What did women do in ancient Greece and Rome? Did Socrates' wife Xanthippe ever hear his dialogues on beauty and truth? How many many women actually read the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides? When pagan goddesses were as powerful as gods, why was the status of women generally so low? Why, in traditional histories, is half the population effectively invisible? This unique and important book spans a period of 1500 years - from the fall of Troy to the death of Constantine. It examines all the available evidence - literary and archaeological - and reconstructs the lives of women from all classes of society.
In Pythagorean Women, classical scholar Sarah B. Pomeroy discusses the groundbreaking principles that Pythagoras established for family life in Archaic Greece, such as constituting a single standard of sexual conduct for women and men. Among the Pythagoreans, women played an important role and participated actively in the philosophical life. While Pythagoras encouraged women to be submissive to men, his reasoning was based on the desire to preserve harmony in the home. Pythagorean Women provides English translations of all the earliest extant examples of literary Greek prose by Neopythagorean women, shedding light on their attitudes about marriage, the home, music, and the cosmos. Pomeroy's boy—which sets the Pythagorean and Neopythagorean women vividly in their historical, ecological, and intellectual contexts—is illustrated with original photographs of sites and artifacts known to these women. -- Pamela Gordon, University of Kansas
Je nachdrücklicher die 17-jährige Louisa ihre geistige Gesundheit beteuert, desto weniger glaubt man ihr – und desto schlimmer wird ihre Situation. Denn Louisa ist in einer Irrenanstalt gelandet. Warum, kann sie nur ahnen. Weil sie anders ist? Weil sie als Mädchen einen Beruf erlernen will – was im viktorianischen England einem Sakrileg gleichkommt. Und wer steckt hinter ihrer Einweisung? Diese Ungewissheit und die demütigenden Schikanen zermürben Louisa. Wäre da nicht die junge Pflegerin Eliza, würde Louisa sogar an Selbstmord denken.
Aufstieg und Untergang der Römischen Republik: Mit stilistischer Brillanz und historischem Scharfsinn erzählt Tom Holland die römische Geschichte von ihren etruskischen Anfängen bis zur Ermordung Caesars. »Erzählte Geschichte vom Feinsten. Ein Buch, das mich wirklich gefesselt hat.« Ian McEwan »Eine atemberaubende und glänzend geschriebene Gesamtschau der Machtkämpfe im Rom von Caesar und Cicero.« Uwe Walter »Eine packende, spannende und ungemein unterhaltsame Darstellung der römischen Republik.« Books of the Year, Sunday Times »Tom Holland erzählt den Untergang der römischen Republik neu: ein geistreiches Werk. Hochaktuell.« Independent on Sunday
Before 1893 no woman anywhere in the world had the vote in a national election. A hundred years later almost all countries had enfranchised women, and it was a sign of backwardness not to have done so. This is the story of how this momentous change came about. The first genuinely global history of women and the vote, it takes the story of women in politics from the earliest times to the present day, revealing startling new connections across time and national boundaries - from Europe and North America to Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Muslim world post-9/11. A story of individuals as well as of wider movements, it includes the often dramatic life-stories of women's suffrage pioneers from across the world, painting vivid biographical portraits of everyone from Susan B. Anthony and the Pankhursts to hitherto lesser-known activists in China, Latin America, and Africa. It is also the first major post-feminist history of women's struggle for the vote. Controversially, Jad Adams rejects the widely accepted idea that success was primarily a result of the pressure group politics of the suffragists and their supporters. Ultimately, he argues, it was nationalism, not feminism, that was the most important factor in winning women the vote.
The study of women in the ancient Mediterranean world is a topic of growing interest among classicists and ancient historians, and also students of history, sociology and women's studies. This volume is an essential resource supplying a compilation of source material in translation, with suggestions for further reading,Ã?Â a general bibliography, and an index of ancient authors and works. Texts come from literary, rhetorical, philosophical and legal sources, as well as papyri and inscriptions, and each text will be placed into the cultural mosaic to which it belongs. Ranging geographically from the Greek mainland and the communities along the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, to Egypt and the Greek West (modern day southern Italy and Sicily), the volume follows a clear chronological structure. Beginning in the eighth century BCE the coverage continues through Archaic and Classical Athens concluding with the Hellenistic era.Ã?Â Ã?Â
eine Untersuchung im Rahmen der Gesellschaftspolitik des Princeps
Author: Angelika Mette-Dittmann
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Die Ehegesetze des Augustus, so die These dieser Arbeit, sind Teil des Etablierungsprozesses eines neuen politischen Herrschaftssystems, der Monarchie. Sie waren integraler Bestandteil augusteischer Gesellschaftspolitik, die im wesentlichen auf eine Stärkung der sozialen Hierarchie des Stände-Schichten-Gefueges durch Abgrenzung nach unten und durch eine hierarchische Formierung der Stände selber abzielte. Zum ersten Mal in der römischen Rechtsgeschichte wurde die familia zum Gegenstand einer systematischen Gesetzgebung, die die Beziehung zwischen Staat und familia in wichtigen Bereichen neu definierte und sie veränderten politischen und sozialhistorischen Gegebenheiten anzupassen versuchte.
Most historians, both ancient and modern, have viewed the Late Republic of Rome through the eyes of its rich nobility. In The Assassination of Julius Caesar, Michael Parenti presents us with a story of popular resistance against entrenched power and wealth. As he carefully weighs the evidence concerning the murder of Caesar, Parenti sketches in the background to the crime with fascinating detail about wider Roman society. In these pages we find reflections on the democratic struggle waged by Roman commoners, religious augury as an instrument of social control, the patriarchal oppression of women, and the political use of homophobic attacks. The Assassination of Julius Caesar offers a whole new perspective on an era we thought we knew well.
Daughters of Hecate unites for the first time research on the problem of gender and magic in three ancient Mediterranean societies: early Judaism, Christianity, and Graeco-Roman culture. The book illuminates the gendering of ancient magic by approaching the topic from three distinct disciplinary perspectives: literary stereotyping, the social application of magic discourse, and material culture. The authors probe the foundations of, processes, and motivations behind gendered stereotypes, beginning with Western culture's earliest associations of women and magic in the Bible and Homer's Odyssey. Daughters of Hecate provides a nuanced exploration of the topic while avoiding reductive approaches. In fact, the essays in this volume uncover complexities and counter-discourses that challenge, rather than reaffirm, many gendered stereotypes taken for granted and reified by most modern scholarship. By combining critical theoretical methods with research into literary and material evidence, Daughters of Hecate interrogates a false association that has persisted from antiquity, to early modern witch hunts, to the present day.
Michel Desjardins,Peter Richardson,Stephen G. Wilson,Canadian Corporation for Studies in Religion
Author: Michel Desjardins,Peter Richardson,Stephen G. Wilson,Canadian Corporation for Studies in Religion
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Wide-ranging and original studies demonstrating clearly that texts and artifacts can be mutually supportive. Of interest to all those fascinated by the ancient Mediterranean world and the origins of Judaism and Christianity.
J.K. Evans’ pioneering work explores the profound changes in the social, economic and legal condition of Roman women, which, it is argued, were necessary consequences of two centuries of near-continuous warfare as Rome expanded from city-state to empire. Bridging the gap that has isolated the specialised studies of Roman women and children from the more traditional political and social concerns of historians, J.K. Evans’ investigation ranges from Cicero’s wife Terentia to the anonymous spouse of the peasant-soldier Ligustinus, charting the severe erosion of the very institutions that kept women and children in thrall. War, Women and Children in Ancient Rome will be of interest not only to classicists and historians of antiquity but also to sociologists and anthropologists, while it will similarly prove an indispensable reference work for historians of women and the family.
Aristophanes: Lysistrate. (Lysistrata) Nach zwanzig Jahren Krieg mit Sparta treten die Athenerinnen unter Frührung Lysistrates in den sexuellen Generalstreik, um ihre kriegswütigen Männer endlich zur Räson bringen. Als Lampito die Damen von Sparta zu ebensolcher Verweigerung bringen kann, geht der Plan schließlich auf. Aufführung 411 v. Chr. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Aristophanes: Lysistrate, in: Sämtliche Komödien. Übertragen von Ludwig Seeger, 2. Band, Zürich: Lizenzausgabe Buchclub Ex Libris, [o.J.], S. 401–460. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Frans Floris: Athene bei den Musen, 1560. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt. Über den Autor: 444 v. Chr. in Athen geboren, schreibt Aristophanes nach gründlicher dramaturgischer Ausbildung etwa 40 Stücke, die sich stets auch auf zeitgenössische Ereignisse beziehen. Dabei scheut er vor drastischer Zuspitzung und scharfer Satire nicht zurück. Er spottet über die Sophisten und Sokrates gleichermaßen und seine Verunglimpfung des Kleon bringt ihm eine Klage ein. Dennoch - oder gerade deshalb - ist er als einer der ganz großen Komödiendichter schon zu Lebzeichen ein ebenso hochausgezeichneter wie angesehener Mann. Platon schließlich setzt ihm posthum ein Denkmal mit seiner Rolle in dem berühmten Gastmahl.
Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow,Claire L. Lyons,with an epilogue by Natalie Boymel Kampen
Women, Sexuality and Gender in Classical Art and Archaeology
Author: Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow,Claire L. Lyons,with an epilogue by Natalie Boymel Kampen
The articles in Naked Truths demonstrate the application of feminist theory to a diverse repertory of classical art: they offer topical and controversial readings on the material culture of the ancient Mediterranean. This volume presents a timely, provocative and beautifully illustrated re-evaluation of how the issues of gender, identity and sexuality reveal 'naked truths' about fundamental human values and social realities, through the compelling symbolism of the body.
The Pathos of the Historical Imagination from Winckelmann to Goethe
Author: D. Valdez
Philhellenism the fascination with the art, politics, religion and society of ancient Greece- is a powerful and compelling phenomenon in German culture and intellectual history, creating a language and a series of key ideas that were to exert a continuous influence on German thought, aesthetics and politics well into the twentieth century. In this book Valdez examines the first generation of German Philhellenes from Winckelmann to Goethe. He shows how German Philhellenism was torn between the search for a historical whole which could explain and encompass Greek excellence, and the desire to incorporate individual aspects of Greece in a wider ethical and artistic enterprise, and finally, to give it a place in the history of freedom itself. Valdez also shows that German philhellenic ideas grew out of a dialogue with French and British ideas and historiography. He charts how the fascination with Greek antiquity was reflected in theatre and literature and how the longings and idealisation of Philhellenes clashed with the more critical and sober historians of the Enlightenment. The book also explains how the search for the historical reality of philhellenic ideals created intense emotional and ideological conflicts about the unique nature of male friendship in ancient Greece and about the position of women in ancient Athens.
Women and ministry from New Testament times to the present
Author: Ruth A. Tucker,Walter L. Liefeld
Rich in historical events and colorfully written, this fascinating account of women in the church spans nearly two thousand years of church history. It tells of events and aspirations, determination and disappointment, patience and achievement that mark the history of daughters of the church from the time of Jesus to the present. The authors have endeavored to present an objective story. The very fact that readers may find themselves surprised now and again by the prominent role of women in certain events and movements proves an inequality that historical narrative has often been guilty of. This is a book about women. It is a setting straight off the record -- a restoring of balance to history that has repeatedly played down the significance of the contributions of women to the theology, the witness, the movements, and the growth of the church. An exegetical study of relevant Scripture passages offers stimulating thought for discussion and for serious reevaluation of historical givens. This volume is enriched by pictures, appendixes, bibliography, and indexes. Like many of the women whose stories it tells, this book has a subdued strength that should not be underestimated.
The Classical Athenians were the first to articulate and implement the notion that ordinary citizens of no particular affluence or education could make responsible political decisions. For this reason, reactions to Athenian democracy have long provided a prime Rorschach test for political thought. Whether praising Athens's government as the legitimizing ancestor of modern democracies or condemning it as mob rule, commentators throughout history have revealed much about their own notions of politics and society. In this book, Jennifer Roberts charts responses to Athenian democracy from Athens itself through the twentieth century, exploring a debate that touches upon historiography, ethics, political science, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, gender studies, and educational theory.