A nation in medieval Ireland?

perspectives on Gaelic national identity in the Middle Ages

Author: Thomas Finan

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: Social Science

Page: 125

View: 9153

This study argues that concepts of nation, nationalism, national ideology and identity did exist in Ireland in the 13th and 14th centuries, and that the Irish people used the concept of nation especially in response to foreigness or foreigners. Thomas Finan examines Bardic poetry, settlement patterns, the organisational nature of the Church and evidence from the medieval legal system to discern the ways in which people used and conceived of ideas of nationalism. The study demonstrates that this concept of nation was not based on political structure, but on ethnic descent and the relationship between an ethnically-linked group and a given geographical area. The modern debate over nationalism is also reviewed.

Ireland and Wales in the Middle Ages

Author: Karen Jankulak,Jonathan M. Wooding

Publisher: Four Courts Pr Ltd


Category: History

Page: 296

View: 7656

The studies in this volume range across literature, archaeology, law and theology and show Ireland~and Wales as societies in close contact. --- Contents: Proinsias Mac Cana, Ireland and Wales in the Middle Ages: an overview; Iwan Wmffre (UU), Post-Roman Irish settlements in Wales; Catherine Swift (Mary I, Limerick), Welsh ogams~from an Irish perspective; Susan Youngs (Reading U), Britain, Wales and Ireland: holding things together; Alex Woolf (St Andrews), The expulsion of the Irish from Dyfed; Karen Jankulak (U Wales, Lampeter), British saints, Irish saints, and the Irish in Wales; Colmn Etchingham (NUIM), Viking-age Gwynedd and Ireland; John Carey (UCC), Bran son of Febal and Brn son of Llyr; Morfydd Owen (Aberystwyth), Medieval Irish and Welsh law; Jonathan Wooding (U Wales,~Lampeter), Coastal chapels in Ireland and Wales; Robert Babcock (Hastings College, Nebraska), Rhys Ap Gruffudd and Ruaidr Ua Conchobair compared; Madeleine Gray (U Wales, Newport) Salvador Ryan (NUIM), Moth

Ireland in the Middle Ages

Author: Seán Duffy

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349251712

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page: 232

View: 1291

This book surveys Irish history in the first half of this millennium, written in a style which will make it accessible to those new to the subject, incorporating the findings of recent research, and offering a reinterpretation of the evidence.

The Irish in Early Medieval Europe

Identity, Culture and Religion

Author: Roy Flechner,Sven Meeder

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137430613

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 7511

Many Irish scholars, known as 'peregrini', arrived in Continental Europe in the early Middle Ages making a significant cultural impact. This edited collection of brand new essays brings together some of the world's leading experts in the field who synthesise major critical developments, and offer exciting new perspectives on the Irish peregrini.

Hibernia Cantans

Music, Liturgy and the Veneration of Irish Saints in Medieval Europe

Author: Ann Buckley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782503534701

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 5988

This book opens up discussion on the liturgical music of medieval Ireland by approaching it from a multidisciplinary, European perspective. In so doing, it challenges received notions of an idiosyncratic 'Celtic Rite', and of the prevailing view that no manuscripts with music notation have survived from the medieval Irish Church. This is due largely to a preoccupation by earlier scholars with pre-Norman Gaelic culture, to the neglect of wider networks of engagement between Ireland, Britain, and continental Europe. In adopting a more inclusive approach, a different view emerges which demonstrates the diversity and international connectedness of Irish ecclesiastical culture throughout the long Middle Ages, in both musico-liturgical and other respects. The contributors represent a variety of specialisms, including musicology, liturgiology, palaeography, hagiology, theology, church history, Celtic studies, French studies, and Latin. From this rich range of perspectives they investigate the evidence for Irish musical and liturgical practices from the earliest surviving sources with chant texts to later manuscripts with music notation, as well as exploring the far-reaching cultural impact of the Irish church in medieval Europe through case studies of liturgical offices in honour of Irish saints, and of saints traditionally associated with Ireland in different parts of Europe.

Lordship in Medieval Ireland

Image and Reality

Author: Linda Doran,James Lyttleton

Publisher: Four Courts PressLtd


Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9709

In this volume of the Study of Irish Historic Settlement series, scholars from the perspectives of archaeology, art history, and history offer insights into the development and consolidation of lordship in medieval Ireland as well as its demise by the advent of the 17th century. Contents include: Edel Bhreatnach (U.C. Dublin), Perceptions of kingship in early medieval Irish vernacular literature --- Howard B. Clarke (RIA), Lordship and feudalism in north-western Europe in theòHigh Middle Ages --- Linda Doran (RSAI), Economic and military lordship in the Carlow Corridor, c.1200â??1350 --- Emmett Oâ??Byrne (UCD), The MacMurroughs and the marches of Leinster, 1170â??1340 --- Margaret Murphy (ind.), Roger Bigod and the lordship of Carlow, 1266â??1306 --- John Malcolm (U Glasgow), Castles and landscapes in Uí Fhiachrach Muaidhe, c.1235â?? c.1400 --- Freya Verstraten (TCD), Images of Gaelic lordship in Ireland, c.1200â?? c.1400 --- Paul Naessens (NUIG), The lordship of the Uí Fhlaithbheartaigh of Iar Connacht --- Connie Kelleher (DEHLG), The Gaelic Oâ??Driscoll lords of Baltimore, Co. Cork --- James Lyttleton (Eachtra Projects), The MacCoghlans of Delvin Eathra

The Cambridge History of Ireland: Volume 1, 600–1550

Author: Brendan Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108625258

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 9279

The thousand years explored in this book witnessed developments in the history of Ireland that resonate to this day. Interspersing narrative with detailed analysis of key themes, the first volume in The Cambridge History of Ireland presents the latest thinking on key aspects of the medieval Irish experience. The contributors are leading experts in their fields, and present their original interpretations in a fresh and accessible manner. New perspectives are offered on the politics, artistic culture, religious beliefs and practices, social organisation and economic activity that prevailed on the island in these centuries. At each turn the question is asked: to what extent were these developments unique to Ireland? The openness of Ireland to outside influences, and its capacity to influence the world beyond its shores, are recurring themes. Underpinning the book is a comparative, outward-looking approach that sees Ireland as an integral but exceptional component of medieval Christian Europe.

Medieval Ireland

Author: Clare Downham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110854794X

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 458

Medieval Ireland is often described as a backward-looking nation in which change only came about as a result of foreign invasions. By examining the wealth of under-explored evidence available, Downham challenges this popular notion and demonstrates what a culturally rich and diverse place medieval Ireland was. Starting in the fifth century, when St Patrick arrived on the island, and ending in the fifteenth century, with the efforts of the English government to defend the lands which it ruled directly around Dublin by building great ditches, this up-to-date and accessible survey charts the internal changes in the region. Chapters dispute the idea of an archaic society in a wide-range of areas, with a particular focus on land-use, economy, society, religion, politics and culture. This concise and accessible overview offers a fresh perspective on Ireland in the Middle Ages and overthrows many enduring stereotypes.

The Cult of Relics in Early Medieval Ireland

Author: Niamh Wycherley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782503551845

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 6034

As the cult of saints became increasingly important to the Christian religion during the latter centuries of the Roman Empire, so too the veneration of relics became a central element of Christian piety. The relics of holy men and women--the very tangibility of which ensured their lasting appeal--could be used to heal the sick, improve the weather, ensure victory in battle, and represent power and authority. Even today, in an era of declining church attendance, famous relics such as the head of St Catherine of Siena or the tongue of St Anthony of Padua continue to draw hundreds of thousands of pilgrims; the need to preserve and venerate objects associated with the important and the famous is a well-established human trait. This book is the first to explore the historical roots of the cult of relics in early medieval Ireland, deepening our understanding of how the pagan Irish adapted to the new religion. Examining the cult of relics from the earliest Irish sources up to the ninth century, it provides insights into the role of relics and the culture and people to whom they were so significant. The volume investigates how the Christian phenomenon of relic veneration developed in early Ireland and it evaluates the continuity between Irish practice and that on the continent. By offering a new model of how the cult of relics evolved and by exploring the extent to which it helped forge early Irish Christianity, the arguments presented here have the potential to reshape views of the entire period.

Churches in Early Medieval Ireland

Architecture, Ritual and Memory

Author: Tomás Ó'Carragáin

Publisher: Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies


Category: Architecture

Page: 392

View: 3049

This is the first book devoted to churches in Ireland dating from the arrival of Christianity in the fifth century to the early stages of the Romanesque around 1100, including those built to house treasures of the golden age of Irish art, such as the Book of Kells and the Ardagh chalice. � Carrag�in's comprehensive survey of the surviving examples forms the basis for a far-reaching analysis of why these buildings looked as they did, and what they meant in the context of early Irish society. � Carrag�in also identifies a clear political and ideological context for the first Romanesque churches in Ireland and shows that, to a considerable extent, the Irish Romanesque represents the perpetuation of a long-established architectural tradition.

The Expansion of Central Europe in the Middle Ages

Author: Nora Berend

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351890085

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 8383

This volume brings together a set of key studies on the history of medieval Central Europe (Bohemia, Hungary, Poland), along with others specially commissioned for the book or translated, and a new introduction. This region was both an area of immigration, and one of polities in expansion. Such expansion included the settlement and exploitation of previously empty lands as well as rulers' attempts to incorporate new territories under their rule, although these attempts did not always succeed. Often, German immigration has been prioritized in scholarship, and the medieval expansion of Central Europe has been equated with the expansion of Germans. Debates then focused on the positive or negative contribution of Germans to local life, and the consequences of their settlement. This perspective, however, distorts our understanding of medieval processes. On the one hand, Central Europe was not a passive recipient of immigrants. Local rulers and eventually nobles benefited from and encouraged immigration; they played an active role. On the other hand, German immigration was not a unified movement, and cannot be equated with a drang nach osten. Finally, not just Germans, but also various Romance-speaking and other immigrant groups settled in Central Europe. This volume, therefore, seeks to present a more complex picture of medieval expansion in Central Europe.

Mills in the Medieval Economy

England 1300-1540

Author: John Langdon

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199265585

Category: History

Page: 369

View: 2214

This book examines the evolution of mills - whether powered by water, wind, animals or humans - during an important era of English history. It focuses not only on the structures themselves, but also on the people who acted as entrepreneurs, workers, and customers for the industry. Together they created one of the most recognizable and enduring features of medieval society.

Ireland in the Age of the Tudors, 1447-1603

English Expansion and the End of Gaelic Rule

Author: Steven G. Ellis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317901436

Category: History

Page: 460

View: 1412

The second edition of Steven Ellis's formidable work represents not only a survey, but also a critique of traditional perspectives on the making of modern Ireland. It explores Ireland both as a frontier society divided between English and Gaelic worlds, and also as a problem of government within the wider Tudor state. This edition includes two major new chapters: the first extending the coverage back a generation, to assess the impact on English Ireland of the crisis of lordship that accompanied the Lancastrian collapse in France and England; and the second greatly extending the material on the Gaelic response to Tudor expansion.

Power and the Nation in European History

Author: Len Scales,Oliver Zimmer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139444729

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3073

Few would doubt the central importance of the nation in the making and unmaking of modern political communities. The long history of 'the nation' as a concept and as a name for various sorts of 'imagined community' likewise commands such acceptance. But when did the nation first become a fundamental political factor? This is a question which has been, and continues to be, far more sharply contested. A deep rift still separates 'modernist' perspectives, which view the political nation as a phenomenon limited to modern, industrialised societies, from the views of scholars concerned with the pre-industrial world who insist, often vehemently, that nations were central to pre-modern political life also. This 2005 book engages with these questions by drawing on the expertise of leading medieval, early modern and modern historians.

Slaves and Warriors in Medieval Britain and Ireland

800 - 1200

Author: David R. Wyatt

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004175334

Category: History

Page: 455

View: 6492

Modern sensibilities have clouded historical views of slavery, perhaps more so than any other medieval social institution. Anachronistic economic rationales and notions about the progression of European civilisation have immeasurably distorted our view of slavery in the medieval context. As a result historians have focussed their efforts upon explaining the disappearance of this medieval institution rather than seeking to understand it. This book highlights the extreme cultural/social significance of slavery for the societies of medieval Britain and Ireland c. 800-1200. Concentrating upon the lifestyle, attitudes and motivations of the slave-holders and slave-raiders, it explores the violent activities and behavioural codes of Britain and Ireland s warrior-centred societies, illustrating the extreme significance of the institution of slavery for constructions of power, ethnic identity and gender.

Money and the Church in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200

Practice, Morality and Thought

Author: Giles E. M. Gasper,Svein H. Gullbekk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317094352

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 3253

Bringing together essays from experts in a variety of disciplines, this collection explores two of the most important facets of life within the medieval Europe: money and the church. By focusing on the interactions between these subjects, the volume addresses four key themes. Firstly it offers new perspectives on the role of churchmen in providing conceptual frameworks, from outright condemnation, to sophisticated economic theory, for the use and purpose of money within medieval society. Secondly it discusses the dichotomy of money for the church and its officers: on one hand voices emphasise the moral difficulties in engaging with money, on the other the reality of the ubiquitous use of money in the church at all levels and in places within Christendom. Thirdly it places in dialogue interdisciplinary perspectives and approaches, and evidence from philosophy, history, literature and material culture, to the issues of money and church. Lastly, the volume provides new perspectives on the role of the church in the process of monetization in the High Middle Ages. Concentrating on northern Europe, from the early eleventh century to the beginning of the thirteenth century, the collection is able to explore the profound changes in the use of money and the rise of a money-economy that this period and region witnessed. By adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, the collection challenges current understanding of how money was perceived, understood and used by medieval clergy in a range of different contexts. It furthermore provides wide-ranging contributions to the broader economic and ethical issues of the period, demonstrating how the church became a major force in the process of monetization.

The Politics and Culture of Honour in Britain and Ireland, 1541-1641

Author: Brendan Kane

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521898641

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 1543

Exploring early modern concepts of honour, this book brings a cultural perspective to our understanding of English imperialism in Ireland.

Crying in the Middle Ages

Tears of History

Author: Elina Gertsman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136664017

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 9767

Sacred and profane, public and private, emotive and ritualistic, internal and embodied, medieval weeping served as a culturally charged prism for a host of social, visual, cognitive, and linguistic performances. Crying in the Middle Ages addresses the place of tears in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic cultural discourses, providing a key resource for scholars interested in exploring medieval notions of emotion, gesture, and sensory experience in a variety of cultural contexts. Gertsman brings together essays that establish a series of conversations with one another, foregrounding essential questions about the different ways that crying was seen, heard, perceived, expressed, and transmitted throughout the Middle Ages. In acknowledging the porous nature of visual and verbal evidence, this collection foregrounds the necessity to read language, image, and experience together in order to envision the complex notions of medieval crying.

Domination and Conquest

The Experience of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, 1100-1300

Author: R. R. Davies

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521380690

Category: History

Page: 134

View: 5102

This book, a revised and extended version of Professor Davies's 1988 Wiles Lectures, explores the ways in which the kings and aristocracy of England sought to extend their domination over Ireland, Scotland and Wales in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. It analyses the mentalities of domination and subjection - how the English explained and justified their pretensions and how native rulers and societies in Ireland and Wales responded to the challenge. It also explains how the English monarchy came to claim and exercise a measure of 'imperial' control over the whole of the British Isles by the end of the thirteenth century, converting a loose domination into sustained political and governmental control. This is a study of the story of the Anglo-Norman and English domination of the British Isles in the round. Hitherto historians have tended to concentrate on the story in each country - Ireland, Scotland and Wales - individually. This book looks at the issue comparatively, in order to highlight the comparisons and contrasts in the strategies of domination and in the responses of native societies.

Britain B.C.

life in Britain and Ireland before the Romans

Author: Francis Pryor

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers


Category: History

Page: 488

View: 7352