**Author**: Monica G. Cojocaru,Ilias S. Kotsireas,Roman N. Makarov,Roderick V. N. Melnik,Hasan Shodiev

**Publisher:** Springer

**ISBN:** 3319123076

**Category:** Computers

**Page:** 555

**View:** 1219

The Applied Mathematics, Modelling, and Computational Science (AMMCS) conference aims to promote interdisciplinary research and collaboration. The contributions in this volume cover the latest research in mathematical and computational sciences, modeling, and simulation as well as their applications in natural and social sciences, engineering and technology, industry, and finance. The 2013 conference, the second in a series of AMMCS meetings, was held August 26—30 and organized in cooperation with AIMS and SIAM, with support from the Fields Institute in Toronto, and Wilfrid Laurier University. There were many young scientists at AMMCS-2013, both as presenters and as organizers. This proceedings contains refereed papers contributed by the participants of the AMMCS-2013 after the conference. This volume is suitable for researchers and graduate students, mathematicians and engineers, industrialists, and anyone who would like to delve into the interdisciplinary research of applied and computational mathematics and its areas of applications.

The volume presents a selection of in-depth studies and state-of-the-art surveys of several challenging topics that are at the forefront of modern applied mathematics, mathematical modeling, and computational science. These three areas represent the foundation upon which the methodology of mathematical modeling and computational experiment is built as a ubiquitous tool in all areas of mathematical applications. This book covers both fundamental and applied research, ranging from studies of elliptic curves over finite fields with their applications to cryptography, to dynamic blocking problems, to random matrix theory with its innovative applications. The book provides the reader with state-of-the-art achievements in the development and application of new theories at the interface of applied mathematics, modeling, and computational science. This book aims at fostering interdisciplinary collaborations required to meet the modern challenges of applied mathematics, modeling, and computational science. At the same time, the contributions combine rigorous mathematical and computational procedures and examples from applications ranging from engineering to life sciences, providing a rich ground for graduate student projects.

This book brings together carefully selected, peer-reviewed works on mathematical biology presented at the BIOMAT International Symposium on Mathematical and Computational Biology, which was held at the Institute of Numerical Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences, in October 2017, in Moscow. Topics covered include, but are not limited to, the evolution of spatial patterns on metapopulations, problems related to cardiovascular diseases and modeled by boundary control techniques in hemodynamics, algebraic modeling of the genetic code, and multi-step biochemical pathways. Also, new results are presented on topics like pattern recognition of probability distribution of amino acids, somitogenesis through reaction-diffusion models, mathematical modeling of infectious diseases, and many others. Experts, scientific practitioners, graduate students and professionals working in various interdisciplinary fields will find this book a rich resource for research and applications alike.

This volume presents infectious diseases modeled mathematically, taking seasonality and changes in population behavior into account, using a switched and hybrid systems framework. The scope of coverage includes background on mathematical epidemiology, including classical formulations and results; a motivation for seasonal effects and changes in population behavior, an investigation into term-time forced epidemic models with switching parameters, and a detailed account of several different control strategies. The main goal is to study these models theoretically and to establish conditions under which eradication or persistence of the disease is guaranteed. In doing so, the long-term behavior of the models is determined through mathematical techniques from switched systems theory. Numerical simulations are also given to augment and illustrate the theoretical results and to help study the efficacy of the control schemes.

Focusing on five main groups of interdisciplinary problems, this book covers a wide range of topics in mathematical modeling, computational science and applied mathematics. It presents a wealth of new results in the development of modeling theories and methods, advancing diverse areas of applications and promoting interdisciplinary interactions between mathematicians, scientists, engineers and representatives from other disciplines. The book offers a valuable source of methods, ideas, and tools developed for a variety of disciplines, including the natural and social sciences, medicine, engineering, and technology. Original results are presented on both the fundamental and applied level, accompanied by an ample number of real-world problems and examples emphasizing the interdisciplinary nature and universality of mathematical modeling, and providing an excellent outline of today’s challenges. Mathematical modeling, with applied and computational methods and tools, plays a fundamental role in modern science and engineering. It provides a primary and ubiquitous tool in the context making new discoveries, as well as in the development of new theories and techniques for solving key problems arising in scientific and engineering applications. The contributions, which are the product of two highly successful meetings held jointly in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada on the main campus of Wilfrid Laurier University in June 2015, i.e. the International Conference on Applied Mathematics, Modeling and Computational Science, and the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Applied and Industrial Mathematics (CAIMS), make the book a valuable resource for any reader interested in a broader overview of the methods, ideas and tools involved in mathematical and computational approaches developed for other disciplines, including the natural and social sciences, engineering and technology.

Future Sustainable Ecosystems: Complexity, Risk, Uncertainty provides an interdisciplinary, integrative overview of environmental problem-solving using statistics. It shows how statistics can be used to solve diverse environmental and socio-economic problems involving food, water, energy scarcity, and climate change risks. It synthesizes interdisciplinary theory, concepts, definitions, models and findings involved in complex global sustainability problem-solving, making it an essential guide and reference. It includes real-world examples and applications making the book accessible to a broader interdisciplinary readership. Discussions include a broad, integrated perspective on sustainability, integrated risk, multi-scale changes and impacts taking place within ecosystems worldwide. State-of-the-art statistical techniques, including Bayesian hierarchical, spatio-temporal, agent-based and game-theoretic approaches are explored. The author then focuses on the real-world integration of observational and experimental data and its use within statistical models. The book clarifies how complex adaptive systems theory frames sustainability as a probabilistic (i.e., stochastic) problem, highlighting the importance of adaptive policy, science and institutional arrangements, for strengthening ecosystem adaptation and resilience. The author elucidates how we must transform our thinking, illuminating the benefits and opportunities offered by the integrative risk approach to innovation and learning in the Cognitive/Risk Era. The book highlights the importance of statistics in guiding, designing and delivering real-world solutions and helping to unravel the complex array of tradeoffs, uncertainties, inter-dependencies and unforeseen risks.

This book lists general information about a Monte Carlo simulation methodology in radio. In addition to providing general information, the text also constitutes a specification of the first generation of software SEAMCAT (spectrum engineering advanced Monte Carlo analysis tool) that uses the Monte Carlo method applied to radio cases.The problem of unwanted emissions, an important factor affecting the efficiency of radio spectrum use is the subject of an in-depth treatment in various forums both internal and external to the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT). While the need to re-evaluate the limits of unwanted emissions within Section 3 of the Radio Regulations (RR) is supported, it is generally considered to be preferable to use for this purpose a generic method.One of the many reasons why generic methods are preferred is their ability, a priori, to deal with new systems and communication technologies as they arise. Another reason is that only a generic method can aspire to become the basis of an analytical tool widely recognized.The tool for radio Monte Carlo simulation described in this report was developed based on the above considerations, in the process of the European Radiocommunications Committee (ERC).SEAMCAT is the application of a Monte Carlo simulation model for radio, developed by a group of CEPT administrations, members of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) and international scientific bodies. SEAMCAT is a computer program whose object code is public, being distributed by the European Radiocommunications Office (ERO) of the CEPT.Computing and information technology area courses have as objectives the training of human resources for the technological development of computing (hardware and software) in order to meet society''s needs for the application of computer technology in the interests of society and the formation teachers for middle and vocational education. Between the needs of society can be met with the aid of computers can be mentioned: storage of large volumes of information of all kinds and shapes and their recovery in an acceptable time; computing complex mathematical calculations in extremely short time; secure communication, fast and reliable; automation, control and monitoring of complex systems; fast computing repetitive calculations involving large amounts of information; processing images from different sources; games and tools to support teaching, etc. Application examples are found in the daily routine of companies (computing involving economic, financial and administrative information generated by business activities, industrial and services); in processing images generated by satellites for weather forecasts; in related to health activities (hospitals, doctors'' offices and public health agencies); in air traffic control systems; communication via the Internet; in the banking system, etc. The computation is for man an indispensable and fundamental tool in modern life. In the context of higher education in the field of Information Technology and its generation processes and automation of knowledge, we must consider the importance of curricula that can effectively prepare critical people, active and increasingly aware of their social roles and its contribution to scientific and technological advancement of the country. The social, humanitarian and ethical content of such training must orient curricula to ensure the expansion of human capabilities in close relation to the technical and scientific learning in the field of Computer and Information Technology. It is therefore a higher education in which individuals are also being trained to deal with human and ethical dimensions of knowledge and social relations.Applications of computing and computer area courses can be composed of four major areas of training: * Basic training, which comprises the basic principles of the area of computing, computer science, mathematics necessary to define them formally, physics and electricity needed to enable the understanding and design of viable computers technical and pedagogical training that introduces the basic knowledge the construction of knowledge, necessary for the development of the practice of computer education.* technological formation applying the basic technological development in computing * additional training allowing an interaction of the graduates of the courses with other professions

The articles that comprise this distinguished annual volume for the Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics series have been written in honor of Gilbert Strang, a world renowned mathematician and exceptional person. Written by leading experts in complementarity, duality, global optimization, and quantum computations, this collection reveals the beauty of these mathematical disciplines and investigates recent developments in global optimization, nonconvex and nonsmooth analysis, nonlinear programming, theoretical and engineering mechanics, large scale computation, quantum algorithms and computation, and information theory.

Computational biology, mathematical biology, biology and biomedicine are currently undergoing spectacular progresses due to a synergy between technological advances and inputs from physics, chemistry, mathematics, statistics and computer science. The goal of this book is to evidence this synergy by describing selected developments in the following fields: bioinformatics, biomedicine and neuroscience. This work is unique in two respects - first, by the variety and scales of systems studied and second, by its presentation: Each chapter provides the biological or medical context, follows up with mathematical or algorithmic developments triggered by a specific problem and concludes with one or two success stories, namely new insights gained thanks to these methodological developments. It also highlights some unsolved and outstanding theoretical questions, with a potentially high impact on these disciplines. Two communities will be particularly interested in this book. The first one is the vast community of applied mathematicians and computer scientists, whose interests should be captured by the added value generated by the application of advanced concepts and algorithms to challenging biological or medical problems. The second is the equally vast community of biologists. Whether scientists or engineers, they will find in this book a clear and self-contained account of concepts and techniques from mathematics and computer science, together with success stories on their favorite systems. The variety of systems described represents a panoply of complementary conceptual tools. On a practical level, the resources listed at the end of each chapter (databases, software) offer invaluable support for getting started on a specific topic in the fields of biomedicine, bioinformatics and neuroscience.

Understanding mathematical modeling is fundamental in chemical engineering. This book reviews, introduces, and develops the mathematical models that are most frequently encountered in sophisticated chemical engineering domains. The volume provides a collection of models illustrating the power and richness of the mathematical sciences in supplying insight into the operation of important real-world systems. It fills a gap within modeling texts, focusing on applications across a broad range of disciplines. The first part of the book discusses the general components of the modeling process and highlights the potential of modeling in the production of nanofibers. These chapters discuss the general components of the modeling process and the evolutionary nature of successful model building in the electrospinning process. Electrospinning is the most versatile technique for the preparation of continuous nanofibers obtained from numerous materials. This section of book summarizes the state-of-the art in electrospinning as well as updates on theoretical aspects and applications. Part 2 of the book presents a selection of special topics on issues in applied chemistry and chemical engineering, including nanocomposite coating processes by electrocodeposition method, entropic factors conformational interactions, and the application of artificial neural network and meta-heuristic algorithms. This volume covers a wide range of topics in mathematical modeling, computational science, and applied mathematics. It presents a wealth of new results in the development of modeling theories and methods, advancing diverse areas of applications and promoting interdisciplinary interactions between mathematicians, scientists, engineers and representatives from other disciplines.

The practice of modeling is best learned by those armed with fundamental methodologies and exposed to a wide variety of modeling experience. Ideally, this experience could be obtained by working on actual modeling problems. But time constraints often make this difficult. Applied Mathematical Modeling provides a collection of models illustrating the power and richness of the mathematical sciences in supplying insight into the operation of important real-world systems. It fills a gap within modeling texts, focusing on applications across a broad range of disciplines. The first part of the book discusses the general components of the modeling process and highlights the potential of modeling in practice. These chapters discuss the general components of the modeling process, and the evolutionary nature of successful model building. The second part provides a rich compendium of case studies, each one complete with examples, exercises, and projects. In keeping with the multidimensional nature of the models presented, the chapters in the second part are listed in alphabetical order by the contributor's last name. Unlike most mathematical books, in which you must master the concepts of early chapters to prepare for subsequent material, you may start with any chapter. Begin with cryptology, if that catches your fancy, or go directly to bursty traffic if that is your cup of tea. Applied Mathematical Modeling serves as a handbook of in-depth case studies that span the mathematical sciences, building upon a modest mathematical background. Readers in other applied disciplines will benefit from seeing how selected mathematical modeling philosophies and techniques can be brought to bear on problems in their disciplines. The models address actual situations studied in chemistry, physics, demography, economics, civil engineering, environmental engineering, industrial engineering, telecommunications, and other areas.

This is a book of an international series on interdisciplinary topics of the Mathematical and Biological Sciences. The chapters are related to selected papers on the research themes presented at BIOMAT 2015 International Symposium on Mathematical and Computational Biology which was held in the Roorkee Institute of Technology, in Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India, on November 02–06, 2015. The treatment is both pedagogical and advanced in order to motivate research students to fulfill the requirements of professional practitioners. As in other volumes of this series, there are new important results on the interdisciplinary fields of mathematical and biological sciences and comprehensive reviews written by prominent scientific leaders of famous research groups. There are new results based on the state of art research in Population Dynamics, on Pattern Recognition of Biological Phenomena, the Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases, Computational Biology, the Dynamic and Geometric Modelling of Biological Phenomena, the Modelling of Physiological Disorders, the Optimal Control Techniques in Mathematical Modelling of Biological Phenomena, the Hydrodynamics and Elasticity of Cell Tissues and Bacterial Growth and the Mathematical Morphology of Biological Structures. All these contributions are also strongly recommended to professionals from other scientific areas aiming to work on these interdisciplinary fields. Contents:Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases:Network Structure and Enzymatic Evolution in Leishmania Metabolism: A Computational Study (A Subramanian & R R Sarkar)Long-Term Potential of Imperfect Seasonal Flu Vaccine in Presence of Natural Immunity (S Ghosh & J M Heffernan)Impact of Non-Markovian Recovery on Network Epidemics (G Röst, Z Vizi & I Z Kiss)A Modelling Framework for Serotype Replacement in Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (M Kang, A L Espindola, M Laskowski & S M Moghadas)Pattern Recognition of Biological Phenomena:An Integrative Approach for Model Driven Computation of Treatments in Reproductive Medicine (R Ehrig, T Dierkes, S Schäfer, S Röblitz, E Tronci, T Mancini, I Salvo, V Alimguzhin, F Mari, I Melatti, A Massini, B Leeners, T H C Krüger, M Egli, F Ille & B Leeners)The Network Route to Biological Complexity (S J Banerjee, R K Grewal, S Sinha & S Roy)A Systems Biology Approach to Bovine Fertility and Metabolism: Introduction of a Glucose Insulin Model (Julia Plöntzke, M Berg, C Stötzel & S Röblitz)Biographer: Visualization of Graph Theoretical Patterns, Measurements, and Analysis in Mathematical Biology (R Viswanathan, S Liang, Y Yang & J R Jungck)Hydrodynamics and Elasticity of Cell Tissues and Bacterial Growth:Modelling the Early Growth of Stem Cell Tissues (R A Barrio, S Orozco-Fuentes & R Romero-Arias)Non-local Hydrodynamics of Swimming Bacteria and Self-Activated Process (S Roy & R Llinás)Dynamic and Geometric Modelling of Biomolecular Structures:Geometric Analysis of the Conformational features of Protein Structures (M Datt)Computational Biology:Prediction of System States, Robustness and Stability of the Human Wnt Signal Transduction Pathway using Boolean Logic (L Nayak, R K De & A Datta)Entropy Measures and the Statistical Analysis of Protein Family Classification (R P Mondaini & S C de Albuquerque Neto)Clustering Neuraminidase Influenza Protein Sequences (X Li, H Jankowski, S Boonpatcharanon, V Tran, X Wang & J M Heffernan)Optimal Control Techniques in Mathematical Modelling of Biological Phenomena:Optimal Control for Therapeutic Drug Treatment on a Delayed Model Incorporating Immune Response (P Dubey, B Dubey & U S Dubey)Population Dynamics:Bifurcations and Oscilllatory Dynamics in a Tumor Immune Interaction Model (S Khajanchi)On a Nonlinear System Modelling Darwinian Dynamics and the Immune Response to Cancer Evolution (A Bellouquid, M Ch-Chaoui & E de Angelis)Sexual Selection is Not Required: A Mathematical Model of Species with Sexually Differentiated Death Rates (D Wallace, E Dauson, C Pinion & K Hayashi)Models for Two Strains of the Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus Disease (S Collino, E Venturino, L Ferreri, L Bertolotti, S Rosati & M Giacobini)Conservation of Forestry Biomass Introducing Variable Taxation for Harvesting: A Mathematical Model (M Chaudhary, J Dhar & O P Misra)Stability Analysis of a Two Species Competition Model with Fuzzy Initial Conditions: Fuzzy Differential Equation Approach Environment (S Paul, P Bhattacharya & K S Chaudhuri)Modelling Physiological Disorders:Magnetic Resonance Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound — Mathematical Modeling of an Innovative, State of the Art Technology for Cancer Therapy (J Murley, J Thangaraj, J Drake, A Waspe & S Sivaloganathan)The Effects of Fibroblasts on Wave Dynamics in a Mathematical Model for Human Ventricular Tissue (A R Nayak & R Pandit)A Simple Logistic Sigmoidal Model Predicts Oxidative Stress Thresholds in Newly Diagnosed Diabetics on Glucose Control Therapy (R Kulkarni) Readership: Undergraduates, graduates, researchers and all practitioners in the interdisciplinary fields of Mathematical Biology, Biological Physics and Mathematical Modelling of Biosystems.

This is a book of a series on interdisciplinary topics of the Biological and Mathematical Sciences. The chapters correspond to selected papers on special research themes, which were presented at BIOMAT 2012 International Symposium on Mathematical and Computational Biology, in Tempe, Arizona, USA, November 6-10. This book contains state-of-the art articles on special research topics on mathematical biology, biological physics and mathematical modeling of biosystems; comprehensive reviews on interdisciplinary areas written by prominent leaders of scientific research groups. The treatment is both pedagogical and advanced in order to motivate research students as well as to fulfill the requirements of professional practitioners.

This book focuses on the recent development of methodologies and computation methods in mathematical and statistical modelling, computational science and applied mathematics. It emphasizes the development of theories and applications, and promotes interdisciplinary endeavour among mathematicians, statisticians, scientists, engineers and researchers from other disciplines. The book provides ideas, methods and tools in mathematical and statistical modelling that have been developed for a wide range of research fields, including medical, health sciences, biology, environmental science, engineering, physics and chemistry, finance, economics and social sciences. It presents original results addressing real-world problems. The contributions are products of a highly successful meeting held in August 2017 on the main campus of Wilfrid Laurier University, in Waterloo, Canada, the International Conference on Applied Mathematics, Modeling and Computational Science (AMMCS-2017). They make this book a valuable resource for readers interested not only in a broader overview of the methods, ideas and tools in mathematical and statistical approaches, but also in how they can attain valuable insights into problems arising in other disciplines.

Using examples from finance and modern warfare to the flocking of birds and the swarming of bacteria, the collected research in this volume demonstrates the common methodological approaches and tools for modeling and simulating collective behavior. The topics presented point toward new and challenging frontiers of applied mathematics, making the volume a useful reference text for applied mathematicians, physicists, biologists, and economists involved in the modeling of socio-economic systems.

Functional analysis-the study of the properties of mathematical functions-is widely used in modern scientific and engineering disciplines, particularly in mathematical modeling and computer simulation. Applied Functional Analysis, the only textbook of its kind, is designed specifically for the graduate student in engineering and science who has little or no training in advanced mathematics. Comprehensive and easy-to-understand, this innovative textbook progresses from the essentials of preparatory mathematics to sophisticated functional analysis. This self-contained presentation requires few mathematical prerequisites and provides students with the fundamental concepts and theorems essential to mathematical analysis and modeling. Applied Functional Analysis combines various principles of mathematics, computer science, engineering, and science, laying the foundation for further specialty work in partial differential equations, approximation theory, numerical mathematics, control theory, mathematical physics, and related subjects. This new treatment of a classic subject outfits engineering and science majors with a graduate-level mathematics standing, otherwise accessible only through regular mathematics studies.

Very broad overview of the field intended for an interdisciplinary audience; Lively discussion of current challenges written in a colloquial style; Author is a rising star in this discipline; Suitably accessible for beginners and suitably rigorous for experts; Features extensive four-color illustrations; Appendices featuring homework assignments and reading lists complement the material in the main text

* Offers a rigorous mathematical treatment of mechanics as a text or reference * Revisits beautiful classical material, including gyroscopes, precessions, spinning tops, effects of rotation of the Earth on gravity motions, and variational principles * Employs mathematics not only as a "unifying" language, but also to exemplify its role as a catalyst behind new concepts and discoveries

This volume gathers selected contributions from the participants of the Banff International Research Station (BIRS) workshop Coupled Mathematical Models for Physical and Biological Nanoscale Systems and their Applications, who explore various aspects of the analysis, modeling and applications of nanoscale systems, with a particular focus on low dimensional nanostructures and coupled mathematical models for their description. Due to the vastness, novelty and complexity of the interfaces between mathematical modeling and nanoscience and nanotechnology, many important areas in these disciplines remain largely unexplored. In their efforts to move forward, multidisciplinary research communities have come to a clear understanding that, along with experimental techniques, mathematical modeling and analysis have become crucial to the study, development and application of systems at the nanoscale. The conference, held at BIRS in autumn 2016, brought together experts from three different communities working in fields where coupled mathematical models for nanoscale and biosystems are especially relevant: mathematicians, physicists (both theorists and experimentalists), and computational scientists, including those dealing with biological nanostructures. Its objectives: summarize the state-of-the-art; identify and prioritize critical problems of major importance that require solutions; analyze existing methodologies; and explore promising approaches to addressing the challenges identified. The contributions offer up-to-date introductions to a range of topics in nano and biosystems, identify important challenges, assess current methodologies and explore promising approaches. As such, this book will benefit researchers in applied mathematics, as well as physicists and biologists interested in coupled mathematical models and their analysis for physical and biological nanoscale systems that concern applications in biotechnology and medicine, quantum information processing and optoelectronics.

"This book presents cutting-edge research in the field of computational and systems biology, presenting studies ranging from the atomic/molecular level to the genomic level and covering a wide spectrum of important biological problems and applications"--Provided by publisher.