**Author**: B. A. Davey,H. A. Priestley

**Publisher:** Cambridge University Press

**ISBN:** 9780521784511

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 298

**View:** 5171

This new edition of Introduction to Lattices and Order presents a radical reorganization and updating, though its primary aim is unchanged. The explosive development of theoretical computer science in recent years has, in particular, influenced the book's evolution: a fresh treatment of fixpoints testifies to this and Galois connections now feature prominently. An early presentation of concept analysis gives both a concrete foundation for the subsequent theory of complete lattices and a glimpse of a methodology for data analysis that is of commercial value in social science. Classroom experience has led to numerous pedagogical improvements and many new exercises have been added. As before, exposure to elementary abstract algebra and the notation of set theory are the only prerequisites, making the book suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It will also be a valuable resource for anyone who meets ordered structures.

This new edition of Introduction to Lattices and Order presents a radical reorganization and updating, though its primary aim is unchanged. The explosive development of theoretical computer science in recent years has, in particular, influenced the book's evolution: a fresh treatment of fixpoints testifies to this and Galois connections now feature prominently. An early presentation of concept analysis gives both a concrete foundation for the subsequent theory of complete lattices and a glimpse of a methodology for data analysis that is of commercial value in social science. Classroom experience has led to numerous pedagogical improvements and many new exercises have been added. As before, exposure to elementary abstract algebra and the notation of set theory are the only prerequisites, making the book suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It will also be a valuable resource for anyone who meets ordered structures.

This book is intended to be a thorough introduction to the subject of order and lattices, with an emphasis on the latter. It can be used for a course at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level or for independent study. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum, but an introductory course in abstract algebra is highly recommended, since many of the examples are drawn from this area. This is a book on pure mathematics: I do not discuss the applications of lattice theory to physics, computer science or other disciplines. Lattice theory began in the early 1890s, when Richard Dedekind wanted to know the answer to the following question: Given three subgroups EF , and G of an abelian group K, what is the largest number of distinct subgroups that can be formed using these subgroups and the operations of intersection and sum (join), as in E?FßÐE?FÑ?GßE?ÐF?GÑ and so on? In lattice-theoretic terms, this is the number of elements in the relatively free modular lattice on three generators. Dedekind [15] answered this question (the answer is #)) and wrote two papers on the subject of lattice theory, but then the subject lay relatively dormant until Garrett Birkhoff, Oystein Ore and others picked it up in the 1930s. Since then, many noted mathematicians have contributed to the subject, including Garrett Birkhoff, Richard Dedekind, Israel Gelfand, George Grätzer, Aleksandr Kurosh, Anatoly Malcev, Oystein Ore, Gian-Carlo Rota, Alfred Tarski and Johnny von Neumann.

A computational perspective on partial order and lattice theory, focusing on algorithms and their applications This book provides a uniform treatment of the theory and applications of lattice theory. The applications covered include tracking dependency in distributed systems, combinatorics, detecting global predicates in distributed systems, set families, and integer partitions. The book presents algorithmic proofs of theorems whenever possible. These proofs are written in the calculational style advocated by Dijkstra, with arguments explicitly spelled out step by step. The author’s intent is for readers to learn not only the proofs, but the heuristics that guide said proofs. Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications: Examines; posets, Dilworth’s theorem, merging algorithms, lattices, lattice completion, morphisms, modular and distributive lattices, slicing, interval orders, tractable posets, lattice enumeration algorithms, and dimension theory Provides end of chapter exercises to help readers retain newfound knowledge on each subject Includes supplementary material at www.ece.utexas.edu/~garg Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications is written for students of computer science, as well as practicing mathematicians.

This book started with Lattice Theory, First Concepts, in 1971. Then came General Lattice Theory, First Edition, in 1978, and the Second Edition twenty years later. Since the publication of the first edition in 1978, General Lattice Theory has become the authoritative introduction to lattice theory for graduate students and the standard reference for researchers. The First Edition set out to introduce and survey lattice theory. Some 12,000 papers have been published in the field since then; so Lattice Theory: Foundation focuses on introducing the field, laying the foundation for special topics and applications. Lattice Theory: Foundation, based on the previous three books, covers the fundamental concepts and results. The main topics are distributivity, congruences, constructions, modularity and semimodularity, varieties, and free products. The chapter on constructions is new, all the other chapters are revised and expanded versions from the earlier volumes. Almost 40 “diamond sections’’, many written by leading specialists in these fields, provide a brief glimpse into special topics beyond the basics. “Lattice theory has come a long way... For those who appreciate lattice theory, or who are curious about its techniques and intriguing internal problems, Professor Grätzer's lucid new book provides a most valuable guide to many recent developments. Even a cursory reading should provide those few who may still believe that lattice theory is superficial or naive, with convincing evidence of its technical depth and sophistication.” Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society “Grätzer’s book General Lattice Theory has become the lattice theorist’s bible.” Mathematical Reviews

"The text can serve as an introduction to fundamentals in the respective areas from a residuated-maps perspective and with an eye on coordinatization. The historical notes that are interspersed are also worth mentioning....The exposition is thorough and all proofs that the reviewer checked were highly polished....Overall, the book is a well-done introduction from a distinct point of view and with exposure to the author’s research expertise." --MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Although this area has a history of over 80 years, it was not until the creation of efficient SAT solvers in the mid-1990s that it became practically important, finding applications in electronic design automation, hardware and software verification, combinatorial optimization, and more. Exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of satisfiability, Introduction to Mathematics of Satisfiability focuses on the satisfiability of theories consisting of propositional logic formulas. It describes how SAT solvers and techniques are applied to problems in mathematics and computer science as well as important applications in computer engineering. The book first deals with logic fundamentals, including the syntax of propositional logic, complete sets of functors, normal forms, the Craig lemma, and compactness. It then examines clauses, their proof theory and semantics, and basic complexity issues of propositional logic. The final chapters on knowledge representation cover finite runs of Turing machines and encodings into SAT. One of the pioneers of answer set programming, the author shows how constraint satisfaction systems can be worked out by satisfiability solvers and how answer set programming can be used for knowledge representation.

Symmetry: An Introduction to Group Theory and its Application is an eight-chapter text that covers the fundamental bases, the development of the theoretical and experimental aspects of the group theory. Chapter 1 deals with the elementary concepts and definitions, while Chapter 2 provides the necessary theory of vector spaces. Chapters 3 and 4 are devoted to an opportunity of actually working with groups and representations until the ideas already introduced are fully assimilated. Chapter 5 looks into the more formal theory of irreducible representations, while Chapter 6 is concerned largely with quadratic forms, illustrated by applications to crystal properties and to molecular vibrations. Chapter 7 surveys the symmetry properties of functions, with special emphasis on the eigenvalue equation in quantum mechanics. Chapter 8 covers more advanced applications, including the detailed analysis of tensor properties and tensor operators. This book is of great value to mathematicians, and math teachers and students.

An introduction to the basic tools of the theory of (partially) ordered sets such as visualization via diagrams, subsets, homomorphisms, important order-theoretical constructions and classes of ordered sets. Using a thematic approach, the author presents open or recently solved problems to motivate the development of constructions and investigations for new classes of ordered sets. The text can be used as a focused follow-up or companion to a first proof (set theory and relations) or graph theory course.

Universal Algebra has become the most authoritative, consistently relied on text in a field with applications in other branches of algebra and other fields such as combinatorics, geometry, and computer science. Each chapter is followed by an extensive list of exercises and problems. The "state of the art" account also includes new appendices (with contributions from B. Jónsson, R. Quackenbush, W. Taylor, and G. Wenzel) and a well selected additional bibliography of over 1250 papers and books which makes this an indispensable new edition for students, faculty, and workers in the field.

The vibrations of atoms inside crystals - lattice dynamics - is basic to many fields of study in the solid-state and mineral sciences. This book provides a self-contained text that introduces the subject from a basic level and then takes the reader through applications of the theory.

Primarily intended for research mathematicians and computer scientists, Combinatorics and Partially Ordered Sets: Dimension Theory also serves as a useful text for advanced students in either field. William Trotter concentrates on combinatorial topics for finite partially ordered sets, and with dimension theory serving as a unifying theme, research on partially ordered sets or posets is linked to more traditional topics in combinatorial mathematics -- including graph theory, Ramsey theory, probabilistic methods, hypergraphs, algorithms, and computational geometry. The book's most important contribution is to collect, organize, and explain the many theorems on partially ordered sets in a way that makes them available to the widest possible audience. Chapters: Introduction to Dimension ? Crowns, Splits, Stacks, Sums and Products ? Characterization Problems for Posets, Lattices, Graphs, and Families of Sets ? Hypergraph Coloring, Computational Complexity, and Irreducible Posets ? Planar Posets and Trees ? Planar Graphs, Planar Maps and Convex Polytopes ? Probabilistic Methods in Dimension Theory ? Interval and Geometric Containment Orders ? Greedy Dimension, Back-Tracking, and Depth First Search ? Products of Chains of Bounded Length ? Large Minimal Realizers

Starting with the most basic notions, Universal Algebra: Fundamentals and Selected Topics introduces all the key elements needed to read and understand current research in this field. Based on the author’s two-semester course, the text prepares students for research work by providing a solid grounding in the fundamental constructions and concepts of universal algebra and by introducing a variety of recent research topics. The first part of the book focuses on core components, including subalgebras, congruences, lattices, direct and subdirect products, isomorphism theorems, a clone of operations, terms, free algebras, Birkhoff’s theorem, and standard Maltsev conditions. The second part covers topics that demonstrate the power and breadth of the subject. The author discusses the consequences of Jónsson’s lemma, finitely and nonfinitely based algebras, definable principal congruences, and the work of Foster and Pixley on primal and quasiprimal algebras. He also includes a proof of Murskiĭ’s theorem on primal algebras and presents McKenzie’s characterization of directly representable varieties, which clearly shows the power of the universal algebraic toolbox. The last chapter covers the rudiments of tame congruence theory. Throughout the text, a series of examples illustrates concepts as they are introduced and helps students understand how universal algebra sheds light on topics they have already studied, such as Abelian groups and commutative rings. Suitable for newcomers to the field, the book also includes carefully selected exercises that reinforce the concepts and push students to a deeper understanding of the theorems and techniques.

Algebraic Structure of Lattice-Ordered Rings presents an introduction to the theory of lattice-ordered rings and some new developments in this area in the last 10-15 years. It aims to provide the reader with a good foundation in the subject, as well as some new research ideas and topic in the field. This book may be used as a textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students who have completed an abstract algebra course including general topics on group, ring, module, and field. It is also suitable for readers with some background in abstract algebra and are interested in lattice-ordered rings to use as a self-study book. The book is largely self-contained, except in a few places, and contains about 200 exercises to assist the reader to better understand the text and practice some ideas. Contents:Introduction to Ordered Algebraic Systems:LatticesLattice-Ordered Groups and Vector LatticesLattice-Ordered Rings and AlgebrasLattice-Ordered Algebras with a d-Basis:Examples and Basic PropertiesStructure TheoremsPositive Derivations on ℓ-Rings:Examples and Basic Propertiesƒ-Ring and Its GeneralizationsMatrix ℓ-RingsKernel of a Positive DerivationSome Topics on Lattice-Ordered Rings:Recognition of Matrix ℓ-Rings with the Entrywise OrderPositive CyclesNonzero ƒ-Eelements in ℓ-RingsQuotient Rings of Lattice-Ordered Ore DomainsMatrix ℓ-Algebras Over Totally Ordered Integral Domainsd-Elements That are Not PositiveLattice-Ordered Triangular Matrix Algebrasℓ-Ideals of ℓ-Unital Lattice-Ordered Rings:Maximal ℓ-Idealsℓ-Ideals in commutative ℓ-Unital ℓ-Rings Readership: Graduate students in algebra and number theory. Key Features:The book includes new material such as positive derivations on lattice-ordered rings, lattice-ordered triangular matrix algebrasMore details are provided in proofs of the results in the book for beginners to understand the textThe book presents new research ideas, methods and topics suitable to advanced undergraduate students and master studentsKeywords:Lattice-ordered Ring;Lattice-ordered Algebra

From the reviews: "A well-written, very thorough account ... Among the topics are lattices, reduction, Minkowskis Theorem, distance functions, packings, and automorphs; some applications to number theory; excellent bibliographical references." The American Mathematical Monthly

Discrete Computational Structures describes discrete mathematical concepts that are important to computing, covering necessary mathematical fundamentals, computer representation of sets, graph theory, storage minimization, and bandwidth. The book also explains conceptual framework (Gorn trees, searching, subroutines) and directed graphs (flowcharts, critical paths, information network). The text discusses algebra particularly as it applies to concentrates on semigroups, groups, lattices, propositional calculus, including a new tabular method of Boolean function minimization. The text emphasizes combinatorics and probability. Examples show different techniques of the general process of enumerating objects. Combinatorics cover permutations, enumerators for combinations, Stirling numbers, cycle classes of permutations, partitions, and compositions. The book cites as example the interplay between discrete mathematics and computing using a system of distinct representatives (SDR) problem. The problem, originating from group theory, graph theory, and set theory can be worked out by the student with a network model involving computers to generate and analyze different scenarios. The book is intended for sophomore or junior level, corresponding to the course B3, "Introduction to Discrete Structures," in the ACM Curriculum 68, as well as for mathematicians or professors of computer engineering and advanced mathematics.

This elementary treatment by a distinguished mathematician employs Boolean algebra as a simple medium for introducing important concepts of modern algebra. Numerous examples appear throughout the text, plus full solutions.

Since its original publication in 1940, this book has been revised and modernized several times, most notably in 1948 (second edition) and in 1967 (third edition). The material is organized into four main parts: general notions and concepts of lattice theory (Chapters I-V), universal algebra (Chapters VI-VII), applications of lattice theory to various areas of mathematics (Chapters VIII-XII), and mathematical structures that can be developed using lattices (Chapters XIII-XVII). At the end of the book there is a list of 166 unsolved problems in lattice theory, many of which still remain open. It is excellent reading, and ... the best place to start when one wishes to explore some portion of lattice theory or to appreciate the general flavor of the field. --Bulletin of the AMS

The central theme of this monograph is the relation between the structure of a group and the structure of its lattice of subgroups. Since the first papers on this topic have appeared, notably those of BAER and ORE, a large body of literature has grown up around this theory, and it is our aim to give a picture of the present state of this theory. To obtain a systematic treatment of the subject quite a few unpublished results of the author had to be included. On the other hand, it is natural that we could not reproduce every detail and had to treat some parts some wh at sketchily. We have tried to make this report as self-contained as possible. Accordingly we have given some proofs in considerable detail, though of course it is in the nature of such areport that many proofs have to be omitted or can only be given in outline. Similarly references to the concepts and theorems used are almost exclusively references to standard works like BIRKHOFF [lJ and ZASSENHAUS [lJ. The author would like to express his sincere gratitude to Professors REINHOLD BAER and DONALD G. HIGMAN for their kindness in giving hirn many valuable suggestions. His thanks are also due to Dr. NOBORU ITo who, during stimulating conversations, contributed many useful ideas. Urbana, May, 1956. M. Suzuki. Contents.