Flowpath Design and Performance Fundamentals, Third Edition
Author: Bijay Sultanian
Publisher: CRC Press
Logan's Turbomachinery: Flowpath Design and Performance Fundamentals, Third Edition is the long-awaited revision of this classic textbook, thoroughly updated by Dr. Bijay Sultanian. While the basic concepts remain constant, turbomachinery design has advanced since the Second Edition was published in 1993. Airfoils in modern turbomachines feature three-dimensional geometries, Computational Fluid Mechanics (CFD) has become a standard design tool, and major advances have been made in the materials and manufacturing technologies that affect turbomachinery design. The new edition adresses these trends to best serve today's students, and design engineers working in turbomachinery industries.
Gas Turbine Theory, 5th edition HIH Saravanamuttoo, GFC Rogers, H Cohen When the First Edition of this book was written fifty years ago, the gas turbine was just becoming established as a powerplant for military aircraft. It took another decade before the gas turbine was introduced to civil aircraft, and this market developed so rapidly that the ocean liner was rendered obsolete. Other markets like naval propulsion, pipeline compression and electrical power applications grew steadily. In recent years the gas turbine, in combination with the steam turbine, has played an ever-increasing role in power generation. Despite the rapid advances in both output and efficiency, the basic theory of the gas turbine has remained unchanged. The layout of this new edition is broadly similar to the original, but greatly expanded and updated, comprising an outline of the basic theory, aerodynamic design of individual components, and the prediction of off-design performance. Descriptions of engine developments and current markets make this book useful to both students and practising engineers. FEATURES: - completely updated to cover current industry requirements and applications - coverage of both aircraft and industrial gas turbines - includes detailed treatment of off-design performance - incorporates in-depth examples throughout - based on the authors' extensive teaching and professional experience Gas Turbine Theory is the classic course text on gas turbines, suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students of mechanical and aeronautical engineering. This new edition will also continue to be a valuable reference for practising gas turbine engineers. THE AUTHORS H.I.H. Saravanamuttoo, Professor Emeritus, Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, has many years experience in the gas turbine industry on both sides of the Atlantic, and is a Past President of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute. G.F.C. Rogers was, until retirement, Professor of Engineering Thermodynamics at the University of Bristol. He is author, with Y.R. Mayhew, of Engineering Thermodynamics Work and Heat Transfer, 4th edition. The late H. Cohen, was formerly University Lecturer and Director of Studies in Engineering at Queen's College, Cambridge.
Bruce R. Munson, Professor Emeritus of Engineering Mechanics at Iowa State University, received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Purdue University and his Ph.D. degree from the Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics Department of the University of Minnesota in 1970. Prior to joining the Iowa State University faculty in 1974, Dr. Munson was on the mechanical engineering faculty of Duke University from 1970 to 1974. From 1964 to 1966, he worked as an engineer in the jet engine fuel control department of Bendix Aerospace Corporation, South Bend, Indiana. Dr. Munson’s main professional activity has been in the area of fluid mechanics education and research. He has been responsible for the development of many fluid mechanics courses for studies in civil engineering, mechanical engineering, engineering science, and agricultural engineering and is the recipient of an Iowa State University Superior Engineering Teacher Award and the Iowa State University Alumni Association Faculty Citation. He has authored and coauthored many theoretical and experimental technical papers on hydrodynamic stability, low Reynolds number flow, secondary flow, and the applications of viscous incompressible flow. He is a member of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Ted H. Okiishi, Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering at Iowa State University, joined the faculty there in 1967 after receiving his undergraduate and graduate degrees from that institution. From 1965 to 1967, Dr. Okiishi served as a U.S. Army officer with duty assignments at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio, where he participated in rocket nozzle heat transfer research, and at the Combined Intelligence Center, Saigon, Republic of South Vietnam, where he studied seasonal river flooding problems. Professor Okiishi and his students have been active in research on turbomachinery fluid dynamics. Some of these projects have involved significant collaboration with government and industrial laboratory researchers, with two of their papers winning the ASME Melville Medal (in 1989 and 1998). Dr. Okiishi has received several awards for teaching. He has developed undergraduate and graduate courses in classical fluid dynamics as well as the fluid dynamics of turbomachines. He is a licensed professional engineer. His professional society activities include having been a vice president of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and of the American Society for Engineering Education. He is a Life Fellow of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers and past editor of its Journal of Turbomachinery. He was recently honored with the ASME R. Tom Sawyer Award. Wade W. Huebsch, Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at West Virginia University, received his B.S. degree in aerospace engineering from San Jose State University where he played college baseball. He received his M.S. degree in mechanical engineering and his Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from Iowa State University in 2000. Dr. Huebsch specializes in computational fluid dynamics research and has authored multiple journal articles in the areas of aircraft icing, roughness-induced flow phenomena, and boundary layer flow control. He has taught both undergraduate and graduate courses in fluid mechanics and has developed a new undergraduate course in computational fluid dynamics. He has received multiple teaching awards such as Outstanding Teacher and Teacher of the Year from the College of Engineering and Mineral Resources at WVU as well as the Ralph R. About the Authors Teetor Educational Award from SAE. He was also named as the Young Researcher of the Year from WVU. He is a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the Sigma Xi research society, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and the American Society of Engineering Education. Alric P. Rothmayer, Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Iowa State University, received his undergraduate and graduate degrees from the Aerospace Engineering Department at the University of Cincinnati, during which time he also worked at NASA Langley Research Center and was a visiting graduate research student at the Imperial College of Science and Technology in London. He joined the faculty at Iowa State University (ISU) in 1985 after a research fellowship sponsored by the Office of Naval Research at University College in London. Dr. Rothmayer has taught a wide variety of undergraduate fluid mechanics and propulsion courses for over 25 years, ranging from classical low and high speed flows to propulsion cycle analysis. Dr. Rothmayer was awarded an ISU Engineering Student Council Leadership Award, an ISU Foundation Award for Early Achievement in Research, an ISU Young Engineering Faculty Research Award, and a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award. He is an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), and was chair of the 3rd AIAA Theoretical Fluid Mechanics Conference. Dr. Rothmayer specializes in the integration of Computational Fluid Dynamics with asymptotic methods and low order modeling for viscous flows. His research has been applied to diverse areas ranging from internal flows through compliant tubes to flow control and aircraft icing. In 2001, Dr. Rothmayer won a NASA Turning Goals into Reality (TGIR) Award as a member of the Aircraft Icing Project Team, and also won a NASA Group Achievement Award in 2009 as a member of the LEWICE Ice Accretion Software Development Team. He was also a member of the SAE AC-9C Aircraft Icing Technology Subcommittee of the Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee of SAE and the Fluid Dynamics Technical Committee of AIAA This book is intended for junior and senior engineering students who are interested in learning some fundamental aspects of fluid mechanics. We developed this text to be used as a first course. The principles considered are classical and have been well-established for many years. However, fluid mechanics education has improved with experience in the classroom, and we have brought to bear in this book our own ideas about the teaching of this interesting and important subject. This seventh edition has been prepared after several years of experience by the authors using the previous editions for introductory courses in fluid mechanics. On the basis of this experience, along with suggestions from reviewers, colleagues, and students, we have made a number of changes in this edition. The changes (listed below, and indicated by the word New in descriptions in this preface) are made to clarify, update, and expand certain ideas and concepts. New to This Edition In addition to the continual effort of updating the scope of the material presented and improving the presentation of all of the material, the following items are new to this edition. With the widespread use of new technologies involving the web, DVDs, digital cameras and the like, there is an increasing use and appreciation of the variety of visual tools available for learning. As in recent editions, this fact has been addressed in the new edition by continuing to include additional new illustrations, graphs, photographs, and videos. Illustrations: New illustrations and graphs have been added to this edition, as well as updates to past ones. The book now contains nearly 1600 illustrations. These illustrations range from simple ones that help illustrate a basic concept or equation to more complex ones that illustrate practical applications of fluid mechanics in our everyday lives. Photographs: This edition has also added new photographs throughout the book to enhance the text. The total number of photographs now exceeds 300. Some photos involve situations that are so common to us that we probably never stop to realize how fluids are involved in them. Others involve new and novel situations that are still baffling to us. The photos are also used to help the reader better understand the basic concepts and examples discussed. Combining the illustrations, graphs and photographs, the book has approximately 1900 visual aids. Videos: The video library has been enhanced by the addition of 19 new video segments directly related to the text material, as well as multiple updates to previous videos (i.e. same topic with an updated video clip). In addition to being strategically located at the appropriate places within the text, they are all listed, each with an appropriate thumbnail photo, in the video index. They illustrate many of the interesting and practical applications of real-world fluid phenomena. There are now 175 videos. Examples: The book contains 5 new example problems that involve various fluid flow fundamentals. Some of these examples also incorporate new PtD (Prevention through Design) discussion material. The PtD project, under the direction of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, involves, in part, the use of textbooks to encourage the proper design and use of workday equipment and material so as to reduce accidents and injuries in the workplace. Problems and Problem Types: Approximately 30% new homework problems have been added for this edition, with a total number of 1484 problems in the text (additional problems in WileyPLUS). Also, new multiple-choice concept questions (developed by Jay Martin and John Mitchell of the University of Wisconsin-Madison) have been added at the beginning of each Problems section. These questions test the students’ knowledge of basic chapter concepts. This edition has also significantly improved the homework problem integration with the WileyPLUS course management system. New icons have been introduced in the Problems section to help instructors and students identify which problems are available to be assigned within WileyPLUS for automatic grading, and which problems have tutorial help available. Author: A new co-author was brought on board for this edition. We are happy to welcome Dr. Alric P. Rothmayer. Within WileyPLUS: New What an Engineer Sees animations demonstrate an engineer’s perspective of everyday objects, and relates the transfer of theory to real life through the solution of a problem involving that everyday object. New Office-Hours Videos demonstrate the solution of selected problems, focusing specifically on those areas in which students typically run into difficulty, with video and voiceover. Over 700 homework problems from the text that can be assigned for automatic feedback and grading (34 new for the 7th edition). Including 65 GO (Guided Online) Tutorial problems (26 new for this edition). Key Features Illustrations, Photographs, and Videos Fluid mechanics has always been a “visual” subject—much can be learned by viewing various aspects of fluid flow. In this new edition we have made several changes to reflect the fact that with new advances in technology, this visual component is becoming easier to incorporate into the learning environment, for both access and delivery, and is an important component to the learning of fluid mechanics. Thus, new photographs and illustrations have been added to the book. Some of these are within the text material; some are used to enhance the example problems; and some are included as margin figures of the type shown in the left margin to more clearly illustrate various points discussed in the text. In addition, new video segments have been added, bringing the total number of video segments to 175. These video segments illustrate many interesting and practical applications of real-world fluid phenomena. Each video segment is identified at the appropriate location in the text material by a video icon and thumbnail photograph of the type shown in the left margin. The full video library is shown in the video index at the back of the book. Each video segment has a separate associated text description of what is shown in the video. There are many homework problems that are directly related to the topics in the videos. Examples One of our aims is to represent fluid mechanics as it really is—an exciting and useful discipline. To this end, we include analyses of numerous everyday examples of fluid-flow phenomena to which students and faculty can easily relate. In the seventh edition there are 5 new examples and a total of 164 examples that provide detailed solutions to a variety of problems. Some of the new examples incorporate Prevention through Design (PtD) material. Many of the examples illustrate what happens if one or more of the parameters is changed. This gives the user a better feel for some of the basic principles involved. In addition, many of the examples contain new photographs of the actual device or item involved in the example. Also, all of the examples are outlined and carried out with the problem solving methodology of “Given, Find, Solution, and Comment” as discussed on page 5 in the “Note to User” before Example 1.1. Fluids in the News The set of approximately 60 short “Fluids in the News” stories reflect some of the latest important, and novel, ways that fluid mechanics affects our lives. Many of these problems have homework problems associated with them. Preface
Turbomachinery is a challenging and diverse field, with applications for professionals and students in many subsets of the mechanical engineering discipline, including fluid mechanics, combustion and heat transfer, dynamics and vibrations, as well as structural mechanics and materials engineering. Originally published more than 40 years ago, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery is the leading turbomachinery textbook. Used as a core text in senior undergraduate and graduate level courses this book will also appeal to professional engineers in the aerospace, global power, oil & gas and other industries who are involved in the design and operation of turbomachines. For this new edition, author S. Larry Dixon is joined by Cesare Hall from the University of Cambridge, whose diverse background of teaching, research and work experience in the area of turbomachines is well suited to the task of reorganizing and updating this classic text. Provides the most comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of turbomachinery of any text in the field Content has been reorganized to more closely match how instructors currently teach the course, with coverage of fluid mechanics and thermodynamics moved to the front of the book Includes new design studies of several turbomachines, applying the theories developed in the book
Aerospace Propulsion Systems is a unique book focusing on each type of propulsion system commonly used in aerospace vehicles today: rockets, piston aero engines, gas turbine engines, ramjets, and scramjets. Dr. Thomas A. Ward introduces each system in detail, imparting an understanding of basic engineering principles, describing key functionality mechanisms used in past and modern designs, and provides guidelines for student design projects. With a balance of theory, fundamental performance analysis, and design, the book is specifically targeted to students or professionals who are new to the field and is arranged in an intuitive, systematic format to enhance learning. Covers all engine types, including piston aero engines Design principles presented in historical order for progressive understanding Focuses on major elements to avoid overwhelming or confusing readers Presents example systems from the US, the UK, Germany, Russia, Europe, China, Japan, and India Richly illustrated with detailed photographs Cartoon panels present the subject in an interesting, easy-to-understand way Contains carefully constructed problems (with a solution manual available to the educator) Lecture slides and additional problem sets for instructor use Advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and engineering professionals new to the area of propulsion will find Aerospace Propulsion Systems a highly accessible guide to grasping the key essentials. Field experts will also find that the book is a very useful resource for explaining propulsion issues or technology to engineers, technicians, businessmen, or policy makers. Post-graduates involved in multi-disciplinary research or anybody interested in learning more about spacecraft, aircraft, or engineering would find this book to be a helpful reference. Lecture materials for instructors available at www.wiley.com/go/wardaero
When the First Edition of this book was written in 1951, the gas turbine was just becoming established as a powerplant for military aircraft. It took another decade before the gas turbine was introduced to civil aircraft, and this market developed so rapidly that the passenger liner was rendered obsolete. Other markets like naval propulsion, pipeline compression and electrical power applications grew steadily. In recent years the gas turbine, in combination with the steam turbine, has played an ever-increasing role in power generation. Despite the rapid advances in both output and efficiency, the basic theory of the gas turbine has remained unchanged. The layout of this new edition is broadly similar to the original, but greatly expanded and updated, comprising an outline of the basic theory, aerodynamic design of individual components, and the prediction of off-design performance. The addition of a chapter devoted to the mechanical design of gas turbines greatly enhances the scope of the book. Descriptions of engine developments and current markets make this book useful to both students and practising engineers.
Great Britain. Central Electricity Generating Board