How Learning Works

Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching

Author: Susan A. Ambrose,Michael W. Bridges,Michele DiPietro,Marsha C. Lovett,Marie K. Norman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470617601

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 4702

Praise for How Learning Works "How Learning Works is the perfect title for this excellent book. Drawing upon new research in psychology, education, and cognitive science, the authors have demystified a complex topic into clear explanations of seven powerful learning principles. Full of great ideas and practical suggestions, all based on solid research evidence, this book is essential reading for instructors at all levels who wish to improve their students' learning." —Barbara Gross Davis, assistant vice chancellor for educational development, University of California, Berkeley, and author, Tools for Teaching "This book is a must-read for every instructor, new or experienced. Although I have been teaching for almost thirty years, as I read this book I found myself resonating with many of its ideas, and I discovered new ways of thinking about teaching." —Eugenia T. Paulus, professor of chemistry, North Hennepin Community College, and 2008 U.S. Community Colleges Professor of the Year from The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education "Thank you Carnegie Mellon for making accessible what has previously been inaccessible to those of us who are not learning scientists. Your focus on the essence of learning combined with concrete examples of the daily challenges of teaching and clear tactical strategies for faculty to consider is a welcome work. I will recommend this book to all my colleagues." —Catherine M. Casserly, senior partner, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching "As you read about each of the seven basic learning principles in this book, you will find advice that is grounded in learning theory, based on research evidence, relevant to college teaching, and easy to understand. The authors have extensive knowledge and experience in applying the science of learning to college teaching, and they graciously share it with you in this organized and readable book." —From the Foreword by Richard E. Mayer, professor of psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara; coauthor, e-Learning and the Science of Instruction; and author, Multimedia Learning

Neues Lernen

Warum Faulheit und Ablenkung dabei helfen

Author: Benedict Carey

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644042918

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 3386

Die Wissenschaft hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten vieles über den Haufen geworfen, was wir darüber zu wissen glaubten, wie das Gehirn Informationen aufnimmt und verarbeitet. Fest steht: Wir lernen von Geburt an schnell, effizient und automatisch. Weil wir diesen Vorgang unbedingt systematisieren wollen, betrachten wir Vergessen, Schlafen und Tagträumen als hinderlich. Dabei sind sie wertvolle Hilfsmittel, die den Eigenarten unseres Gehirns Rechnung tragen. Benedict Carey erklärt, mit welchen Methoden wir uns Stoffe leichter einprägen und unser problemlösendes Denken verbessern können und wie wir die Potenziale des Unbewussten möglichst effizient nutzen – lernen, ohne nachzudenken. Nebenbei erfahren wir, dass Ablenkung zu Unrecht verteufelt wird, Wiederholung keineswegs immer weiterhilft und es sinnvoll ist, sich zu Themen testen zu lassen, über die man noch gar nichts weiß. Ein äußerst unterhaltsam geschriebenes Buch voller überraschender Erkenntnisse, das zeigt: Lernen muss keine Qual sein.

(K)ein Gespür für Zahlen

So bekommt man den Durchblick in Mathe

Author: Barbara Oakley

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864157811

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 7147

Mathematik versteht man oder eben nicht. Der eine ist dafür natürlich begabt, dem anderen bleibt dieses Fach für immer ein Rätsel. Stimmt nicht, sagt nun Barbara Oakley und zeigt mit ihrem Buch, dass wirklich jeder ein Gespür für Zahlen hat. Mathematik braucht nämlich nicht nur analytisches Denken, sondern auch den kreativen Geist. Denn noch mehr als um Formeln geht es um die Freiheit, einen der vielen möglichen Lösungsansätze zu finden. Der Weg ist das Ziel. Und wie man zum richtigen Ergebnis kommt, ist eine Kunst, die man entwickeln, entdecken und in sich wecken kann. Die Autorin vermittelt eine Vielfalt an Techniken und Werkzeugen, die das Verständnis von Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft grundlegend verbessern. (K)ein Gespür für Zahlen nimmt Ihnen — vor allem wenn Sie sich in Schule, Uni oder Beruf mathematisch oder naturwissenschaftlich beweisen müssen — nicht nur die Grundangst, sondern stärkt Ihren Mut, Ihren mathematischen Fähigkeiten zu vertrauen. So macht Mathe Spaß!

Routineaufgaben mit Python automatisieren

Praktische Programmierlösungen für Einsteiger

Author: Al Sweigart

Publisher: dpunkt.verlag

ISBN: 3864919932

Category: Computers

Page: 576

View: 4656

Wenn Sie jemals Stunden damit verbracht haben, Dateien umzubenennen oder Hunderte von Tabelleneinträgen zu aktualisieren, dann wissen Sie, wie stumpfsinnig manche Tätigkeiten sein können. Wie wäre es, den Computer dazu zu bringen, diese Arbeiten zu übernehmen? In diesem Buch lernen Sie, wie Sie mit Python Aufgaben in Sekundenschnelle erledigen können, die sonst viel Zeit in Anspruch nehmen würden. Programmiererfahrung brauchen Sie dazu nicht: Wenn Sie einmal die Grundlagen gemeistert haben, werden Sie Python-Programme schreiben, die automatisch alle möglichen praktischen Aufgaben für Sie abarbeiten: • eine oder eine Vielzahl von Dateien nach Texten durchsuchen • Dateien und Ordner erzeugen, aktualisieren, verschieben und umbenennen • das Web durchsuchen und Inhalte herunterladen • Excel-Dateien aktualisieren und formatieren • PDF-Dateien teilen, zusammenfügen, mit Wasserzeichen versehen und verschlüsseln • Erinnerungsmails und Textnachrichten verschicken • Online-Formulare ausfüllen Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitungen führen Sie durch jedes Programm und Übungsaufgaben am Ende jedes Kapitels fordern Sie dazu auf, die Programme zu verbessern und Ihre Fähigkeiten auf ähnliche Problemstellungen zu richten. Verschwenden Sie nicht Ihre Zeit mit Aufgaben, die auch ein gut dressierter Affe erledigen könnte. Bringen Sie Ihren Computer dazu, die langweilige Arbeit zu machen!

On Excellence in Teaching

Author: Robert J. Marzano

Publisher: Solution Tree Press

ISBN: 1935542389

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 8517

Learn from the world’s best education researchers, theorists, and staff developers as they present recommendations on effective instruction. The book provides a comprehensive view of instruction from a theoretical, systemic, and classroom perspective. The authors’ diverse expertise delivers a wide range of ideas and strategies.

Learning as a Generative Activity

Eight Learning Strategies that Promote Understanding

Author: Logan Fiorella,Richard E. Mayer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316258513

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 9742

During the past twenty-five years, researchers have made impressive advances in pinpointing effective learning strategies (namely, activities the learner engages in during learning that are intended to improve learning). In Learning as a Generative Activity: Eight Learning Strategies that Promote Understanding, Logan Fiorella and Richard E. Mayer share eight evidence-based learning strategies that promote understanding: summarizing, mapping, drawing, imagining, self-testing, self-explaining, teaching, and enacting. Each chapter describes and exemplifies a learning strategy, examines the underlying cognitive theory, evaluates strategy effectiveness by analyzing the latest research, pinpoints boundary conditions, and explores practical implications and future directions. Each learning strategy targets generative learning, in which learners actively make sense out of the material so they can apply their learning to new situations. This concise, accessible introduction to learning strategies will benefit students, researchers, and practitioners in educational psychology, as well as general readers interested in the important twenty-first-century skill of regulating one's own learning.

e-Learning and the Science of Instruction

Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning

Author: Ruth C. Clark,Richard E. Mayer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118047265

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 496

View: 610

Die Bullet-Journal-Methode

Verstehe deine Vergangenheit, ordne deine Gegenwart, gestalte deine Zukunft

Author: Ryder Carroll

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644403228

Category: Self-Help

Page: 352

View: 4000

Der Erfinder der bahnbrechenden Bullet-Journal-Methode Ryder Carroll zeigt in diesem Buch, wie Sie endlich zum Pilot Ihres Lebens werden und nicht länger Passagier bleiben. Seine Methode hilft mit einer strukturierteren Lebensweise achtsamer und konzentrierter zu werden. Inzwischen lassen sich Millionen Menschen von ihm inspirieren. In diesem Buch erklärt er seine Philosophie und zeigt, wie Sie Klarheit ins Gedankenchaos bringen, wie Sie Ihre täglichen Routinen entwickeln und vage Vorhaben in erreichbare Ziele verwandeln. Mit nur einem Stift und einem Notizblock und Carrolls revolutionärer Technik werden Sie produktiver, fokussierter und lernen, was wirklich zählt - bei der Arbeit und im Privaten.

Lernen sichtbar machen

Author: John Hattie

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783834011909

Category: Effective teaching

Page: 420

View: 406

Handbook of Research on Learning and Instruction

Author: Richard E. Mayer,Patricia A. Alexander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136882154

Category: Education

Page: 520

View: 9381

During the past twenty years researchers have made exciting progress in the science of learning (i.e., how people learn) and the science of instruction (i.e., how to help people learn). This Handbook examines learning and instruction in a variety of classroom and non-classroom environments and with a variety of learners, both K-16 students and adult learners. The chapters are written by leading researchers from around the world, all of whom are highly regarded experts on their particular topics. The book is divided into two sections: learning and instruction. The learning section consists of chapters on how people learn in reading, writing, mathematics, science, history, second languages, and physical education, as well as learning to think critically, learning to self-monitor, and learning with motivation. The instruction section consists of chapters on effective instructional methods – feedback, examples, self-explanation, peer interaction, cooperative learning, inquiry, discussion, tutoring, visualizations, and computer simulations. Each chapter reviews empirical research in a specific domain and is structured as follows: Introduction – Defines key constructs and provides illustrative examples or cases. Historical Overview – Summarizes the historical context for the topic or domain. Theoretical Framework – Summarizes major models or theories related to the topic or domain. Current Trends and Issues – Synthesizes the research literature and highlights key findings or conclusions. Practical Implications – Suggests relevance of the research for educational practice. Future Directions – Considers next steps or stages needed for future research.

Die Macht der Gewohnheit: Warum wir tun, was wir tun

Author: Charles Duhigg

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827070740

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 3033

Seit kurzem versuchen Hirnforscher, Verhaltenspsychologen und Soziologen gemeinsam neue Antworten auf eine uralte Frage zu finden: Warum tun wir eigentlich, was wir tun? Was genau prägt unsere Gewohnheiten? Anhand zahlreicher Beispiele aus der Forschung wie dem Alltag erzählt Charles Duhigg von der Macht der Routine und kommt dem Mechanismus, aber auch den dunklen Seiten der Gewohnheit auf die Spur. Er erklärt, warum einige Menschen es schaffen, über Nacht mit dem Rauchen aufzuhören (und andere nicht), weshalb das Geheimnis sportlicher Höchstleistung in antrainierten Automatismen liegt und wie sich die Anonymen Alkoholiker die Macht der Gewohnheit zunutze machen. Nicht zuletzt schildert er, wie Konzerne Millionen ausgeben, um unsere Angewohnheiten für ihre Zwecke zu manipulieren. Am Ende wird eines klar: Die Macht von Gewohnheiten prägt unser Leben weit mehr, als wir es ahnen.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 4901

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

21 Lektionen für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406727794

Category: History

Page: 459

View: 6451

Yuval Noah Harari ist der Weltstar unter den Historikern. In «Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit» erzählte er vom Aufstieg des Homo Sapiens zum Herrn der Welt. In «Homo Deus» ging es um die Zukunft unserer Spezies. Sein neues Buch schaut auf das Hier und Jetzt und konfrontiert uns mit den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit. Wie unterscheiden wir Wahrheit und Fiktion im Zeitalter der Fake News? Was sollen wir unseren Kindern beibringen? Wie können wir in unserer unübersichtlichen Welt moralisch handeln? Wie bewahren wir Freiheit und Gleichheit im 21. Jahrhundert? Seit Jahrtausenden hat die Menschheit über den Fragen gebrütet, wer wir sind und was wir mit unserem Leben anfangen sollen. Doch jetzt setzen uns die heraufziehende ökologische Krise, die wachsende Bedrohung durch Massenvernichtungswaffen und der Aufstieg neuer disruptiver Technologien unter Zeitdruck. Bald schon wird irgendjemand darüber entscheiden müssen, wie wir die Macht nutzen, die künstliche Intelligenz und Biotechnologie bereit halten. Dieses Buch will möglichst viele Menschen dazu anregen, sich an den großen Debatten unserer Zeit zu beteiligen, damit die Antworten nicht von den blinden Kräften des Marktes gegeben werden.

Skills to Make a Librarian

Transferable Skills Inside and Outside the Library

Author: Dawn Lowe-Wincentsen

Publisher: Chandos Publishing

ISBN: 0081000650

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 198

View: 4557

The library and information profession builds skills and expertise that cover a wide spectrum. These skills are often desirable in other fields and industries. Likewise, the skills we build before entering the library and information professions can help us as professionals. Skills to Make a Librarian looks at both sides of this equation through a collection of essays by current and former librarians and information professionals who make use of this wide range of cross disciplinary skills. Chapters written by authors at various points in their careers detailing what skills they have developed outside of librarianship Chapter authors discuss skills that have benefited their practice and careers, and how the skills of librarianship fit into life outside libraries Authors open up about personal experiences while keeping it professional

Developing Faculty Learning Communities at Two-Year Colleges

Collaborative Models to Improve Teaching and Learning

Author: Susan Sipple,Robin Lightner

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 157922847X

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 7242

This book introduces community college faculty and faculty developers to the use of faculty learning communities (FLCs) as a means for faculty themselves to investigate and surmount student learning problems they encounter in their classrooms, and as an effective and low-cost strategy for faculty developers working with few resources to stimulate innovative teaching that leads to student persistence and improved learning outcomes. Two-year college instructors face the unique challenge of teaching a mix of learners, from the developmental to high-achievers, that requires using a variety of instructional strategies and techniques. Even the most experienced teachers can find this diversity demanding. Faculty developers at many two-year colleges still rely solely on the one-day workshop model that, while useful, rarely results in sustained student-centered changes in pedagogy or the curriculum, and may not be practicable for the growing cohort of part-time faculty members. By linking work in the classroom with scholarship and reflection, FLCs provide participants with a sense of renewed engagement and stimulate collegial exploration of ways to achieve educational excellence. FLCs are usually faculty-instigated and cross-disciplinary, and comprise groups of six to fifteen faculty that work collaboratively through regular meetings over an extended period of time to promote research and an exchange of experiences, foster community, and develop the scholarship of teaching. FLCs alleviate burnout and isolation, promote the development, testing, and peer review of new classroom strategies or technologies, and lead to the reenergizing and professionalization of teachers. This book introduces the reader to FLCs and to the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, offering examples of application in two-year colleges. Individual chapters describe, among others, an FLC set up to support course redesign; an “Adjunct Connectivity FLC” to integrate part-time faculty within a department and collaborate on the curriculum; a cross-disciplinary FLC to promote student self-regulated learning, and improve academic performance and persistence; a critical thinking FLC that sought to define critical thinking in separate disciplines, examine interdisciplinary cross-over of critical thinking, and measure critical thinking more accurately; an FLC that researched the transfer of learning and developed strategies to promote students’ application of their learning across courses and beyond the classroom. Each chapter describes the formation of its FLC, the processes it engaged in, what worked and did not, and the outcomes achieved. Just as when college faculty fail to remain current in their fields, the failure to engage in continuing development of teaching skills, will equally lead teaching and learning to suffer. When two-year college administrators restrain scholarship and reflection as inappropriate for the real work of the institution they are in fact hindering the professionalization of their teaching force that is essential to institutional mission and student success. When FLCs are supported by leaders and administrators, and faculty learn that collaboration and peer review are valued and even expected as part of being a teaching professional, they become intrinsically motivated and committed to collaboratively solving problems, setting the institution on a path to becoming a learning organization that is proactive and adept at navigating change.

The Child's Secret of Learning

Author: Gerald Van Koeverden

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595346154

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 3892

"Can it be shown that learning our first language, like any other skill, is a personal work of art emerging from the interaction of body and brain, in making one 'common sense' of the world? Through exploring the basic structure and dynamics of language can we rediscover it as the resolution of a creative synthesis?"In searching for the child's learning secret, or conversely the adult's burden of "innocence lost," the author explores examples of both everyday skills and scientific knowledge to discover his "quartet of consciousness." He shows how this quarrelsome four-the artist and idealist of the arts and the theorist and empiricist of the sciences-emerge naturally through how feel, think, experiment and act, and remerge creatively in language. It challenges academics to recognize the limitations of "nature versus nurture" debates in learning psychology and even biology.Through clear and simple images, van Koeverden presents a unique and dynamic understanding of learning-bringing a delightful new voice into the discussion.

Learn or Die

Using Science to Build a Leading-Edge Learning Organization

Author: Edward D. Hess

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538278

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 3112

To compete with today's increasing globalization and rapidly evolving technologies, individuals and organizations must take their ability to learn—the foundation for continuous improvement, operational excellence, and innovation—to a much higher level. In Learn or Die, Edward D. Hess combines recent advances in neuroscience, psychology, behavioral economics, and education with key research on high-performance businesses to create an actionable blueprint for becoming a leading-edge learning organization. Learn or Die examines the process of learning from an individual and an organizational standpoint. From an individual perspective, the book discusses the cognitive, emotional, motivational, attitudinal, and behavioral factors that promote better learning. Organizationally, Learn or Die focuses on the kinds of structures, culture, leadership, employee learning behaviors, and human resource policies that are necessary to create an environment that enables critical and innovative thinking, learning conversations, and collaboration. The volume also provides strategies to mitigate the reality that humans can be reflexive, lazy thinkers who seek confirmation of what they believe to be true and affirmation of their self-image. Exemplar learning organizations discussed include the secretive Bridgewater Associates, LP; Intuit, Inc.; United Parcel Service (UPS); W. L. Gore & Associates; and IDEO.

Facilitating Seven Ways of Learning

A Resource for More Purposeful, Effective, and Enjoyable College Teaching

Author: James R. Davis,Bridget D. Arend

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579228437

Category: Education

Page: 326

View: 9909

For teachers in higher education who haven’t been able to catch up with developments in teaching and learning, James Davis and Bridget Arend offer an introduction that focuses on seven coherent and proven evidence-based strategies. The underlying rationale is to provide a framework to match teaching goals to distinct ways of learning, based on well-established theories of learning. The authors present approaches that readers can readily and safely experiment with to achieve desired learning outcomes, and build confidence in changing their methods of teaching. Research on learning clearly demonstrates that learning is not one thing, but many. The learning associated with developing a skill is different from the learning associated with understanding and remembering information, which in turn is different from thinking critically and creatively, solving problems, making decisions, or change paradigms in the light of evidence. Differing outcomes involve different ways of learning and teaching strategies. The authors provide the reader with a conceptual approach for selecting appropriate teaching strategies for different types of content, and for achieving specific learning objectives. They demonstrate through examples how a focused and purposeful selection of activities improves student performance, and in the process makes for a more effective and satisfying teaching experience. The core of the book presents a chapter on each of the seven ways of learning. Each chapter offers a full description of the process, illustrates its application with examples from different academic fields and types of institutions, clearly describes the teacher’s facilitation role, and covers assessment and online use. The seven ways of learning are: Behavioral Learning; Cognitive Learning; Learning through Inquiry; Learning with Mental Models; Learning through Groups and Teams; Learning through Virtual Realities; and Experiential Learning. Along the way, the authors provide the reader with a basis for evaluating other approaches to teaching and other learning methodologies so that she or he can confidently go beyond the “seven ways” to adapt or adopt further strategies. This is the ideal companion for teachers who are beginning to explore new ways of teaching, and want to do some serious independent thinking about learning. The book can also be used to prepare graduate students for teaching, and will be welcomed by centers for teaching and learning to help continuing faculty re-examine a particular aspect of their teaching.