In August 1989, a Summer Institute was held at the Academie van Bouwkunst, the seventeenth century home of Amsterdam's School of Architecture, Town Planning and Landscape. The meeting brought together experts in Geographical Information Systems from throughout the world to address an international audience of planners. The contents of this book reflect many of the themes that were presented and discussed at the conference. The Summer Institute, let alone this volume, would not have been possible without the support of the International Association for the Development and Management of Existing and New Towns (INTNAIVN), the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISoCaRP), The National Physical Planning Agency of the Netherlands (RPD) and the Berlage Studio. We wish to acknowledge the assistance provided by these organisations and by the various sponsors: The Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment, the Municipality of Amsterdam, Logisterion b.v., ESRI, UNISYS, MABON b.v., SPSS, PRIME Computer Inc., PANDATA. The provision of hardware facilities by the various computer companies allowed immensely valuable 'hands on' experience to be gained by all the participants.
Author: John Stillwell,Stan Geertman,Stan Openshaw
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The 1990s have seen some remarkable changes in geographical information (GI) provision and computer technology that have impacted on many of the activities that constitute planning in all its different forms. However, relatively few texts in the field of geographical information systems (GIS) and planning have been published since Henk Scholten and John Stillwell edited Geographical Information Systems for Urban and Regional Planning in 1990. This volume seeks to redress the balance by showing how GI of various types is being used in urban, physical, environmental, socio-economic and business planning contexts at local, regional and national scales with the assistance of GIS and modelling methods, and how the uses of GI and GI technologies have evolved over the last decade. During this period, a number of meetings took place in Europe in different locations organised initially by European Geographical Information Systems (EGIS, 1990- 94) and more recently by the Joint European Conference and Exhibition (JEC) on Geographical Information (1995-97). These meetings brought together members of the GI community from across the world to discuss GI research and GIS applications. One of the Special Interest Groups associated with the JEC gatherings was that on 'Geographical Information and Planning' and several of the contributions in this book have their origins in papers presented to the group's meetings.
Smart city is mindful every second and communicates, in real time, analyzed knowledge to citizen for satisfactory way of life, with easy delivery of services, comfortable mobility, conserving energy, environment and other natural resources, and creating energetic communities and a vibrant urban economy. Geographic Information Systems for Smart Cities explores the role of GIS in upgrading existing cities to smart cities. Beginning with a discussion on process of transition from existing GIS to smart city GIS, the book goes on to explore the GIS for smart and sustainable urbanization; practical difficulties in implementing and maintaining such self-aware GIS; open large scale geo-data management and web map services to achieve the smart city goals; role of GIS in community development. The book explains the adaptive urbanism for sea-level rise and environmentally sensitive land-use allocation for coastal smart cities. Chapters explaining the use of GIS for slum management and smart buildings in smart cities are also included. To emphasize on the importance of mobility in smart cities, the book discusses the role of using intra-day trip generation and travel management for a smart city; intelligent goods transportation system; GIS-based land-use suitability and transportation model. The latter part of the book explores agent-based simulation focused on natural disasters and safe location; biourbanism as a new framework for smart cities studies; new discipline of smart planning. Smart cities future, opportunities and barriers through scenario-based urban planning support system are discussed in detail. How past Indian experiences can be extended in future for smart Indian cities is explained. The book concludes with the identification of existing cities for upgradation, ways and means of activation of smart communities, smart institutional framework, smart economy and deployment of smart urban technologies. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Geographic Information Systems for Smart Cities is a standard reference work for city planners, urban managers, GIS specialists, and policy makers who are actively involved in building smart cities.
M.J. de Lepper,Henk J. Scholten,Richard Moritz Stern,Richard M. Stern
Author: M.J. de Lepper,Henk J. Scholten,Richard Moritz Stern,Richard M. Stern
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The book brings together a balanced sample of written work that covers important aspects of the principles involved in GIS as well as demonstrating the opportunities which the use of GIS can offer to research and planning in the fields of public and environmental health. In addition, contributions focus on the demand and supply of spatial information in public and environmental health. As an illustration of the work being undertaken, some examples of current applications are provided, followed by a discussion on the possibilities of spatial analysis for research and planning in the fields. This book also addresses issues related to the implementation of GIS at both national and international levels. The volume not only provides a very good introduction to the state-of the-art and developments in the application of GIS in public and environmental health; it can also be regarded as a seedbed for future research efforts.
Protection against fire and prevention of explosion is vital in a modern industrial economy. This published proceedings of the First European Conference on Fire Engineering and Emergency Planning provides an authoritative base of materials covering the latest research, applications and hypotheses as a cumulative reference work and a platform for exchanges of ideas within the academic fire community.
Based on both research and practical experience,Ecological Landscape Design and Planning offers a holistic methodological approach to landscape design and planning. It focuses on the scarcity of natural resources in the Mediterranean and the need to aim for long-term ecological stability and environmental sustainability. The principles of this approach, therefore, can be used as a theoretical foundation for holistic landscape research, creative ecological design and better sustainable practice development.
The first worldwide overview of Planning Support Systems (PSS) and their application in practice. PSS are geo-technology related instruments consisting of theories, information, methods, tools, et cetera for support of unique professional public or private planning tasks at any spatial scale. The aim is to advance progress in the development of PSS, which are far from being effectively integrated into the planning practice. The text provides an Internet-based worldwide inventory of innovative examples and successful applications of PSS in a number of different planning contexts. In-depth insights into the purposes, content, workings, and applications of a very wide diversity of PSS are given.
Monitoring Land Supply with Geographic Information Systems Theory, Practice, and Parcel-Based Approaches Monitoring the supply of buildable land and its capacity to accommodate growth within urbanizing regions is an increasingly important component of urban planning and growth management. Recent developments in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have opened up new opportunities for local and regional government to monitor land supply and capacity. Based on a study sponsored by the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, this book reviews the state of the art in land monitoring, particularly as it benefits from the introduction of GIS data and analysis capabilities at the level of individual land parcels. Monitoring Land Supply with Geographic Information Systems addresses: * Technical and methodological frameworks for data collection and analysis as well as applications to a range of policy concerns * Case studies of successful land monitoring programs, including Portland, Oregon; Montgomery County, Maryland; and the Puget Sound Regional Council in Washington * Thematic topics ranging from database design to urban simulation modeling to organizational contexts * Detailed findings of a national survey of land supply monitoring programs This guide presents a comprehensive, timely, and critical overview of a fast-emerging field of planning and policy analysis. It provides an invaluable resource to professionals, including land use and economic development planners, GIS analysts, local government officials, and private developers.
This essential book introduces the concept of nD modelling, which takes the theory of computer modelling of the built environment to n dimensions. nD modelling utilizes a decision support tool for systematic assessment and comparison between various design parameters such as cost, accessibility, maintainability, sustainability, crime, energy, whole life costing, acoustics and scheduling among others. Constructing the Future is a comprehensive book which provides a global perspective on the concept of nD modelling and examines its impact on construction, from development to application. The text offers a critique of competing views that seek to justify (or ignore) the role of nD modelling in the future of construction as well as describing developments in this area which are already happening worldwide. Presenting a thorough critique of competing views as well as providing guidance on best practice, Constructing the Future is a bold, well-grounded and illustrated title introducing construction management professionals and researchers to this exciting new development in the quest for a single building and product model.
Ecological and technological (eco-tech) planning provides a possible response to the essential issues of sustainability and rehabilitation in rapidly growing urban spaces. Green and Ecological Technologies for Urban Planning: Creating Smart Cities addresses the ecological, technological, and social challenges faced in the smart urban planning and design of settlements when using eco-technologies from sustainable land use to transportation, and from green areas to municipal applications with a focus on resilience. Containing research from leading international experts, this book provides comprehensive coverage and definitions of the most important issues, concepts, trends, and technologies within the planning field.