Unique in its breadth of coverage, this carefully designed collection presents the key documents of international law at the global level.The collection encompasses the full spectrum of central issues, with the documents grouped in eight subject areas: foundations, the use of force, arms control, international crime, human rights, humanitarian law, the environment, and the global commons. A short introduction to each document provides context and also points to supplementary documents. With only a few exceptions, each document is presented in its entirety.Other useful features include a glossary of terms; a chronological list of the treaties in the book, indicating the date the treaty was signed, the date it entered into force, the number of parties to the treaty, and other data; and a complete index.Shirley V. Scott is senior lecturer in international relations at the University of New South Wales. She is author of International Law in World Politics: An Introduction.Contents: Introduction. The Foundations of International Law. 1945, Charter of the United Nations. 1945, Statute of the International Court of Justice. 1961, Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. 1969, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. International Law and the Use of Force. 1842, The Caroline Case (excerpt). 1990, Authorizing the Gulf War: Security Council Resolution 678. 1991, The ?Cease-Fire Resolution?: Security Council Resolution 687. 1996, ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Legality of Nuclear Weapons (excerpt). 2001, Self-Defence and Afghanistan: Security Council Resolution 1368. 2002, US National Security Strategy (Excerpt). 2002, Resolution Preceding the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: Security Council Resolution 1441. 2002, UK Explanation of Its vote on Security Council Resolution 1441. Arms Control. 1968, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. 1972, Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty). 1972, Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention). 1993, Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling, and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention). 1996, Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty. 1997, Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and Their Destruction (Land Mines, or Ottawa, Convention). 2002, Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions. 2004, The Non-Transfer of WMD to Non-State Actors: Security Council Resolution 1540. International Criminal Law. 1948, Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. 1984, Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. 1997, International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings. 1998, The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. 1999, International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. 2001, Establishing the Counter-Terrorism Committee: Security Council Resolution 1373. International Human Rights Law. 1948, Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1951, Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. 1967, Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. 1965, International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination. 1966, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1966, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1990, Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1966, International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. 1979, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. 1989, Convention on the Rights of the Child. International Humanitarian Law. 1949, Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (Third Geneva Convention). 1949, Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Fourth Geneva Convention). 1977, Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts. 1977, Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts. International Law and the Environment. 1989, Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. 1991, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 1997, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 1992, Convention on Biological Diversity. 2002, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. 2001, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. The Global Commons. 1959, The Antarctic Treaty. 1967, Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. 1982, Third United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. 1994, Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. Appendixes. Glossary. Chronology of Treaties, with Status. Index.
Shirley V. Scott,Anthony Billingsley,Christopher Michaelsen
Treaty conflicts are not merely the contingent or inadvertent by-products of the increasing juridification of international relations. In several instances, states have deliberately created treaty conflicts in order to catalyse changes in multilateral regimes. Surabhi Ranganathan uses such conflicts as context to explore the role of international law, in legal thought and practice. Her examinations of the International Law Commission's work on treaties and of various scholars' proposals on institutional action, offer a fresh view of 'mainstream' legal thought. They locate, in a variety of writings, a common faith in international legal discourse, built on liberal and constructivist assumptions. Ranganathan's three rich studies of treaty conflict, relating to the areas of seabed mining, the International Criminal Court, and nuclear governance, furnish a textured account of the specific forms and practices that constitute such a legal discourse and permit a grounded understanding of the interactions that shape international law.
A bracing critique of human rights law and activism from the perspective of the Global South. How are human rights norms made, who makes them, and why? In Human Rights Standards, Makau Mutua traces the history of the human rights project and critically explores how the norms of the human rights movement have been created. Examining key texts and documents published since the inception of the human rights movement at the end of World War II, he crafts a bracing critique of these works from the hitherto underutilized perspective of the Global South. Attention is focused on the deficits of the international order and how that order, which is defined by multiple asymmetries, defines human rights in a manner that exhibits normative gaps and cultural biases. Mutua identifies areas of further norm development and concludes that norm-creating processes must be inclusive and participatory to garner legitimacy across various cleavages and divides. The result is the first truly comprehensive critical look at the making of human rights norms and standards and, as such, will be an invaluable resource for students, scholars, activists, and policymakers interested in this important topic.
A textbook introduction to international law and justice is specially written for students studying law in other departments, such as politics and IR. Students will engage with debates surrounding sovereignty and global governance, sovereign and diplomati
The oceans provide a great challenge for the development and management of planet earth by humankind. This book covers new approaches to the development of the law of the sea, the division of the oceans among states, and new thinking on institutions in depth.
The breadth of international law and institutions in contemporary global politics means it is no longer possible to make sense of international politics without understanding international law. This is the ideal text for students of international relations who have not previously studied law.
Robert Beck's study focuses principally on two related questions. First, how did the Reagan administration decide to launch the invasion of Grenada? And second, what role did international law play in that decision? The Grenada Invasion draws on extensive interviews and correspondence with key participants - and on the recently published memoirs of those who participated in or witnessed the administration's deliberations - in order to render a new and more complete picture of Operation "Urgent Fury" decisionmaking. Beck concludes that international law did not determine policy but that it acted briefly as a restraint and then as a justification for action.
Chandra Lekha Sriram,Olga Martin-Ortega,Johanna Herman
Author: Chandra Lekha Sriram,Olga Martin-Ortega,Johanna Herman
War, Conflict and Human Rights is an innovative, interdisciplinary textbook combining aspects of law, politics, and conflict analysis to examine the relationship between human rights and armed conflict. This second edition has been revised and updated, making use of both theoretical and practical approaches. Over the course of the book, the authors: examine the tensions and complementarities between protection of human rights and resolution of conflict, including the competing political demands and the challenges posed by internal armed conflict; analyse the different obligations and legal regimes applicable to state and non-state actors, including non-state armed groups, corporations and private military and security companies; explore the scope and effects of human rights violations in contemporary armed conflicts, such as those in Sierra Leone, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the former Yugoslavia, and implications for the "Arab Spring"; assess the legal and institutional accountability mechanisms developed in the wake of armed conflict to punish violations of human rights law, and international humanitarian law such as the ad hoc tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and the International Criminal Court; discuss continuing and emergent global trends and challenges in the fields of human rights and conflict analysis. This volume will be essential reading for students of war and conflict studies, human rights, and international humanitarian law, and highly recommended for students of conflict resolution, peacebuilding, international security and international relations, generally.
Provides a detailed analysis of how Russia's understanding of international law has developed Draws on historical, theoretical, and practical perspectives to offer the reader the 'big picture' of Russia's engagement with international law Extensively uses sources and resources in the Russian language, including many which are not easily available to scholars outside of Russia
Since the formation of the UN in 1945 the international community has witnessed a number of violent self-determination conflicts such as the disintegration of Yugoslavia, Chechnya, Kashmir, and South Sudan that have been a major cause of humanitarian crises and destruction. This book examines the scope and applicability of political self-determination beyond the decolonisation process. Explaining the historical evolution of self-determination, this book provides a theoretical examination of the concept and background. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the author analyses self-determination in relation to contemporary conflicts, which inform and drive a coherent theoretical framework for international responses to claims for self-determination. Built upon an examination of the conceptual foundations of self-determination, this book presents a new understanding and application of self-determination. It addresses the important question of whether self-determination claims legitimate armed violence, either by the self-determining group’s right to rebel, or by the international community in the form of humanitarian intervention. The Politics of Self-Determinationwill be of interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, security studies and conflict studies.
The Bush Administration's Subversion of U.S. Constitutional and International Law in the War on Terror
Author: Martin J. Henn
Publisher: Lexington Books
"This will be the classic analysis of the legal aspects of the Bush wars. Martin Henn gives---first---a brilliant study of the Bush administration's orders and written opinions. On the other side, he presents the relevant details of the U.S. Constitution and applicable international laws. In this impressive and most careful consideration of all the significant documents on both sides, Under the Color of Law makes clear that the Bush administration was illegal, immoral, and inefficient in its 'war on terror.' Nothing else that I have seen on these matters is more important."---Sidney winn. University of South Florida and Temple University --
This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the human rights of refugees as set by the UN Refugee Convention. In an era where States are increasingly challenging the logic of simply assimilating refugees to their own citizens, questions are now being raised about whether refugees should be allowed to enjoy freedom of movement, to work, to access public welfare programs, or to be reunited with family members. Doubts have been expressed about the propriety of exempting refugees from visa and other immigration rules, and whether there is a duty to admit refugees at all. Hathaway links the standards of the UN Refugee Convention to key norms of international human rights law, and applies his analysis to the world's most difficult protection challenges. This is a critical resource for advocates, judges, and policymakers. It will also be a pioneering scholarly work for graduate students of international and human rights law.
Bruce Ackerman and James Fishkin argue that Americans can revitalize their democracy and break the cycle of cynical media manipulation that is crippling public life. They propose a new national holiday - Deliberation Day - for each presidential election year. On this day people throughout the country will meet in public spaces and engage in structured debates about issues that divide the candidates in the upcoming presidential election. Deliberation Day is a bold new proposal, but it builds on a host of smaller experiments. Over the past decade, Fishkin has initiated Deliberative Polling events in the United States and elsewhere that bring random and representative samples of voters together for discussion of key political issues. In these events, participants greatly increase their understanding of the issues and often change their minds on the best course of action. Deliberation Day is not merely a novel idea but a feasible reform. Ackerman and Fishkin consider the economic, organisational, and political questions raised by their proposal and explore its relationship to the larger ideals of liberal democracy.
What role do transitional justice processes play in determining the gender outcomes of transitions from conflict and authoritarianism? What is the impact of transitional justice processes on the human rights of women in states emerging from political violence? Gender Politics in Transitional Justice argues that human rights outcomes for women are determined in the space between international law and local gender politics. The book draws on feminist political science to reveal the key gender dynamics that shape the strategies of local women’s movements in their engagement with transitional justice, and the ultimate success of those strategies, termed ‘the local fit’. Also drawing on feminist doctrinal scholarship in international law, ‘the international frame’ examines the role of international law in defining harms against women in transitional justice and in determining the ‘from’ and ‘to’ of transitions from conflict and authoritarianism. This book locates evolving state practice in gender and transitional justice over the past two decades within the context of the enhanced protection of women’s human rights under international law. Relying on original empirical and legal research in Chile, Northern Ireland and Colombia, the book speaks more broadly to the study of gender politics and international law in transitional justice.