Mining, Finding, Evaluating, and Using Government Resources, Second Edition
Author: Cassandra J. Hartnett,Andrea L. Sevetson,Eric J. Forte
Publisher: American Library Association
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Government data and resources are uniquely useful to researchers and other library users. But without a roadmap, sifting through the sheer quantity of information to find the right answers is foolhardy. The first edition of this text is well established as an essential navigational tool for both LIS students and professionals; now this newly revised, peer-reviewed update is even more attuned to new sources and types of government information and how best to locate them. Unmatched in its scope, this book covers such key topics as the history of government information, from its colorful beginnings to the era of Wikileaks, Edward Snowden, and data breaches;how to think like a government documents librarian in order to find information efficiently, plus other research tips;all types of law resources and information, including public laws and the U.S. Code, Case Law and the judicial branch, and regulations;Congressional literature, from bills and committee hearings to the U.S. Congressional Serial Set;patents, trademarks, and intellectual property;census data, educational information, and other statistical resources;health information, with an in-depth look at the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the trend toward and impact of online medical records; and science, environmental, and energy resources from agencies like the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy.Exercises throughout the text support instruction, while the approachable and well-organized style make it ideal for day-to-day reference use.
Technical Services Quarterly declared that the third edition “must now be considered the essential textbook for collection development and management … the first place to go for reliable and informative advice." For the fourth edition expert instructor and librarian Johnson has revised and freshened this resource to ensure its timeliness and continued excellence. Each chapter offers complete coverage of one aspect of collection development and management, including numerous suggestions for further reading and narrative case studies exploring the issues. Thorough consideration is given to traditional management topics such as organization of the collection, weeding, staffing, and policymaking;cooperative collection development and management;licenses, negotiation, contracts, maintaining productive relationships with vendors and publishers, and other important purchasing and budgeting topics;important issues such as the ways that changes in information delivery and access technologies continue to reshape the discipline, the evolving needs and expectations of library users, and new roles for subject specialists, all illustrated using updated examples and data; andmarketing, liaison activities, and outreach. As a comprehensive introduction for LIS students, a primer for experienced librarians with new collection development and management responsibilities, and a handy reference resource for practitioners as they go about their day-to-day work, the value and usefulness of this book remain unequaled.
In this sweeping revision of a text that has become an authoritative standard, expert instructor and librarian Peggy Johnson addresses the art of controlling and updating library collections, whether located locally or accessed remotely. Each chapter offers complete coverage of one aspect of collection development and management, including numerous suggestions for further reading and narrative case studies exploring the issues.
Government documents, both physical and electronic, constitute a rich and varied resource that calls for special attention. And because government information is useful and pervasive in nearly every kind of library, more and more librarians of all types need to know how to work effectively with federal, state, and international resources. This contributed volume gathers the expertise of experienced government information librarians from across the country. Providing real-world insight into the work, collections, and interests of this discipline, this book surveys the wide variety of government information and the people who use it;discusses what it’s like to be a government documents librarian, from the first day on the job through taking on a management role;addresses networking, training, and other essential tools for collaboration and learning;covers space planning, streamlining, disaster preparedness and response, the increasing prevalence of digital information, and other key collection issues;offers best practices for connecting library users with government information;looks at research guides, workshops, and other teaching and training topics; andexplores advocating for transparency and access to information, promoting government documents to library users, and using exhibits as community outreach. With more government publications becoming freely available, this volume fills an important need, presenting concrete guidance that will help librarians flourish in this crucial field.
Prepared in collaboration with the Medical Library Association, this completely updated, revised, and expanded edition lists classic and up-to-the-minute print and electronic resources in the health sciences, helping librarians find the answers that library users seek. Included are electronic versions of traditionally print reference sources, trustworthy electronic-only resources, and resources that library users can access from home or on the go through freely available websites or via library licenses. In this benchmark guide, the authors Include new chapters on health information seeking, point-of-care sources, and global health sources Focus on works that can be considered foundational or essential, in both print and electronic formats Address questions librarians need to consider in developing and maintaining their reference collections When it comes to questions involving the health sciences, this valuable resource will point both library staff and the users they serve in the right direction.
Through real-life examples, ALA copyright expert Russell illustrates how librarians can be advocates for a fair and balanced copyright law and provides guidance for both common copyright issues and latest trends. She also addresses the intricacies of copyright in the digital world and recent copyright legislation, including the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) and the Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization Act (TEACH).
American Library Association. Office for Intellectual Freedom
Thoroughly updating previous editions and reflecting the enormous changes to government information on the Internet, this book guides students through the vast and constantly changing terrain of government information in print and electronic forms. Morehead describes administrative machinery and information systems of the Government Printing Office (GPO); introduces general checklists, indexes, and guides to government information; describes the Congress and intrinsic sources that comprise the legislative process; and details many other government publications.
This landmark textbook is an essential primer for students and practitioners interested in information seeking, needs and behaviour, user studies and information literacy. Introduction to Information Behaviour uses a combination of theory and practical context to map out what information behaviour is and what we currently know about it, before addressing how it can be better understood in the future. Nigel Ford argues that new understandings of information behaviour research may help maximise the quality and effectiveness of the way information is presented, sought, discovered, evaluated and used. The book introduces the key concepts, issues and themes of information behaviour, illustrates them using key research studies, and provides a clear path through the complex maze of theories and models. The book is structured to move from the basics to the more complex and employs the pedagogical device of “THINK” boxes which invite the reader to think about concepts as they are introduced in order to consolidate their understanding before moving on. Case studies are included throughout the text and each chapter concludes with a round-up of what has been covered, highlighting the implications for professional information practice. The key topics covered include: Defining information behaviour and why is it useful to know about it Information needs Information seeking and acquisition Collaborative information behaviour Factors affecting information behaviour Models and theories of information behaviour Research approaches and methodologies Designing information systems The future trajectory of information behaviour research and practice. Readership: This book will be core reading for students around the world, particularly those on library and information science courses. It will also be of interest to practitioners and professional information users, providers and developers.
Sentiment analysis and opinion mining is the field of study that analyzes people's opinions, sentiments, evaluations, attitudes, and emotions from written language. It is one of the most active research areas in natural language processing and is also widely studied in data mining, Web mining, and text mining. In fact, this research has spread outside of computer science to the management sciences and social sciences due to its importance to business and society as a whole. The growing importance of sentiment analysis coincides with the growth of social media such as reviews, forum discussions, blogs, micro-blogs, Twitter, and social networks. For the first time in human history, we now have a huge volume of opinionated data recorded in digital form for analysis.Sentiment analysis systems are being applied in almost every business and social domain because opinions are central to almost all human activities and are key influencers of our behaviors. Our beliefs and perceptions of reality, and the choices we make, are largely conditioned on how others see and evaluate the world. For this reason, when we need to make a decision we often seek out the opinions of others. This is true not only for individuals but also for organizations.This book is a comprehensive introductory and survey text. It covers all important topics and the latest developments in the field with over 400 references. It is suitable for students, researchers and practitioners who are interested in social media analysis in general and sentiment analysis in particular. Lecturers can readily use it in class for courses on natural language processing, social media analysis, text mining, and data mining. Lecture slides are also available online.Table of Contents: Preface / Sentiment Analysis: A Fascinating Problem / The Problem of Sentiment Analysis / Document Sentiment Classification / Sentence Subjectivity and Sentiment Classification / Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis / Sentiment Lexicon Generation / Opinion Summarization / Analysis of Comparative Opinions / Opinion Search and Retrieval / Opinion Spam Detection / Quality of Reviews / Concluding Remarks / Bibliography / Author Biography
Knowledge management as a discipline has matured over the last decade. It has moved from being a mere buzzword to an inherently fundamental concept. Simply put, the knowledge-based assets of the organization are the only source of sustainable competitive advantage in today's marketplace. Traditional resources such as land, labor, and capital, while important, are no longer sufficient for survival in today's fiercely competitive marketplace. Here, Desouza, a faculty member at the University of Washington's Information School and a leader of more than 100 knowledge management efforts in businesses and governments in thirty countries, and Scott Paquette, a faculty member at the College of Information Studies, University of Maryland who is involved in knowledge management research and corporate projects, provide an introductory overview of KM today. This book balances the theory and practice of KM. Desouza and Paquette consider the issues organizations encounter in the global marketplace. Their book is the first to integrate social media and networking into KM practice. The book's nine chapters are divided into three major parts: Part I covers foundational concepts and introduces the reader to the key elements of knowledge management. Part II explores critical activities of knowledge management. Part III offers a strategic view of knowledge management in organizations. Each chapter provides a broad overview, graphics that help readers visualize key points, and several vignettes documenting case scenarios that will help the reader digest concepts. Knowledge Management will prove ideal for instructors who have been forced to design courses around KM business texts, augmented with scholarly articles. It will also be useful to anyone who needs to better understand KM to apply it in his or her organization.
Erroneous government-generated "data" is more problematic than it would appear. This book demonstrates how women's history has consistently been hidden and distorted by 200 years of official government statistics. • Provides new ways of thinking about the history of women in the United States • Examines the systems used to gather and publish federal statistics, identifying their strengths, weaknesses, and biases • Demonstrates the need for applying critical thinking skills even when examining assumedly trustworthy statistics from official sources • Reveals how details of women's lives in the United States have been erased or disguised in data that is considered authoritative and reliable
Commercials for genealogy websites make it look as if a person enters a name and a plethora of information unfolds without effort. Genealogy librarianship involves knowing your subject; good research skills; and uncovering networking opportunities. Which is more important in a genealogy room: staff with excellent library skills, or staff with knowledge in genealogy, but needing training in library procedures? Schultz provides a handbook that can be used for both training and management
Library work often involves coordinating projects with many tasks and many stakeholders where cost and time limitations can be seen as opportunities. Effective project management is worth learning! This book provides library staffers at every level—whether in public, academic, school or special libraries—with the basic tools of project management so that they can gain confidence and an expectation of success. Part I covers the terminology, the philosophy, the resource management and the return on investment of project management. Part II introduces the basics of the methodology designed by the Project Management Institute. Part III discusses practical techniques for specific types of library projects, gives an introduction to agile management, features success stories in library project management and describes available software. The book includes many examples of project management. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.
An effective state is essential to achieving socio-economic and sustainable development. With the advent of globalization, there are growing pressures on governments and organizations around the world to be more responsive to the demands of internal and external stakeholders for good governance, accountability and transparency, greater development effectiveness, and delivery of tangible results. Governments, parliaments, citizens, the private sector, NGOs, civil society, international organizations and donors are among the stakeholders interested in better performance. As demands for greater accountability and real results have increased, there is an attendant need for enhanced results-based monitoring and evaluation of policies, programs, and projects. This Handbook provides a comprehensive ten-step model that will help guide development practitioners through the process of designing and building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system. These steps begin with a OC Readiness AssessmentOCO and take the practitioner through the design, management, and importantly, the sustainability of such systems. The Handbook describes each step in detail, the tasks needed to complete each one, and the tools available to help along the way."
The fourth edition of Burke's comprehensive resource, newly revised and updated, is a perfect primer for LIS students and should be at the top of the list for any current or future library professional looking to stay at the forefront of technological advancement. This all-in-one guide helps readers contribute to improving institutional performance, boost productivity, and stay connected to the latest library technology topics and tools by offering incisive coverage of Library technology basics, with a historical overview providing context, suggested resources for staying up to date, and a chapter on appraising and purchasing equipment and putting systems into operation Technology tools, including computers of all kinds (desktops, laptops, tablets, and mobile devices), office applications, the wireless world, the vast changes and potential of library catalogs and databases, social media, and much more How libraries put technology to work through adaptive/assistive technology, virtual reference, blogs, screencasting, distance learning, and other day-to-day workflow Building and maintaining technology, offering guidance on spam, spyware, security strips, and other dangers of the cyberworld, plus troubleshooting tips for typical technology problems and advice on making technology environments comfortable for users The importance of long-range technology planning and how to take steps to start the planning process
Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering
Author: Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering
Publisher: National Academies Press
Improving our nation's healthcare system is a challenge which, because of its scale and complexity, requires a creative approach and input from many different fields of expertise. Lessons from engineering have the potential to improve both the efficiency and quality of healthcare delivery. The fundamental notion of a high-performing healthcare system--one that increasingly is more effective, more efficient, safer, and higher quality--is rooted in continuous improvement principles that medicine shares with engineering. As part of its Learning Health System series of workshops, the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care and the National Academy of Engineering, hosted a workshop on lessons from systems and operations engineering that could be applied to health care. Building on previous work done in this area the workshop convened leading engineering practitioners, health professionals, and scholars to explore how the field might learn from and apply systems engineering principles in the design of a learning healthcare system. Engineering a Learning Healthcare System: A Look at the Future: Workshop Summary focuses on current major healthcare system challenges and what the field of engineering has to offer in the redesign of the system toward a learning healthcare system.
Satisfying the Expectations of Library Customers, Third Edition
Author: Peter Hernon,Ellen Altman,Robert E. Dugan
Publisher: American Library Association
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Academic and public libraries are continuing to transform as the information landscape changes, expanding their missions into new service roles that call for improved organizational performance and accountability. Since Assessing Service Quality premiered in 1998, receiving the prestigious Highsmith Library Literature Award, scores of library managers and administrators have trusted its guidance for applying a customer-centered approach to service quality and performance evaluation. This extensively revised and updated edition explores even further the ways technology influences both the experiences of library customers and the ways libraries themselves can assess those experiences. With a clear focus on real-world application, the authors Challenge conventional thinking about the utility of input, output, and performance metrics by suggesting new ways to think about the evaluation and assessment of library servicesExplain service quality and customer satisfaction, and demonstrate how they are separate but intertwinedIdentify procedures for qualitatively and quantitatively measuring both service quality and satisfactionEncourage libraries to take action by presenting concrete steps they can take to become more customer-centricOffer a range of customer-related metrics that provide insights useful for library planning and decision making, such as surveys and focus groupsThis book shows how to nurture an environment of continuous improvement through effective service quality assessment.