Hillslope Hydrology and Stability

Author: Ning Lu,Jonathan W. Godt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107021065

Category: Science

Page: 437

View: 9768

A cutting-edge quantitative approach to understanding hydro-mechanical processes behind rainfall-induced landslides, for graduate students, researchers and professionals.

Hillslope Hydrology and Stability

Author: Ning Lu,Jonathan W. Godt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619853

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9486

Landslides are caused by a failure of the mechanical balance within hillslopes. This balance is governed by two coupled physical processes: hydrological or subsurface flow and stress. The stabilizing strength of hillslope materials depends on effective stress, which is diminished by rainfall. This book presents a cutting-edge quantitative approach to understanding hydro-mechanical processes across variably saturated hillslope environments and to the study and prediction of rainfall-induced landslides. Topics covered include historic synthesis of hillslope geomorphology and hydrology, total and effective stress distributions, critical reviews of shear strength of hillslope materials and different bases for stability analysis. Exercises and homework problems are provided for students to engage with the theory in practice. This is an invaluable resource for graduate students and researchers in hydrology, geomorphology, engineering geology, geotechnical engineering and geomechanics and for professionals in the fields of civil and environmental engineering and natural hazard analysis.

Hillslope Stability and Land Use

Author: Roy C. Sidle,Andrew J. Pearce,Colin L. O'Loughlin

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 0875903150

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 1206

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Water Resources Monograph Series, Volume 11. This monograph compiles research findings on soil mass movement into a format usable by practitioners and students. Applications are stressed in the areas of extensive and management practices rather than engineering earthworks. Examples are included to illustrate various prediction, avoidance, and control measures used in managing unstable terrain. We use the term soil (i.e., soil mass movement) to mean the mantle of unconsolidated or poorly consolidated material of either residual or transported origin, that overlies bedrock and forms the surface of the land. This usage is consistent with the conventional civil engineering use of the word and is synonymous with the geological term regolith and with soil mantle.

Landslides

Types, Mechanisms and Modeling

Author: John J. Clague,Douglas Stead

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107002060

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 2449

A comprehensive, one-stop synthesis of landslide science, for researchers and graduate students in geomorphology, engineering geology and geophysics.

Slope Stability and Erosion Control: Ecotechnological Solutions

Author: Joanne E. Norris,Alexia Stokes,Slobodan B. Mickovski,Erik Cammeraat,Rens van Beek,Bruce C. Nicoll,Alexis Achim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402066764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 3303

This book aims to assist in choosing ecotechnological solutions for slopes that are prone to a variety of mass movements e.g. shallow failure or erosion. The book reviews the types of problematic slopes that may occur and describes briefly the nature of mass movements and the causes of these movements. There is focus on the use of vegetation to stabilize soil on slopes prone to mass movements. The book also introduces new ecotechnological methods, and case studies are discussed.

Clay and Shale Slope Instability

Author: William C. Haneberg,Scott A. Anderson,Geological Society of America. Division of Engineering Geology

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813741106

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 153

View: 2302

Ten papers address both empirical and analytical aspects of clay and shale slope instability. Among the topics discussed in detail are: limit equilibrium stability analysis, shear strength of clay and clayey colluvium, use of triaxial test data to evaluate viscoplastic slope movements, numerical modeling of pore pressure distribution in heterogeneous soils, rational analysis of rainfall and landslide movement patterns, the effects of hydrothermal alteration on slope stability, mudrock durability and stability considerations, and regional clay and shale slope stability problems in Italy.

Unsaturated Soil Mechanics

Author: Ning Lu,William J. Likos

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471447313

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 584

View: 4171

Unsaturated Soil Mechanics is the first book to provide a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental principles of unsaturated soil mechanics. * Offers extensive sample problems with an accompanying solutions manual. * Brings together the rapid advances in research in unsaturated soil mechanics in one focused volume. * Covers advances in effective stress and suction and hydraulic conductivity measurement.

Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry

Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions

Author: Delphis F Levia,Darryl Carlyle-Moses,Tadashi Tanaka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400713635

Category: Science

Page: 740

View: 4253

This international rigorously peer-reviewed volume critically synthesizes current knowledge in forest hydrology and biogeochemistry. It is a one-stop comprehensive reference tool for researchers and practitioners in the fields of hydrology, biogeoscience, ecology, forestry, boundary-layer meteorology, and geography. Following an introductory chapter tracing the historical roots of the subject, the book is divided into the following main sections: · Sampling and Novel Approaches · Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry by Ecoregion and Forest Type · Hydrologic and Biogeochemical Fluxes from the Canopy to the Phreatic Surface · Hydrologic and Biogeochemical Fluxes in Forest Ecosystems: Effects of Time, Stressors, and Humans The volume concludes with a final chapter that reflects on the current state of knowledge and identifies some areas in need of further research.

Fundamentals of Hydrology

Author: Tim Davie

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415399866

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 7488

In order to manage the world's increasingly scarce water resources we must have a sound understanding of how water moves around the planet and what influences water quality. Fundamentals of Hydrology provides an engaging and comprehensive introduction to this subject and provides real-life examples of water resource management in a changing world. The second edition of this popular book brings the text up-to-date with additional case studies and diagrams and a greater synthesis of water quality with physical hydrology. The chapters on runoff and evaporation have been updated and the final chapter on hydrology in a changing world has more material on water resource management strategies. Additionally the chapter on streamflow analysis now includes a more in-depth section on modelling runoff. The book begins with a comprehensive coverage of precipitation, evaporation, water stored in the ground and as snow and ice, and runoff. These physical hydrological processes show with respect to the fundamental knowledge about the process, its measurement and estimation and how it ties in with water quality. Following this is a section on analyzing streamflow data, including using computer models and combining hydrology and ecology for in-stream flow assessment. A chapter on water quality shows how to measure and estimate it in a variable environment and finishes with a section on pollution treatment. The final chapter brings the text together to discuss water resource management andreal-life issues that are faced by hydrologists in a constantly changing world. Fundamentals of Hydrology is a lively and accessible introduction to the study of hydrology at university level. This new edition continues to provide an understanding of hydrological processes, knowledge of the techniques used to assess water resources and an up-to-date overview of water resource management in a changing world. Throughout the text, wide-ranging examples and case studies are used to clearly explain ideas and methods. Short chapter summaries, essay questions, guides to further reading and a glossary are also included.

River Mechanics

Author: Pierre Y. Julien

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108654010

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4806

The second edition of Julien's textbook presents an analysis of rivers from mountain streams to river estuaries. The book is rooted in fundamental principles to promote sound engineering practice. State-of-the-art methods are presented to underline theory and engineering applications. River mechanics blends the dual concepts of water conveyance and sediment transport. Like the first edition, this textbook contains ample details on river equilibrium, river dynamics, bank stabilization, and river engineering. Complementary chapters also cover the physical and mathematical modeling of rivers. As well as being completely updated throughout, three new chapters have been added on watershed dynamics, hillslope stability, and stream restoration. Throughout the text, hundreds of examples, exercises, problems, and case studies assist the reader in learning the essential concepts of river engineering. The textbook is very well illustrated to enhance advanced student learning, while researchers and practitioners will find the book to be an invaluable reference.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Author: C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008092915X

Category: Science

Page: 870

View: 3049

This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Scale Problems in Hydrology

Runoff Generation and Basin Response

Author: V.K. Gupta,I. Rodriguez-Iturbe,E.F. Wood

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400946783

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 2508

A special workshop on scale problems in hydrology was held at Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, during October 31-November 3, 1984. This workshop was the second in a series on this general topic. The proceedings of the first workshop, held in Caracas, Venezuela, in January 1982, appeared in the Journal of Hydrology (Volume 65:1/3, 1983). This book contains the papers presented at the second workshop. The scale problems in hydrology and other geophysical sciences stem from the recognition that the mathematical relationships describing a physical phenomenon are mostly scale dependent in the sense that different relationships manifest at different space-time scales. The broad scientific problem then is to identify and for mulate suitable relationships at the scales of practical interest, test them experimen tally and seek consistent analytical connections between these relationships and those known at other scales. For example, the current hydrologic theories of evaporation, infiltration, subsurface water transport and water sediment transport overland and in channels etc. derive mostly from laboratory experiments and therefore generally apply at "small" space-time scales. A rigorous extrapolation of these theories to large spatial and temporal basin scales, as mandated by practical considerations, appears very difficult. Consequently, analytical formulations of suitable hydrologic theories at basin wide space-time scales and their experimental verification is currently being perceived to be an exciting and challenging area of scientific research in hydrology. In order to successfully meet these challenges in the future, this series of workshops was initiated.

Principles of Soilscape and Landscape Evolution

Author: Garry Willgoose

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521858798

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 8052

This book provides a holistic guide to the construction of numerical models to explain the co-evolution of landforms, soils, vegetation and tectonics. This volume demonstrates how physical processes interact to influence landform evolution, and explains the science behind the physical processes, as well as the mechanics of how to solve them.

Community-Based Landslide Risk Reduction

Managing Disasters in Small Steps

Author: Malcolm G. Anderson,Elizabeth Holcombe

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821394916

Category: Nature

Page: 444

View: 6863

The handbook details the MoSSaiC (Management of Slope Stability in Communities) methodology, which aims to create behavioral change in vulnerable communities in developing countries. Focusing on maximizing within-country capacity to deliver landslide mitigation measures on the ground, it provides an end-to-end blueprint for the mitigation process.

Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice

Author: Delwyn G. Fredlund,Harianto Rahardjo,Murray D. Fredlund

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118133595

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 926

View: 7411

"Here is the definitive guide to unsaturated soil by the world's expert in the area of unsaturated soil mechanics. This volume features the latest information and replaces the leading text in the field, also written by this author team. The text offers state-of-the-art information to deal with the practical engineering problems resulting from unsaturated soil. Greater emphasis has been placed on the using the soil-water characteristic curve in solving practical engineering problems, as well as the quantification of thermal and moisture boundary conditions based on weather data"--

Landslide Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Author: Tim Davies

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012396475X

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 7197

Landslides are the most costly geo-hazard in the world, and they’re often the cause or the result of other hazards and disasters such as tsunamis, earthquakes, wildfires, and volcanic eruptions. Landslide Hazards, Risks, and Disasters makes a close and detailed examination of major mass movements and provides measures for more thorough and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness, and prevention. It takes a geoscientific approach to the topic while also discussing the impacts human-induced causes such as deforestation, blasting, and building construction—underscoring the multi-disciplinary nature of the topic. Contains contributions from expert geologists, seismologists, geophysicists, and environmental scientists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on causality, economic impacts, fatality rates, and landslide and problem soil preparedness and mitigation Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, photographs, and video captures of hazardous processes Discusses steps for prevention and treatment of problem soils, the most expensive geo-hazard in the world

Principles of Snow Hydrology

Author: David R. DeWalle,Albert Rango

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139471602

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2661

Principles of Snow Hydrology describes the factors that control the accumulation, melting and runoff of water from seasonal snowpacks over the surface of the earth. The book addresses not only the basic principles governing snow in the hydrologic cycle, but also the latest applications of remote sensing, and techniques for modeling streamflow from snowmelt across large mixed land-use river basins. Individual chapters are devoted to climatology and distribution of snow, snowpack energy exchange, snow chemistry, ground-based measurements and remote sensing of snowpack characteristics, snowpack management, and modeling snowmelt runoff. Many chapters have review questions and problems with solutions available online. This book is a reference book for practicing water resources managers and a text for advanced hydrology and water resources courses which span fields such as engineering, earth sciences, meteorology, biogeochemistry, forestry and range management, and water resources planning.

Landslides

Processes, Prediction, and Land Use

Author: Roy C. Sidle,Hirotaka Ochiai

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 1687

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Water Resources Monograph Series, Volume 18. Landslides are a constant in shaping our landscape. Whether by large episodic, or smaller chronic, mass movements, our mountains, hills, valleys, rivers, and streams bear evidence of change from landslides. Combined with anthropogenic factors, especially the development and settlement of unstable terrain, landslides (as natural processes) have become natural disasters. This book charts our understanding of landslide processes, prediction methods, and related land use issues. How and where do landslides initiate? What are the human and economic consequences? What hazard assessment and prediction methods are available, and how well do they work? How does land use, from timber harvesting and road building to urban and industrial development, affect landslide distribution in time and space? And what is the effect of land use and climate change on landslides? This book responds to such questions with: • Synopses of how various land uses and management activities influence landslide behavior • Analyses of earth surface processes that affect landslide frequency and extent • Examples of prediction techniques and methods of landslide hazard assessment, including scales of application • Discussion of landslide types and related costs and damages Those who study landslides, and those who deal with landslides, from onset to after-effects—including researchers, engineers, land managers, educators, students, and policy makers—will find this work a benchmark reference, now and for years to come.

Slope Tectonics

Author: Michel Jaboyedoff

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393240

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 8547

Usually geomorphology, structural geology and engineering geology provide descriptions of slope instability in quite distinctive ways. This new research is based on combined approaches to providing an integrated view of the operative slope processes. 'Slope Tectonics' is the term adopted here to refer to those deformations that are induced or fully controlled by the slope morphology, and that generate features which can be compared to those created by tectonic activity. Such deformation can be induced by the stress field in a slope which is mainly controlled by gravity, topography and the geological setting created by the geodynamic context. The content of this book includes slope-deformation characterization using morphology and evolution, mechanical behaviour of the material, modes of failure and collapse, influence of lithology and structural features, and the role played by controlling factors.