'Young advances a nuanced way of thinking about the problem of political exclusion, and its potential remedies... Young's book is a timely intervention urging an enlargement of political vision. Inclusion and Democracy is an important text, which will rightly generate a deal of provocative debate.' -Radical PhilosophyIn the long awaited follow-up to Justice and the Politics of Difference, Iris Marion Young- one of the world's leading political philosophers- makes major and controversial contribution to the debates about democracy in a multicultural society. The book considers the ideals of political inclusion and exclusion and recommends ways of engaging in democratic politics in a more inclusive way. It includes a discussion of class, race and gender bias in democratic processes, and asks whether in an era of greater global interaction, democratic institutions should become more global
Governance: Ein Modebegriff oder ein sinnvolles wissenschaftliches Konzept? Das Buch erläutert das Konzept in unterschiedlichen Diskussionszusammenhängen und begründet seine Relevanz. Der Begriff "Governance" umschreibt neue Formen gesellschaftlicher, ökonomischer und politischer Regulierung, Koordinierung und Steuerung in komplexen institutionellen Strukturen, in denen meistens staatliche und private Akteure zusammenwirken. Mit ihm werden Veränderungen in der Herrschaftspraxis des modernen Staates, neue Formen der internationalen Politik sowie der Wandel von Organisationsformen und Interorganisationsbeziehungen in der öffentlichen Verwaltung, in Verbänden, in Unternehmen, in Märkten und in Regionen bezeichnet. Die Beiträge stellen den Governance-Begriff und die damit verbundenen Diskussionen und Fragestellungen für unterschiedliche Anwendungsfelder dar. Sie geben damit eine Einführung in ein wichtiges sozialwissenschaftliches Konzept und tragen dazu bei, dessen Konturen zu klären.
The past few years have seen a remarkable ferment in the theory of democracy. Deliberative Democracy and Beyond is a critical tour through recent democratic theory by one of the leading political theorist in the field. It examines the deliberative turn in democratic theory, which argued that the essence of democratic legitimacy is to be found in authentic deliberations on the part of those affected by a collective decision. The deliberative turn began as a challenge to established institutions and models of democracy, but it has now been largely assimilated by these same institutions and models. Drawing a distinction between liberal constitutionalist deliberative democracy and discursive democracy, the author criticizes the former and advocates the latter. He argues that a defensible theory of democracy should be critical of established power, pluralistic, reflexive in its questioning orientation to established traditions, transnational in its capacity to extend across state boundaries, ecological, and dynamic in its openness to ever-changing constraints upon and opportunities for democratization. Dryzek's reinvigorated approach enables deliberative democracy to respond more effectively to the criticisms that have been leveled against it. Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in contemporary political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy, and also work in applied political theory. The series will contain works of outstanding quality with no restrictions as to approach subject matter. Series Editors: Will Kymlicka, David Miller, and Alan Ryan
Long recognized as one of the main branches of political science, political theory has in recent years burgeoned in many different directions. Close textual analysis of historical texts sits alongside more analytical work on the nature and normative grounds of political values. Continental and post-modern influences jostle with ones from economics, history, sociology, and the law. Feminist concerns with embodiment make us look at old problems in new ways, and challenges of new technologies open whole new vistas for political theory. This Handbook provides comprehensive and critical coverage of the lively and contested field of political theory, and will help set the agenda for the field for years to come. Forty-five chapters by distinguished political theorists look at the state of the field, where it has been in the recent past, and where it is likely to go in future. They examine political theory's edges as well as its core, the globalizing context of the field, and the challenges presented by social, economic, and technological changes.
One of the most hotly-contested debates in contemporary democracy revolves around issues of political presence, and whether the fair representation of disadvantaged groups requires their presence in elected assemblies. Representation as currently understood derives its legitimacy from a politics of ideas, which considers accountability in relation to declared policies and programmes, and makes it a matter of relative indifference who articulates political preferences or beliefs. But what happens to the meaning of representation and accountability when we make the gender or ethnic composition of elected assemblies an additional area of concern? In this innovative contribution to the theory of representation - which draws on debates about gender quotas in Europe, minority voting rights in the USA, and the multi-layered politics of inclusion in Canada - Anne Phillips argues that the politics of ideas is an inadequate vehicle for dealing with political exclusion. But rejecting any essentialist grounding to group identity or group interest, she also argues against any either/or choice between ideas and political presence. The politics of presence then combines with contemporary explorations of deliberative democracy to establish a different balance between accountability and autonomy. Series description Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in contemporary political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy, and also work in applied political theory. The series contains work of outstanding quality with no restriction as to approach or subject matter. The series editors are David Miller and Alan Ryan. `the latest, thoughtful contribution in Anne Phillip's ongoing enquiry into issues of equality, gender and democracy...an excellent contribution to democratic theory'. Political Studies
"Kein Aspekt der weiblichen Biologie prädestiniert die Frau für unbezahlte Hausarbeit. Oder dafür, ihren Körper für einen lausig bezahlten Job im öffentlichen Sektor zu schinden. Will man den globalen Zusammenhang zwischen ökonomischer Macht und dem Besitz eines Penis legitimieren, muss man woanders suchen." Frauen werden schlechter bezahlt als Männer? Natürlich weil ihre Arbeit weniger wert ist, erklären die Ökonomen, sonst würde sie ja besser bezahlt. Frauen ziehen Kinder groß, schmeißen den Haushalt und halten dem Mann den Rücken frei, damit er sich auf seine Karriere konzentrieren kann? Spielt für das Bruttosozialprodukt leider keine Rolle, sagen die Ökonomen. Denn der rationale und egoistische Mensch der Ökonomie, der "economic man", ist vor allem eins: ein Mann. Und er funktioniert wie ein Mann. In ihrer fulminanten Polemik rechnet die schwedische Ökonomin und Feministin Katrine Marçal mit dem Weltbild einer von Männern dominierten MachoÖkonomie ab, deren Prämissen Frauen diskriminieren, weil sie nicht wie Männer sind. Dieses Weltbild beherrscht längst unser ganzes Dasein. Aber es ist falsch. Zeit, so Marçal, es über Bord zu werfen.
Rainer Bauböck is the world's leading theorist of transnational citizenship. He opens this volume with a question that is crucial to our thinking on citizenship in the twenty-first century: who has a claim to be included in a democratic political community? Bauböck's answer addresses the major theoretical and practical issues of the forms of citizenship and access to citizenship in different types of polity, the specification and justification of rights of non-citizen immigrants as well as non-resident citizens, and the conditions under which norms governing citizenship can legitimately vary. This argument is challenged and developed in responses by Joseph Carens, David Miller, Iseult Honohan, Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson, David Owen and Peter J. Spiro. In the concluding chapter, Bauböck replies to his critics.
Toward a Rhetorical Theory for Democratic Politics
Author: Scott Michael Welsh
Category: Oral communication
This dissertation explores the relationship between rhetoric and democracy. More specifically, it examines the theoretical demeaning of the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage that pervades normative theories of public deliberation in democracy, including both liberal and discourse theories. The main argument of the dissertation is that such theories wrongly oppose the idea of authentically democratic speech to strategic, tactical, or rhetorical modes of address. In contrast with the aversion to rhetoric found in normative theories of public deliberation, particularly those variously inspired by John Rawls and Jurgen Habermas, I advance an argument for an essential and productive relationship between rhetoric and democracy as suggested by Kenneth Burke and Michel de Certeau. Since currently marginalized citizens must, by necessity, deploy hegemonic discourses strategically in pursuit of a measure of political power or representation, theories of public deliberation in democracy that deny the general democratic legitimacy of the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage ideologically undermine democratic challengers. Instead of encouraging citizens to seriously attend to, and value, the essential democratic struggle for political advantage, prominent theories of public deliberation in democracy denigrate it. While the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage is susceptible to anti-democratic excesses, particularly of the sort that jeopardize peaceful association and truthful politics, theorists and citizens should not imagine an end to such excesses in visions of understanding or justification-oriented communication, but should look instead to effective counter-rhetorics. Peaceful association and epistemically accountable political speech should be regarded as situated, rhetorical-political achievements against the aims of the militant and the deceptive. Hence, this dissertation recommends that, rather than opposing democracy to rhetorical politics, citizens and theorists alike should recognize democracy in the broad proliferation of an effective ability, among diversely motivated people and groups, to win a share of political power rhetorically.
A comprehensive overview of the Western tradition of political thought that approaches concepts with the aim of helping readers develop their own political thinking and critical thinking skills. This text is uniquely organized around the theme of civil society — what is the nature of a civil society? why is it important? — that will engage students and help make the material relevant. Major thinkers discussed in the text are explored not only with the goal of understanding their views, but also with an interest in understanding the relationship of their ideas to the notion of a civil society. DeLue contends that a civil society is important for securing the way of life that most of us value and want to preserve, a way of life that allows people to live freely and place significance on their own lives.
In 'Responsibility for Justice', Young discusses our responsibilities to address 'structural' injustices in which we - among many - are implicated, but not to blame. Young argues that addressing these structural injustices requires a new model of responsibility, which she calls the 'social connection' model.
Author: Mark Bovens,Robert E. Goodin,Thomas Schillemans
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
Over the past two decades public accountability has become not only an icon in political, managerial, and administrative discourse but also the object of much scholarly analysis across a broad range of social and administrative sciences. This handbook provides a state of the art overview of recent scholarship on public accountability. It collects, consolidates, and integrates an upsurge of inquiry currently scattered across many disciplines and subdisciplines. It provides a one-stop-shop on the subject, not only for academics who study accountability, but also for practitioners who are designing, adjusting, or struggling with mechanisms for accountable governance. Drawing on the best scholars in the field from around the world, The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability showcases conceptual and normative as well as the empirical approaches in public accountability studies. In addition to giving an overview of scholarly research in a variety of disciplines, it takes stock of a wide range of accountability mechanisms and practices across the public, private and non-profit sectors, making this volume a must-have for both practitioners and scholars, both established and new to the field.
This volume is a collection of selected papers presented at the Second Asia-Pacific Computing and Philsosophy Conference, which was held in Bangkok, Thailand in January 2005. The conference was organized by the Center for Ethics of Science and Technology, Chulalongkorn University on behalf of the International Association of Computing and Philosophy (www.ia-cap.org). Computing have had a long relationship with philosophy, starting from the problem of how symbols being manipulated in computing bear a relation to the outside world, to those of artificial intelligence, robotics, computer simulation, and so on. Moreover, as computer technologies have become thoroughly pervasive in today's environment, there are also issues concerning social and ethical impacts brought about by them. The papers in the volume represent a wide variety of concerns and various dimensions within which computing and philosophy are related. Furthermore, it also represents some of the first attempts to highlight cultural dimensions of computing and philosophy, which became prominent when the conference was held for the first time within the milieu of an Asian culture. (The First Asia-Pacific Computing and Philosophy was held in Canberra, Australia.) Hence, many of the papers in the volume address this added dimension. Apart form the usual problems of how computers and human lives are interconnected, the papers here also discuss how computers are related to human lives as lived in a specific culture. Thus the book breaks a new ground and should be of interest to a wide range of scholars and students who are interested, not only on computing and philosophy generally construed, but also on this exciting new dimension of how the cultures of Asia, the West, and others bear upon the traditional issues in computing and philosophy, and on how this dimension raises some new concerns and agenda. Among the topics discussed in this volume are: political online forums in Saudi Arabia, e-democracy and structural transformation of public sphere, the Buddhist informational person, a glance into the lives of computerized generation in Thailand, technology and journalism in the market, local approaches and global potential (?) of information ethics, computer-enhanced good life, computer teaching ethics, and many others.
Democratic Inclusion in Contemporary American Political Culture
Author: C. Ghosh
Category: Social Science
The Politics of the American Dream analyzes the role of the 'American Dream' in contemporary American political culture. Utilizing analytic political theory, Ghosh creates a unique picture of Dream Politics, and shows the effect on the landscape of American politics.
Obgleich das demokratische Ideal uneingeschränkt bejaht wird, stehen die Systeme, die sich auf das Ideal berufen, immer heftiger in der Kritik. Doch diese Differenz ist nicht so neu, wie sie scheint: Historisch betrachtet ist die Demokratie immer schon als Versprechen und Problem zugleich in Erscheinung getreten. Denn der Grundsatz, Regierungen durch den Wählerwillen zu legitimieren, ging stets mit Misstrauensbekundungen der Bürger gegenüber den etablierten Mächten einher. Die Gegen-Demokratie ist nicht das Gegenteil von Demokratie, sie ist Bestandteil der parlamentarisch-repräsentativen Demokratie, somit permanenter Ausdruck von Misstrauen gegenüber den gewählten Institutionen. Gleichzeitig ist sie aber auch Ausdruck des politischen Engagements der Bürger_innen jenseits der Wahlurnen. Der Begriff Gegen-Demokratie hebt das Widersprüchliche des Misstrauens hervor, das einerseits die Wachsamkeit der Bürger_innen fördert und auf diese Weise dazu beiträgt, die staatlichen Instanzen für gesellschaftliche Forderungen empfänglicher zu machen, das andererseits aber auch destruktive Formen von Ablehnung und Verleumdung begünstigen kann. Das heißt: Die Gegen-Demokratie bestätigt nicht nur, sie kann auch widersprechen. Rosanvallon entfaltet die verschiedenen Aspekte von Gegen-Demokratie und schreibt ihre Geschichte. Nicht zuletzt plädiert er dafür, die ständige Rede von der Politikverdrossenheit zu überdenken. Denn es ist eher von einem Wandel als von einem Niedergang des bürgerschaftlichen Engagements zu sprechen. Verändert haben sich lediglich das Repertoire, die Träger und die Ziele des politischen Ausdrucks. Die Bürger_innen haben inzwischen viele Alternativen zum Wahlzettel, um ihre Sorgen und Beschwerden zu artikulieren. Die politische Form der Gegen-Demokratie sollte im Diskurs der Politikverdrossenheit nicht unterschätzt, sondern aktiv genutzt werden.