Introduction to Symplectic Topology

Author: Dusa McDuff,Dietmar Salamon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198794894

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 6623

Over the last number of years powerful new methods in analysis and topology have led to the development of the modern global theory of symplectic topology, including several striking and important results. The first edition of Introduction to Symplectic Topology was published in 1995. The book was the first comprehensive introduction to the subject and became a key text in the area. A significantly revised second edition was published in 1998 introducing new sections and updates on the fast-developing area. This new third edition includes updates and new material to bring the book right up-to-date.

Symplectic Geometry and Topology

Author: Yakov Eliashberg,Lisa M. Traynor

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821840959

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 5423

Symplectic geometry has its origins as a geometric language for classical mechanics. But it has recently exploded into an independent field interconnected with many other areas of mathematics and physics. The goal of the IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute Graduate Summer School on Symplectic Geometry and Topology was to give an intensive introduction to these exciting areas of current research. Included in this proceedings are lecture notes from the following courses: Introduction to Symplectic Topology by D. McDuff; Holomorphic Curves and Dynamics in Dimension Three by H. Hofer; An Introduction to the Seiberg-Witten Equations on Symplectic Manifolds by C. Taubes; Lectures on Floer Homology by D. Salamon; A Tutorial on Quantum Cohomology by A. Givental; Euler Characteristics and Lagrangian Intersections by R. MacPherson; Hamiltonian Group Actions and Symplectic Reduction by L. Jeffrey; and Mechanics: Symmetry and Dynamics by J. Marsden.

J-holomorphic Curves and Symplectic Topology

Author: Dusa McDuff,Dietmar Salamon

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821887467

Category: Mathematics

Page: 726

View: 4099

This second edition continues to serve as the definitive source of information about some areas of differential topology ($J$-holomorphic curves) and applications to quantum cohomology. The main goal of the book is to establish the fundamental theorems of the subject in full and rigorous detail. It may also serve as an introduction to current work in symplectic topology. The second edition clarifies various arguments, includes some additional results, and updates the references to recent developments.

An Introduction to Symplectic Geometry

Author: Rolf Berndt

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821820568

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

View: 6646

Starts with the basics of the geometry of symplectic vector spaces. Then, symplectic manifolds are defined and explored. In addition to the essential classic results, such as Darboux's theorem, more recent results and ideas are also included here, such as symplectic capacity and pseudoholomorphic curves. These ideas have revolutionized the subject. The main examples of symplectic manifolds are given, including the cotangent bundle, Kahler manifolds, and coadjoint orbits.Further principal ideas are carefully examined, such as Hamiltonian vector fields, the Poisson bracket, and connections with contact manifolds. Berndt describes some of the close connections between symplectic geometry and mathematical physics in the last two chapters of the book. In particular, the moment map is defined and explored, both mathematically and in its relation to physics. He also introduces symplectic reduction, which is an important tool for reducing the number of variables in a physical system and for constructing new symplectic manifolds from old. The final chapter is on quantization, which uses symplectic methods to take classical mechanics to quantum mechanics.This section includes a discussion of the Heisenberg group and the Weil (or metaplectic) representation of the symplectic group. Several appendices provide background material on vector bundles, on cohomology, and on Lie groups and Lie algebras and their representations.

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 6964

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

Contact and Symplectic Topology

Author: Frédéric Bourgeois,Vincent Colin,András Stipsicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319020366

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 8890

Symplectic and contact geometry naturally emerged from the mathematical description of classical physics. The discovery of new rigidity phenomena and properties satisfied by these geometric structures launched a new research field worldwide. The intense activity of many European research groups in this field is reflected by the ESF Research Networking Programme "Contact And Symplectic Topology" (CAST). The lectures of the Summer School in Nantes (June 2011) and of the CAST Summer School in Budapest (July 2012) provide a nice panorama of many aspects of the present status of contact and symplectic topology. The notes of the minicourses offer a gentle introduction to topics which have developed in an amazing speed in the recent past. These topics include 3-dimensional and higher dimensional contact topology, Fukaya categories, asymptotically holomorphic methods in contact topology, bordered Floer homology, embedded contact homology, and flexibility results for Stein manifolds.

Introduction to Symplectic Dirac Operators

Author: Katharina Habermann,Lutz Habermann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540334211

Category: Mathematics

Page: 125

View: 6281

This volume is the first one that gives a systematic and self-contained introduction to the theory of symplectic Dirac operators and reflects the current state of the subject. At the same time, it is intended to establish the idea that symplectic spin geometry and symplectic Dirac operators may give valuable tools in symplectic geometry and symplectic topology, which have become important fields and very active areas of mathematical research.

Funktionentheorie

Author: Dietmar A. Salamon

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034801696

Category: Mathematics

Page: 218

View: 6871

Das neue Lehrbuch zur Funktionentheorie, im Aufbau angelehnt an das klassische Werk von Lars Ahlfors, ist als begleitender Text für eine einsemestrige einführende Vorlesung konzipiert. Darüber hinaus behandelt der Autor aber auch einige weiterführende Themen. Der Band enthält zahlreiche Übungen sowie im Anhang drei Kapitel über den Zusammenhangsbegriff, kompakte metrische Räume und harmonische Funktionen. Besonderen Wert legt der Autor darauf, alle Beweise elegant und vollständig darzustellen. Der Band eignet sich auch für das Selbststudium.

Gauge Theory and Symplectic Geometry

Author: Jacques Hurtubise,François Lalonde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401716676

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 9955

Gauge theory, symplectic geometry and symplectic topology are important areas at the crossroads of several mathematical disciplines. The present book, with expertly written surveys of recent developments in these areas, includes some of the first expository material of Seiberg-Witten theory, which has revolutionised the subjects since its introduction in late 1994. Topics covered include: introductions to Seiberg-Witten theory, to applications of the S-W theory to four-dimensional manifold topology, and to the classification of symplectic manifolds; an introduction to the theory of pseudo-holomorphic curves and to quantum cohomology; algebraically integrable Hamiltonian systems and moduli spaces; the stable topology of gauge theory, Morse-Floer theory; pseudo-convexity and its relations to symplectic geometry; generating functions; Frobenius manifolds and topological quantum field theory.

An Introduction to Compactness Results in Symplectic Field Theory

Author: Casim Abbas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642315437

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 6089

This book provides an introduction to symplectic field theory, a new and important subject which is currently being developed. The starting point of this theory are compactness results for holomorphic curves established in the last decade. The author presents a systematic introduction providing a lot of background material, much of which is scattered throughout the literature. Since the content grew out of lectures given by the author, the main aim is to provide an entry point into symplectic field theory for non-specialists and for graduate students. Extensions of certain compactness results, which are believed to be true by the specialists but have not yet been published in the literature in detail, top off the scope of this monograph.

Theorie der Steinschen Räume

Author: H. Grauert,R. Remmert

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642666493

Category: Mathematics

Page: 250

View: 8589

Gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen

Author: Vladimir I. Arnold

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642564801

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 7332

nen (die fast unverändert in moderne Lehrbücher der Analysis übernommen wurde) ermöglichten ihm nach seinen eigenen Worten, "in einer halben Vier telstunde" die Flächen beliebiger Figuren zu vergleichen. Newton zeigte, daß die Koeffizienten seiner Reihen proportional zu den sukzessiven Ableitungen der Funktion sind, doch ging er darauf nicht weiter ein, da er zu Recht meinte, daß die Rechnungen in der Analysis bequemer auszuführen sind, wenn man nicht mit höheren Ableitungen arbeitet, sondern die ersten Glieder der Reihenentwicklung ausrechnet. Für Newton diente der Zusammenhang zwischen den Koeffizienten der Reihe und den Ableitungen eher dazu, die Ableitungen zu berechnen als die Reihe aufzustellen. Eine von Newtons wichtigsten Leistungen war seine Theorie des Sonnensy stems, die in den "Mathematischen Prinzipien der Naturlehre" ("Principia") ohne Verwendung der mathematischen Analysis dargestellt ist. Allgemein wird angenommen, daß Newton das allgemeine Gravitationsgesetz mit Hilfe seiner Analysis entdeckt habe. Tatsächlich hat Newton (1680) lediglich be wiesen, daß die Bahnkurven in einem Anziehungsfeld Ellipsen sind, wenn die Anziehungskraft invers proportional zum Abstandsquadrat ist: Auf das Ge setz selbst wurde Newton von Hooke (1635-1703) hingewiesen (vgl. § 8) und es scheint, daß es noch von weiteren Forschern vermutet wurde.

Symplectic Topology and Floer Homology

Author: Yong-Geun Oh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110707245X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 420

View: 5045

The first part of a two-volume set offering a systematic explanation of symplectic topology. This volume covers the basic materials of Hamiltonian dynamics and symplectic geometry.

A Brief Introduction to Symplectic and Contact Manifolds

Author: Augustin Banyaga,Djideme F Houenou

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814696722

Category:

Page: 180

View: 7965

The book introduces the basic notions in Symplectic and Contact Geometry at the level of the second year graduate student. It also contains many exercises, some of which are solved only in the last chapter. We begin with the linear theory, then give the definition of symplectic manifolds and some basic examples, review advanced calculus, discuss Hamiltonian systems, tour rapidly group and the basics of contact geometry, and solve problems in chapter 8. The material just described can be used as a one semester course on Symplectic and Contact Geometry. The book contains also more advanced material, suitable to advanced graduate students and researchers. Contents: Symplectic Vector SpacesSymplectic ManifoldsHamiltonian Systems and Poisson AlgebraGroup ActionsContact ManifoldsSolutions of Selected ExercisesEpilogue: The C0-Symplectic and Contact Topology Readership: Graduate students, researchers and more advanced mathematicians. Symplectic;Contact GeometryKey Features: It is briefThe easy part has been tested and been used for a short courseThe advanced material develops things related to one of the author's research furtherThere is no book, going from the very elementary part to the very advanced level, like this one

Morse Theory and Floer Homology

Author: Michèle Audin,Mihai Damian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447154967

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 6522

This book is an introduction to modern methods of symplectic topology. It is devoted to explaining the solution of an important problem originating from classical mechanics: the 'Arnold conjecture', which asserts that the number of 1-periodic trajectories of a non-degenerate Hamiltonian system is bounded below by the dimension of the homology of the underlying manifold. The first part is a thorough introduction to Morse theory, a fundamental tool of differential topology. It defines the Morse complex and the Morse homology, and develops some of their applications. Morse homology also serves a simple model for Floer homology, which is covered in the second part. Floer homology is an infinite-dimensional analogue of Morse homology. Its involvement has been crucial in the recent achievements in symplectic geometry and in particular in the proof of the Arnold conjecture. The building blocks of Floer homology are more intricate and imply the use of more sophisticated analytical methods, all of which are explained in this second part. The three appendices present a few prerequisites in differential geometry, algebraic topology and analysis. The book originated in a graduate course given at Strasbourg University, and contains a large range of figures and exercises. Morse Theory and Floer Homology will be particularly helpful for graduate and postgraduate students.

An Introduction to Contact Topology

Author: Hansjörg Geiges

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467956

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8734

This text on contact topology is a comprehensive introduction to the subject, including recent striking applications in geometric and differential topology: Eliashberg's proof of Cerf's theorem via the classification of tight contact structures on the 3-sphere, and the Kronheimer-Mrowka proof of property P for knots via symplectic fillings of contact 3-manifolds. Starting with the basic differential topology of contact manifolds, all aspects of 3-dimensional contact manifolds are treated in this book. One notable feature is a detailed exposition of Eliashberg's classification of overtwisted contact structures. Later chapters also deal with higher-dimensional contact topology. Here the focus is on contact surgery, but other constructions of contact manifolds are described, such as open books or fibre connected sums. This book serves both as a self-contained introduction to the subject for advanced graduate students and as a reference for researchers.

Elementary Symplectic Topology and Mechanics

Author: Franco Cardin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319110268

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 4190

This is a short tract on the essentials of differential and symplectic geometry together with a basic introduction to several applications of this rich framework: analytical mechanics, the calculus of variations, conjugate points & Morse index, and other physical topics. A central feature is the systematic utilization of Lagrangian submanifolds and their Maslov-Hörmander generating functions. Following this line of thought, first introduced by Wlodemierz Tulczyjew, geometric solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations, Hamiltonian vector fields and canonical transformations are described by suitable Lagrangian submanifolds belonging to distinct well-defined symplectic structures. This unified point of view has been particularly fruitful in symplectic topology, which is the modern Hamiltonian environment for the calculus of variations, yielding sharp sufficient existence conditions. This line of investigation was initiated by Claude Viterbo in 1992; here, some primary consequences of this theory are exposed in Chapter 8: aspects of Poincaré's last geometric theorem and the Arnol'd conjecture are introduced. In Chapter 7 elements of the global asymptotic treatment of the highly oscillating integrals for the Schrödinger equation are discussed: as is well known, this eventually leads to the theory of Fourier Integral Operators. This short handbook is directed toward graduate students in Mathematics and Physics and to all those who desire a quick introduction to these beautiful subjects.

Symplectic Topology and Floer Homology: Volume 1, Symplectic Geometry and Pseudoholomorphic Curves

Author: Yong-Geun Oh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316381145

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9322

Published in two volumes, this is the first book to provide a thorough and systematic explanation of symplectic topology, and the analytical details and techniques used in applying the machinery arising from Floer theory as a whole. Volume 1 covers the basic materials of Hamiltonian dynamics and symplectic geometry and the analytic foundations of Gromov's pseudoholomorphic curve theory. One novel aspect of this treatment is the uniform treatment of both closed and open cases and a complete proof of the boundary regularity theorem of weak solutions of pseudo-holomorphic curves with totally real boundary conditions. Volume 2 provides a comprehensive introduction to both Hamiltonian Floer theory and Lagrangian Floer theory. Symplectic Topology and Floer Homology is a comprehensive resource suitable for experts and newcomers alike.

Analysis I

Author: Christiane Tretter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034803494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 157

View: 1174

Das Lehrbuch ist der erste von zwei einführenden Bänden in die Analysis. Es zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass alle klassischen Themen der Analysis des ersten Semesters kompakt zusammengefasst sind und dennoch auf typische Anfängerprobleme eingegangen wird. Neben einer Einführung in die formale Sprache und die wichtigsten Beweistechniken der Mathematik bietet der Band eingängige Erläuterungen zu abstrakten Begriffen. Alle prüfungsrelevanten Inhalte sind abgedeckt und können anhand von Beispielen, Gegenbeispielen und Aufgaben nachvollzogen werden.