Author: Boris Moiseevich Levitan,Ishkhan Saribekovich Sargsi͡an
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
This monograph is devoted to the spectral theory of the Sturm- Liouville operator and to the spectral theory of the Dirac system. In addition, some results are given for nth order ordinary differential operators. Those parts of this book which concern nth order operators can serve as simply an introduction to this domain, which at the present time has already had time to become very broad. For the convenience of the reader who is not familar with abstract spectral theory, the authors have inserted a chapter (Chapter 13) in which they discuss this theory, concisely and in the main without proofs, and indicate various connections with the spectral theory of differential operators.
These notes will be useful and of interest to mathematicians and physicists active in research as well as for students with some knowledge of the abstract theory of operators in Hilbert spaces. They give a complete spectral theory for ordinary differential expressions of arbitrary order n operating on -valued functions existence and construction of self-adjoint realizations via boundary conditions, determination and study of general properties of the resolvent, spectral representation and spectral resolution. Special attention is paid to the question of separated boundary conditions, spectral multiplicity and absolutely continuous spectrum. For the case nm=2 (Sturm-Liouville operators and Dirac systems) the classical theory of Weyl-Titchmarch is included. Oscillation theory for Sturm-Liouville operators and Dirac systems is developed and applied to the study of the essential and absolutely continuous spectrum. The results are illustrated by the explicit solution of a number of particular problems including the spectral theory one partical Schrödinger and Dirac operators with spherically symmetric potentials. The methods of proof are functionally analytic wherever possible.
Theorems of factorising matrix functions and the operator identity method play an essential role in this book in constructing the spectral theory (direct and inverse problems) of canonical differential systems. Includes many varied applications of the general theory.
This book provides a self-contained introduction to ordinary differential equations and dynamical systems suitable for beginning graduate students. The first part begins with some simple examples of explicitly solvable equations and a first glance at qualitative methods. Then the fundamental results concerning the initial value problem are proved: existence, uniqueness, extensibility, dependence on initial conditions. Furthermore, linear equations are considered, including the Floquet theorem, and some perturbation results. As somewhat independent topics, the Frobenius method for linear equations in the complex domain is established and Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems, including oscillation theory, are investigated. The second part introduces the concept of a dynamical system. The Poincare-Bendixson theorem is proved, and several examples of planar systems from classical mechanics, ecology, and electrical engineering are investigated. Moreover, attractors, Hamiltonian systems, the KAM theorem, and periodic solutions are discussed. Finally, stability is studied, including the stable manifold and the Hartman-Grobman theorem for both continuous and discrete systems. The third part introduces chaos, beginning with the basics for iterated interval maps and ending with the Smale-Birkhoff theorem and the Melnikov method for homoclinic orbits. The text contains almost three hundred exercises. Additionally, the use of mathematical software systems is incorporated throughout, showing how they can help in the study of differential equations.
This monograph contains an exposition of the foundations of the spectral theory of polynomial operator pencils acting in a Hilbert space. Spectral problems for polynomial pencils have attracted a steady interest in the last 35 years, mainly because they arise naturally in such diverse areas of mathematical physics as differential equations and boundary value problems, controllable systems, the theory of oscillations and waves, elasticity theory, and hydromechanics. In this book, the author devotes most of his attention to the fundamental results of Keldysh on multiple completeness of the eigenvectors and associate vectors of a pencil, and on the asymptotic behavior of its eigenvalues and generalizations of these results. The author also presents various theorems on spectral factorization of pencils which grew out of known results of M. G. Krein and Heinz Langer. A large portion of the book involves the theory of selfadjoint pencils, an area having numerous applications. Intended for mathematicians, researchers in mechanics, and theoretical physicists interested in spectral theory and its applications, the book assumes a familiarity with the fundamentals of spectral theory of operators acting in a Hilbert space.
This book provides the reader with a self-contained treatment of the classical operator theory with significant applications to abstract differential equations, and an elegant introduction to basic concepts and methods of the rapidly growing theory of the so-called p-adic operator theory.
Fedor S. Rofe-Beketov,Aleksandr M. Khol'kin,Ognjen Milatovic
Interplay Between Spectral and Oscillatory Properties
Author: Fedor S. Rofe-Beketov,Aleksandr M. Khol'kin,Ognjen Milatovic
Publisher: World Scientific
This is the first monograph devoted to the Sturm oscillatory theory for infinite systems of differential equations and its relations with the spectral theory. It aims to study a theory of self-adjoint problems for such systems, based on an elegant method of binary relations. Another topic investigated in the book is the behavior of discrete eigenvalues which appear in spectral gaps of the Hill operator and almost periodic SchrAdinger operators due to local perturbations of the potential (e.g., modeling impurities in crystals). The book is based on results that have not been presented in other monographs. The only prerequisites needed to read it are basics of ordinary differential equations and operator theory. It should be accessible to graduate students, though its main topics are of interest to research mathematicians working in functional analysis, differential equations and mathematical physics, as well as to physicists interested in spectral theory of differential operators."
As the subject of extensive research for over a century, spectral asymptotics for partial differential operators attracted the attention of many outstanding mathematicians and physicists. This work studies the eigenvalues of elliptic linear boundary value problems and has as its main content a collection of asymptotic formulas describing the distribution of eigenvalues with high sequential numbers. Asymptotic formulas are used to illustrate standard eigenvalue problems of mechanics and mathematical physics. The volume provides a basic introduction to the necessary mathematical concepts and tools, such as microlocal analysis, billiards, symplectic geometry and Tauberian theorems. It is self-contained and is aimed at graduate students, research mathematicians, applied mathematicians, engineers, and physicists interested in partial differential equations.
This book is devoted to norm estimates for operator-valued functions of one and two operator arguments, as well as to their applications to spectrum perturbations of operators and to linear operator equations, i.e. to equations whose solutions are linear operators. Linear operator equations arise in both mathematical theory and engineering practice. The norm estimates suggested in the book have applications to the theories of ordinary differential, difference, functional-differential and integro-differential equations, as well as to the theories of integral operators and analytic functions. This book provides new tools for specialists in matrix theory and functional analysis. A significant part of the book covers the theory of triangular representations of operators that was developed by L de Branges, M S Brodskii, I C Gohberg, M G Krein, M S Livsic and other mathematicians. Contents: PreliminariesRepresentations of Solutions to Operator EquationsFunctions of Finite MatricesSolution Estimates for Polynomial Matrix EquationsTwo-sided Matrix Sylvester EquationsBounds for Condition Numbers of Diagonalizable MatricesFunctions of a Compact Operator in a Hilbert SpaceTriangular Representations of Non-selfadjoint OperatorsResolvents of Bounded Non-selfadjoint OperatorsRegular Functions of a Bounded Non-selfadjoint OperatorFunctions of an Unbounded OperatorSimilarity Condition Numbers of Unbounded Diagonalizable OperatorsCommutators and Perturbations of Operator FunctionsFunctions of Two Non-commuting Operators in Hilbert Spaces Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in matrix theory, functional analysis and their applications to differential and difference equations. Keywords: Operator Functions;Spectrum Perturbations of Operators;Operator Equations;Generalized Sylvester EquationsReview: Key Features: Presents norm estimates for functions of two operator arguments and their applicationsGives a systematic exposition of solution estimates of linear operator equationsSuggests bounds for the similarity condition numbers of diagonalizable operatorsThe published results concerning the functions of one operator argument in this book are considerably simplified and supplemented
A ``quantum graph'' is a graph considered as a one-dimensional complex and equipped with a differential operator (``Hamiltonian''). Quantum graphs arise naturally as simplified models in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and engineering when one considers propagation of waves of various nature through a quasi-one-dimensional (e.g., ``meso-'' or ``nano-scale'') system that looks like a thin neighborhood of a graph. Works that currently would be classified as discussing quantum graphs have been appearing since at least the 1930s, and since then, quantum graphs techniques have been applied successfully in various areas of mathematical physics, mathematics in general and its applications. One can mention, for instance, dynamical systems theory, control theory, quantum chaos, Anderson localization, microelectronics, photonic crystals, physical chemistry, nano-sciences, superconductivity theory, etc. Quantum graphs present many non-trivial mathematical challenges, which makes them dear to a mathematician's heart. Work on quantum graphs has brought together tools and intuition coming from graph theory, combinatorics, mathematical physics, PDEs, and spectral theory. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the topic, collecting the main notions and techniques. It also contains a survey of the current state of the quantum graph research and applications.
R. Glowinski,Jacques-Louis Lions,Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique (France),France. Agence de l'informatique