## Handbook of Elliptic and Hyperelliptic Curve Cryptography

Author: Henri Cohen,Gerhard Frey,Roberto Avanzi,Christophe Doche,Tanja Lange,Kim Nguyen,Frederik Vercauteren

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420034981

Category: Mathematics

Page: 842

View: 1506

The discrete logarithm problem based on elliptic and hyperelliptic curves has gained a lot of popularity as a cryptographic primitive. The main reason is that no subexponential algorithm for computing discrete logarithms on small genus curves is currently available, except in very special cases. Therefore curve-based cryptosystems require much smaller key sizes than RSA to attain the same security level. This makes them particularly attractive for implementations on memory-restricted devices like smart cards and in high-security applications. The Handbook of Elliptic and Hyperelliptic Curve Cryptography introduces the theory and algorithms involved in curve-based cryptography. After a very detailed exposition of the mathematical background, it provides ready-to-implement algorithms for the group operations and computation of pairings. It explores methods for point counting and constructing curves with the complex multiplication method and provides the algorithms in an explicit manner. It also surveys generic methods to compute discrete logarithms and details index calculus methods for hyperelliptic curves. For some special curves the discrete logarithm problem can be transferred to an easier one; the consequences are explained and suggestions for good choices are given. The authors present applications to protocols for discrete-logarithm-based systems (including bilinear structures) and explain the use of elliptic and hyperelliptic curves in factorization and primality proving. Two chapters explore their design and efficient implementations in smart cards. Practical and theoretical aspects of side-channel attacks and countermeasures and a chapter devoted to (pseudo-)random number generation round off the exposition. The broad coverage of all- important areas makes this book a complete handbook of elliptic and hyperelliptic curve cryptography and an invaluable reference to anyone interested in this exciting field.

## Elliptic Curves

Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition

Author: Lawrence C. Washington

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420071474

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 4538

Like its bestselling predecessor, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition develops the theory of elliptic curves to provide a basis for both number theoretic and cryptographic applications. With additional exercises, this edition offers more comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, techniques, and applications of elliptic curves. New to the Second Edition Chapters on isogenies and hyperelliptic curves A discussion of alternative coordinate systems, such as projective, Jacobian, and Edwards coordinates, along with related computational issues A more complete treatment of the Weil and Tate–Lichtenbaum pairings Doud’s analytic method for computing torsion on elliptic curves over Q An explanation of how to perform calculations with elliptic curves in several popular computer algebra systems Taking a basic approach to elliptic curves, this accessible book prepares readers to tackle more advanced problems in the field. It introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the text, before moving on to interesting applications, such as cryptography, factoring, and primality testing. The book also discusses the use of elliptic curves in Fermat’s Last Theorem. Relevant abstract algebra material on group theory and fields can be found in the appendices.

## Guide to Elliptic Curve Cryptography

Author: Darrel Hankerson,Alfred J. Menezes,Scott Vanstone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387218467

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 7711

After two decades of research and development, elliptic curve cryptography now has widespread exposure and acceptance. Industry, banking, and government standards are in place to facilitate extensive deployment of this efficient public-key mechanism. Anchored by a comprehensive treatment of the practical aspects of elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), this guide explains the basic mathematics, describes state-of-the-art implementation methods, and presents standardized protocols for public-key encryption, digital signatures, and key establishment. In addition, the book addresses some issues that arise in software and hardware implementation, as well as side-channel attacks and countermeasures. Readers receive the theoretical fundamentals as an underpinning for a wealth of practical and accessible knowledge about efficient application. Features & Benefits: * Breadth of coverage and unified, integrated approach to elliptic curve cryptosystems * Describes important industry and government protocols, such as the FIPS 186-2 standard from the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology * Provides full exposition on techniques for efficiently implementing finite-field and elliptic curve arithmetic * Distills complex mathematics and algorithms for easy understanding * Includes useful literature references, a list of algorithms, and appendices on sample parameters, ECC standards, and software tools This comprehensive, highly focused reference is a useful and indispensable resource for practitioners, professionals, or researchers in computer science, computer engineering, network design, and network data security.

## Handbook of Applied Cryptography

Author: Alfred J. Menezes,Paul C. van Oorschot,Scott A. Vanstone

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439821917

Category: Mathematics

Page: 810

View: 7862

Cryptography, in particular public-key cryptography, has emerged in the last 20 years as an important discipline that is not only the subject of an enormous amount of research, but provides the foundation for information security in many applications. Standards are emerging to meet the demands for cryptographic protection in most areas of data communications. Public-key cryptographic techniques are now in widespread use, especially in the financial services industry, in the public sector, and by individuals for their personal privacy, such as in electronic mail. This Handbook will serve as a valuable reference for the novice as well as for the expert who needs a wider scope of coverage within the area of cryptography. It is a necessary and timely guide for professionals who practice the art of cryptography. The Handbook of Applied Cryptography provides a treatment that is multifunctional: It serves as an introduction to the more practical aspects of both conventional and public-key cryptography It is a valuable source of the latest techniques and algorithms for the serious practitioner It provides an integrated treatment of the field, while still presenting each major topic as a self-contained unit It provides a mathematical treatment to accompany practical discussions It contains enough abstraction to be a valuable reference for theoreticians while containing enough detail to actually allow implementation of the algorithms discussed Now in its third printing, this is the definitive cryptography reference that the novice as well as experienced developers, designers, researchers, engineers, computer scientists, and mathematicians alike will use.

## Mathematics of Public Key Cryptography

Author: Steven D. Galbraith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107013925

Category: Computers

Page: 615

View: 5824

This advanced graduate textbook gives an authoritative and insightful description of the major ideas and techniques of public key cryptography.

## Advances in Elliptic Curve Cryptography

Author: Ian F. Blake,Gadiel Seroussi,Nigel P. Smart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441223

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1273

Since the appearance of the authors' first volume on elliptic curve cryptography in 1999 there has been tremendous progress in the field. In some topics, particularly point counting, the progress has been spectacular. Other topics such as the Weil and Tate pairings have been applied in new and important ways to cryptographic protocols that hold great promise. Notions such as provable security, side channel analysis and the Weil descent technique have also grown in importance. This second volume addresses these advances and brings the reader up to date. Prominent contributors to the research literature in these areas have provided articles that reflect the current state of these important topics. They are divided into the areas of protocols, implementation techniques, mathematical foundations and pairing based cryptography. Each of the topics is presented in an accessible, coherent and consistent manner for a wide audience that will include mathematicians, computer scientists and engineers.

## Algebraic Aspects of Digital Communications

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607500191

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 285

View: 9041

Developments of the last few decades in digital communications have created a close link between mathematics and areas of computer science and electrical engineering. A collaboration between such areas now seems very natural, due to problems which require deep knowledge and expertise in each area. Algebra and some of its branches, such as algebraic geometry, computational algebra, group theory, etc., have played a special role in such collaboration.

## Advances in Cryptology - EUROCRYPT 2007

26th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, May 20-24, 2007, Proceedings

Author: Moni Naor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540725407

Category: Computers

Page: 591

View: 5703

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, EUROCRYPT 2007, held in Barcelona, Spain in May 2007. The 33 revised full papers address all current foundational, theoretical and research aspects of cryptology, cryptography, and cryptanalysis as well as advanced applications.

## Progress in Cryptology – AFRICACRYPT 2014

7th International Conference on Cryptology in Africa, Marrakesh, Morocco, May 28-30, 2014. Proceedings

Author: David Pointcheval,Damien Vergnaud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319067346

Category: Computers

Page: 476

View: 4431

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptographic Techniques in Africa, AFRICA CRYPT 2014, held in Marrakesh, Morocco in May 2014. The 26 papers presented together with 1 invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 83 submissions. The aim of Africa crypt 2014 is to provide an international forum for practitioners and researchers from industry, academia and government from all over the world for a wide ranging discussion of all forms of cryptography and its applications as follows: Public-Key Cryptography, Hash Functions, Secret-Key Cryptanalysis, Number Theory, Hardware Implementation, Protocols and Lattice-based Cryptography.

## Pairing-Based Cryptography -- Pairing 2012

5th International Conference, Cologne, Germany, May 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Michel Abdalla,Tanja Lange

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642363342

Category: Computers

Page: 333

View: 662

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Pairing-Based Cryptography, Pairing 2012, held in Cologne, Germany, in May 2012. The 17 full papers for presentation at the academic track and 3 full papers for presentation at the industrial track were carefully reviewed and selected from 49 submissions. These papers are presented together with 6 invited talks. The contributions are organized in topical sections on: algorithms for pairing computation, security models for encryption, functional encryption, implementations in hardware and software, industry track, properties of pairings, and signature schemes and applications.

## Algebraic Curves in Cryptography

Author: San Ling,Huaxiong Wang,Chaoping Xing

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420079476

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 5920

The reach of algebraic curves in cryptography goes far beyond elliptic curve or public key cryptography yet these other application areas have not been systematically covered in the literature. Addressing this gap, Algebraic Curves in Cryptography explores the rich uses of algebraic curves in a range of cryptographic applications, such as secret sharing, frameproof codes, and broadcast encryption. Suitable for researchers and graduate students in mathematics and computer science, this self-contained book is one of the first to focus on many topics in cryptography involving algebraic curves. After supplying the necessary background on algebraic curves, the authors discuss error-correcting codes, including algebraic geometry codes, and provide an introduction to elliptic curves. Each chapter in the remainder of the book deals with a selected topic in cryptography (other than elliptic curve cryptography). The topics covered include secret sharing schemes, authentication codes, frameproof codes, key distribution schemes, broadcast encryption, and sequences. Chapters begin with introductory material before featuring the application of algebraic curves.

## Guide to Pairing-Based Cryptography

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315353148

Category: Computers

Page: 420

View: 6242

This book is devoted to efficient pairing computations and implementations, useful tools for cryptographers working on topics like identity-based cryptography and the simplification of existing protocols like signature schemes. As well as exploring the basic mathematical background of finite fields and elliptic curves, Guide to Pairing-Based Cryptography offers an overview of the most recent developments in optimizations for pairing implementation. Each chapter includes a presentation of the problem it discusses, the mathematical formulation, a discussion of implementation issues, solutions accompanied by code or pseudocode, several numerical results, and references to further reading and notes. Intended as a self-contained handbook, this book is an invaluable resource for computer scientists, applied mathematicians and security professionals interested in cryptography.

## Handbook of Finite Fields

Author: Gary L. Mullen,Daniel Panario

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439873828

Category: Computers

Page: 1068

View: 6426

Poised to become the leading reference in the field, the Handbook of Finite Fields is exclusively devoted to the theory and applications of finite fields. More than 80 international contributors compile state-of-the-art research in this definitive handbook. Edited by two renowned researchers, the book uses a uniform style and format throughout and each chapter is self contained and peer reviewed. The first part of the book traces the history of finite fields through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The second part presents theoretical properties of finite fields, covering polynomials, special functions, sequences, algorithms, curves, and related computational aspects. The final part describes various mathematical and practical applications of finite fields in combinatorics, algebraic coding theory, cryptographic systems, biology, quantum information theory, engineering, and other areas. The book provides a comprehensive index and easy access to over 3,000 references, enabling you to quickly locate up-to-date facts and results regarding finite fields.

## A Course in Number Theory and Cryptography

Author: Neal Koblitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468403109

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 720

The purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to arithmetic topics, both ancient and modern, that have been at the center of interest in applications of number theory, particularly in cryptography. Because number theory and cryptography are fast-moving fields, this new edition contains substantial revisions and updated references.

## An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography

Author: Jeffrey Hoffstein,Jill Pipher,Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493917110

Category: Mathematics

Page: 538

View: 3332

This self-contained introduction to modern cryptography emphasizes the mathematics behind the theory of public key cryptosystems and digital signature schemes. The book focuses on these key topics while developing the mathematical tools needed for the construction and security analysis of diverse cryptosystems. Only basic linear algebra is required of the reader; techniques from algebra, number theory, and probability are introduced and developed as required. This text provides an ideal introduction for mathematics and computer science students to the mathematical foundations of modern cryptography. The book includes an extensive bibliography and index; supplementary materials are available online. The book covers a variety of topics that are considered central to mathematical cryptography. Key topics include: classical cryptographic constructions, such as Diffie–Hellmann key exchange, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and digital signatures; fundamental mathematical tools for cryptography, including primality testing, factorization algorithms, probability theory, information theory, and collision algorithms; an in-depth treatment of important cryptographic innovations, such as elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem. The second edition of An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography includes a significant revision of the material on digital signatures, including an earlier introduction to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new material on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections have been rewritten or expanded for clarity, especially in the chapters on information theory, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the chapter of additional topics has been expanded to include sections on digital cash and homomorphic encryption. Numerous new exercises have been included.

## Algebraic Aspects of Cryptography

Author: Neal Koblitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662036428

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 3562

From the reviews: "This is a textbook in cryptography with emphasis on algebraic methods. It is supported by many exercises (with answers) making it appropriate for a course in mathematics or computer science. [...] Overall, this is an excellent expository text, and will be very useful to both the student and researcher." Mathematical Reviews

## Codes

The Guide to Secrecy From Ancient to Modern Times

Author: Richard A. Mollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420035087

Category: Computers

Page: 704

View: 2967

From the Rosetta Stone to public-key cryptography, the art and science of cryptology has been used to unlock the vivid history of ancient cultures, to turn the tide of warfare, and to thwart potential hackers from attacking computer systems. Codes: The Guide to Secrecy from Ancient to Modern Times explores the depth and breadth of the field, remaining accessible to the uninitiated while retaining enough rigor for the seasoned cryptologist. The book begins by tracing the development of cryptology from that of an arcane practice used, for example, to conceal alchemic recipes, to the modern scientific method that is studied and employed today. The remainder of the book explores the modern aspects and applications of cryptography, covering symmetric- and public-key cryptography, cryptographic protocols, key management, message authentication, e-mail and Internet security, and advanced applications such as wireless security, smart cards, biometrics, and quantum cryptography. The author also includes non-cryptographic security issues and a chapter devoted to information theory and coding. Nearly 200 diagrams, examples, figures, and tables along with abundant references and exercises complement the discussion. Written by leading authority and best-selling author on the subject Richard A. Mollin, Codes: The Guide to Secrecy from Ancient to Modern Times is the essential reference for anyone interested in this exciting and fascinating field, from novice to veteran practitioner.

## Elliptic Curves in Cryptography

Author: I. Blake,G. Seroussi,N. Smart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521653749

Category: Computers

Page: 204

View: 6057

This book summarizes knowledge built up within Hewlett-Packard over a number of years, and explains the mathematics behind practical implementations of elliptic curve systems. Due to the advanced nature of the mathematics there is a high barrier to entry for individuals and companies to this technology. Hence this book will be invaluable not only to mathematicians wanting to see how pure mathematics can be applied but also to engineers and computer scientists wishing (or needing) to actually implement such systems.

## An Introduction to Cryptography

Author: Richard A. Mollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584881278

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 5459

INTRODUCTION FOR THE UNINITIATED Heretofore, there has been no suitable introductory book that provides a solid mathematical treatment of cryptography for students with little or no background in number theory. By presenting the necessary mathematics as needed, An Introduction to Cryptography superbly fills that void. Although it is intended for the undergraduate student needing an introduction to the subject of cryptography, it contains enough optional, advanced material to challenge even the most informed reader, and provides the basis for a second course on the subject. Beginning with an overview of the history of cryptography, the material covers the basics of computer arithmetic and explores complexity issues. The author then presents three comprehensive chapters on symmetric-key cryptosystems, public-key cryptosystems, and primality testing. There is an optional chapter on four factoring methods: Pollard's p-1 method, the continued fraction algorithm, the quadratic sieve, and the number field sieve. Another optional chapter contains detailed development of elliptic curve cryptosystems, zero-knowledge, and quantum cryptography. He illustrates all methods with worked examples and includes a full, but uncluttered description of the numerous cryptographic applications. SUSTAINS INTEREST WITH ENGAGING MATERIAL Throughout the book, the author gives a human face to cryptography by including more than 50 biographies of the individuals who helped develop cryptographic concepts. He includes a number of illustrative and motivating examples, as well as optional topics that go beyond the basics presented in the core data. With an extensive index and a list of symbols for easy reference, An Introduction to Cryptography is the essential fundamental text on cryptography.

## Selected Areas in Cryptography

11th International Workshop, SAC 2004, Waterloo, Canada, August 9-10, 2004, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Helena Handschuh,Anwar Hasan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540243275