Nine Hot-Button Issues Viewed Through the Eyes of Faith
Author: Charles North,Robert Smietana
Publisher: Moody Publishers
We often struggle to answer the question: What is the right thing to do here? Good Intentions suggests that it is possible to do good in economic matters if we begin with the right assumptions (and begins to ask the right questions): —Is greed ever good? —How can we give poor kids a million bucks? —How did Ben and Jerry get so rich? —Is capitalism ruining the environment? —Do immigrants take American jobs? Our actions can produce outcomes that reflect what we value.
Improving the Ways the World's Poor Borrow, Save, Farm, Learn, and Stay Healthy
Author: Dean Karlan,Jacob Appel
Category: Business & Economics
A leading economist and researcher report from the front lines of a revolution in solving the world's most persistent problem. When it comes to global poverty, people are passionate and polarized. At one extreme: We just need to invest more resources. At the other: We've thrown billions down a sinkhole over the last fifty years and accomplished almost nothing. Dean Karlan and Jacob Appel present an entirely new approach that blazes an optimistic and realistic trail between these two extremes. In this pioneering book Karlan and Appel combine behavioral economics with worldwide field research. They take readers with them into villages across Africa, India, South America, and the Philippines, where economic theory collides with real life. They show how small changes in banking, insurance, health care, and other development initiatives that take into account human irrationality can drastically improve the well-being of poor people everywhere. We in the developed world have found ways to make our own lives profoundly better. We use new tools to spend smarter, save more, eat better, and lead lives more like the ones we imagine. These tools can do the same for the impoverished. Karlan and Appel's research, and those of some close colleagues, show exactly how. In America alone, individual donors contribute over two hundred billion to charity annually, three times as much as corporations, foundations, and bequests combined. This book provides a new way to understand what really works to reduce poverty; in so doing, it reveals how to better invest those billions and begin transforming the well-being of the world.
How do "good intentions" pave the road for empire? Whether it is iatrogenic violence, voluntourism, the misappropriation of gay rights, or NGOs serving as the Trojan Horses of US dominance and neoliberal social reengineering, contributors to this volume expose and analyze the many ways in which the new imperialism involves partitioning the world into tutors and wards, saviours and victims. Underlying the seduction of imperial elite-lore are established modes of socialization and enculturation, ranging from the elaborate and persistent demonization of chief opponents of US empire to the lionization of military actors commonly rendered as heroes. Also scrutinized in this volume are the domestic social and political costs, reaching as far as the displacement of urban populations to make way for the expansion of the informatic industries of empire, paving the way for the unprecedented dominance of corporations in our daily lives.
Euro-Canadian and Aboriginal Relations in Colonial Canada
Author: Celia Haig-Brown,David A. Nock
Publisher: UBC Press
Category: Social Science
With Good Intentions examines the joint efforts of Aboriginal people and individuals of European ancestry to counter injustice in Canada when colonization was at its height, from the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth century. These people recognized colonial wrongs and worked together in a variety of ways to right them, but they could not stem the tide of European-based exploitation. The book is neither an apologist text nor an attempt to argue that some colonizers were simply "well intentioned." Almost all those considered here -- teachers, lawyers, missionaries, activists -- had as their overall goal the Christianization and civilization of Canada's First Peoples. By discussing examples of Euro-Canadians who worked with Aboriginal peoples, With Good Intentions brings to light some of the lesser-known complexities of colonization.
History, Fear and Hypocrisy in the New World Order
Author: David Runciman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Political Science
Tony Blair has often said that he wishes history to judge the great political controversies of the early twenty-first century--above all, the actions he has undertaken in alliance with George W. Bush. This book is the first attempt to fulfill that wish, using the long history of the modern state to put the events of recent years--the war on terror, the war in Iraq, the falling out between Europe and the United States--in their proper perspective. It also dissects the way that politicians like Blair and Bush have used and abused history to justify the new world order they are creating. Many books about international politics since 9/11 contend that either everything changed or nothing changed on that fateful day. This book identifies what is new about contemporary politics but also how what is new has been exploited in ways that are all too familiar. It compares recent political events with other crises in the history of modern politics--political and intellectual, ranging from seventeenth-century England to Weimar Germany--to argue that the risks of the present crisis have been exaggerated, manipulated, and misunderstood. David Runciman argues that there are three kinds of time at work in contemporary politics: news time, election time, and historical time. It is all too easy to get caught up in news time and election time, he writes. This book is about viewing the threats and challenges we face in real historical time.
Why Development Assistance to the Third World Has Failed
Author: Thomas W. Dichter
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
Category: Business & Economics
For more than thirty-five years, Thomas W. Dichter has worked in the field of international development, managing and evaluating projects for nongovernmental organizations, directing a Peace Corps country program, and serving as a consultant for such agencies as USAID, UNDP, and the World Bank. On the basis of this extensive and varied experience, he has become an outspoken critic of what he terms the "international poverty alleviation industry." He believes that efforts to reduce world poverty have been well-intentioned but largely ineffective. On the whole, the development industry has failed to serve the needs of the people it has sought to help. To make his case, Dichter reviews the major trends in development assistance from the 1960s through the 1990s, illustrating his analysis with eighteen short stories based on his own experiences in the field. The analytic chapters are thus grounded in the daily life of development workers as described in the stories. Dichter shows how development organizations have often become caught up in their own self-perpetuation and in public relations efforts designed to create an illusion of effectiveness. Tracing the evolution of the role of money (as opposed to ideas) in development assistance, he suggests how financial imperatives have reinforced the tendency to sponsor time-bound projects, creating a dependency among aid recipients. He also examines the rise of careerism and increased bureaucratization in the industry, arguing that assistance efforts have become disconnected from important lessons learned on the ground, and often lessons of world history. In the end, Dichter calls for a more light-handed and artful approach to development assistance, with fewer agencies and experts involved. His stance is pragmatic, rather than ideological or political. What matters, he says, is what works, and the current practices of the development industry are simply not effective.
Meet Rodgers, the boy who goes through great trouble to protect his best friend, Juma, from a harsh teacher at school. Penetrating the diversity of cultures, Mickey’s loyalty and closeness to her friend Rodgers is exemplary. The myth of discrimination is yet again beautifully dispelled in how Chuna, the young girl with albinism, is loved and adored in her adopted family, despite a few who still show ignorance.
This comparative study is concerned with the causes - and consequences - of failures to fulfill pledges to aid postconflict and transitional societies. In each of the six case studies, the coauthors first establish the sources, composition, and objectives of pledged aid and examine aid conditionality, delivery, and coordination. They then trace aid absorption, benefits, and impact on peace building and recovery. Finally, they assess the causes, consequences, and lessons of pledge gaps: What explains shortfalls in aid delivery? What social, economic, and political difficulties have ensued? And what does the experience suggest for future multilateral efforts at transition assistance? Good intentions notwithstanding, it is clear that recurrent delays and failures in aid follow-through can threaten vulnerable polities whose collapse would endanger regional peace and security.
Social Policy, Informality, and Economic Growth in Mexico
Author: Santiago Levy
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Category: Political Science
Despite various reform efforts, Mexico has experienced economic stability but little growth. Today more than half of all Mexican workers are employed informally, and one out of every four is poor. Good Intentions, Bad Outcomes argues that incoherent social programs significantly contribute to this state of affairs and it suggests reforms to improve the situation. Over the past decade, Mexico has channeled an increasing number of resources into subsidizing the creation of low-productivity, informal jobs. These social programs have hampered growth, fostered illegality, and provided erratic protection to workers, trapping many in poverty. Informality has boxed Mexico into a dilemma: provide benefits to informal workers at the expense of lower growth and reduced productivity or leave millions of workers without benefits. Former finance official Santiago Levy proposes how to convert the existing system of social security for formal workers into universal social entitlements. He advocates eliminating wage-based social security contributions and raising consumption taxes on higher-income households to simultaneously increase the rate of growth of GDP, reduce inequality, and improve benefits for workers. Go od Intentions, Bad Outcomes considers whether Mexico can build on the success of Progresa-Oportunidades, a targeted poverty alleviation program that originated in Mexico and has been replicated in over 25 countries as well as in New York City. It sets forth a plan to reform social and economic policy, an essential element of a more equitable and sustainable development strategy for Mexico.
The stories in The Coast of Good Intentions evoke the landscape of the Pacific North-west with impressive ease - crab factories, cranberry bogs, the fog-shrouded shore, the Seattle skyline. Here are ordinary lives in all their messy, unresolved glory.
Life in society means more than just living together with others; it also means relating with others, giving oneself to others, and contributing to the good of all. In Beyond Good Intentions, author Juan Lorda shows that Christian morality is more than a list of do’s and don’ts but can in fact be summarized as “the art of living.” It guides Christians to live so that their actions are consistent with their inner convictions. The author shows today’s readers the beauty and reasonableness of Christian living. We are led to see that the essence of Christian morality is not an assemblage of abstract principles, but is a call to a sincere relationship with a real historical person: Jesus of Nazareth, the God–man who shares our life with us. Rev. Juan Luis Lorda has authored 12 books on biblical anthropology, catechetics, and theology. Born in Spain in 1955, he was ordained a priest for the Opus Dei Prelature in 1983 and has taught at the University of Navarre for many years. He is a member of the advisory council on catechetics for the Spanish Bishops Conference, and a frequent contributor to magazines and newspapers, both religious and secular.
Author: Cynthia M. Webster,Leanne M. Carter,Steve D'Alesandro,David Gray
Category: Business & Economics
Social Marketing: Good Intentions examines current social, environmental, health and safety issues affecting individuals and their communities. It provides a critical look at the barriers and challenges to behavior change. It has been written in an investigative manner for advanced undergraduate students and first year postgraduate students who intend to pursue careers in the public sector in community health and environmental sustainability. The book is issue based and structured in five parts. Part I addresses the need for behavior change and the relationship between overconsumption and well-being. Part II centers on such issues as healthy eating, exercise, early cancer detection and safe sex. Part III discusses sensitive topics such as discrimination, mental illness and domestic violence. Part IV looks at smoking, drugs and alcohol, drink driving and speeding. Part V considers recycling, water conservation, climate change and energy efficiency. Each of the 15 chapters focuses on specific difficult topics and incorporates the research needs, ethical concerns and theoretical approaches to tackling behavior change. Overall the aim of the book is to stimulate active engagement with these issues. Table of Contents Part I: SETTING THE SCENE: Good reasons for behaviour change (Chapter 1 - Overconsumption and the pursuit of pleasure; Chapter 2 - Social marketing and sustainability; Chapter 3 - The social contract) Part II: LIVE LONG AND PROSPER: Heath and Well-being (Chapter 4 - Battle of the bulge; Chapter 5 - Prevention and early detection; Chapter 6 - Safe sex) Part III: BEAUTY IS IN THE EYE OF THE BEHOLDER: Power and perception (Chapter 7 - Blue eyes/brown eyes; Chapter 8 - Out of darkness; Chapter 9 - Stand by me) Part IV: LIFE IN THE FAST LANE: Addictions and risky behaviour (Chapter 10 - Up in smoke; Chapter 11 - skál! ??! bula! cheers! ; Chapter 12 - Speed racer Part V: BACK TO BASICS: Environment and sustainable living (Chapter 13 - What a waste; Chapter 14 - Essentials of life; Chapter 15 - Changes)
In this original, extraordinarily moving, and highly personal novel, world-renowned stage and film director Ingmar Bergman goes back to the time of his parents and grandparents, to the years shortly before, during, and just after World War I. Set in the decade beginning in 1908, The Best Intentions is, ultimately, a love story on many different levels: a man and woman in love; parents and children; and love as miracle, that love which is overriding and, so often, inexplicable. Bergman was inspired to write this loosely biographical novel when he began rummaging through the voluminous family picture albums. That, plus family letters and records, and his own memories and unique imagination, helped him recreate this lost world in evocative and graphic detail. Henrik is a poor divinity student. Anna is the much loved but slightly pampered daughter of bourgeois parents. They fall in love and, after a long and tortuous courtship, marry, despite the objections of Anna's parents - especially of Anna's mother, Karin. Karin uses everything in her power, including deceit, first to prevent the marriage, then to break it up. Yet, even her basest actions are never monstrous but filled with good intentions. In fact, all the characters act with the "best intentions", however wrongheaded their behavior. "That Bergman can extend sympathy to such behavior is a great and generous gesture, one that allows him to create characters of astonishing depth", wrote Caryn James in the New York Times. Incorporating some of the elements of stage and screen, including filmic dialogues and personal "asides", which he weaves artfully into the narrative flow, Bergman has written a novel of great beauty and uncompromisinghonesty, a work filled with joy and sadness, sacrifice and reconciliation - and above all, abiding love.
The Red Cross and the Italo-Ethiopian War, 1935-1936
Author: Rainer Baudendistel
Offering an illuminating case study of the Italo-Ethiopian war of 1935-36, and of the humanitarian operation of the Red Cross during this period, this work examines subjects such as the Italian bombings of Red Cross field hospitals, the treatment of Prisoners of War, and the effects of Fascist Italy's massive use of poison gas.