Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 9625

Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Social Creatures

A Human and Animal Studies Reader

Author: Clifton P. Flynn

Publisher: Lantern Books

ISBN: 1590561236

Category: Nature

Page: 458

View: 2817

In more than thirty essays, Social Animals examines the role of animals in human society. Collected from a wide range of periodicals and books, these important works of scholarship examine such issues as how animal shelter workers view the pets in their care, why some people hoard animals, animals and women who experience domestic abuse, philosophical and feminist analyses of our moral obligations toward animals, and many other topics.

Human-Animal Studies: Anthropology

Author: Margo DeMello,Molly Mullin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1590562178

Category: Education

Page: 62

View: 3916

One in the series of Human-Animal Studies ebooks produced as a result of the (printed) publication of the definitive HAS handbook, Teaching the Animal: Human–Animal Studies across the Disciplines. This chapter focuses on anthropology, includes three course syllabi, and has a full resources section covering all disciplines. Contains "Anthropology's Animals" by Molly Mullin.

Routledge Handbook of Human-Animal Studies

Author: Garry Marvin,Susan McHugh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136237879

Category: Social Science

Page: 332

View: 3955

The Routledge Handbook of Human-Animal Studies presents a collection of original essays from artists and scholars who have established themselves internationally on the basis of specific and significant new contributions to human-animal studies. It offers a broad interpretive account of the development and present configurations of the field of human-animal studies across many cultures, continents, and times.

Human-Animal Studies

Eine Einführung für Studierende und Lehrende

Author: Gabriela Kompatscher-Gufler,Reingard Spannring,Karin Schachinger

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825247597

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 9318

Human-Animal Studies: Gesellschaftliche, philosophische und kulturelle Aspekte des Mensch-Tier-Verhältnisses Die erste deutschsprachige Einführung in die Human-Animal Studies (HAS) fungiert für Studierende und Lehrende der HAS und für Nachbardisziplinen, die auf das Mensch-Tier-Verhältnis blicken, als Seminargrundlage. Die Kapitel sind didaktisch aufbereitet und bieten Definitionen, Erklärungen, ein Glossar, Zusatzliteratur, Arbeitsaufgaben, Verständnisfragen und weiterführende Fragen, die zur vertieften Auseinandersetzung anregen. Thematisiert werden unter anderem die philosophische Tierethik, Human-Animal Studies in Literatur und Sprachwissenschaft sowie in Soziologie, Pädagogik, Geschichte und Gender Studies. Wie sehen historische Entwicklungen, Tendenzen, Schlüsselbegriffe, wichtige Theorien und Konzepte und Teilbereiche der Human-Animal Studies aus? Auf diese Fragen finden Studierende und Lehrende Antworten in diesem Buch. Dieser Titel ist nicht als Dozenten-Freiexemplar erhältlich.

Zoopolis

Eine politische Theorie der Tierrechte

Author: Sue Donaldson,Will Kymlicka

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734326

Category: Nature

Page: 608

View: 8621

Massentierhaltung, Fleischskandale, Tierversuche – unser Umgang mit Tieren ist längst kein Nischenthema mehr, für das sich lediglich Aktivisten oder Ethiker interessieren, sondern steht im Fokus breiter öffentlicher Debatten. Allerdings konzentrieren sich die Diskussionen zumeist auf Fragen der Moral, darauf, welche moralischen Rechte und Interessen wir Tieren aufgrund ihrer Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten – zum Beispiel Schmerzen zu empfinden – zuschreiben müssen und welche moralischen Pflichten sich daraus für uns ergeben. Sue Donaldson und Will Kymlicka gehen weit darüber hinaus und behaupten, dass Tiere auch politische Rechte haben. Im Rückgriff auf avancierte Theorien der Staatsbürgerschaft argumentieren sie dafür, ihnen neben unverletzlichen Grundrechten einen je gruppenspezifischen politischen Status zuzusprechen. Das heißt konkret: Bürgerrechte für domestizierte Tiere, Souveränität für Gemeinschaften von Wildtieren sowie ein »Stammgastrecht« für jene, die zwar nicht domestiziert sind, aber in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft zu uns leben. »Zoopolis« macht auf so kluge wie eindringliche Weise ernst mit der Tatsache, dass wir mit den Tieren untrennbar verbunden sind. Elegant und keineswegs nur für Spezialisten geschrieben, entwirft es eine neue, folgenreiche Agenda für das künftige Zusammenleben mit diesen Geschöpfen, denen wir mehr schulden als unser Mitleid. Das Tier, so sagt dieses Buch, ist ein genuin politisches Wesen. Wir schulden ihm auch Gerechtigkeit.

Human-Animal Studies

A Bibliography

Author: Margo DeMello

Publisher: Lantern Books

ISBN: 159056331X

Category: Animals

Page: N.A

View: 6944

An exhaustive listing of books, journals, articles, films, conferences, college programs, organizations, and websites from the new and exciting discipline of Human-Animal studies. The information was gathered by leading academics in the humanities, the social sciences, and the natural sciences--this is the only reference of its kind. This project was completed in conjunction with the book "Teaching the Animal."

Animals and Society

An Introduction to Human-animal Studies

Author: Margo DeMello

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231152949

Category: Nature

Page: 470

View: 9636

Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human--animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human--animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human--animal relations.

Animal Housing and Human–Animal Relations

Politics, Practices and Infrastructures

Author: Kristian Bjørkdahl,Tone Druglitrø

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317524675

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 2140

This book provides an in-depth investigation into the practices of animal housing systems with international contributions from across the humanities and social sciences.?By attending to a range of different sites such as the zoo, the laboratory, the farm and the animal shelter, to name a few, the book explores material technologies from the perspective that these are integrated parts of a larger biopolitical infrastructure and questions how animal housing systems, and the physical infrastructures that surround central human-animal practices, come into being. The?contributions in the book?show in various ways?how?physical infrastructures of animal housing are always?part of a much broader sociocultural and political infrastructure, where the material reality of housing systems combines with human and animal agents, with politics, and with practices.?As such, the book?explores what kind of practices and relations develop around the physical structures of animal housing, and by whom, and for whom, they are developed. This innovative collection will be of great interest to student and scholars in animal studies, more than human studies, geography, anthropology, and sociology.

Teaching the Animal

The Social Sciences

Author: Margo DeMello

Publisher: Lantern Books

ISBN: 1590562585

Category: Education

Page: 233

View: 8752

Originally published as part of: Teaching the animal: human/animal studies across the disciplines.

Animal Studies

An Introduction

Author: Paul Waldau

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199968403

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 3021

Animal studies is a growing interdisciplinary field that incorporates scholarship from public policy, sociology, religion, philosophy, and many other areas. In essence, it seeks to understand how humans study and conceive of other-than-human animals, and how these conceptions have changed over time, across cultures, and across different ways of thinking. This interdisciplinary introduction to the field boldly and creatively foregrounds the realities of nonhuman animals, as well as the imaginative and ethical faculties that humans must engage to consider our intersection with living beings outside of our species. It also compellingly demonstrates that the breadth and depth of thinking and humility needed to grasp the human-nonhuman intersection has the potential to expand the dualism that currently divides the sciences and humanities. As the first holistic survey of the field, Animal Studies is essential reading for any student of human-animal relationships and for all people who care about the role nonhuman animals play in our society.

The Situationality of Human-Animal Relations

Perspectives from Anthropology and Philosophy

Author: Thiemo Breyer,Thomas Widlok

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839441072

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1075

Riding, hunting, fishing, bullfighting: Human-animal relations are diverse. This anthology presents various case studies of situations in which humans and animals come into contact and asks for the anthropological and philosophical implications of such encounters. The contributions by renowned scholars such as Albert Piette and Kazuyoshi Sugawara present multidisciplinary methodological reflections on concepts such as embodiment, emplacement, or the »conditio animalia« (in addition to the »conditio humana«) as well as a consideration of the term »situationality« within the field of anthropology.

Human-Animal Studies: Film Studies

Author: Margo DeMello,Pete Porter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1590562208

Category: Education

Page: 50

View: 7332

One in the series of Human-Animal Studies ebooks produced as a result of the (printed) publication of the definitive HAS handbook, Teaching the Animal: Human–Animal Studies across the Disciplines. This chapter focuses on cultural studies, includes two course syllabi, and has a full resources section covering all disciplines. Includes chapter "Teaching Animal Movies" by Pete Porter.

Companion to Environmental Studies

Author: Noel Castree,Mike Hulme,James D. Proctor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317275888

Category: Nature

Page: 848

View: 2894

Companion to Environmental Studies presents a comprehensive and interdisciplinary overview of the key issues, debates, concepts, approaches and questions that together define environmental studies today. The intellectually wide-ranging volume covers approaches in environmental science all the way through to humanistic and post-natural perspectives on the biophysical world. Though many academic disciplines have incorporated studying the environment as part of their curriculum, only in recent years has it become central to the social sciences and humanities rather than mainly the geosciences. ‘The environment’ is now a keyword in everything from fisheries science to international relations to philosophical ethics to cultural studies. The Companion brings these subject areas, and their distinctive perspectives and contributions, together in one accessible volume. Over 150 short chapters written by leading international experts provide concise, authoritative and easy-to-use summaries of all the major and emerging topics dominating the field, while the seven part introductions situate and provide context for section entries. A gateway to deeper understanding is provided via further reading and links to online resources. Companion to Environmental Studies offers an essential one-stop reference to university students, academics, policy makers and others keenly interested in ‘the environmental question’, the answer to which will define the coming century.

The Animal Inside

Essays at the Intersection of Philosophical Anthropology and Animal Studies

Author: Geoffrey Dierckxsens,Rudmer Bijlsma,Thomas Kiefer,Michael Begun

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781783489015

Category:

Page: 256

View: 4276

A team of renowned philosophers and a new generation of thinkers come together to offer the first book-length examination of the relationship between philosophical anthropology and animal studies.

Human-Animal Studies: Law

Author: Margo DeMello,Paul Waldau

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1590562240

Category: Education

Page: 72

View: 2956

One in the series of Human-Animal Studies ebooks produced as a result of the (printed) publication of the definitive HAS handbook, Teaching the Animal: Human–Animal Studies across the Disciplines. This chapter focuses on law, includes two course syllabi, and has a full resources section covering all disciplines. Includes chapter "Law and Other Animals" by Paul Waldau.

Lexikon der Mensch-Tier-Beziehungen

Author: Arianna Ferrari,Klaus Petrus

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839422329

Category: Social Science

Page: 482

View: 1469

Unsere Beziehung zu den »anderen« Tieren gewinnt nicht bloß mehr und mehr an gesellschaftlicher Bedeutung, sie ist auch für die Wissenschaften wieder zum Thema geworden. Mit diesem Band widmet sich zum ersten Mal ein Lexikon umfassend den Mensch-Tier-Beziehungen. Im Gegensatz zu traditionellen Einführungen in die Tierethik beschränkt sich das groß angelegte Werk aber nicht auf moralphilosophische Themen, sondern beleuchtet die Mensch-Tier-Beziehungen u.a. auch aus historischer, soziologischer, ethologischer und kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive.

Ethnography after Humanism

Power, Politics and Method in Multi-Species Research

Author: Lindsay Hamilton,Nik Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113753933X

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 4754

This book argues that qualitative methods, ethnography included, have tended to focus on the human at the cost of understanding humans and animals in relation, and that ethnography should evolve to account for the relationships between humans and other species. Intellectual recognition of this has arrived within the field of human-animal studies and in the philosophical development of posthumanism but there are few practical guidelines for research. Taking this problem as a starting point, the authors draw on a wide array of examples from visual methods, ethnodrama, poetry and movement studies to consider the political, philosophical and practical consequences of posthuman methods. They outline the possibilities for creative new forms of ethnography that eschew simplistic binaries between humans and animals. Ethnography after Humanism suggests how researchers could conduct different forms of fieldwork and writing to include animals more fruitfully and will be of interest to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including human-animal studies, sociology, criminology, animal geography, anthropology, social theory and natural resources.