Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Gabor A. Somorjai

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 787

View: 861

Now updated-the current state of development of modern surface science Since the publication of the first edition of this book, molecular surface chemistry and catalysis science have developed rapidly and expanded into fields where atomic scale and molecular information were previously not available. This revised edition of Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis reflects this increase of information in virtually every chapter. It emphasizes the modern concepts of surface chemistry and catalysis uncovered by breakthroughs in molecular-level studies of surfaces over the past three decades while serving as a reference source for data and concepts related to properties of surfaces and interfaces. The book opens with a brief history of the evolution of surface chemistry and reviews the nature of various surfaces and interfaces encountered in everyday life. New research in two crucial areas-nanomaterials and polymer and biopolymer interfaces-is emphasized, while important applications in tribology and catalysis, producing chemicals and fuels with high turnover and selectivity, are addressed. The basic concepts surrounding various properties of surfaces such as structure, thermodynamics, dynamics, electrical properties, and surface chemical bonds are presented. The techniques of atomic and molecular scale studies of surfaces are listed with references to up-to-date review papers. For advanced readers, this book covers recent developments in in-situ surface analysis such as high- pressure scanning tunneling microscopy, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG). Tables listing surface structures and data summarizing the kinetics of catalytic reactions over metal surfaces are also included. New to this edition: A discussion of new physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles Ways to utilize new surface science techniques to study properties of polymers, reaction intermediates, and mobility of atoms and molecules at surfaces Molecular-level studies on the origin of the selectivity for several catalytic reactions A microscopic understanding of mechanical properties of surfaces Updated tables of experimental data A new chapter on "soft" surfaces, polymers, and biointerfaces Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis serves as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students taking advanced courses in physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science, as well as researchers in surface science, catalysis science, and their applications.

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Gabor A. Somorjai

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 667

View: 949

In sharp contrast to recent works that deal with classical surface phenomena, Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis is unique in emphasizing the modern concepts of surface chemistry and catalysis uncovered by molecular level studies of surfaces over the past two decades. This important new book reveals our current molecular level understanding of surface phenomena and its relation to macroscopic surface properties. It focuses on the properties of solid-gas and solid-vacuum interfaces, because most of the results of modern surface science studies on the molecular level come from the scrutiny of these interfaces. The opening chapter reviews the nature of various surfaces and interfaces encountered in everyday life, the concept of adsorption, and the surface science techniques used to obtain much of the available information on the properties of surfaces. After concise discussion of the structure of clean and adsorbate-covered surfaces, the book probes the equilibrium thermodynamic properties of surfaces and interfaces, placing special emphasis on surface segregation - a major phenomenon in surface chemistry. In its subsequent discussion, Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis treats such important areas as energy transfer during gas-surface interactions, elementary surface reaction steps, adsorption, surface diffusion, and desorption. The book goes on to examine the electrical properties of surfaces, with coverage of such major areas as the surface space charge, surface ionization, and the excitation of valence and inner shell electrons. The unique character of the surface chemical bond - spotlighted in recent surface science studies - is then explored, with aparticular emphasis on adsorbate-substrate and adsorbate-adsorbate interactions. What follows is singularly in-depth coverage of surface catalysis, including a major conceptual review. Here Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis establishes our current understanding of catalysis, through case histories involving ammonia synthesis, carbon monoxide hydrogenation, and platinum-catalyzed hydrocarbon conversion. The book concludes with discussion of the mechanical properties of surfaces, highlighting the special importance of the buried interface. Among the topics covered are adhesion and tribological properties, friction, crack formation, and lubrication. Enhanced by review sections and problem sets in each chapter, Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis can serve as a major text for students of physical sciences and engineering. Its stand-alone chapters can also be used as supplementary reading in courses in general science, thermodynamics, crystal structures, chemical bonding, kinetics, solid state chemistry, and solid state physics. In addition, the book also works as a highly useful reference for scientists and engineers in need of data and concepts related to the properties of surfaces and interfaces.

Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Albert F. Carley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 701

In 2001 Wyn Roberts celebrated both his 70th birthday and 50 years of working in surface science, to use the term "surface science" in its broadest meaning. This book aims to mark the anniversary with a contribution of lasting value, something more than the usual festschrift issue of a relevant journal. The book is divided into three sections: Surface Science, Model Catalysts and Catalysis, topics in which Wyn has always had interests. The authors for each chapter were chosen from some of the many eminent scientists who have worked with Wyn in various ways and are all internationally acknowledged as leaders in their field. The authors have produced authoritative reviews of their own specialties which together result in a book with an unrivalled combination of breadth and depth exploring the most recent developments in surface chemistry and catalysis.

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces

Author: R. I. Masel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 804

View: 841

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces As with other books in the field, Principles of Adsorption andReaction on Solid Surfaces describes what occurs when gases come incontact with various solid surfaces. But, unlike all the others, italso explains why. While the theory of surface reactions is stillunder active development, the approach Dr. Richard Masel takes inthis book is to outline general principles derived fromthermodynamics and reaction rate theory that can be applied toreactions on surfaces, and to indicate ways in which theseprinciples may be applied. The book also provides a comprehensivetreatment of the latest quantitative surface modeling techniqueswith numerous examples of their use in the fields of chemicalengineering, physical chemistry, and materials science. A valuableworking resource and an excellent graduate-level text, Principlesof Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides readerswith: * A detailed look at the latest advances in understanding andquantifying reactions on surfaces * In-depth reviews of all crucial background material * 40 solved examples illustrating how the methods apply tocatalysis, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition,electrochemistry, and more * 340 problems and practice exercises * Sample computer programs * Universal plots of many key quantities * Detailed, class-tested derivations to help clarify keyresults The recent development of quantitative techniques for modelingsurface reactions has led to a number of exciting breakthroughs inour understanding of what happens when gases come in contact withsolid surfaces. While many books have appeared describing variousexperimental modeling techniques and the results obtained throughtheir application, until now, there has been no single-volumereference devoted to the fundamental principles governing theprocesses observed. The first book to focus on governing principles rather thanexperimental techniques or specific results, Principles ofAdsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides students andprofessionals with a quantitative treatment of the application ofprinciples derived from the fields of thermodynamics and reactionrate theory to the investigation of gas adsorption and reaction onsolid surfaces. Writing for a broad-based audience including, amongothers, chemical engineers, chemists, and materials scientists, Dr.Richard I. Masel deftly balances basic background in areas such asstatistical mechanics and kinetics with more advanced applicationsin specialized areas. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces was alsodesigned to provide readers an opportunity to quickly familiarizethemselves with all of the important quantitative surface modelingtechniques now in use. To that end, the author has included all ofthe key equations involved as well as numerous real-worldillustrations and solved examples that help to illustrate how theequations can be applied. He has also provided computer programsalong with universal plots that make it easy for readers to applyresults to their own problems with little computationaleffort. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces is avaluable working resource for chemical engineers, physicalchemists, and materials scientists, and an excellent text forgraduate students in those disciplines.

Metal-Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons

Author: Geoffrey C. Bond

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 113

This unique book, drawing on the author’s lifetime experience, critically evaluates the extensive literature on the field of Metal-Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons. Emphasis is placed on reaction mechanisms involving hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis, skeletal and positional isomerisation, and exchange reactions. The motivation for fundamental research in heterogeneous catalysis is to identify the physicochemical characteristics of active centres for the reaction being studied, to learn how these may be modified or manipulated to improve the desired behavior of the catalyst, and to recognize and control those aspects of the catalyst's structure that limit its overall performance. By restricting the subject of the book to hydrocarbons, Bond has progressively developed the subject matter to include areas of importance both to researchers and to those working in the industry.

Surface Science

Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience

Author: Kurt W. Kolasinski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 702

Offers a comprehensive, modern introduction to the subject, taking a truly pedagogical approach. This text will provide the reader with a well-rounded understanding, not only of how chemistry works at surfaces, but also how to understand and probe the dynamics of surface reactions.

Materials for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells

Author: Bradley Ladewig

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 171

There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however, the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack engineering. Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials requirements in fuel cells. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells is a concise source of the most important and key materials and catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. A related book will cover key materials in high-temperature fuel cells. The two books form part of the "Materials for Sustainable Energy & Development" series. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells brings together world leaders and experts in this field and provides a lucid description of the materials assessment of fuel cell technologies. With an emphasis on the technical development and applications of key materials in low-temperature fuel cells, this text covers fundamental principles, advancement, challenges, and important current research themes. Topics covered include: proton exchange membrane fuel cells, direct methanol and ethanol fuel cells, microfluidic fuel cells, biofuel cells, alkaline membrane fuel cells, functionalized carbon nanotubes as catalyst supports, nanostructured Pt catalysts, non-PGM catalysts, membranes, and materials modeling. This book is an essential reference source for researchers, engineers and technicians in academia, research institutes and industry working in the fields of fuel cells, energy materials, electrochemistry and materials science and engineering.

Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Michalis Konsolakis

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 144

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Surface Chemistry and Catalysis" that was published in Catalysts

Functionalization of Semiconductor Surfaces

Author: Franklin (Feng) Tao

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 454

View: 200

This book presents both fundamental knowledge and latestachievements of this rapidly growing field in the last decade.It presents a complete and concise picture of the thestate-of-the-art in the field, encompassing the most activeinternational research groups in the world. Led bycontributions from leading global research groups, the bookdiscusses the functionalization of semiconductor surface. Dryorganic reactions in vacuum and wet organic chemistry in solutionare two major categories of strategies for functionalization thatwill be described. The growthof multilayer-molecular architectures on the formedorganic monolayers will be documented. The immobilization ofbiomolecules such as DNA on organic layers chemically attached tosemiconductor surfaces will be introduced. The patterning ofcomplex structures of organic layers and metallic nanoclusterstoward sensing techniques will be presented as well.