Here is a popular book with big set-piece descriptions accompanied by illustrations at its core, but with enough science to attract both the specialist reader and to educate the lay reader without scaring them off. Disaster books traditionally feed on hype, sensationalism and bad science. Eden redresses the balance. What then is the place of weather disasters in our climate? Are they freaks or a necessary part of the whole? How rare are meteorological event does it take to cause chaos in our day-to-day lives? Are we becoming more at risk and less capable of dealing with them? Or do we just complain more? These days we try and mitigate the effects of different hazards, by acquiring personal and property protection - individually, personally and politically. So what is the role of local and central government, the insurance industry, the media and the public? And how do we actually measure disaster? By rarity, insurance cost, death toll, recovery times or what? Can we merge all these so we can compare -say- the 1976 drought with the 1891 blizzard? Can we rank disasters? 15,000 died in the European heatwave of August 2003. Is this the shape of things to come? What will happen if the Gulf Stream/North Atlantic Drift stops flowing? Here are just a few of Philip Eden's topics in a book which will be riveting to readers.
From deciding the best day for a picnic, to the devastating effects of hurricanes and typhoons, the weather impacts our lives on a daily basis. Although new techniques allow us to forecast the weather with increasing accuracy, most people do not realize the vast global movements and forces which result in their day-to-day weather. In this Very Short Introduction, Storm Dunlop explains what weather is and how it differs from climate, discussing what causes weather, and how we measure it. Analyzing the basic features and properties of the atmosphere, he shows how these are directly related to the weather experienced on the ground, and to specific weather phenomena and extreme weather events. He describes how the global patterns of temperature and pressure give rise to the overall circulation within the atmosphere, the major wind systems, and the major oceanic currents, and how features such as mountains and the sea affect local weather. He also looks at examples of extreme and dangerous weather, such as of tropical cyclones (otherwise known as hurricanes and typhoons), describing how "Hurricane Hunters" undertake the dangerous task of flying through them. We measure weather in a number of ways: observations taken on the land and sea; observations within the atmosphere; and measurements from orbiting satellites. Dunlop concludes by looking at how these observations have been used to develop increasingly sophisticated long and short-range weather forecasting, including ensemble forecasting. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
The perfect companion to learning about the weather, no matter where you live or whether it is raining or sunny outside, an enlightening and entertaining miscellany of our planet’s most complex, diverse and powerful system -without which life simply would not exist.
Protecting Vulnerable Communities : Proceedings of the Conference Held in London, 13-15 October 1993
Author: P. A. Merriman,C. W. A. Browitt
Publisher: Thomas Telford
Category: Social Science
It has been estimated that, as a result of natural disasters, during the 1970s and 1980s three million lives were lost worldwide, the number of disasters increased threefold, the economic losses per decade almost doubled and the insurance losses quadrupled. In the light of these figures, the United Nations proclaimed the 1990s as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction and this book focuses on the British contribution to the Decade and is supplemented by papers from America, Asia, Europe and Africa.
Hurricanes, Tornadoes and Other Natural Air Disasters
Author: Barbara Tufty
Publisher: Courier Corporation
This highly readable and informative guide imparts a wealth of solid scientific data about hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, wind, fog, ice storms, and other events. The text is embellished with 72 drawings and 20 photographs.
Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist
Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren
Marlene Bradford,Robert S. Carmichael,Tracy Irons-Georges
Author: Marlene Bradford,Robert S. Carmichael,Tracy Irons-Georges
Publisher: Salem PressInc
Looks at the science behind such natural disasters as avalanches, hail, typhoons, mud and rock slides, floods, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions, and discusses prevention and preparations, and rescue and relief efforts.
The North Sea regions are some of the busiest shipping lanes in the world (which have recently seen the introduction of oil and gas rigs), and the surrounding land areas are some of the most populous. This book presents a historical investigation of great storms that have affected the North Sea and neighboring northern seas, the British Isles, and the fringe of northwest Europe. All those wind storms with serious effects that could be identified within the past 500-600 years are recorded and a few earlier cases discussed. In every case, observations of weather and other circumstances reported during the storm have been used to produce a modern and reasonably full meteorological analysis that will facilitate wind strength estimates and wind measurements and aid in the diagnosis of storm origins. As a scientific study, this work takes advantage of the unequaled abundance in this region of historical reports and records. The book is destined to further meteorological understanding and help examine weather trends and secular variations and the impact of storms on human affairs, especially in damage to buildings, forests, and other aspects of the landscape, particularly coasts. It will be of interest to atmospheric scientists, engineers, geographers, historians, and administrators.
This book focuses on natural disasters: how the normal processes of the Earth concentrate their energies and deal heavy blows to humans and their structures.... Throughout the book, certain themes are maintained: energy sources underlying disasters; plate tectonics and climate change; Earth processes operating in rock, water, and atmosphere; significance of geologic time; complexities of multiple variables operating simultaneously; detailed and readable case histories. [It] aims to explain important principals about the Earth and then develop further understanding through numerous case histories. -Pref.
Wie würdest du dich verhalten im Angesicht einer Katastrophe? Hoch oben im Norden Schwedens regnet es schon fast den ganzen Herbst. Und dann zeigen sich im obersten Staudamm des Lule älv tatsächlich Risse. Keiner kann sich vorstellen, dass er brechen könnte. Doch dann geschieht genau das - die Katastrophe nimmt ihren Lauf. Das Wasser kommt in gigantischen Massen. Ein Tsunami im eigenen Land. Inmitten des Infernos eine Gruppe von Menschen, die unterschiedlicher nicht sein könnten und die nun aufeinander angewiesen sind, wollen sie überleben: Der Hubschrauberpilot, der kurz vor einem Selbstmord stand. Die Künstlerin, die mit ihrer Malgruppe in den Wäldern umherstreift. Die Schwangere, die an einen Schornstein geklammert um ihr Überleben kämpft und von einem anderen Schiffbrüchigen ins Boot gezerrt wird. Zwei Ingenierinnen, die schon lange vor der Gefahr gewarnt haben. Sie alle stehen vor einer gewaltigen Herausforderung: Sie kämpfen nicht nur ums Überleben, sondern auch um ihre eigene Menschlichkeit ...
This book is a collection of twenty one papers presented during the symposium on Coping with Natural Hazards at University of Pune on 5 and 6 October 2001. This very successful symposium, organised by the National Academy of Sciences, outlined the strategies our country should adopt to be prepared to face hazards like earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, cyclones, droughts and desertification. It contains papers by pre-eminent scientists and leading lights like Professors M G K Menon, P K Das, D R Sikka and R K Bhandari and many others. Each paper has been critically reviewed by atleast two experts in their respective fields.
Tom Fort, whose writing has been variously described as "jocund," "slightly loopy," '"unbelievably poignant," and "deeply peculiar," travels around Britain experiencing some of its extremer climates and some of its more typical, with a view to explaining the British have made of their weather and what it has made of them. There are two interlocking strands: the story of those who—moved to an exceptional, sometimes obsessive degree by the fascination felt by so many—sought to know and understand the weather; and the story of its impact on history, culture, and ways of thought and behavior. He focuses on the people—the clergymen, the gentlemen of leisure, the crackpots, visionaries, charlatans, and shysters, all now largely or utterly forgotten—who volunteered and toiled for the cause, telling their stories by tracking them down to the places—usually their own gardens—where they indulged their quiet passion for measuring rainfall, scrutinizing dewdrops, tapping their barometers, and peering at their thermometers. Once the age of the amateur scientist was over, and the business of weather forecasting was annexed by professionals with state backing, it became a less colorful affair. The historical strand is, in part, a straightforward chronology; an account of the part played by climate in British history; how, when the sun shone and rain fell in gentle abundance, the nation prospered and multiplied; how, when the climate cooled, bringing wet summers and savage winters, they perished by plague and famine and retreated from places made unbelievable; how in time, as the society matured from a rural, peasant society, the weather became less a matter of life and death (though always an absorbing interest). But beyond that there is another dimension to its influence—the moral and spiritual one. This is contentious, but intriguing: the extent to which the British shape their view of "our weather," and the extent to which it may have shaped the British into the people they are.