Arme, Kranke, Kriminelle, Behinderte oder hilfsbedürftige Familien stellen Kategorien der Betroffenheit von soziale Problemen dar, mit denen jeweils bestimmte Institutionen der Problemarbeit und der sozialen Kontrolle verbunden sind. Diese Einrichtungen der Bearbeitung sozialer Probleme können als Ergebnis einer erfolgreichen öffentlichen und politischen Institutionalisierung sozialer Probleme verstanden werden. In den Einrichtungen der Polizei und Justiz, der Sozialpolitik und der Sozialen Arbeit oder des Gesundheitssystems werden soziale Probleme in Fälle verwandelt, die dann in einer jeweils typischen Art und Weise behandelt werden. Mit dem neuen Konzept des „Doing Social Problems“ oder der „Problemarbeit“ werden diese Prozesse und institutionellen Kontexte der Bearbeitung sozialer Probleme auf der Ebene des Alltags von Institutionen der sozialen Kontrolle in einer vergleichenden Perspektive untersucht. Mit diesem Buch wird diese Perspektive, die in den USA bereits zu einem fruchtbaren Forschungsprogramm geworden ist, erstmals in Deutschland systematisch dargestellt und anhand empirischer Fallstudien aus verschiedenen Bereichen erläutert.
Die kollektive Zuschreibung der Frau als Opfer gesellschaftlicher, männlicher Gewalt verstellte lange Zeit den Blick auf die Rolle von Frauen als Mittäterinnen in sozialen und kulturellen Gewaltstrukturen und auf Fragen der Verantwortung. Der folgende Band ist dazu angelegt, Zuschreibungsprozesse von Täter- und Opferpositionen in interdisziplinärer Perspektive zu analysieren. Dies geschieht anhand einer Fokussierung auf die Themenkomplexe: Nationalsozialismus, Krieg, Terrorismus, Prostitutionsmigration, Mädchengewalt, häusliche Gewalt, mediale Diskurse und Gerichtsurteile.
This collection of original essays is an innovative, effective way to teach crime theory to undergraduates. Each essay brings an important crime theory to life by applying that theory to a current crime event or topic of interest to students. An original introductory essay by Don Gibbons explains the origins of these different explanations for criminal behavior, and how they are similar to and different from one another.
This reader provides a comprehensive introduction for students studying criminology at undergraduate level. Not only does the book include 34 essential readings, but also editorial commentary with section introductions, study questions, and suggestions for further reading. The reader will provide a thorough grounding in issues related to the study of crime, the criminal justice system, and social control. In their selection the editors have sought to indicate crime's varied and conflicting history as well as its current debates. The mixture of historical and more recent readings shows a variety of perspectives. The Reader will be an essential sourcebook for students and teachers in the fields of criminology, criminal justice studies, the sociology of crime and deviance, socio- legal studies, social policy, criminal law and social work.
The International Handbook is to be published in two volumes. The first volume with 25 chapters is dedicated to the basic principles of criminology. The second volume with 35 articles is occupied with special criminological problems. The sixty chapters of the two volumes are dealt with by forty leading criminologists of ten countries. The International Handbook is providing information on all essential fields of criminology. It gives information on the level of the latest criminological research outcome. Comprehensive bibliographies lead the way to a deepening of criminological knowledge. The International Handbook can be used as basic literature in criminological research and as instrument of daily decision making for the practitioner of the criminal justice system. It places great emphasis on the international and interdisciplinary approaches of criminology. It focusses on theoretical and empirical research work of the sociological, psychological and socialpsychological criminology.
For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.
A comprehensive collection of the essential writings on race and crime, this important Reader spans more than a century and clearly demonstrates the long-standing difficulties minorities have faced with the justice system. The editors skillfully draw on the classic work of such thinkers as W.E.B. DuBois and Gunnar Myrdal as well as the contemporary work of scholars such as Angela Davis, Joan Petersilia, John Hagen and Robert Sampson. This anthology also covers all of the major topics and issues from policing, courts, drugs and urban violence to inequality, racial profiling and capital punishment. This is required reading for courses in criminology and criminal justice, legal studies, sociology, social work and race.
Frances Heidensohn in an important criminological thinker whose books are interesting, innovative and much appreciated by students. In her latest volume she take a fresh look at gender and social control, taking account of the new sociologies of risk and globalization. Risk, insecurity, gender and victimization are the subject of on going debate. Teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, the supposedly growing aggression of young women are all new aspects of familiar social issues. Distance and difference are said to be so reduces that we live in a world where globalization has altered communities and social control in irrevocable ways. This provocative and challenging book proposes solutions to some of these problems, draws parallels with the past, and points to lessons to be learned for the future. Sexual Politics and Social Control is recommended reading for students, professionals and researchers in the field of criminology, gender studies, sociology, politics and social policy.
This book is an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made significant contributions to criminology, criminal justice, and international law within a comparative and international context. In this lively collection of â??storiesâ?, the authors share of themselves in ways we seldom learn about in textbooks. By inviting us into their lives, we find out about the pitfalls, opportunities, and gut-wrenching decisions they faced during their careers. Pat Mayhew frankly warns students that â??international comparative work is not for the faint heartedâ?, Peter Grabosky encourages students to â??keep their eyes openâ?, and David Farrington advises us to â??choose our collaborators carefullyâ?. Yet, what resonates throughout their lessons is that truly successful people are those who keep trying. Students in particular will find the stories inspirational and insightful. This text provides us with practical, real life examples of how following oneâ??s passion can genuinely impact crime prevention, criminal justice, and social ills around the world.
This collection examines the gender and environmental factors that precede criminal behavior and the effects of gender on how the criminal justice system perceives and treats adult women offenders. Divided into four sections, section I is an overview of feminist theory in criminology, from its early influence to its recent contributions. Section II addresses gender issues important to understanding women and the crimes they commit and emphasizes the need to study how gender organizes criminal activity. The articles in section III discuss the laws and policies affecting women offenders, including the effects of stereotypes on sentencing and the rising rates of incarceration due to drug laws. The final section analyzes the treatment of women in prison and programs for female offenders from a feminist perspective.
Social justice is a concept we take for granted. We assume that it means using state structures to ensure equality and fairness. But is that true? Or, do state structures of social order actually inhibit creativity, freedom, social welfare, and belonging? This collection broadens the boundaries of the ways we think about what constitutes criminality and interrogates issues of social justice and power in new, innovative and critical ways. The essays examine a wide variety of themes, including the deconstruction of concepts of freedom and equality, notions of criminality and deviance, state regulation of social order, and various aspects of feminist criminology.
Consisting of original essays commissioned for the volume from leading scholars, as well as a number of recently published, important articles in the field, this anthology provides a comprehensive overview of the ways in which women affect and are affected by crime and the criminal justice system. Analysis is grounded in feminist scholarship and activism, and anchored in perspectives that orient women's crime, imprisonment, victimization, and survival in a race, class, and gender perspective.
This text is an introduction to sociological approaches to crime in contemporary Britain, ideal for students taking courses in criminolgy, criminal justice or studying crime as a component of other courses, such as sociology.The text looks at how different kinds of crime are officially defined, socially contructed, researched and analysed. The relationship between crime and social equality is fully explored and the resulting insights are then applied to specific patterns of crime. The causes and nature of crime, together with current key questions and issues are employed to ensure that the reader is presented with a wide selection of research and literature .