Now updated-the current state of development of modern surface science Since the publication of the first edition of this book, molecular surface chemistry and catalysis science have developed rapidly and expanded into fields where atomic scale and molecular information were previously not available. This revised edition of Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis reflects this increase of information in virtually every chapter. It emphasizes the modern concepts of surface chemistry and catalysis uncovered by breakthroughs in molecular-level studies of surfaces over the past three decades while serving as a reference source for data and concepts related to properties of surfaces and interfaces. The book opens with a brief history of the evolution of surface chemistry and reviews the nature of various surfaces and interfaces encountered in everyday life. New research in two crucial areas-nanomaterials and polymer and biopolymer interfaces-is emphasized, while important applications in tribology and catalysis, producing chemicals and fuels with high turnover and selectivity, are addressed. The basic concepts surrounding various properties of surfaces such as structure, thermodynamics, dynamics, electrical properties, and surface chemical bonds are presented. The techniques of atomic and molecular scale studies of surfaces are listed with references to up-to-date review papers. For advanced readers, this book covers recent developments in in-situ surface analysis such as high- pressure scanning tunneling microscopy, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG). Tables listing surface structures and data summarizing the kinetics of catalytic reactions over metal surfaces are also included. New to this edition: A discussion of new physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles Ways to utilize new surface science techniques to study properties of polymers, reaction intermediates, and mobility of atoms and molecules at surfaces Molecular-level studies on the origin of the selectivity for several catalytic reactions A microscopic understanding of mechanical properties of surfaces Updated tables of experimental data A new chapter on "soft" surfaces, polymers, and biointerfaces Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis serves as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students taking advanced courses in physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science, as well as researchers in surface science, catalysis science, and their applications.
Author: Albert F. Carley,Philip R. Davies,Graham J. Hutchings,Michael S. Spencer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In 2001 Wyn Roberts celebrated both his 70th birthday and 50 years of working in surface science, to use the term "surface science" in its broadest meaning. This book aims to mark the anniversary with a contribution of lasting value, something more than the usual festschrift issue of a relevant journal. The book is divided into three sections: Surface Science, Model Catalysts and Catalysis, topics in which Wyn has always had interests. The authors for each chapter were chosen from some of the many eminent scientists who have worked with Wyn in various ways and are all internationally acknowledged as leaders in their field. The authors have produced authoritative reviews of their own specialties which together result in a book with an unrivalled combination of breadth and depth exploring the most recent developments in surface chemistry and catalysis.
Surface chemistry is an essential and developing area of physical chemistry and one that has become increasingly interdisciplinary. The Second Edition of Surface Science: Foundations of Catalysis and Nanoscience has been fully revised and updated to reflect all the latest developments in the field and now includes an extensive discussion about nanoparticle growth and the quantum confinement effects in nanoscale systems. Two new chapters have been added and discuss The Liquid/Solid Interface and Non-Thermal Reactions, and Photon and Electron Stimulated Chemistry and Atom Manipulation. There are now many more worked examples included throughout to help students develop their problem-solving skills.
Die modernen Entwicklungen der Theorie der CRT werden beschrieben und umfangreich dokumentiert. Für die praktische Anwendung werden diese Modelle eingeordnet und bewertet. Die Modelle der Katalyse und Diffusionsphänomene werden detailliert behandelt, insbesondere in porösen Medien (Zeolithen, Clays, Nanotubes). Moderne theoretische Methoden wie Molekulardynamik, Monte Carlo- und Quantenchemie werden dargestellt. Adsorption und Desorption in der Katalyse werden sowohl theoretisch als auch experimentell eingehend beschrieben. Zusätzlich wird sehr umfassend die vorhandene Literatur behandelt und bewertet. Damit ist das Buch eine sehr umfassende Darstellung des Status quo, zur Einarbeitung und als Übersicht für Ingenieure und Wissenschaftler in Forschung, Entwicklung und Lehre, in Chemie, chemischer Technik/Verfahrenstechnik und angrenzenden Gebieten.
Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces As with other books in the field, Principles of Adsorption andReaction on Solid Surfaces describes what occurs when gases come incontact with various solid surfaces. But, unlike all the others, italso explains why. While the theory of surface reactions is stillunder active development, the approach Dr. Richard Masel takes inthis book is to outline general principles derived fromthermodynamics and reaction rate theory that can be applied toreactions on surfaces, and to indicate ways in which theseprinciples may be applied. The book also provides a comprehensivetreatment of the latest quantitative surface modeling techniqueswith numerous examples of their use in the fields of chemicalengineering, physical chemistry, and materials science. A valuableworking resource and an excellent graduate-level text, Principlesof Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides readerswith: * A detailed look at the latest advances in understanding andquantifying reactions on surfaces * In-depth reviews of all crucial background material * 40 solved examples illustrating how the methods apply tocatalysis, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition,electrochemistry, and more * 340 problems and practice exercises * Sample computer programs * Universal plots of many key quantities * Detailed, class-tested derivations to help clarify keyresults The recent development of quantitative techniques for modelingsurface reactions has led to a number of exciting breakthroughs inour understanding of what happens when gases come in contact withsolid surfaces. While many books have appeared describing variousexperimental modeling techniques and the results obtained throughtheir application, until now, there has been no single-volumereference devoted to the fundamental principles governing theprocesses observed. The first book to focus on governing principles rather thanexperimental techniques or specific results, Principles ofAdsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides students andprofessionals with a quantitative treatment of the application ofprinciples derived from the fields of thermodynamics and reactionrate theory to the investigation of gas adsorption and reaction onsolid surfaces. Writing for a broad-based audience including, amongothers, chemical engineers, chemists, and materials scientists, Dr.Richard I. Masel deftly balances basic background in areas such asstatistical mechanics and kinetics with more advanced applicationsin specialized areas. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces was alsodesigned to provide readers an opportunity to quickly familiarizethemselves with all of the important quantitative surface modelingtechniques now in use. To that end, the author has included all ofthe key equations involved as well as numerous real-worldillustrations and solved examples that help to illustrate how theequations can be applied. He has also provided computer programsalong with universal plots that make it easy for readers to applyresults to their own problems with little computationaleffort. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces is avaluable working resource for chemical engineers, physicalchemists, and materials scientists, and an excellent text forgraduate students in those disciplines.
In the past 12 years since its publication, Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics has become a standard textbook for graduate students at universities worldwide. Emphasizing fundamentals from thermodynamics, physical chemistry, spectroscopy, solid state chemistry and quantum chemistry, it introduces catalysis from a molecular perspective, and stresses how it is interwoven with the field of reaction kinetics. The authors go on to explain how the world of reacting molecules is connected to the real world of industry, by discussing the various scales (nano - micro - macro) that play a role in catalysis. Reflecting the modern-day focus on energy supplies, this third edition devotes attention to such processes as gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids, biomass conversion and hydrogen production. From reviews of the prior editions: 'Overall, this is a valuable book that I will use in teaching undergraduates and postgraduates.' (Angewandte Chemie - I. E.) '...this excellent book is highly recommended to students at technical universities, but also entrants in chemical industry. Furthermore, this informative handbook is also a must for all professionals in the community.' (AFS) 'I am impressed by the coverage of the book and it is a valuable addition to the catalysis literature and I highly recommend purchase' (Energy Sources)
This unique book, drawing on the author’s lifetime experience, critically evaluates the extensive literature on the field of Metal-Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons. Emphasis is placed on reaction mechanisms involving hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis, skeletal and positional isomerisation, and exchange reactions. The motivation for fundamental research in heterogeneous catalysis is to identify the physicochemical characteristics of active centres for the reaction being studied, to learn how these may be modified or manipulated to improve the desired behavior of the catalyst, and to recognize and control those aspects of the catalyst's structure that limit its overall performance. By restricting the subject of the book to hydrocarbons, Bond has progressively developed the subject matter to include areas of importance both to researchers and to those working in the industry.
There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however, the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack engineering. Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials requirements in fuel cells. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells is a concise source of the most important and key materials and catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. A related book will cover key materials in high-temperature fuel cells. The two books form part of the "Materials for Sustainable Energy & Development" series. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells brings together world leaders and experts in this field and provides a lucid description of the materials assessment of fuel cell technologies. With an emphasis on the technical development and applications of key materials in low-temperature fuel cells, this text covers fundamental principles, advancement, challenges, and important current research themes. Topics covered include: proton exchange membrane fuel cells, direct methanol and ethanol fuel cells, microfluidic fuel cells, biofuel cells, alkaline membrane fuel cells, functionalized carbon nanotubes as catalyst supports, nanostructured Pt catalysts, non-PGM catalysts, membranes, and materials modeling. This book is an essential reference source for researchers, engineers and technicians in academia, research institutes and industry working in the fields of fuel cells, energy materials, electrochemistry and materials science and engineering.
This text provides a balanced introduction to the principles and techniques of heterogeneous catalysis. Beginning with the basic chemistry and physics of catalysis, the book goes on to pay particular attention to the contribution that surface science is making to our understanding of catalysis. It concludes with chapters devoted to carefully chosen examples of real catalytic systems, including catalytic action by enzymes and industrial processes based on solid catalysis. Looking to the future, the book introduces many novel types of catalysis.
This book presents both fundamental knowledge and latestachievements of this rapidly growing field in the last decade.It presents a complete and concise picture of the thestate-of-the-art in the field, encompassing the most activeinternational research groups in the world. Led bycontributions from leading global research groups, the bookdiscusses the functionalization of semiconductor surface. Dryorganic reactions in vacuum and wet organic chemistry in solutionare two major categories of strategies for functionalization thatwill be described. The growthof multilayer-molecular architectures on the formedorganic monolayers will be documented. The immobilization ofbiomolecules such as DNA on organic layers chemically attached tosemiconductor surfaces will be introduced. The patterning ofcomplex structures of organic layers and metallic nanoclusterstoward sensing techniques will be presented as well.
Master the use of dental materials in the clinic and dental laboratory and stay current with this ever-changing field with Craig's Restorative Dental Materials, 13th Edition. From fundamental concepts to advanced skills, this comprehensive text details everything you need to know to understand the scientific basis for selecting dental materials when designing and fabricating restorations. This practical, clinically relevant approach to the selection and use of dental materials challenges you to retain and apply your knowledge to realistic clinical scenarios, giving you an authoritative advantage in dental practice. Problems and Solutions at the end of each chapter test your ability to apply chapter concepts to solve common clinical challenges. Mind Maps on the companion Evolve website condense essential chapter content into single-page overviews ideal for quick reference, study outlines, or comprehensive reviews. Comprehensive coverage reflects fundamental concepts and the latest practical knowledge all in one authoritative source. Appendix of useful resource materials provides quick, convenient access to Weights and Measurements, Conversion Tables, and Comparative Table of Troy, Avoirdupois, and Metric Weights. Content updates and links on Evolve keep you current with the latest developments in the field. NEW! Full-color design and illustrations clarify clinical detail for greater understanding. NEW! Reorganized content emphasizes scientific evidence and is organized by usage in a clinical setting to help you study more efficiently. NEW! Digital Imaging and Processing for Restorations chapter equips you with essential understanding of current imaging practices. NEW! Major revisions reflect the latest advances in the use of enamel, dental, biofilms, mechanical testing, ceramics, polymers, and composites.
Jens K. Nørskov,Felix Studt,Frank Abild-Pedersen,Thomas Bligaard
Author: Jens K. Nørskov,Felix Studt,Frank Abild-Pedersen,Thomas Bligaard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book is based on a graduate course and suitable as a primerfor any newcomer to the field, this book is a detailed introductionto the experimental and computational methods that are used tostudy how solid surfaces act as catalysts. Features include: First comprehensive description of modern theory ofheterogeneous catalysis Basis for understanding and designing experiments in the field Allows reader to understand catalyst design principles Introduction to important elements of energy transformationtechnology Test driven at Stanford University over several semesters
In this book the author presents an up-to-date summary of existing information on the structure, electronic properties, chemistry and catalytic properties of transition metal oxides. The subjects covered in the book can be divided into three sections. The first (chapters 1 to 3) covers the structural, physical, magnetic, and electronic properties of transition metal oxides. Although the emphasis is on surface properties, relevant bulk properties are also discussed. The second section (chapters 4 to 7) covers surface chemical properties. It includes topics that describe the importance of surface coordinative unsaturation in adsorption, the formation of surface acidity and the role of acidity in determining surface chemical properties, the nature and reactivities of adsorbed oxygen, and the surface chemistry in the reduction of oxides. The third section (chapters 8 to 14) is on the catalytic properties. Various catalytic reactions including decomposition, hydrogenation, isomerization, metathesis, selective oxidation, and reactions involving carbon oxides are discussed. Emphasis is placed more on reaction mechanisms and the role of catalysts than on kinetics and processes. Chapters on the preparation of oxide catalysts and on photo-assisted processes are also included. Whenever appropriate, relationships between various topics are indicated. Written for surface physicists, chemists, and catalytic engineers, the book will serve as a useful source of information for investigators and as a comprehensive overview of the subject for graduate students.
Author: Robert J. Farrauto,Lucas Dorazio,C. H. Bartholomew
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Introduces major catalytic processes including products from the petroleum, chemical, environmental and alternative energy industries Provides an easy to read description of the fundamentals of catalysis and some of the major catalytic industrial processes used today Offers a rationale for process designs based on kinetics and thermodynamics Alternative energy topics include the hydrogen economy, fuels cells, bio catalytic (enzymes) production of ethanol fuel from corn and biodiesel from vegetable oils Problem sets of included with answers available to faculty who use the book Review: "In less than 300 pages, it serves as an excellent introduction to these subjects whether for advanced students or those seeking to learn more about these subjects on their own time...Particularly useful are the succinct summaries throughout the book...excellent detail in the table of contents, a detailed index, key references at the end of each chapter, and challenging classroom questions..." (GlobalCatalysis.com, May 2016)
Im vorliegenden Buch werden industriell eingesetzte Beschichtungsverfahren aus den Bereichen des Auftragschweißens und -lötens, des Plasma-, Lichtbogen- und Flammspritzens, der Sol-Gel-Technik sowie der Dünnschicht-technologien, Chemical-Vapor-Deposition und Physical-Vapor-Deposition, vorgestellt. Besondere Bedeutung wird dabei der Verbindung von Prozess- und Werkstofftechnologie im Hinblick auf das Herstellen anforderungsgerechter Schichten beigemessen. Weiterhin werden neu entwickelte, an der Schwelle zur industriellen Einführung stehende Beschichtungsverfahren aufgezeigt. Das Buch versetzt Ingenieure und Techniker in die Lage, das Potenzial von Oberflächenschutzschichten und den zugehörigen Beschichtungsverfahren für ihren Arbeitsbereich abschätzen zu können, so dass die Beschich- tungstechnologie integraler Bestandteil in der Entwicklung, Konstruktion und Fertigung wird.
With roughly 5500 references, this book may be considered more of a treatise than a mere introduction to green chemistry. Using an unconventional approach, the author provides a broad but thorough review of the subject, covering traditional green chemistry topics such as catalysis, benign solvents, and alternative feedstocks before moving on to less frequently covered topics such as chemistry of longer wear and population and the environmental chemistry. Topics such as these highlight the importance of chemistry to everyday life and demonstrate the real benefits that wider exploitation of green chemistry can have for society.