Introduction to Cosmology provides a rare combination of a solid foundation of the core physical concepts of cosmology and the most recent astronomical observations. The book is designed for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students and assumes no prior knowledge of general relativity. An emphasis is placed on developing the readers' physical insight rather than losing them with complex math. An approachable writing style and wealth of fresh and imaginative analogies from "everyday" physics are used to make the concepts of cosmology more accessible. The book is unique in that it not only includes recent major developments in cosmology, like the cosmological constant and accelerating universe, but also anticipates key developments expected in the next few years, such as detailed results on the cosmic microwave background.
The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Cosmology provides a concise, authoritative study of cosmology at an introductory level. Starting from elementary principles and the early history of cosmology, the text carefully guides the student on to curved spacetimes, special and general relativity, gravitational lensing, the thermal history of the Universe, and cosmological models, including extended gravity models, black holes and Hawking's recent conjectures on the not-so-black holes. Introduction to Cosmology, Fourth Edition includes: New theoretical approaches and in-depth material on observational astrophysics and expanded sections on astrophysical phenomena Illustrations throughout and comprehensive references with problems at the end of each chapter and a rich index at the end of the book Latest observational results from WMAP9, ACT, and Planck, and all cosmological parameters have been brought up to date. This text is invaluable for undergraduate students in physics and astrophysics taking a first course in cosmology. Extensively revised, this latest edition extends the chapter on cosmic inflation to the recent schism on eternal inflation and multiverses. Dark matter is discussed on galaxy and cluster scales, and dark matter candidates are presented, some requiring a five-dimensional universe and several representing various types of exotica. In the context of cosmic structures the cold dark matter paradigm is described. Dark energy models include the cosmological constant, quintessence and other single field models, f(R) models and models requiring extra dimensions.
The book discusses, based on a series of lectures given by the authors at the Universidad Autonoma of Madrid discusses the relation between cosmology and particle physics at a pedagogical level. The topics covered contain much valuable introductory materials. Very useful as a text for graduate students in this field.
Introduction to Cosmology Second Edition Matts Roos University of Helsinki, Finland This second edition of the very successful Introduction to Cosmology provides an authoritative yet concise study of cosmology at an introductory level. Beginning with elementary aspects, it will lead students on to some of the most advanced concepts, including relativity, cosmic inflation, phase transitions and galaxy formation. Fully illustrated and comprehensively referenced with problems at the end of each chapter, Introduction to Cosmology, Second Edition offers the following new features: * Thorough examination of the Hubble parameter and the age of the Universe with reference to measurement techniques * Completely new section on gravitational lenses and other tests of general relativity * Expanded sections on dark matter, black holes and cosmic microwave background Praise for the First Edition 'Introduction to Cosmology is first class.Even more students will want to become cosmologists with a book like this.Roos has got it right' -New Scientist 'It is rare to find an elementary discussion of such findings, and the book should prove a useful addition to more astronomically oriented introductory discussions of cosmology.Roos's text serves a useful niche in the undergraduate market'-Physics Today 'It is well recommended for undergraduates of physics or astrophysics'-Popular Astronomy
An introduction to modern ideas on cosmology and on the physical basis of the general theory of relativity. The title reflects the author's contention that the remarkable degree of isotropy, rather than the expansions, can be regarded as the central observational feature of the universe. The various theories and ideas in "big bang" cosmology are discussed, providing an insight into current problems. The book is written at an intermediate level, beyond that of the many elementary books on cosmology, as an introduction to the more advanced works and research literature.
This introductory textbook has been designed by a team of experts for elementary university courses in astronomy and astrophysics. It starts with a detailed discussion of the structure and history of our own Galaxy, the Milky Way, and goes on to give a general introduction to normal and active galaxies including models for their formation and evolution. The second part of the book provides an overview of the wide range of cosmological models and discusses the Big Bang and the expansion of the Universe. Written in an accessible style that avoids complex mathematics, and illustrated in colour throughout, this book is suitable for self-study and will appeal to amateur astronomers as well as undergraduate students. It contains numerous helpful learning features such as boxed summaries, student exercises with full solutions, and a glossary of terms. The book is also supported by a website hosting further teaching materials.