Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgestützter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verfügung, die Rückschlüsse auf immer frühere Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universitäten beständig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einführung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verständliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enthält, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen für Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende Übersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich ergänzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zusätzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.
Introduction to Cosmology provides a rare combination of a solid foundation of the core physical concepts of cosmology and the most recent astronomical observations. The book is designed for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students and assumes no prior knowledge of general relativity. An emphasis is placed on developing the readers' physical insight rather than losing them with complex math. An approachable writing style and wealth of fresh and imaginative analogies from "everyday" physics are used to make the concepts of cosmology more accessible. The book is unique in that it not only includes recent major developments in cosmology, like the cosmological constant and accelerating universe, but also anticipates key developments expected in the next few years, such as detailed results on the cosmic microwave background.
The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Cosmology provides a concise, authoritative study of cosmology at an introductory level. Starting from elementary principles and the early history of cosmology, the text carefully guides the student on to curved spacetimes, special and general relativity, gravitational lensing, the thermal history of the Universe, and cosmological models, including extended gravity models, black holes and Hawking's recent conjectures on the not-so-black holes. Introduction to Cosmology, Fourth Edition includes: New theoretical approaches and in-depth material on observational astrophysics and expanded sections on astrophysical phenomena Illustrations throughout and comprehensive references with problems at the end of each chapter and a rich index at the end of the book Latest observational results from WMAP9, ACT, and Planck, and all cosmological parameters have been brought up to date. This text is invaluable for undergraduate students in physics and astrophysics taking a first course in cosmology. Extensively revised, this latest edition extends the chapter on cosmic inflation to the recent schism on eternal inflation and multiverses. Dark matter is discussed on galaxy and cluster scales, and dark matter candidates are presented, some requiring a five-dimensional universe and several representing various types of exotica. In the context of cosmic structures the cold dark matter paradigm is described. Dark energy models include the cosmological constant, quintessence and other single field models, f(R) models and models requiring extra dimensions.
A thorough introduction to modern ideas on cosmology and on the physical basis of the general theory of relativity, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology explores various theories and ideas in big bang cosmology, providing insight into current problems. Assuming no previous knowledge of astronomy or cosmology, this book takes you beyond introductory texts to the point where you are able to read and appreciate the scientific literature, which is broadly referenced in the book. The authors present the standard big bang theory of the universe and provide an introduction to current inflationary cosmology, emphasizing the underlying physics without excessive technical detail. The book treats cosmological models without reliance on prior knowledge of general relativity, the necessary physics being introduced in the text as required. It also covers recent observational evidence pointing to an accelerating expansion of the universe. The first several chapters provide an introduction to the topics discussed later in the book. The next few chapters introduce relativistic cosmology and the classic observational tests. One chapter gives the main results of the hot big bang theory. Next, the book presents the inflationary model and discusses the problem of the origin of structure and the correspondingly more detailed tests of relativistic models. Finally, the book considers some general issues raised by expansion and isotropy. A reference section completes the work by listing essential formulae, symbols, and physical constants. Beyond the level of many elementary books on cosmology, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology encompasses numerous recent developments and ideas in the area. It provides more detailed coverage than many other titles available, and the inclusion of problems at the end of each chapter aids in self study and makes the book suitable for taught courses.
The book discusses, based on a series of lectures given by the authors at the Universidad Autonoma of Madrid discusses the relation between cosmology and particle physics at a pedagogical level. The topics covered contain much valuable introductory materials. Very useful as a text for graduate students in this field.
An Introduction to Modern Cosmology Third Edition is anaccessible account of modern cosmological ideas. The Big BangCosmology is explored, looking at its observational successes inexplaining the expansion of the Universe, the existence andproperties of the cosmic microwave background, and the origin oflight elements in the universe. Properties of the very earlyUniverse are also covered, including the motivation for a rapidperiod of expansion known as cosmological inflation. The thirdedition brings this established undergraduate textbook up-to-datewith the rapidly evolving observational situation. This fully revised edition of a bestseller takes an approach whichis grounded in physics with a logical flow of chapters leading thereader from basic ideas of the expansion described by the Friedmanequations to some of the more advanced ideas about the earlyuniverse. It also incorporates up-to-date results from the Planckmission, which imaged the anisotropies of the Cosmic MicrowaveBackground radiation over the whole sky. The Advanced Topicsections present subjects with more detailed mathematicalapproaches to give greater depth to discussions. Student problemswith hints for solving them and numerical answers are embedded inthe chapters to facilitate the reader’s understanding andlearning. Cosmology is now part of the core in many degree programs. Thiscurrent, clear and concise introductory text is relevant to a widerange of astronomy programs worldwide and is essential reading forundergraduates and Masters students, as well as anyone startingresearch in cosmology.
Mark H. Jones,Robert J. Lambourne,David John Adams
Author: Mark H. Jones,Robert J. Lambourne,David John Adams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This introductory textbook has been designed by a team of experts for elementary university courses in astronomy and astrophysics. It starts with a detailed discussion of the structure and history of our own Galaxy, the Milky Way, and goes on to give a general introduction to normal and active galaxies including models for their formation and evolution. The second part of the book provides an overview of the wide range of cosmological models and discusses the Big Bang and the expansion of the Universe. Written in an accessible style that avoids complex mathematics, and illustrated in colour throughout, this book is suitable for self-study and will appeal to amateur astronomers as well as undergraduate students. It contains numerous helpful learning features such as boxed summaries, student exercises with full solutions, and a glossary of terms. The book is also supported by a website hosting further teaching materials.
General relativity is a cornerstone of modern physics, and is of major importance in its applications to cosmology. Plebanski and Krasinski are experts in the field and in this book they provide a thorough introduction to general relativity, guiding the reader through complete derivations of the most important results. Providing coverage from a unique viewpoint, geometrical, physical and astrophysical properties of inhomogeneous cosmological models are all systematically and clearly presented, allowing the reader to follow and verify all derivations. For advanced undergraduates and graduates in physics and astronomy, this textbook will enable students to develop expertise in the mathematical techniques necessary to study general relativity.
Introduction to Cosmology Second Edition Matts Roos University of Helsinki, Finland This second edition of the very successful Introduction to Cosmology provides an authoritative yet concise study of cosmology at an introductory level. Beginning with elementary aspects, it will lead students on to some of the most advanced concepts, including relativity, cosmic inflation, phase transitions and galaxy formation. Fully illustrated and comprehensively referenced with problems at the end of each chapter, Introduction to Cosmology, Second Edition offers the following new features: * Thorough examination of the Hubble parameter and the age of the Universe with reference to measurement techniques * Completely new section on gravitational lenses and other tests of general relativity * Expanded sections on dark matter, black holes and cosmic microwave background Praise for the First Edition 'Introduction to Cosmology is first class.Even more students will want to become cosmologists with a book like this.Roos has got it right' -New Scientist 'It is rare to find an elementary discussion of such findings, and the book should prove a useful addition to more astronomically oriented introductory discussions of cosmology.Roos's text serves a useful niche in the undergraduate market'-Physics Today 'It is well recommended for undergraduates of physics or astrophysics'-Popular Astronomy
In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.
A concise, accessible introduction to this exciting and dynamic subject. * Adopts an approach grounded in physics rather than mathematics. * Includes worked examples and student problems, along with hints for solving them and the numerical answers. * Many reviewers have commented that this is one of the best 'introductory undergraduate level' texts on the subject and they would all welcome a Second Edition.
Introduction to Astronomy & Cosmology is a modernundergraduate textbook, combining both the theory behind astronomywith the very latest developments. Written for science students,this book takes a carefully developed scientific approach to thisdynamic subject. Every major concept is accompanied by a workedexample with end of chapter problems to improve understanding Includes coverage of the very latest developments such asdouble pulsars and the dark galaxy. Beautifully illustrated in full colour throughout Supplementary web site with many additional full colour images,content, and latest developments.
This book is about the history and the current state of the art in the exciting field of cosmology — the science about the Universe as a whole, which is guaranteed to attract the attention of a wide range of readers. It mostly aims to explain the main ideas of modern cosmology: the expanding Universe, its creation in a Big Bang, its evolution, characteristics, and structure, as well as issues — dark matter and dark energy, black holes and other exotic objects etc. It also answers most frequently asked questions about cosmology. How the Universe Works stands between a popular science book and a textbook, acting as a sort of a bridge across the great chasm separating popular science from true science. It can be also used as an introductory textbook for undergraduate students. It is also suitable for the non-experts in cosmology who wish to have an overview of the current state of the field. It is different from most popular science books because it avoids cutting corners in explanations and contains justification for various assumptions or estimations made in cosmology. It does not hide problems faced by modern cosmology as well as issues the community has no consensus about. It also does not try to pass hypotheses for established theories, which is not uncommon in scholarly articles. Contents: The Laws of the UniverseThe Expanding UniverseEarly UniverseDark MatterDark EnergyBlack Holes and Other Exotics Readership: Students and teachers, also suitable for the general public, together with astronomy enthusiasts. Keywords: Cosmology;Popular Science;Physics;Gravitation;Relativity;Astrophysics;Universe;Big BangReview: Key Features: The book offers high-quality popular description of cosmology and related subjects, aimed both at general audience and professional scientists from other fieldsThe book contains detailed and comprehensive explanations of all main cosmological issues, as well as the latest available data and results with due discussionThe book contains the derivation of cosmological equations without the use of the complicated mathematical formalism of General Relativity, and thus can be used as a basic textbook
The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems
Author: Cosimo Bambi,Alexandre D. Dolgov
This book introduces the basic concepts of particle cosmology and covers all the main aspects of the Big Bang Model (expansion of the Universe, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Cosmic Microwave Background, large scale structures) and the search for new physics (inflation, baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy). It also includes the majority of recent discoveries, such as the precise determination of cosmological parameters using experiments like WMAP and Planck, the discovery of the Higgs boson at LHC, the non-discovery to date of supersymmetric particles, and the search for the imprint of gravitational waves on the CMB polarization by Planck and BICEP. This textbook is based on the authors’ courses on Cosmology, and aims at introducing Particle Cosmology to senior undergraduate and graduate students. It has been especially written to be accessible even for those students who do not have a strong background in General Relativity and quantum field theory. The content of this book is organized in an easy-to-use style and students will find it a helpful research guide.
This elementary introduction pays special attention to aspects of tensor calculus and relativity that students tend to find most difficult. Its use of relatively unsophisticated mathematics in the early chapters allows readers to develop their confidence within the framework of Cartesian coordinates before undertaking the theory of tensors in curved spaces and its application to general relativity theory. Topics include the special principle of relativity and Lorentz transformations; orthogonal transformations and Cartesian tensors; special relativity mechanics and electrodynamics; general tensor calculus and Riemannian space; and the general theory of relativity, including a focus on black holes and gravitational waves. The text concludes with a chapter offering a sound background in applying the principles of general relativity to cosmology. Numerous exercises advance the theoretical developments of the main text, thus enhancing this volume’s appeal to students of applied mathematics and physics at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Preface. List of Constants. References. Bibliography.
Introduction to General Relativity and Cosmology gives undergraduate students an overview of the fundamental ideas behind the geometric theory of gravitation and spacetime. Through pointers on how to modify and generalise Einstein's theory to enhance understanding, it provides a link between standard textbook content and current research in the field. Chapters present complicated material practically and concisely, initially dealing with the mathematical foundations of the theory of relativity, in particular differential geometry. This is followed by a discussion of the Einstein field equations and their various properties. Also given is analysis of the important Schwarzschild solutions, followed by application of general relativity to cosmology. Questions with fully worked answers are provided at the end of each chapter to aid comprehension and guide learning. This pared down textbook is specifically designed for new students looking for a workable, simple presentation of some of the key theories in modern physics and mathematics. Request Inspection Copy
Introduction to Cosmology provides a rare combination of a solid foundation of the core physical concepts of cosmology and the most recent astronomical observations. The text is designed for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students and assumes no prior knowledge of general relativity. An emphasis is placed on developing the students' physical insight rather than losing them with complex math. An approachable writing style and wealth of fresh and imaginative analogies from everyday physics are used to make the concepts of cosmology more accessible.