In August 1989, a Summer Institute was held at the Academie van Bouwkunst, the seventeenth century home of Amsterdam's School of Architecture, Town Planning and Landscape. The meeting brought together experts in Geographical Information Systems from throughout the world to address an international audience of planners. The contents of this book reflect many of the themes that were presented and discussed at the conference. The Summer Institute, let alone this volume, would not have been possible without the support of the International Association for the Development and Management of Existing and New Towns (INTNAIVN), the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISoCaRP), The National Physical Planning Agency of the Netherlands (RPD) and the Berlage Studio. We wish to acknowledge the assistance provided by these organisations and by the various sponsors: The Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment, the Municipality of Amsterdam, Logisterion b.v., ESRI, UNISYS, MABON b.v., SPSS, PRIME Computer Inc., PANDATA. The provision of hardware facilities by the various computer companies allowed immensely valuable 'hands on' experience to be gained by all the participants.
The book brings together a balanced sample of written work that covers important aspects of the principles involved in GIS as well as demonstrating the opportunities which the use of GIS can offer to research and planning in the fields of public and environmental health. In addition, contributions focus on the demand and supply of spatial information in public and environmental health. As an illustration of the work being undertaken, some examples of current applications are provided, followed by a discussion on the possibilities of spatial analysis for research and planning in the fields. This book also addresses issues related to the implementation of GIS at both national and international levels. The volume not only provides a very good introduction to the state-of the-art and developments in the application of GIS in public and environmental health; it can also be regarded as a seedbed for future research efforts.
The 1990s have seen some remarkable changes in geographical information (GI) provision and computer technology that have impacted on many of the activities that constitute planning in all its different forms. However, relatively few texts in the field of geographical information systems (GIS) and planning have been published since Henk Scholten and John Stillwell edited Geographical Information Systems for Urban and Regional Planning in 1990. This volume seeks to redress the balance by showing how GI of various types is being used in urban, physical, environmental, socio-economic and business planning contexts at local, regional and national scales with the assistance of GIS and modelling methods, and how the uses of GI and GI technologies have evolved over the last decade. During this period, a number of meetings took place in Europe in different locations organised initially by European Geographical Information Systems (EGIS, 1990- 94) and more recently by the Joint European Conference and Exhibition (JEC) on Geographical Information (1995-97). These meetings brought together members of the GI community from across the world to discuss GI research and GIS applications. One of the Special Interest Groups associated with the JEC gatherings was that on 'Geographical Information and Planning' and several of the contributions in this book have their origins in papers presented to the group's meetings.
Protection against fire and prevention of explosion is vital in a modern industrial economy. This published proceedings of the First European Conference on Fire Engineering and Emergency Planning provides an authoritative base of materials covering the latest research, applications and hypotheses as a cumulative reference work and a platform for exchanges of ideas within the academic fire community.
Smart city is mindful every second and communicates, in real time, analyzed knowledge to citizen for satisfactory way of life, with easy delivery of services, comfortable mobility, conserving energy, environment and other natural resources, and creating energetic communities and a vibrant urban economy. Geographic Information Systems for Smart Cities explores the role of GIS in upgrading existing cities to smart cities. Beginning with a discussion on process of transition from existing GIS to smart city GIS, the book goes on to explore the GIS for smart and sustainable urbanization; practical difficulties in implementing and maintaining such self-aware GIS; open large scale geo-data management and web map services to achieve the smart city goals; role of GIS in community development. The book explains the adaptive urbanism for sea-level rise and environmentally sensitive land-use allocation for coastal smart cities. Chapters explaining the use of GIS for slum management and smart buildings in smart cities are also included. To emphasize on the importance of mobility in smart cities, the book discusses the role of using intra-day trip generation and travel management for a smart city; intelligent goods transportation system; GIS-based land-use suitability and transportation model. The latter part of the book explores agent-based simulation focused on natural disasters and safe location; biourbanism as a new framework for smart cities studies; new discipline of smart planning. Smart cities future, opportunities and barriers through scenario-based urban planning support system are discussed in detail. How past Indian experiences can be extended in future for smart Indian cities is explained. The book concludes with the identification of existing cities for upgradation, ways and means of activation of smart communities, smart institutional framework, smart economy and deployment of smart urban technologies. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Geographic Information Systems for Smart Cities is a standard reference work for city planners, urban managers, GIS specialists, and policy makers who are actively involved in building smart cities.
Based on both research and practical experience,Ecological Landscape Design and Planning offers a holistic methodological approach to landscape design and planning. It focuses on the scarcity of natural resources in the Mediterranean and the need to aim for long-term ecological stability and environmental sustainability. The principles of this approach, therefore, can be used as a theoretical foundation for holistic landscape research, creative ecological design and better sustainable practice development.
The first worldwide overview of Planning Support Systems (PSS) and their application in practice. PSS are geo-technology related instruments consisting of theories, information, methods, tools, et cetera for support of unique professional public or private planning tasks at any spatial scale. The aim is to advance progress in the development of PSS, which are far from being effectively integrated into the planning practice. The text provides an Internet-based worldwide inventory of innovative examples and successful applications of PSS in a number of different planning contexts. In-depth insights into the purposes, content, workings, and applications of a very wide diversity of PSS are given.
This book presents a set of selected and edited papers presented at the 2nd and 3rd Design and Decision Support Conference. The purpose is to provide examples of innovative research in decision support systems in urban planning from throughout the world.
This unique text shows students and professionals how geographic information systems (GIS) can guide decision making about complex community and environmental problems. The authors’ step-by-step introduction to GIS-based decision analysis methods and techniques covers important urban and regional issues (land, transportation, and water resource management) and decision processes (planning, improvement programming, and implementation). Real-world case studies demonstrate how GIS-based decision support works in a variety of contexts, with a special focus on community and regional sustainability management. Ideal for course use, the book reinforces key concepts with end-of-chapter review questions; illustrations include 18 color plates.