This book is an exploration and defense of the coherence of classical theism’s doctrine of divine aseity in the face of the challenge posed by Platonism with respect to abstract objects. A synoptic work in analytic philosophy of religion, the book engages discussions in philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, and metaontology. It addresses absolute creationism, non-Platonic realism, fictionalism, neutralism, and alternative logics and semantics, among other topics. The book offers a helpful taxonomy of the wide range of options available to the classical theist for dealing with the challenge of Platonism. It probes in detail the diverse views on the reality of abstract objects and their compatibility with classical theism. It contains a most thorough discussion, rooted in careful exegesis, of the biblical and patristic basis of the doctrine of divine aseity. Finally, it challenges the influential Quinean metaontological theses concerning the way in which we make ontological commitments.
A detailed study of the education and training of information professionals in China, including the People's Republic, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan, offering insights into history, the present situation, and future scenarios. Chapters concentrate on educational and pedagogical matters in an apolitical fashion. Subjects include history of library science education, employment conditions of library school educators, and international cooperation in library science education. Includes a directory of library and information programs of higher education and a list of library conferences in China.
In this book, Raymond Duval shows how his theory of registers of semiotic representation can be used as a tool to analyze the cognitive processes through which students develop mathematical thinking. To Duval, the analysis of mathematical knowledge is in its essence the analysis of the cognitive synergy between different kinds of semiotic representation registers, because the mathematical way of thinking and working is based on transformations of semiotic representations into others. Based on this assumption, he proposes the use of semiotics to identify and develop the specific cognitive processes required to the acquisition of mathematical knowledge. In this volume he presents a method to do so, addressing the following questions: • How to situate the registers of representation regarding the other semiotic “theories” • Why use a semio-cognitive analysis of the mathematical activity to teach mathematics • How to distinguish the different types of registers • How to organize learning tasks and activities which take into account the registers of representation • How to make an analysis of the students’ production in terms of registers Building upon the contributions he first presented in his classic book Sémiosis et pensée humaine, in this volume Duval focuses less on theoretical issues and more on how his theory can be used both as a tool for analysis and a working method to help mathematics teachers apply semiotics to their everyday work. He also dedicates a complete chapter to show how his theory can be applied as a new strategy to teach geometry. “Understanding the Mathematical Way of Thinking – The Registers of Semiotic Representations is an essential work for mathematics educators and mathematics teachers who look for an introduction to Raymond Duval’s cognitive theory of semiotic registers of representation, making it possible for them to see and teach mathematics with fresh eyes.” Professor Tânia M. M. Campos, PHD.
MRI has emerged as a powerful way of studying in-vivo brain structure and function in both healthy and disease states. Whilst new researchers may be able to call upon advice and support for acquisition from operators, radiologists and technicians, it is more challenging to obtain anunderstanding of the principles of analysing neuroimaging data. This is crucial for choosing acquisition parameters, designing and performing appropriate experiments, and correctly interpreting the results. This primer gives a general and accessible introduction to the wide array of MRI-based neuroimaging methods that are used in research. Supplemented with online datasets and examples to enable the reader to obtain hands-on experience working with real data, it provides a practical and approachableintroduction for those new to the neuroimaging field. The text also covers the fundamentals of what different MRI modalities measure, what artifacts commonly occur, the essentials of the analysis, and common "pipelines" including brain extraction, registration and segmentation. As it does not require any background knowledge beyond high-school mathematics and physics, this primer is essential reading for anyone wanting to work in neuroimaging or grasp the results coming from this rapidly expanding field.The Oxford Neuroimaging Primers are short texts aimed at new researchers or advanced undergraduates from the biological, medical or physical sciences. They are intended to provide a broad understanding of the ways in which neuroimaging data can be analyzed and how that relates to acquisition andinterpretation. Each primer has been written so that it is a stand-alone introduction to a particular area of neuroimaging, and the primers also work together to provide a comprehensive foundation for this increasingly influential field.
Zum ersten Mal liegt die Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) auf Deutsch vor. Die 1876 von Melvil Dewey begründete und international weit verbreitete Klassifikation wird von der Library of Congress seit über 80 Jahren angewendet und stellt für Bibliografien und Bibliothekskataloge im angloamerikanischen Raum das wichtigste Instrument zur Inhaltserschließung dar. Auch im World Wide Web ist die DDC die am häufigsten genutzte Universalklassifikation. Die Deutsche Bibliothek und die Fachhochschule Köln haben im Rahmen eines von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft finanzierten Projekts die 2003 erschienene Standard Edition der DDC 22 übersetzt und damit die Grundlage für die Nutzung der DDC im deutschsprachigen Raum geschaffen. In vier Bänden verzeichnet die DDC in etwa 60.000 Hauptklassen das gesamte Weltwissen in einer hierarchisch gegliederten Form, ergänzt durch umfangreiche Hilfstafeln für alle geografischen, ethnografischen und sprachlichen Einheiten und ein alphabetisches Register mit etwa 80.000 Einträgen. Ab 2006 wird die Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation auch für die Deutsche Nationalbibliografie angewendet werden, schon jetzt bietet sie den sachlichen Zugang zu Millionen DDC-erschlossener Titel aus angloamerikanischen Fremddaten in deutschen Bibliotheken und ist die Grundlage für das Klassifizieren mit einem weltweit genutzten System.
Neutrosophic Statistics means statistical analysis of population or sample that has indeterminate (imprecise, ambiguous, vague, incomplete, unknown) data. For example, the population or sample size might not be exactly determinate because of some individuals that partially belong to the population or sample, and partially they do not belong, or individuals whose appurtenance is completely unknown. Also, there are population or sample individuals whose data could be indeterminate. In this book, we develop the 1995 notion of neutrosophic statistics. We present various practical examples. It is possible to define the neutrosophic statistics in many ways, because there are various types of indeterminacies, depending on the problem to solve.