit to critically understand media narratives of representation, participation and production and to challenge our perceptions of our selves and society. It will be fascinating reading for students in media and communications, politics, sociology, human geography and cultural studies.
This book focuses on mediated intercultural communication in the context of globalization. Analyzing social and traditional media using qualitative, interpretive, and critical and cultural perspectives, contributors engage with diverse topics - ranging from hybrid identities in different communities, to journalistic collaborations in the global media landscape. In addition, the authors also examine the placeless and borderless communities of diaspora members, their transnational identities, and the social media stories that shape and are shaped by them.
Jeffrey C. Alexander,Elizabeth Butler Breese,Marîa Luengo
Author: Jane B. Singer,David Domingo,Ari Heinonen,Alfred Hermida,Steve Paulussen,Thorsten Quandt,Zvi Reich,Marina Vujnovic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Who makes the news in a digital age? Participatory Journalism offers fascinating insights into how journalists in Western democracies are thinking about, and dealing with, the inclusion of content produced and published by the public. A timely look at digital news, the changes it is bringing for journalists and an industry in crisis Original data throughout, in the form of in-depth interviews with dozens of journalists at leading news organizations in ten Western democracies Provides a unique model of the news-making process and its openness to user participation in five stages Gives a first-hand look at the workings and challenges of online journalism on a global scale, through data that has been seamlessly combined so that each chapter presents the views of journalists in many nations, highlighting both similarities and differences, both national and individual
Leading scholars investigate media policies in Europe, inquiring into the regulatory practices, policy tools and institutional features of media policy-making in 14 countries. The book offers a fresh assessment of the ways European media policies are formulated and identifies the factors that exert an influence throughout the process.
Zum Einfluss digitaler Medien auf Wissensgenerierungsprozesse von Studierenden und Hochschullehrenden
Author: Markus F. Peschl,Brigitte Kossek
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Wie beeinflussen digitale Medien Erkenntnisprozesse? Lässt sich angesichts der Integration von digitalen Medien in den Hochschulalltag von einem digital turn sprechen? Wie können sie genutzt werden, um Lehr- bzw. Lernumgebungen zu schaffen, die kritisch, kreativ und innovativ Wissensgenerierungsprozesse sowie neue Denk- und Handlungsspielräume ermöglichen und unterstützen? Aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven werden in diesem Band auch die Potenziale und Grenzen von Social Media untersucht. Diese werden dabei im Zusammenhang mit der neoliberalen Logik und kommerziellen Dominanz von Unternehmen wie z. B. Google, Microsoft oder Facebook betrachtet. Ebenfalls analysiert werden in diesem Kontext die Protestbewegung der Studierenden an der Universität Wien 2009 und die Interventionen des digital vernetzten Kollektivs Anonymous. Die Untersuchungen verweisen auf die Entwicklung neuer Repräsentations- und Identifikationspraktiken, um Freiheit, Gerechtigkeit und Demokratie einzufordern.
This book offers a unique exploration of the current state of freedom of speech as a basic right available to everyone. The research focuses on the different development stages of the concept of freedom of speech and the use of modern indicators to depict the its treatment in different legal cultures, including the obligations under international treaties and the effects that the globalising and digitalising environment have had on it. The authors conduct a broad survey of freedom of speech around the world, from Europe over Russia and both Americas to Africa, Asia, and Australia. The aim of this survey is to identify safeguards of freedom of speech on both a national and an international level, violations and threat scenarios, and in particular challenges to freedom of speech in the digital era.
Edited by thought leaders in the fields of urban informatics and urban interaction design, this book brings together case studies and examples from around the world to discuss the role that urban interfaces, citizen action, and city making play in the quest to create and maintain not only secure and resilient, but productive, sustainable and viable urban environments. The book debates the impact of these trends on theory, policy and practice. The individual chapters are based on blind peer reviewed contributions by leading researchers working at the intersection of the social / cultural, technical / digital, and physical / spatial domains of urbanism scholarship. The book will appeal not only to researchers and students, but also to a vast number of practitioners in the private and public sector interested in accessible content that clearly and rigorously analyses the potential offered by urban interfaces, mobile technology, and location-based services in the context of engaging people with open, smart and participatory urban environments.