Designed As A Text Book, But Equally Useful As A Reference Source For Scholars And Others, This Book Offers All The Necessary And Desired Information About Soils And Their Culture. Beginning With Classification Of Soils And Their Physical And Chemical Properties, It Deals Systematically With All Such Topics As Soil Acidity, Soil Moisture, Soil Organisms, Accumulation Of Organic Matter In Soils, Effect Of Manures And Fertilizers On Soil, Soil Fertility Maintenance And Development And Management Of Alkali Soils. Soil Requirements For Specific Fruit Crops Have Also Been Discussed. On The Whole The Book Introduces The Reader To Soil As Natural Entities And Their Inherent Characteristics; Explains The Basic Relationship Between Soils And Plants; And Gives A Clear Understanding About The Fundamental Principles Involved In The Use Of Soil Management Practices. An Exhaustive Subject Index For Easy Reference Hunting And A Detailed Glossary Of Terms Are Other Attractions Of The Book. Chapter 1: Soil Development; Sources Of Material From Which Soils Are Developed, Characteristics Of Rocks And Minerals From Which Soils Are Derived, Chemical And Physical Processes Active In Soil Development, Biological Agencies Which Aid In Soil Formation, Products And Results Of Mineral-Decomposing Processes, Constructive Processes Of Soil Development, The Soil Profile, Chapter 2: Classification Of Soils; A Textural Classification Of Soils, A Systematic Classification Of Soils, Soil Mapping And The Soil Survey, Soil Groups In Relation To Climatic Conditions, Age Relief And Parent Material In Relation To Soil Groups, Soil Groups In Relation To Vegetative Cover, Soil Groups In Relation To Population Density And Production Of Agricultural Products, Chapter 3: Physical And Chemical Properties Of Soils; Making A Mechanical Analysis, Properties Of Soil Separates, Soil Structure, Tillage Operations And Soil Properties, Porosity And Weight Of Soil, Soil Color, Soil Temperature, Chapter 4: Soil Reaction; Soil Acidity And Conditions Giving Rise To Acid Soils, Conditions In Acid Soils Which Are Beneficial Or Detrimental To The Growth Of Plants, Conditions Of Development And Effect On Plants Of Neutral And Alkaline Soils, Chapter 5: Lime And Its Use; The Need Of Soils For Lime, Functions Of Lime In The Soil, Forms Of Lime, Lime Guarantees, Sources Of Lime, The Use Of Lime, Chapter 6: Soil Moisture; Soil Water Which Yields To The Pull Of Gravity, Soil Water Which Is Retained Against The Pull Of Gravity, Water In Relation To Plant Growth, Loss Of Moisture From The Soil, Runoff Water, Chapter 7: Soil Organisms: Their Relation To Soils And Soil Productivity; Nature And Extent Of The Soil Population, Activities Of Soil Microbes In Relation To The Growth Of Higher Plants, The Role Of Microorganisms In The Development Of Soils, Interrelationship Between Higher Plants And Soil Microorganisms And Among Soil Microorganisms Themselves, Chapter 8: Soil Organic Matter: Organic Matter Accumulation In Soils, Effects Of Organic Matter On Soil Productivity, The Decomposition Of Organic Matter And Humus Formation, Loss And Restoration Of Soil Organic Matter, Chapter 9: Cover And Green-Manure Crops; The Effects Of Cover And Green-Manure Crops, The Principal Cover And Green-Manure Crops And Their Regional Distribution, The Utilization Of Cover And Green-Manure Crops, Effect Of Green Manre On Yield Of Crops, Chapter 10: Farm Manures; The Production Of Manure, The Decomposition Of Manure, Losses Occurring With Manure, Methods Of Handling Manure, Field Management Of Manure, Fertilizing Properties Of Manure, Effects Of Manure Upon The Soil, Chapter 11: Nutrient Requirement Of Plants; Elements Used By Plants, Effects Of Nitrogen Phosphorus And Potassium On Plants And The Quantities Removed By Crops, Determining Soil-Nutrient Deficiencies, Chapter 12: Fertilizers And Fertilizer Materials; Fertilizing Materials Supplying Nitrogen, Phosphatic Fertilizer Materials, Potassium Fertilizers, Mixed Fertilizers, Chapter 13: Fertilizer Practices; Effects Of Fertilizers On Soils, Effects Of Fertilizers On Crops, Laws Controlling Fertilizer Sales, Home Mixing Fertilizers, The Purchase And Use Of Fertilizers, Chapter 14: Soil Fertility Maintenance And Productivity Rating Of Soil; Maintaining Soil Fertility, Soil Productivity Rating And Land Classification, Chapter 15: Soils And Agriculture Of Arid Regions; Characteristics And Utilization Of Soil In Arid Regions, Development And Management Of Alkali Soils, Chapter 16: Irrigation; Water Supply And Land For Irrigation, Irrigation Practice, Chapter 17: Fruit Soils; Selecting A Site For A Fruit Enterprise, Soil Requirements Of Specific Fruit Plants, Chapter 18: Lawn Soils; Soils And Soil Preparation, Grass Selection And Seeding, Fertilization And Liming, Moving And Watering, Chapter 19: Soil Resources; Acreage Of Farm Land In The United States, Acreages Of Aroble Land And Land Requirements, Land Policies Of The United States.
A revised, comprehensive, introductory text covering soil science. Designed for undergraduates majoring in agriculture. Provides a balance between principles and practice, integrating all environmental topics. Covers temperate versus tropical and humid versus arid regions. Includes many photos of Asian and Canadian soils and agronomic practice. Examines tropical and northern soils, acidity in soils, and soil formation.
Author: David C. Coleman,Mac A. Callaham,D. A. Crossley, Jr.
Publisher: Academic Press
Fundamentals of Soil Ecology, 3rd Edition, offers a holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function, providing students and ecosystem researchers with a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The text emphasizes the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provides an overview of theory and practice in soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This new edition is fully updated, including an expanded treatment of microbial ecology and new sections on advances in molecular techniques and climate change research. These updates make this edition an essential resource for researchers and students in soil ecology and microbiology. Includes extensive tables and diagrams in full color to enhance concepts Combines theoretical and practical approaches to understanding and applying soil ecology Outlines suggested laboratory and field methods
Plant & Soil Science Fundamentals and Applications combines the basic knowledge of plant and soil science, in and easy to read and teach format, and provides practical real world application for information learned. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
This book is not, in any case, in total defiance of the Wise Old Man's admonition, for it is not an entirely new book. Rather, it is an outgrowth of a previous treatise, written a decade ago, entitled "Soil and Water: Physical Principles and Processes." Though that book was well enough received at the time, the passage of the years has inevitably made it necessary to either revise and update the same book, or to supplant it with a fresh approach in the form of a new book which might incorporate still-pertient aspects of its predecessor without necessarily being limited to the older book's format or point of view.
Fundamentals of Soil provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to soils and the workings of soil systems. This text is the only one of its kind to provide an attractive, lively and accessible introduction to this topic. Featuring learning tools within each chapter, such as summaries, essay questions and guides for further reading, the text is also highly illustrated with useful tables, boxes and figures. Covering all key areas of study at an introductory level, subjects covered include: · Soil properties · Soil processes · Controls on soil formation · Soil classification · World soils · Soil patterns · Soil degradation.
An Introduction to Soils for Environmental Professionals assembles and presents the basic principles of each of the major soil science fields. It introduces fundamental concepts and shows the interrelationships between the various branches of soil science - from mineralogy to soil physics. Each chapter was reviewed by a professional in the particular field, and expert contributions were made throughout the text. This well-written and interdisciplinary book begins with introductory material, covering the fundamentals of soils, soil science, and soil classification systems. The presentation of soil mineralogy contains contributions from a lecturer in the field of mineralogy and so constitutes an excellent source of introductory material on the subject. Soil mechanics and soil physics are described in detail, incorporating interesting discussions related to applied problems in soil science studies and research. The coverage of soil chemistry emphasizes environmental aspects and contains information that has been used and reviewed by students in environmental science courses. The coverage of microbiology reflects the input of a specialist in biodegradation and bioremediation of contaminated sites. Sampling techniques and selection of appropriate procedures for soil analysis are reviewed, and contributions from specialists in both of these fields are included. The chapter on agricultural considerations presents the basic concepts of plant and soil interactions. The management and interpretation of data obtained in soil studies is discussed, emphasizing the need for proper handling and presentation of data. The book closes with a presentation of case histories from published articles, public data, and the personal experiences of the author. These presentations illustrate the application of many of the important concepts highlighted in An Introduction to Soils for Environmental Professionals.
Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition
Author: Pan Ming Huang,Yuncong Li,Malcolm E. Sumner
Publisher: CRC Press
An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.
Fundamentals of Weed Science, Fifth Edition, provides the latest information on this constantly advancing area of study. Placing weed management in the largest context of weed research and science, the book presents the latest advances in the role, control and potential uses of weed plants. From the emergence and genetic foundation of weeds, to the latest means of control and environmental impact, the book uses an ecological framework to explore the role of responsible and effective weed control in agriculture. In addition, users will find discussions of related areas where research is needed for additional understanding. Explored topics include the roles of culture, economics and politics in weed management, all areas that enable scientists and students to further understand the larger effects on society. Completely revised with 35% new content Contains expanded coverage of ethnobotany, the specific identity and role of invasive weed species, organic agriculture, and herbicide resistance in GM crops Includes an emphasis on herbicide resistance and molecular biology, both of which have come to dominate weed science research Covers all traditional aspects of weed science as well as current research Provides broad coverage, including relevant related subjects like weed ecology and weed population genetics